USA v. Domingo Alvarez
UNPUBLISHED OPINION ORDER FILED. [16-51112 Dismissed for Lack of Jurisdiction in Part and Dismissed as Frivolous in Part] Judge: JLD, Judge: LHS, Judge: SAH. Mandate issue date is 11/13/2017; denying motion to proceed IFP filed by Appellant Mr. Domingo Alvarez [8424167-2] [16-51112]
Date Filed: 10/19/2017
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
October 19, 2017
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Western District of Texas
USDC No. 7:14-CR-235-2
Before DENNIS, SOUTHWICK, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Domingo Alvarez, federal prisoner # 27428-180, seeks leave to proceed
in forma pauperis (IFP) on appeal from various orders related to the district
court’s denial of his motion to reconsider its denial of his 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2)
motion for a reduction of his sentence. By moving for leave to proceed IFP,
Alvarez is challenging the district court’s certification that his appeal was not
taken in good faith. See Baugh v. Taylor, 117 F.3d 197, 202 (5th Cir. 1997).
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 10/19/2017
Our inquiry into a litigant’s good faith “is limited to whether the appeal
involves legal points arguable on their merits (and therefore not frivolous).”
Howard v. King, 707 F.2d 215, 220 (5th Cir. 1983) (internal quotation marks
and citations omitted).
We lack jurisdiction over any challenge to the district court’s “Order &
Advisory” through which it notified Alvarez that it intended to construe one of
the arguments he raised in the motion to reconsider as a 28 U.S.C. § 2255 claim
and advised him that he could object to this determination. This order was not
a final order that “end[ed] the litigation on the merits and le[ft] nothing for the
court to do but execute the judgment,” Frizzell v. Sullivan, 937 F.2d 254, 255
(5th Cir. 1991), and it did not meet any other criteria that would render it
appealable, see 28 U.S.C. §§ 1291, 1292; FED. R. CIV. P. 54(b); Dardar v.
Lafourche Realty Co., 849 F.2d 955, 957 (5th Cir. 1988); Save the Bay, Inc. v.
United States Army, 639 F.2d 1100, 1102 & n.3 (5th Cir. 1981).
To the extent that Alvarez also seeks to appeal the district court’s
subsequent order construing the claim as arising under § 2255 and denying it
as meritless, we lack jurisdiction over that determination “for the simple
reason that the appeal was filed before the order was issued.” Fiess v. State
Farm Lloyds, 392 F.3d 802, 806 (5th Cir. 2004) (emphasis in original); see FED.
R. APP. P. 3(c)(1)(B). Indeed, Alvarez filed a separate notice of appeal from that
decision, and it is docketed as a separate appeal.
As to the denial of the motion for reconsideration, Alvarez filed that
motion more than 14 days after the district court entered its ruling on the
underlying § 3582(c)(2) motion; thus, the district court lacked jurisdiction to
consider it. See United States v. Miramontez, 995 F.2d 56, 58 n.2 (5th Cir.
1993); United States v. Cook, 670 F.2d 46, 48 (5th Cir. 1982).
Date Filed: 10/19/2017
Finally, to the extent that Alvarez seeks to appeal the underlying denial
of his motion for a sentence reduction, his untimely notice of appeal does not
deprive us of jurisdiction. See United States v. Martinez, 496 F.3d 387, 388-89
(5th Cir. 2007). Though he argues that he did not intend to move for a sentence
reduction under § 3582(c)(2) and instead wished to raise other claims related
to his sentence, nothing in his motion suggests any other basis for relief.
Alvarez has not shown that the district court abused its discretion in denying
the motion on the ground that he had already received the benefit of the
relevant guidelines amendment. See United States v. Evans, 587 F.3d 667, 672
(5th Cir. 2009).
Alvarez has failed to show that he will raise a nonfrivolous issue on
appeal. See Howard, 707 F.2d at 220. Accordingly, his IFP motion is DENIED.
His appeal is DISMISSED in part for lack of jurisdiction and in part as
frivolous pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 42.2.
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