In Re Application of Victor Mikhaylovich Pinchuck Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1782 for Judicial Assistance in Obtaining Evidence in this District
OPINION and ORDER by the Honorable Alan B Johnson granting re 1 Application, filed by Victor Mikhaylovich Pinchuk.(Court Staff, sth)
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF WYOMING
JfIN 31 m 11 23
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF WYOMING
In Re Application of Victor Mikhaylovich
Pinchuk Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1782 for
Judicial Assistance in Obtaining Evidence in
STEPHAN HARRIS. CLERK
Case No. 2:13-CV-0025l-ABJ
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING APPLICATION UNDER 28 U.S.C. § 1782
Victor Mikhaylovich Pinchuk ("Pinchuk") has filed an application for discovery pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 1782 ("Application"). [EOF No. 1]. The Court has reviewed his Application and
the relevant statutory and case law.
For the following reasons, the Court GRANTS Mr.
Mr. Pinchuk is the claimant in a breach of contract action pending before the London
Court of International Arbitration ("LCIA") against his business partners Igor Valeryevich
Kolomoisky ("Kolomoisky") and Gennadiy Borisovich Bogolyubov ("Bogolyubov"). [Id at 1].
The breach of contract arbitration arises from a dispute regarding a joint venture entered into
between Mr. Pinchuk, Mr. Kolomoisky, and Mr. Bogolyubov. [Id], The alleged joint venture
aggregated each individual's holdings in the manganese ore and ferroalloy industry by forming a
system of holding companies ("Ferroalloy Holding"). [Id. at 1-3]. The LCIA action alleges that
Kolomoisky and Bogolyubov misappropriated and diverted profits, assets, and opportunities
from Ferroalloy Holding to Mr. Pinchuk's detriment. [Id. at 2]. Mr. Pinchuk also independently
ovms or controls several companies that have instituted a series of similar cases in Limassol
District Court in Cyprus ("Cyprus Court Actions") that allege similar breaches of contract and
misappropriation of assets. [Id. at 3-4, 8].
In connection with both the LCIA Arbitration and the Cyprus Court Actions, Mr. Pinchuk
seeks this Court's assistance in obtaining discovery from Ferrost LLC. Ferrost LLC allegedly is
a Wyoming limited liability company in good standing that has a registered agent in Casper,
Wyoming. [Id. at 4, 8]. It has also allegedly been involved in the shipment of ferromanganese
products from the Ukraine to the United States, for which it has listed a separate address in
Casper. [Id. at 4]. Mr. Pinchuk alleges that Ferrost LLC is controlled and/or beneficially owned
by Kolomoisky and Bogolyubov, and he alleges that Ferrost LLC has assisted or been a vehicle
for Kolomoisky and Bogolyubov to divert ferroalloy products and profits from Ferroalloy
Holding. [Id.]. Because he suspects Ferrost LLC has been involved in these allegedly unlawful
transactions, Mr. Pinchuk believes certain corporate records will assist him in the Cyprus Court
Actions and the LCIA Arbitration. He has, therefore, submitted the instant application to this
Mr. Pinchuk submits his Application pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1782(a), which provides:
The district court of the district in which a person resides or is found may
order him to give his testimony or statement or to produce a document or other
thing for use in a proceeding in a foreign or international tribunal, including
criminal investigations conducted before formal accusation. The order may be
made pursuant to a letter rogatory issued, or request made, by a foreign or
international tribunal or upon the application of any interested person and may
direct that the testimony or statement be given, or the document or other thing be
produced, before a person appointed by the court. By virtue of his appointment,
the person appointed has power to administer any necessary oath and take the
testimony or statement. The order may prescribe the practice and procedure,
which may be in whole or part the practice and procedure of the foreign country
or the international tribunal, for taking the testimony or statement or producing
the document or other thing. To the extent that the order does not prescribe
otherwise, the testimony or statement shall be taken, and the document or other
thing produced, in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
A person may not be compelled to give his testimony or statement or to
produce a document or other thing in violation of any legally applicable privilege.
The statutory requirements are met when: (1) the application is made by a foreign or
international tribunal or "any interested person"; (2) the discovery is "for use in a proceeding in a
foreign or international tribunal"; and (3) the person from whom discovery is sought resides or is
found in the district in which the application is filed. In re Bayer, 146 F.3d 188, 193 (3d Cir.
Whether to permit the requested discovery remains within the discretion of the district
court, even if all of the statutory requirements are met. Intel Corp. v. Advanced Micro Devices,
Inc., 542 U.S. 241, 260-261 (2004). The objective of 28 U.S.C. § 1782 is "to assist foreign
tribunals in obtaining relevant information that the tribunals may find useful but, for reeisons
having no bearing on international comity, they cannot obtain under their own laws." Id. at 262.
The Supreme Court has enumerated several factors for a court to consider when deciding
whether to grant a § 1782 application: (1) whether the party from whom discovery is sought is a
participant in a foreign proceeding, or already subject to the jurisdiction of the foreign tribunal;
(2) the nature and character of the foreign proceedings; (3) the receptivity of the foreign tribunal
to such judicial assistance; (4) whether the request is an attempt to circumvent foreign discovery
restrictions; and (5) whether the request is unduly intrusive or burdensome. Republic ofEcuador
V. Bjorkman, 801 F.Supp.2d 1121, 1124 (D.Colo. 2011).
The Court will first examine the statutory requirements and then consider the Intel
factors. In the instant case, Mr. Pinchuk owns and or controls the various investment companies
that have instituted the Cyprus Court Actions. [ECF No. 1 at 3; ECF No. 1-2 at 188]. He,
therefore, possesses a reasonable interest in obtaining judicial assistance. See Intel Corp., 542
U.S. at 256. Thus, the Court finds that he is an "interested person" under the statute.
Next, Mr. Pinchuk has submitted evidence that the discovery he seeks is "for use in
foreign proceedings, including" the Cyprus Court Actions. [ECF No. 1-2 at 186]. The Cyprus
Court Actions are clearly "proceedings in a foreign . . . tribunal"; therefore, the second statutory
requirement is met. The Court notes that it has reservations as to whether the LCIA Arbitration
would separately satisfy the statutory requirement. There seems to be a split between the circuits
as to whether private arbitrators fall within or outside the meaning of "foreign or international
tribunal." Compare National Broadcasting Co., Inc. v. Bear Sterns & Co., Inc., 165 F.3d 184
(2d Cir. 1999) (private arbitration panel did not qualify as a "foreign or international tribunal"),
and La Comision EJecutiva Hidroelecctrica Del Rio Lempa v. El Paso Corp., 617 F.Supp.2d 481
(S.D.Tex. 2008), affirmed 341 Fed.Appx. 31 (5th Cir. 2009) (arbitral tribunals do not qualify as
"foreign or international tribunals" under 28 U.S.C. § 1782), with Consorcio Ecuatoriano de
Telecomunicaciones S.A. v. JAS Forwarding (USA), Inc., 685 F.3d 987 (applying a Hmctional
approach to determine whether a private arbitration panel qualifies as a "foreign or international
tribunal"). However, the Court will not wade into those waters since the Cyprus Court Actions
are sufficient to satisfy the statutory requirement. See Chevron Corp. v. Berlinger, 629 F.3d 297,
310-311 (2d Cir. 2011) (litigation and criminal prosecutions in Ecuador "provided an adequate
basis for the district court's production order.").
Thirdly, Mr. Pinchuk seeks discovery from Ferrost LLC, which has a registered agent and
may otherwise located in this District, specifically in Casper, Wyoming. [ECF No. 1 at 4, 8].
Thus, the Court finds that the statutory factors have been satisfied as to the Applicant's request.
Next, the Court will consider the Intel factors.
Regarding the first factor, Ferrost LLC is not a participant in the foreign proceedings, nor
is there any indication that Ferrost would be subject to Cypriot jurisdiction. Therefore, the
evidence here in the District of Wyoming "may be unobtainable absent § 1782(a) aid." Intel
Corp, 542 U.S. at 264. This consideration also relates to the fourth Intel factor in that this
application does not seem to circumvent any foreign discovery rules. [See ECF No. 1 at 13-14;
ECF No. 1-2 at 191].
Based on the preceding analysis, and in light of § 1782's "twin aims of providing
efficient assistance to participants in international litigation and encouraging foreign countries by
example to provide similar assistance to [U.S.] courts," the Court hereby GRANTS Mr.
Pinchuk's application, ECF No. 1. Intel Corp, 542 U.S. at 252. Accordingly, the Court
ORDERS as follows:
1. Mr. Pinchuk is authorized to issue and serve subpoenas on Ferrost LLC for the
production of the following documents:
A. The articles of incorporation, by-laws, minutes, board materials, and
resolutions of Ferrost LLC, including any amendments thereto;
B. An organizational chart or documents sufficient to show the directors and
officers of Ferrost LLC, both at the time of incorporation and presently;
C. A chart of or documents sufficient to show the corporate parents, subsidiaries,
and any affiliates for Ferrost LLC, both at the time of incorporation and
D. Documents showing how Ferrost LLC has been capitalized during the period
of January 1, 2006 to the present;
E. Documents showing the identity of any shareholder, member, or beneficial
owner of Ferrost LLC, both at the time of incorporation and presently;
F. Documents reflecting non-privileged communications by Ferrost LLC with
Mr. Kolomoisky or Mr. Bogolyubov or any agent of either regarding the
G. Documents regarding the ferroalloy business and referring to Ferroalloy
Holding, Pinchuk, EastOne Group Ltd., Interpipe, Mikhail losifovich Spektor,
Mikhail Viktorovich Voevodin, or Alexander Mikhaylovich Babkov;
H. Quarterly and annual financial statements (including profit and loss
statements, balance sheets, and statements of cash flows) for Ferrost LLC
from January 1, 2006 to the present;
I. Documents reflecting internal or external valuations, appraisals, liquidation
analyses, faimess or solvency opinions, or other documents concerning the
value of the assets of Ferrost LLC; and
J. Documents referring to Chemstar Products LLC; Empire Chemical LLC;
Demeter Diversified LLC; Solmex LLC; Georgian American Alloys, Inc.;
Felman Production LLC; Felman Trading LLC; and CC Metals and Alloys
2. Ferrost LLC shall produce the documents requested in their respective subpoenas
within thirty (30) days of service of the subpoena and as required under the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure and the Local Rules of the Lfnited States District Court for the District of
3. Until further order by this Court, Ferrost LLC shall preserve documents and evidence,
electronic or otherwise, in their possession, custody, or control that contain information
potentially relevant to the subject matter of the Applicant's document request as listed in this
Order. Any evidence produced by Ferrost LLC in response to the subpoenas shall not be filed
with this Court absent leave of this Court.
4. Mr. Pinchuk is authorized to seek leave from the Court in order to obtain further
documents and/or testimony from Ferrost LLC or from any other party in response to any other
subpoena issued in connection with the Application.
day of January, 2014.
Alan B. Johnson
United States District Judge
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