USA v. Juan Ramirez-Villalzana
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [16-40529 Affirmed] Judge: CDK , Judge: JLD , Judge: GJC. Mandate pull date is 06/08/2017 for Appellant Juan Manuel Ramirez-Villalzana [16-40529]
Date Filed: 05/18/2017
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
May 18, 2017
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
JUAN MANUEL RAMIREZ-VILLALZANA,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Southern District of Texas
USDC No. 1:15-CR-847-1
Before KING, DENNIS, and COSTA, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Juan Manuel Ramirez-Villalzana appeals his 46-month, withinguidelines sentence for illegal reentry, 8 U.S.C. § 1326, asserting that the
district court erroneously applied a 16-level “crime of violence” enhancement,
under former U.S.S.G. § 2L1.2(b)(1)(A)(ii), based on his prior Texas convictions
for burglary of a habitation.
The enhancement was improper, Ramirez-
Villalzana contends, because the Texas burglary statute, Texas Penal Code
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 05/18/2017
§ 30.02(a), does not categorically define a “generic” burglary of a dwelling and
is not divisible in light of Mathis v. United States, 136 S. Ct. 2243 (2016). We
review the district court’s interpretation of the Sentencing Guidelines de novo.
See United States v. Calderon-Pena, 383 F.3d 254, 256 (5th Cir. 2004).
In Mathis, the Supreme Court explained that the modified categorical
approach may be used to distinguish only between alternative elements of a
statutory offense, not alternative means of satisfying a single element. 136 S.
Ct. at 2249-50. Whether the district court erred thus turns on whether, in light
of Mathis, § 30.02(a)’s three subsections constitute elements or means. While
the instant appeal was pending, we concluded that § 30.02(a) is a divisible,
elements-based statute. See United States v. Uribe, 838 F.3d 667, 669-71 (5th
Consequently, “the modified categorical approach applies to
determine which of the provisions of § 30.02(a) was the basis of [RamirezVillalzana’s] conviction[s].” Id. at 671.
Our review of the permissible record documents reveals that RamirezVillalzana’s prior convictions were based on § 30.02(a)(1) and were therefore
“generic” burglaries. See United States v. Conde-Castaneda, 753 F.3d 172, 176
(5th Cir. 2014); see United States v. Constante, 544 F.3d 584, 585 (5th Cir.
2008). Accordingly, the district court properly applied the 16-level “crime of
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