Stafford v. GenExel-Sein, Inc.

Filing 2

Order Requiring Proof of Diversity Citizenship by 11/3/2009. Signed by Chief Judge Barbara B. Crabb on 10/14/2009. (eds),(ps)

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FO R THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF WISCONSIN --------------------------------------------D O U G L A S C. STAFFORD, ORDER Plaintiff, 0 9 - cv -6 2 1 - b b c v. G E N EX EL -S EIN , INC. d.b.a. KOREA TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY CO., LTD, D efendan t. --------------------------------------------Plaintiff Douglas C. Stafford filed this civil action on October 9, 2009, invoking this cou rt's diversity jurisdiction. Plaintiff brings a state breach of contract claim against However, because plaintiff's defendan t GenExel-Sein, a South Korean corporation. com plaint fails to provide the proper allegations to support diversity jurisdiction, the case cannot proceed until plaintiff provides the proper information regarding his citizenship. T h is court has an independent obligation to insure that subject matter jurisdiction exists. Arbaugh v. Y & H Corp., 546 U.S. 500, 514 (2006). The Court of Appeals for the S even th Circuit has reiterated the need for litigants to meticulously review the limits of fed eral jurisdiction to prevent the waste of federal judicial resources. Belleville Catering Co. 1 v. Champaign Market Place, L.L.C., 350 F.3d 691, 693 (7th Cir. 2003). The federal courts are "always obliged to inquire sua sponte whenever a doubt arises as to the existence of fed eral jurisdiction." Tylka v. Gerber Prods. Co., 211 F.3d 445, 447-48 (7th Cir. 2000) (quo tation omitted). T his court's diversity jurisdiction requires complete diversity of citizenship between each plaintiff and each defendant and an amount in controversy of at least $75,000. 28 U . S . C . 1332. However, plaintiff's allegations fail to provide the proper allegations to su pp o r t diversity jurisdiction. First, plaintiff alleges that he is a "resident" of the state of W i sc o n s i n . However, for the purpose of establishing diversity jurisdiction, the court exam ines the citizenship, not the residency, of individual persons. An individual is a citizen of the state in which he is domiciled, which is "the place one intends to remain." Dakuras v. Edwards, 312 F.3d 256, 258 (7th Cir. 2002). A person has only one domicile, but may have several residences. Furthermore, it has long been settled that residence and citizenship are wholly different things within the meaning of the Constitution and the laws defining and regu latin g the jurisdiction of the circuit courts of the United States and that a mere averment of residence in a particular state is not an averment of citizenship in that state for the purp ose of jurisdiction. Steigleder v. McQuesten, 198 U.S. 141, 143 (1905). Therefore, plaintiff has failed to properly allege his citizenship. I will give plaintiff a chance to rectify this deficiency. He has until November 3, 2 2 0 0 9, to provide to this court facts verifying the diversity of citizenship between himself and d efen dan t. If plaintiff fails to submit this information to the court by November 3, 2009, or his submission reveals that diversity jurisdiction does not exist, this case will be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. If plaintiff shows that diversity jurisdiction exists, the case may proceed. OR DER IT IS ORDERED that plaintiff has until November 3, 2009 to provide to this court facts verifying the diversity of citizenship between himself and defendant. E n tered this 14t h day of October, 2009. B Y THE COURT: /s/ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ B AR B AR A B. CRABB D istrict Judge 3

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