Koziara, Michael v. BNSF Railway Company
ORDER denying 207 Motion to Stay Enforcement of Judgment 189 . BNSF may renew its motion for a stay when it has provided appropriate security. Signed by District Judge James D. Peterson on 4/6/15. (jls)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF WISCONSIN
BNSF RAILWAY COMPANY,
Defendant BNSF Railway Company has moved to stay execution of the judgment in this
case pending resolution of its motions to set aside or modify that judgment. Dkt. 207. Pursuant
to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 62(b), the court may grant such a stay, on appropriate terms
that would provide for plaintiff Michael Koziara’s security. BNSF contends that it should not
have to post a bond or other security because “there is no suggestion that Defendant will be
unable to pay the judgment.” Id. at 2. Koziara opposes a stay without security. Dkt. 209. BNSF
is a very large company. But BNSF has not shown that posting security for the judgment is
impossible, impractical, or unnecessary. Accordingly, the court will deny its motion for a stay of
judgment without a security.
A district court has discretion to waive the requirement of a bond as security for a stay.
Houben v. Telular Corp., 309 F.3d 1028, 1038 (7th Cir. 2002); Dillon v. City of Chi., 866 F.2d
902, 904 (7th Cir. 1988). The Seventh Circuit has outlined several factors that guide the
exercise of such discretion, including: (1) the complexity of the collection process; (2) the time
required to obtain a judgment; (3) the degree of confidence that the court has in the defendant’s
availability of funds; (4) whether the defendant’s ability to pay the judgment is so plain that a
bond would be a waste of money; and (5) whether the defendant is in such a precarious
financial situation that the requirement to post a bond would place other creditors of the
defendant in an insecure position. Dillon, 866 F.2d at 904-05 (discussing these factors in the
context of a motion to stay pending appeal, under Rule 62(d)). The party seeking to waive the
requirement of a bond bears the burden of establishing that such measures are appropriate. See
Alford v. Aaron Rents, Inc., No. 08-cv-0683, 2011 WL 3903825, at *1 (S.D. Ill. Sept. 6, 2011);
Endress + Hauser, Inc. v. Hawk Measurement Sys. Pty. Ltd., 932 F. Supp. 1147, 1149 (S.D. Ind.
BNSF has not made any effort to meet its burden. BNSF offers no affidavits, no financial
statements, and no documentation of consistently paid judgments in the past. The sheer size of
the company does not prove that it will necessarily be able to pay the judgment. “As the
newspaper regularly reminds us, . . . even Fortune 500 companies can engage in questionable
accounting practices, be forced to restate their financials and declare bankruptcy.” Sorrano v.
N.Y. Life Ins. Co., No. 96-cv-7882, 2006 WL 1005902, at *2 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 13, 2006). The
court will not accept a party’s conclusory statement in a brief as sufficient evidence that the
traditional requirement of security would be unreasonable, impossible, or impractical.
Accordingly, BNSF Railway Company’s motion to stay enforcement of judgment,
Dkt. 207, is DENIED. BNSF may renew its motion for a stay when it has provided appropriate
Entered April 6, 2015.
BY THE COURT:
JAMES D. PETERSON
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