Xiu Lin v. Eric Holder, Jr.
Per Curiam OPINION filed : The petition for review is DENIED. Decision not for publication. Danny J. Boggs, Eric L. Clay, and Ronald Lee Gilman, Circuit Judges.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 14a0561n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
XIU DONG LIN,
ERIC H. HOLDER, JR., Attorney General,
Jul 25, 2014
ON PETITION FOR REVIEW
FROM THE UNITED STATES
BOARD OF IMMIGRATION
BEFORE: BOGGS, CLAY, and GILMAN, Circuit Judges.
PER CURIAM. Xiu Dong Lin, a citizen of China, petitions through counsel for review
of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissing his appeal from an order of an
immigration judge (IJ) denying his motion to reopen his order of removal.
Lin was born in China in 1978. He illegally entered this country in 1999. He was
ordered removed in absentia in 2000. In 2002, he filed a motion to reopen the proceedings,
arguing that he did not receive notice of his hearing. That motion was denied. Lin did not leave
this country, but stayed, married, and had three children. In 2012, he filed another motion to
reopen his proceedings. He asserted that he had become a Christian the previous year, and that if
he now returned to China he would be persecuted on that basis, because conditions for Christians
in China had worsened since he was ordered removed from this country.
The IJ found that the motion was numerically barred and untimely. He also found that
Lin had not demonstrated changed country conditions that would allow him to file for reopening.
Lin v. Holder
The BIA adopted the IJ’s decision, specifically agreeing that changed country conditions were
This petition for review followed.
Lin argues that he did establish that
conditions for Christians in China have worsened since his original removal order.
We review the denial of a motion to reopen for an abuse of discretion, Bi Feng Liu v.
Holder, 560 F.3d 485, 489 (6th Cir. 2009), which will be found if the decision lacks a rational
explanation, inexplicably departs from established policy, or has an impermissible basis. See
Zhang v. Mukasey, 543 F.3d 851, 854 (6th Cir. 2008). In order to file a numerically barred and
untimely motion to reopen, Lin was required to establish changed country conditions. See
Haddad v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 515, 517-18 (6th Cir. 2006). We find no abuse of discretion in
the conclusion that Lin failed to show that conditions for Christians in China have worsened
since his order of removal. See Pllumi v. Attorney Gen. of the United States, 642 F.3d 155, 161
(3d Cir. 2011). Proof that a preexisting condition continues is insufficient to establish changed
country conditions. See Kucana v. Holder, 603 F.3d 394, 397 (7th Cir. 2010). Here, there was
ample evidence that harassment of unregistered Christian churches in China was ongoing at the
time of Lin’s original order of removal. Showing that such incidents continue to occur was
therefore insufficient to justify the filing of a second, untimely motion to reopen, because no
material difference in the threat to unregistered Christians was established. Lin argues that Shu
Han Liu v. Holder, 718 F.3d 706 (7th Cir. 2013), is a similar case. However, in that case, the
court found that the agency had failed to consider the conditions existing at the time of the
original order of removal and compare them to the current conditions. Id. at 712. No such error
occurred here. The decision denying the motion to reopen followed policy, was rational, and
rested on no impermissible basis. Therefore, the petition for review is denied.
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