Sarbpreet Singh v. Loretta Lynch
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [16-60010 Dismissed for Lack of Jurisdiction] Judge: WED, Judge: LHS, Judge: SAH; denying motion to remand case filed by Petitioner Mr. Sarbpreet Singh [8491532-2] [16-60010]
Date Filed: 06/14/2017
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
June 14, 2017
Lyle W. Cayce
JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U. S. ATTORNEY GENERAL,
Petition for Review of an Order of the
Board of Immigration Appeals
BIA No. A077 855 561
Before DAVIS, SOUTHWICK, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Sarbpreet Singh, a native and citizen of India, petitions for review of the
denial of his most recent motion to reopen. In denying the motion, the Board
of Immigration Appeals (BIA) first determined that it was number-barred,
untimely, and did not fit within any of the exceptions to the filing
requirements. Second, the BIA declined to exercise its sua sponte authority to
reopen, asserting that it had considered the record in its entirety, it had
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 06/14/2017
considered Singh’s arguments, and Singh had not shown an exceptional
situation warranting exercise of its discretion to reopen sua sponte. In support
of this decision, the BIA cited Matter of J-J-, 21 I. & N. Dec. 976, 984 (BIA
Singh does not challenge the merits of the BIA’s first ruling. Instead, he
contends that the BIA’s order contained only two sentences; the order did not
show that the BIA had engaged in reasoned decision-making; and the order
thus did not comply with the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). He asks us
to remand to require the BIA to provide additional reasons for its decision.
Additionally, Singh contends that Matter of V-X-, 26 I. & N. Dec. 147 (BIA
2013), constituted a fundamental change in the law warranting sua sponte
reopening and that Matter of V-X- establishes that incorrect procedures and
regulations were used in terminating his asylum, ordering his removal, and
denying his applications for adjustment of status.
The APA does not apply to individual adjudications under the
See Ardestani v. INS, 502 U.S. 129, 133-34 (1991).
Accordingly, we DENY Singh’s request for remand.
Regarding Singh’s argument that the BIA erred in denying his motion to
reopen, we lack jurisdiction to review the BIA’s refusal to exercise its
discretionary, sua sponte authority to reopen a case. Enriquez-Alvarado v.
Ashcraft, 371 F.3d 246, 249-50 (5th Cir. 2004). Furthermore, even if we had
jurisdiction, Singh has failed to demonstrate an abuse of discretion because his
case does no turn on the legal error he alleges. See Matter of G-D-, 22 I. & N.
Dec 1132, 1135-36 (BIA 1999).
We DISMISS Singh’s petition for review.
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