USA v. Verod Woodard
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [17-10097 Affirmed] Judge: EGJ, Judge: PRO, Judge: CH. Mandate pull date is 09/18/2017 for Appellant Verod Woodard; granting motion for summary affirmance filed by Appellant Mr. Verod Woodard [8502155-2] [17-10097]
Date Filed: 08/28/2017
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
United States Court of Appeals
August 28, 2017
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Northern District of Texas
USDC No. 3:15-CR-412-1
Before JOLLY, OWEN, and HAYNES, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM: *
Verod Woodard pleaded guilty to one count of using, carrying, and
brandishing a firearm during and in relation to a crime of violence, in violation
of 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1), and received a sentence of 283 months in prison, to be
followed by a three-year term of supervised release. The underlying “crime of
violence” was carjacking, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2119. On appeal, Woodard
contends that the enactment of § 2119 exceeded Congress’s authority under
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH
CIR. R. 47.5.4.
Date Filed: 08/28/2017
the Commerce Clause. In United States v. Coleman, 78 F.3d 154, 158-59 (5th
Cir. 1996), this court rejected a Commerce Clause challenge to the carjacking
Woodard concedes that his argument is foreclosed by Coleman,
although he contends that the holding has been called into question by the
Supreme Court’s decision in Nat’l Fed’n of Indep. Bus. v. Sebelius, 567 U.S. 519
(2012). As that case did not address the constitutionality of § 2119, we are
bound by our decision in Coleman. See United States v. Alcantar, 733 F.3d 143,
146 (5th Cir. 2013).
In addition, Woodard asserts that the firearm conviction was invalid
because carjacking no longer qualifies as a “crime of violence” in light of
Johnson v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 2551 (2015). As he concedes, his argument
that the ruling in Johnson renders § 924(c)(3)(B) unconstitutionally vague is
foreclosed by our decision in United States v. Gonzalez-Longoria, 831 F.3d 670
(5th Cir. 2016) (en banc), petition for cert. filed (Sept. 29, 2016) (No. 16-6259).
See United States v. Jones, 854 F.3d 737, 740 (5th Cir. 2017), petition for cert.
filed (July 17, 2017) (No. 17-5285). Although in Lynch v. Dimaya, 137 S. Ct.
31 (2016), the Supreme Court granted certiorari on the question whether 18
U.S.C. § 16(b) is unconstitutional in light of Johnson, we are bound by our own
precedent unless and until that precedent is altered by a decision of the
Supreme Court. See Wicker v. McCotter, 798 F.2d 155, 157-58 (5th Cir. 1986).
Accordingly, Woodard’s unopposed motion for summary disposition is
GRANTED. The judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED.
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