Ramona Haddad v. Sec, Dept Homeland Security, et al
Per Curiam OPINION filed: AFFIRMED, decision not for publication. Eric L. Clay, Circuit Judge; David W. McKeague, Circuit Judge; and William O. Bertelsman, U.S. District Judge.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
File Name: 15a0531n.06
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
RAMONA S. HADDAD,
Jul 27, 2015
DEBORAH S. HUNT, Clerk
SECRETARY, U.S. DEPARTMENT
OF HOMELAND SECURITY, et al.,
ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED
STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
CLAY and McKEAGUE, Circuit Judges; BERTELSMAN, District Judge.*
PER CURIAM. Plaintiff Ramona S. Haddad sought review in federal district court of a
decision by the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) affirming the denial of her I-130 petition
on behalf of her alien husband, William Ayed Haddad. The district court denied Plaintiff’s
motion for summary judgment and granted Defendants’ cross-motion for summary judgment.
Plaintiff timely appealed. For the reasons set forth below, we AFFIRM the judgment of the
An I-130 petition may be filed by any citizen or lawful permanent resident of the United
States for the purpose of informing the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
(“USCIS”) of the petitioner’s relationship to an alien relative who seeks to immigrate to the
The Honorable William O. Bertelsman, United States District Judge for the Eastern
District of Kentucky, sitting by designation.
United States. William Ayed Haddad, a citizen of Jordan, has had three I-130 petitions filed on
Mr. Haddad entered the United States in November 1990 on a six-month B-2 visitor visa.
He unlawfully remained in the United States longer than his visa allowed, and he married Krystn
Ann White, a United States citizen, in September 1991. A month later, Mr. Haddad filed an I485 application seeking lawful permanent residence in the United States, and Ms. White
simultaneously filed an I-130 petition naming Mr. Haddad as her husband. In July 1992, while
the I-130 petition was still pending, Ms. White sought an annulment of her marriage to Mr.
Haddad. The Oakland County, Michigan circuit court entered a default judgment of annulment,
finding that the marriage was invalid because it was never consummated and because the couple
never lived together as husband and wife.
The Immigration and Naturalization Service
(predecessor agency to USCIS) subsequently denied the I-130 application. The INS determined
that the White/Haddad marriage was a sham because of the annulment and other evidence that
the marriage was entered into for the purpose of evading the immigration laws. Mr. Haddad’s I485 application was denied based on the denial of the I-130 petition, and the government
initiated removal proceedings against him.
Plaintiff, a naturalized United States citizen, married Mr. Haddad in January 1996. Six
months later, she filed her first I-130 petition on behalf of her husband. The petition was
erroneously granted in August 1996, and revoked shortly thereafter based on Mr. Haddad’s prior
fraudulent marriage to Ms. White. The BIA affirmed the revocation. The BIA also affirmed an
immigration judge’s order that Mr. Haddad leave the country voluntarily or be deported. Mr.
Haddad did not comply with the voluntary departure order, and he remained in the United States
until he was arrested by immigration agents and deported to Jordan in July 2010.
In October 2010, Plaintiff filed the I-130 petition at issue in this case. The USCIS
notified Plaintiff of its intent to deny the petition even though it did not doubt that her marriage
to Mr. Haddad was legitimate. The USCIS explained that it intended to deny the petition
because of Mr. Haddad’s prior fraudulent marriage to Ms. White. Plaintiff submitted affidavits
from Mr. Haddad and other family members to demonstrate that Mr. Haddad’s first marriage was
bona fide, but the USCIS was unpersuaded. It denied the I-130 petition on the basis of the
previous sham marriage, and the BIA affirmed. Plaintiff then filed suit in federal district court
challenging the BIA’s decision as arbitrary and capricious.
On the parties’ motions for summary judgment, the district court thoroughly reviewed the
administrative record, and ultimately held that the BIA’s decision was not arbitrary and
capricious. The court determined that there was substantial evidence supporting the BIA’s
finding that Mr. Haddad’s first marriage was a sham. The court also determined that the BIA did
not ignore or fail to consider the evidence Plaintiff submitted; rather, the BIA simply found that
her after-acquired evidence, which was both vague and offered by interested parties, was
insufficient to overcome the contemporaneous evidence of marriage fraud.
We have thoroughly reviewed the record, the applicable law, and the parties’ arguments,
and we come to the same conclusions as the district court. Accordingly, we hold that the BIA’s
decision denying Plaintiff’s I-130 petition is supported by substantial evidence and therefore is
neither arbitrary nor capricious. We also hold that Plaintiff abandoned her due process claim by
failing to address it in her motion for summary judgment and by failing to respond to
Defendants’ summary judgment motion in which they argued that the claim was meritless. See
Brown v. VHS of Mich., Inc., 545 F. App’x 368, 372 (6th Cir. 2013) (“[A] plaintiff is deemed to
have abandoned a claim when [she] fails to address it in response to a motion for summary
judgment.”). Accordingly, we AFFIRM on the basis of the district court’s December 31, 2014
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