USA v. Nelson Canar-Valencia
Opinion issued by court as to Appellant Nelson Rubiel Canar-Valencia. Decision: Affirmed. Opinion type: Non-Published. Opinion method: Per Curiam. The opinion is also available through the Court's Opinions page at this link http://www.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions.
Date Filed: 04/05/2017
Page: 1 of 2
[DO NOT PUBLISH]
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT
D.C. Docket No. 8:07-cr-00439-JSM-MAP-2
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
NELSON RUBIEL CANAR-VALENCIA,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Middle District of Florida
(April 5, 2017)
Before ED CARNES, Chief Judge, HULL and MARCUS, Circuit Judges.
Nelson Canar-Valencia appeals pro se from the district court’s denial of his
motion for a sentence reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2), which allows a
Date Filed: 04/05/2017
Page: 2 of 2
court to modify a defendant’s term of imprisonment if the Sentencing Commission
later reduces the guidelines range for his offense. He contends that he was entitled
to that reduction based on Amendment 782 to the United States Sentencing
Guidelines. We disagree.
Amendment 782 amended the Drug Quantity Table in U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1(c)
by, among other things, increasing from 150 kilograms to 450 kilograms the
minimum amount of cocaine for which a defendant must be responsible to qualify
for a base offense level of 38. Compare U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1(c) (2013), with U.S.S.G.
§ 2D1.1(c) (2014). This change would not have affected Canar-Valencia’s base
offense level, however, because — according to the presentence investigation
report in his case — he was “accountable for approximately 5,268 kilograms of
cocaine” (and some heroin). As a result, he is not eligible for a sentence reduction
under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(a)(2)(B); United States v. Jones,
548 F.3d 1366, 1368 (11th Cir. 2008). 1
Because we conclude that the district court correctly denied Canar-Valencia’s motion
on the merits, we do not address the government’s law of the case argument.
We also do not address Canar-Valenica’s arguments as to “safety valve” reductions under
18 U.S.C. § 3553, the substantive reasonableness of his sentence, and his lack of access to
certain programs available to non-alien prisoners. Those arguments have no bearing on whether
he was entitled to relief under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). See United States v. Bravo, 203 F.3d 778,
782 (11th Cir. 2000) (“Section 3582(c), under which this sentencing hearing was held, does not
grant to the court jurisdiction to consider extraneous resentencing issues such as this one. Bravo
must instead bring such a collateral attack on his sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255.”).
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