USA v. Anton Watkins


Opinion issued by court as to Appellant Anton Watkins. Decision: Affirmed. Opinion type: Non-Published. Opinion method: Per Curiam. The opinion is also available through the Court's Opinions page at this link

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Case: 16-16730 Date Filed: 05/26/2017 Page: 1 of 3 [DO NOT PUBLISH] IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT ________________________ No. 16-16730 Non-Argument Calendar ________________________ D.C. Docket No. 0:11-cr-60012-JIC-1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus ANTON WATKINS, a.k.a. Anton Twan Watkins, Defendant-Appellant. ________________________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida ________________________ (May 26, 2017) Before HULL, MARTIN and ANDERSON, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: Anton Watkins, proceeding pro se, appeals the district court’s denial of his motion to reduce his sentence, brought pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) and Case: 16-16730 Date Filed: 05/26/2017 Page: 2 of 3 Amendment 599 to the Sentencing Guidelines. The district court found that Watkins was not entitled to relief because the amendment was already in effect when Watkins was sentenced and, thus, he received whatever benefit may have been afforded by the amendment. On appeal, Watkins argues that he is entitled to relief under Amendment 599, which directs that a weapons enhancement may not be applied to an underlying offense when the defendant has also received an 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) conviction, which provides separate punishment for the use or possession of a firearm in a violent crime. We review de novo a district court’s legal conclusions regarding the scope of its authority under the Sentencing Guidelines in a § 3582(c)(2) proceeding. United States v. Davis, 587 F.3d 1300, 1303 (11th Cir. 2009). Under § 3582(c)(2), a district court may reduce the prison sentence of a “defendant who has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission.” 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2); see also U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(a)(1). Amendment 599 may serve, when applicable, as the basis for a sentence reduction. See U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10(d). Amendment 599 took effect on November 1, 2000. U.S.S.G. App. C, Amend. 599. Amendment 599 provides, in pertinent part, that where a defendant is convicted of an 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) offense for using a firearm during and in relation to a crime of violence or a drug trafficking crime, 2 Case: 16-16730 Date Filed: 05/26/2017 Page: 3 of 3 the defendant cannot also receive an offense-level enhancement in the underlying offense for his use of a firearm during the commission of that offense. Id.; see also United States v. Brown, 332 F.3d 1341, 1344–45 (11th Cir. 2003). We affirm the district court’s denial of Watkins’s § 3582(c)(2) motion because Amendment 599 does not apply to his guideline calculation and does not have the effect of lowering his guideline range. See 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). Amendment 599 took effect in November 2000, ten years before Watkins was sentenced in July 2011. See U.S.S.G. App. C., Amend. 599. Thus, Watkins was not “sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has been subsequently lowered by the Sentencing Commission.” 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). Accordingly, the district court correctly concluded that Watkins was ineligible for a sentence reduction based on Amendment 599, and we affirm. AFFIRMED. 3

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