USA v. Darius Stevens, Sr.
Per Curiam OPINION filed: The judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED, decision not for publication. Danny J. Boggs, Alan E. Norris and Helene N. White, Circuit Judges.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 14a0176n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Mar 05, 2014
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED
STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF
BEFORE: BOGGS, NORRIS, and WHITE, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM. Defendant Darius Stevens pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to
make, utter, and possess forged securities of organizations in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 513(a)
and 371. In exchange for his guilty plea, the government dismissed a 75-count superseding
indictment pending against him, which included charges for multiple counts of bank fraud,
aggravated identity theft, and possession of counterfeit securities. The district court sentenced
Stevens to 60-months in prison followed by three years of supervised release. On appeal, Stevens
challenges this sentence as substantively unreasonable.
Stevens led a counterfeit-check ring in which forged checks from various businesses were
cashed by several individuals at privately owned grocery stores, taverns, and convenience stores
in Dayton, Kettering, Trotwood, Huber Heights, and Springfield, Ohio. As part of the scheme,
Stevens obtained identification cards, Social Security cards, and birth certificates, which he and
his co-conspirators used to cash the checks and set up bank accounts in which to deposit the
forged checks. Law enforcement searched Stevens’s residence and seized myriad items related to
the counterfeit-check scheme, including 1,038 blank commercial checks, computer equipment
used to manufacture counterfeit checks and identification cards, thirty-three identification cards,
fifty-two Social Security cards, fifteen birth certificates, 397 blank cashier’s checks, and books
with titles including ID by Mail, The Encyclopedia of Personal Identification, The ID Forger,
and How to Make Driver’s Licenses and Other ID on Your Home Computer.
A presentence report calculated Stevens’s total offense level as twenty-seven and his
criminal history category as III, resulting in an advisory sentencing guidelines range of 87 to 108
months of imprisonment. However, because the statutory maximum penalty of sixty months is
less than the minimum of the guideline range, the guideline range became 60 months. The
district court did not fully adopt the presentence-report calculation because the parties failed to
include the amount of intended loss, used in the presentence report, in the factual stipulations in
the plea agreement.
Nevertheless, the district court carefully stepped through the sentencing factors in 18
U.S.C. § 3553(a) in determining that a sentence of sixty months was appropriate. The court
emphasized that Stevens has engaged in a continuous pattern of forgery dating back more than
twenty-five years, including an almost identical scheme in 1996 for which Stevens received a
fifty-seven-month sentence and still owes over $100,000 in restitution. The court was adamant
about protecting the public from further crimes, noting that in addition to the long history of
forgery, Stevens organized the offense and recruited his codefendants.
Stevens argues that the district court gave undue weight to his leadership role in the
offense and that the district court, in considering the § 3553(a) factors, should have considered
only the facts stipulated in the plea agreement. We disagree, the key question is whether the facts
considered were reliable, which they were. “When all is said and done, a sentencing judge’s
inquiry is ‘broad in scope’ and it is ‘largely unlimited as to the kind of information he may
consider, or the source from which it may come.’” United States v. Graham-Wright, 715 F.3d
598, 601 (6th Cir. 2013) (quoting United States v. Tucker, 404 U.S. 443, 446 (1972)).
Given the guidelines range calculated in the presentence report, the seriousness of the
crime and the other § 3553(a) factors cited by the district court, and the favorable plea
agreement, the sixty-month sentence imposed by the district court is substantively reasonable.
The judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED.
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