USA v. Ray Hilderbrand
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [16-60683 Affirmed] Judge: TMR, Judge: PRO, Judge: JWE. Mandate pull date is 05/15/2017 for Appellant Ray Hilderbrand [16-60683]
Date Filed: 04/24/2017
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
April 24, 2017
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Southern District of Mississippi
USDC No. 5:07-CR-23-1
Before REAVLEY, OWEN, and ELROD, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Ray Hilderbrand challenges a condition of supervised release imposed
upon the revocation of his prior term of supervised release which followed his
conviction for knowingly receiving child pornography.
Hilderbrand, the condition, which prohibits him from “congregat[ing] at places
frequented by minors,” is unconstitutionally vague and broader than
reasonably necessary to accomplish the sentencing goals of 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a).
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 04/24/2017
Because Hilderbrand made no objection to the condition at sentencing, we
review only for plain error, giving “considerable deference to the judgment of
the district court.” United States v. Ellis, 720 F.3d 220, 227-28 (5th Cir. 2013)
(per curiam) (quoting United States v. Wilcox, 631 F.3d 740, 751 (5th Cir.
As to his challenge that the condition is overbroad, “it is well established
that associational conditions do not extend to casual or chance meetings.”
United States v. Paul, 274 F.3d 155, 166 (5th Cir. 2001) (quoting United States
v. Loy, 237 F.3d 251, 269 (3d Cir. 2001)). This court’s construction of such
associational limitations thus belies Hilderbrand’s assertion.
Similarly, the common sense application of the constitutional
requirement of fair notice means that district court was not required “to
describe every possible permutation, or to spell out every last, self-evident
detail.” Id. at 167 (quoting United States v. Gallo, 20 F.3d 7, 12 (1st Cir. 1994)).
As in Paul, there exists “sufficient common understanding” of the sorts of
locations considered to be “frequented by minors” to meet “the constitutional
requirement of reasonable certainty.” Id. The nature of Hilderbrand’s offense
of possession of child pornography and his revocation offense of having contact
with and enticing a minor both indicate that the restriction on his congregating
in locations frequented by minors was reasonably necessary to protect the
public from further crimes. See 18 U.S.C. §§ 3553(a)(2), 3583(d)(2); Paul, 274
F.3d at 167. The district court did not clearly or obviously err in imposing the
condition. See Ellis, 720 F.3d at 228.
The judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED.
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