USA v. Kedrick Hughes


Opinion issued by court as to Appellant Kedrick Howard Hughes. Decision: Affirmed. Opinion type: Non-Published. Opinion method: Per Curiam. The opinion is also available through the Court's Opinions page at this link

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Case: 16-12297 Date Filed: 06/08/2017 Page: 1 of 4 [DO NOT PUBLISH] IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT ________________________ No. 16-12297 Non-Argument Calendar ________________________ D.C. Docket No. 1:15-cr-20990-KMM-1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus KEDRICK HOWARD HUGHES, Defendant-Appellant. ________________________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida ________________________ (June 8, 2017) Before JORDAN, ROSENBAUM and BLACK, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: Case: 16-12297 Date Filed: 06/08/2017 Page: 2 of 4 Kedrick Howard Hughes appeals his total 262-month sentence, after pleading guilty to one count of being a felon in possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 922(g)(1) and 924(e)(1), and one count of possession with intent to distribute cocaine base and marijuana, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). On appeal, Hughes argues that the district court erred in finding that his Florida aggravated assault conviction was a violent felony under the Armed Career Criminal Act (“ACCA”) or a crime of violence under the career offender Guideline. He also argues the district court erred in finding that his Florida possession of cocaine with intent to sell or deliver convictions were serious drug offenses under the ACCA and controlled substance offenses under the career offender Guidelines, but concedes that precedent forecloses his argument. After review, 1 we affirm. I. DISCUSSION Hughes’ argument that his Florida aggravated assault conviction is not a violent felony is foreclosed by our decision in Turner v. Warden Coleman FCI (Medium), 709 F.3d 1328 (11th Cir. 2013), abrogated in part on other grounds by Johnson v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 2551 (2015). There, we stated unequivocally that a conviction under Fla. Stat. § 784.021, of which Hughes was convicted, “will 1 We review de novo whether a prior conviction is a violent felony or a serious drug offense within the meaning of the ACCA. United States v. Howard, 742 F.3d 1334, 1341 (11th Cir. 2014). 2 Case: 16-12297 Date Filed: 06/08/2017 Page: 3 of 4 always include as an element the . . . threatened use of physical force against the person of another, . . . and thus qualifies as a violent felony for purposes of [§ 924(e)(2)(B)(i)] of the ACCA.” Turner, 709 F.3d at 1338 (quotation omitted). On this point, Turner has not been abrogated by intervening Supreme Court decisions or overruled by this Court en banc. See United States v. Archer, 531 F.3d 1347, 1352 (11th Cir. 2008) (restating prior panel rule); United States v. Golden, 854 F.3d 1256 (11th Cir. 2017) (addressing the same argument and finding that it remains foreclosed by Turner). Hughes’ argument that his Florida aggravated assault conviction is not a “crime of violence” under U.S.S.G. § 4B1.1 fails for the same reason. Id. (“Although Turner addressed the ‘elements’ clause of the ACCA, 18 U.S.C. § 924(e)(2)(B)(i), that clause is identical to the elements clause of § 4B1.2(a)(1). As a result, Turner is binding.” (citing United States v. Fritts, 841 F.3d 937, 940 (11th Cir. 2016))). Second, as Hughes concedes in his brief, we also have precedent that defeats his contention that his convictions for possession with intent to distribute cocaine are not “serious drug offense[s],” 18 U.S.C. § 924(e)(2)(A), or “controlled substance offense[s],” U.S.S.G. § 4B1.2(b). See United States v. Smith, 775 F.3d 1262, 1266–68 (11th Cir. 2014). The district court properly determined that 3 Case: 16-12297 Date Filed: 06/08/2017 Page: 4 of 4 Hughes had three predicate offenses and therefore qualified for the ACCA enhancement and career offender enhancement under the Guidelines. 2 II. CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons, we affirm. AFFIRMED. 2 Thus, we need not address the Government’s argument that Hughes waived his right to appeal this issue. 4

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