Jacobs v. Huibregtse

Filing 15

Order Construing Notice of Appeal as Request to Proceed ifp. Leave to proceed ifp denied. Appeal not certified to be taken in good faith. Petitioner's Request for certificate of appealability denied. Signed by Chief Judge Barbara B. Crabb on 2/2/10. (elc),(ps)

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FO R THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF WISCONSIN C H R IS J. JACOBS, III, P e ti ti o n e r , v. 0 9 - cv -0 6 5 2 - b b c P ET E R HUIBREGTSE, Warden, W isconsin Secure Program Facility, R espo nd ent. OR DER O n December 18, 2009, I entered an order dismissing without prejudice the ap plicatio n by Chris J. Jacobs, III, for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 2254. I explained that petitioner's complaint that prison staff were depriving him of food was a ch allen ge to the conditions of his custody, rather than the fact or duration of it, and th erefo re had to be brought under 42 U.S.C. 1983. Petitioner has now filed a notice of app eal from that order. A petitioner cannot pursue an appeal from a final order in a habeas corpus proceeding u nless he has been granted a certificate of appealability. To obtain a certificate of app ealability, the applicant must make a "substantial showing of the denial of a co n stitu tio n al right." 28 U.S.C. 2253(c)(2); Tennard v. Dretke, 542 U.S. 274, 282 (20 04 ). This means that "reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the petition should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further." Miller-El v. Co ckrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336 (2003) (internal quotations and citations omitted). When, as in this case, a district court dismisses the petition on procedural grounds without reaching the underlying constitutional claims, the prisoner must show that the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable w h eth er the district court's procedural ruling is correct. Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 48 4 (2000) (emphasis added). P etitio n er is not entitled to a certificate of appealability. Reasonable jurists would not debate that petitioner's claim of food deprivation is a classic "conditions of confinement" c hallen ge that cannot be presented in a petition for a writ of habeas corpus. Glaus v. An derson , 408 F.3d 382, 388 (7th Cir. 2005) (when remedy of release is not available to petitioner, his challenge can only concern conditions of confinement and cannot be brought in habeas corpus petition). The fact that petitioner has been unable to obtain relief for his com plaints in the state courts does not authorize him to proceed in a federal habeas corpus action. Habeas corpus is available only when the remedy of release is possible. Although p etitio n er's allegations of wrongdoing by prison staff are serious, release is not a remedy for those alleged wrongs. Although petitioner has not asked for leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal, I w ill assume that he seeks to do so. I have already found petitioner to be indigent. However, he cannot proceed in forma pauperis unless I find that his appeal is brought in good faith, that is, that reasonable people could suppose his appeal has some merit. Walker v. O'Brien, 216 F.3d 626, 631-32 (7th Cir. 2000). I cannot make this finding for the reasons just stated. 2 OR DER IT IS ORDERED that 1. Petitioner's implied request for a certificate of appealability is DENIED. Pursuant to Fed. R. App. P. 22(b), if a district judge denies an application for a certificate of app ealability, the defendant may request a circuit judge to issue the certificate. 2. Petitioner's request for leave to proceed in forma pauperis is DENIED because I certify that his appeal is not taken in good faith. If petitioner wishes to appeal this decision, he must follow the procedure set out in Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(5). E n tered this 2 n d day of February, 2010. B Y THE COURT: /s/ B AR B AR A B. CRABB D istrict Judge 3

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