Rapley v. USA
ORDER construing 4 Notice of Explicit Reservation of All Rights, Notice of Non-Negotiable Acceptance of Rights as Motion for Postconviction Relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, DENYING for lack of jurisdiction. Clerk directed to forward all further documents to chambers for review prior to filing. Signed by District Judge Barbara B. Crabb on 8/3/2011. (arw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF WISCONSIN
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Defendant Derrick Rapley has filed a document titled “Notice of Explicit Reservation
of and all Rights/Non-Negotiable Acceptance of Rights and Notice of Non-Negotiable
Acceptance of Rights” in which he alleges that the United States has no jurisdiction to try
him for a crime. Despite the title, it must be construed as a motion for postconviction relief,
filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Any motion that is filed in the sentencing court that
is substantively within the scope of § 2255 must be filed as a § 2255 motion. United States
v. Carraway, 478 F.3d 845, 848 (7th Cir. 2007)(“The fact that [petitioner] labeled his
motion as a request for relief under civil Rule 60(b) rather than section 2255 is immaterial;
it is the substance of the petitioner’s motion that controls how his request for relief should
Section 2255 prohibits a defendant from filing a second or successive motion under
§ 2255 without certification by the court of appeals that the new motion contains newly
discovered evidence or “a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on
collateral review by the Supreme Court.” Defendant filed his first § 2255 motion on January
10, 2011. The motion was denied on the same day. This motion is defendant’s second
attempt (which tends to explain his effort to avoid labeling it as a § 2255 motion).
Therefore, this court lacks authority to consider the claims raised in his motions without
certification by the court of appeals.
Under Rule 11 of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Proceedings, the court must issue
or deny a certificate of appealability when entering a final order adverse to a defendant. To
obtain a certificate of appealability, the applicant must make a "substantial showing of the
denial of a constitutional right." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2); Tennard v. Dretke, 542 U.S. 274,
282 (2004). This means that "reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter,
agree that) the petition should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues
presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further." Miller-El v. Cockrell,
537 U.S. 322, 336 (2003) (internal quotations and citations omitted). Defendant has not
made a substantial showing of a constitutional right so no certificate will issue.
IT IS ORDERED that defendant Derrick Rapley’s Notice of Explicit Reservation of
and all Rights/Non-Negotiable Acceptance of Rights and Notice of Non-Negotiable
Acceptance of Rights are DENIED for lack of jurisdiction.
Further, IT IS ORDERED that if defendant files any further documents in this case,
the clerk of court is directed to forward them to me before filing. If I determine that the
document includes a challenge to defendant’s conviction or sentence and is not accompanied
by an order of the Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit permitting the filing, then I will
place the document in the file of this case and make no response to it.
Entered this 3d day of August, 2011.
BY THE COURT:
BARBARA B. CRABB
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