SCA Hygiene Products Aktiebolag et al v. Cascades, Inc.
ORDER granting 21 Motion to Stay Pending Inter Partes Review by Defendant Cascades Canada ULC, Counter Claimant Cascades Canada ULC.Defendant's motion for leave to file a reply (dkt. # 29 ) is DENIED as unnecessary. Signed by District Judge William M. Conley on 10/6/2017. (voc)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF WISCONSIN
SCA HYGIENE PRODUCTS AKTIEBOLAG
and SCA TISSUE NORTH AMERICA, LLC,
CASCADES CANADA, ULC,
Plaintiffs SCA Hygiene Products Aktielbolag and SCA Tissue North America, LLC,
assert claims of infringement of three patents, all involving interleaved napkins, against
defendant Cascades Canada, ULC. Before the court is defendant’s motion to stay this case
pending inter partes review of the three patents-in-suit. Because the court agrees that a stay is
warranted, the court will grant defendant’s motion.
Plaintiffs filed the present action on April 13, 2017, asserting infringement of three
patents. (Compl. (dkt. #1).) Defendants filed petitions for inter partes review of one of the
patents in issue -- U.S. Patent No. 8,597,761 -- on August 1, 2017. (Telscher Decl., Ex. B (dkt.
The following day, plaintiff filed an amended complaint on August 2, 2017,
essentially asserting the same claims as to all three patents.
(Am. Compl. (dkt. #14).)
Defendant filed its petition for inter partes review of the second patent-in-suit -- U.S. Patent
No. 9,320,372 -- on August 7, 2017. (Id. Ex. F (dkt. #23-6).) Defendant then answered the
amended complaint on August 22, as well as filed the present motion to stay based on the two,
pending petitions for inter partes review and the promise of a third, which was eventually filed
on September 29, 2017, for the last of the patents-in-suit -- U.S. Patent No. 8.273,443. (Answ.
(dkt. #19); Mot. to Stay (dkt. #21); Def.’s Not., Ex. A (dkt. #32-1).)1 The three pending inter
partes petitions, therefore, now seek cancellation of all of the claims at issue in this case. The
parties’ preliminary pretrial conference with Judge Crocker is scheduled for Wednesday,
October 11, 2017.
Defendant seeks a stay of this case, at least initially, pending a decision on their
petitions for review. Inter partes review was created by the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act
(“AIA”) and intended to be a “timely, cost-effective alternative to litigation." Universal Elecs.,
Inc. v. Universal Remote Control, Inc., 943 F. Supp. 2d 1028, 1029 (C.D. Cal. 2013) (quoting
Changes to Implement Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Post-Grant Review Proceedings, and Transitional
Program for Covered Business Method Patents, 77 Fed. Reg. 48,680 (Aug. 14, 2012) (codified at
37 C.F.R. §§ 42.100 et seq.)); see 35 U.S.C. §§ 311-319. “It is meant to (1) replace inter partes
reexamination, which did not offer review by a panel and could take more than three years to
complete; (2) ‘minimize duplicative efforts by increasing coordination between district court
litigation’ and the review process; and (3) ‘allow limited discovery in the review proceedings.’”
Ultratec, Inc. v. Sorenson Commc’ns, No. 13-cv-346-bbc, 2013 WL 6044407, at *1 (W.D. Wis.
Nov. 14, 2013) (quoting Universal Elecs., 943 F. Supp. 2d at 1029-30).
Unlike inter partes reexamination, the final decision of an inter partes review is also
At the time defendant filed its motion to stay, it had yet to file the inter partes petition for the
‘443 patent. Had that been true of the other two patents as well, the court would be disinclined to
grant a stay of any kind, agreeing with plaintiffs that the request is premature. However, the fact
that defendant had filed two of three possible petitions at the time of filing its motion to stay (and
represented that it would file the third petition shortly) belies plaintiffs’ concern about the motion
being premature. Regardless, all three petitions have now been filed.
binding on civil actions. See 35 U.S.C. § 315(e)(2) (“The petitioner in an inter partes review of
a claim in a patent under this chapter that results in a final written decision under section
318(a). . . may not assert . . . in a civil action ... that the claim is invalid on any ground that
the petitioner raised or reasonably could have raised during that inter partes review.”); Wildcat
Licensing WI, LLC v. Johnson Controls, Inc., No. 13-CV-328-WMC, 2014 WL 232106, at *3
(W.D. Wis. Jan. 22, 2014) (granting stay, in part, because outcome of IPR is binding).2 As
such, this court has been more willing to stay litigation for inter partes review than for the prior
Still, simply petitioning for inter partes review does not mean that the petition will be
granted and result in a binding determination.
As such, the court must consider the
appropriateness of a stay in light of the following factors:
(1) whether the litigation is at an early stage; (2) whether a stay
will unduly prejudice or tactically disadvantage the non-moving
party; (3) whether a stay will simplify the issues in question and
streamline the trial; and (4) whether a stay will reduce the burden
of litigation on the parties and on the court.
Grice Eng’g, Inc. v. JG Innovations, Inc., 691 F. Supp. 2d 915, 920 (W.D. Wis. 2010) (internal
citations omitted). Weighing those factors, the court is persuaded that at least a short stay
pending an indication that the petitions would actually be reviewed is warranted.
On the first factor, this case is still in the early stages of litigation, with the defendant
having filed two of three petitions before it was required to answer the operative pleading. By
statute, a party has up to one year to file a petition after the date on which it was served with
a complaint alleging infringement of a patent. See 35 U.S.C. § 315(b). Here, defendant filed
True to the limits of estoppel, the court credits plaintiffs’ argument that the estoppel provision
only applies on grounds “actually instituted” by the PTAB during inter partes review. (See Pls.’
Opp’n (dkt. #27) 18.)
the first two petitions within a few months. Although the court can fault plaintiffs somewhat
for waiting 4 months from suit to begin the process, the first factor weighs in favor of granting
Second, the court considers the prejudice to plaintiffs, as the party opposing the stay.
Plaintiffs argue that a stay will delay initiation of discovery and will push back the trial date,
likely by a couple of years. While true, as defendant points out, plaintiffs delayed initiating
this lawsuit: the accused products have been on the market since at least 2012, and their
asserted patent rights date back to 2012 and 2013, meaning that plaintiffs could have brought
suit much earlier. Even if the court assumes the delay was in part due to delayed discovery and
efforts to avoid a lawsuit; this dynamic at least off-sets plaintiffs’ argument that they would be
unduly prejudiced by further delay.
Moreover, if defendant’s petitions are not accepted, than the delay will be relatively
short. As defendant explains in its brief, under the AIA, a decision on whether the inter partes
reviews will be initiated will be made within six months of the filing -- less if plaintiffs promptly
file their preliminary response. (Def.’s Br. (dkt. #21) 13 (describing that a patent owner has
three months from the filing of the petition to respond and the Patent Office has three months
from the patent owner’s response to determine whether to institute inter partes review, citing
31 U.S.C. §§ 313, 314(b)).) If the Patent Office declines to initiate review (or limits its review
substantially), then the stay will be significantly shorter than the possible year or more stay for
a final determination. (See id. at 14 n.4 (describing statistics indicating that the average length
of inter partes review proceedings as of July 2015 is 13 months).) And if review is granted, there
is a benefit to having validity resolved by a court rather than burdening a lay jury with having
to decide this, as well as other issues.
Finally, even if the second factor weighs in favor of denying the stay, the third factor -whether a stay will simplify the issues in question and streamline the trial -- and the fourth
factor -- whether a stay will reduce the burden of litigation on the parties and on the court -both weigh heavily in favor of granting the stay. As defendant describes in its brief, “as of
January 2107, in two-thirds of IPRs instituted, all challenged claims were found unpatentable,
and in an additional 16% of instituted IPRs, at least some challenged claims were found
unpatentable (only 17% of IPRs results in all claims found patentable).” (Def.’s Br. (dkt. #21)
14-15 (citing Telscher Decl., Ex. N (dkt. #23-14)).)
In response to these statistics, plaintiffs maintain that defendants’ argument “relies on
false premises,” stressing that the PTAB has yet to initiate, and may not initiate, inter partes
review. (Pls.’ Opp’n (dkt. #27) 15-16.) Defendant in no way hid this fact -- it was quite
transparent about the posture of its petitions in the inter partes review process, and obviously
well known to the court. Moreover, if the petitions are granted, the possibility that inter partes
review could significantly streamline the issues to be resolved in this case, or possibly resolve
the case entirely by cancelling the patent claims at issue appears relatively high; and if review
of the petitions are denied, at least the stay will be relatively short.
Without diving into the merits of defendant’s invalidity challenges, the issues presented
in the petitions and in its counterclaim for invalidity implicate at first glance a prior rejection
of quarter-folded interleaved napkin and affirmance of that decision by the PTAB in 2008. As
such, the court agrees with defendant that the Patent Office should “get the first crack” at
squaring the 2008 rejection with the subsequent issuance of the patents-in-suit. (See Def.’s Br.
(dkt. #21) 7.) Accordingly, after weighing all factors, the court agrees with defendant that a
stay is warranted.
Initially, this case will be stayed pending a decision by PTAB on whether to initiate
review of any of the three patents. Within one week of the decision on a petition (or petitions),
defendant should notify the court of that decision and file a motion to continue the stay, if
warranted; and plaintiffs may have one week to respond.
IT IS ORDERED that:
1) Defendant Cascades Canada ULC’s motion to stay pending inter partes review
(dkt. #21) is GRANTED. This case is stayed initially pending a decision on
whether inter partes review will be initiated.
2) Defendant is directed to notify this court of any decision by the Patent Office on
its petitions within one week of the decision. Defendant is further directed to
renew its motion to stay, if appropriate, at that time.
3) Defendant’s motion for leave to file a reply (dkt. #29) is DENIED as unnecessary.
Entered this 6th day of October, 2017.
BY THE COURT:
WILLIAM M. CONLEY
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