Youngblood et al v. Yi et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER directing that the defendant's 33 motion for summary judgment, which was previously GRANTED with respect to the wantonness claim is DENIED with respect to the negligence claims. Signed by Hon. Chief Judge Mark E. Fuller on 1/14/10. (Attachments: # 1 civil appeals checklist)(djy, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR T H E MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA N O R T H E R N DIVISION D A N IE L R. YOUNGBLOOD and P A U L IN E YOUNGBLOOD, P L A IN T IF F S , v. M Y O N G SHIN YI, et al., D EFEN D A N TS. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
C A S E NO. 2:08-cv-117-MEF (W O -N o t Recommended for Publication)
M E M O R A N D U M OPINION AND ORDER T h is lawsuit arises out of an automobile accident in which a vehicle, driven by P la in tif f Daniel Youngblood (hereinafter "Youngblood"), collided with a disabled vehicle D e f e n d a n t Myong Shin Yi ("Yi") had been driving prior to colliding with a deer. Y o u n g b lo o d brings this action under Alabama law alleging that Yi negligently and wantonly c a u s e d the collision between the two vehicles. Youngblood also brings a derivative claim f o r loss of income and his wife brings a claim for loss of consortium. This cause is before the Court on the remaining part of the Motion for Summary J u d g m e n t of Defendant Myong Shin Yi (Doc. # 3) filed on October 13, 2009.1 The Court has c a re f u lly considered the arguments made in support of and in opposition to the motion, and f o r the reasons set forth below, the Court finds that the motion is due to be DENIED as to th e negligence claim.
By a separate order, the Court has granted part of the motion to the extent that it s o u g h t summary judgment on the wantonness claim.
I. JURISDICTION AND VENUE S u b je c t-m a tte r jurisdiction over this action is proper pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332 (d iv e rs ity).2 The parties do not contest personal jurisdiction or venue, and the Court finds a d e q u a te allegations in support of both personal jurisdiction and venue. I I . SUMMARY JUDGMENT STANDARD U n d e r Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(c), summary judgment is appropriate "if th e pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with th e affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the m o v in g party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 3 1 7 , 322 (1986). The party asking for summary judgment "always bears the initial
re s p o n s ib ility of informing the district court of the basis for its motion, and identifying those p o rtio n s of `the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, to g e th e r with the affidavits, if any,' which it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine is su e of material fact." Id. at 323. The movant can meet this burden by presenting evidence s h o w in g there is no dispute of material fact, or by showing the non-moving party has failed to present evidence in support of some element of its case on which it bears the ultimate
The amount in controversy is in excess of $75,000. Yi is a Korean national who at th e time of the accident resided in Georgia, but now resides in Illinois. Youngblood and his w if e are Alabama residents. State Farm, which was originally an additional defendant is a lle g e d to be a corporate citizen of Illinois. Although the Complaint purports to bring suit a g a in s t fictitious defendants, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not allow fictitious p a rty pleading. 2
burden of proof. Id. at 322-23. O n c e the moving party has met its burden, Rule 56(e) "requires the nonmoving party to go beyond the pleadings and by [his] own affidavits, or by the `depositions, answers to in te rro g a to rie s , and admissions on file,' designate `specific facts showing that there is a g e n u in e issue for trial.'" Id. at 324. To avoid summary judgment, the nonmoving party " m u s t do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the material fa c ts ." Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 (1986) (e m p h a s is added). A plaintiff must present evidence demonstrating that he can establish the b a s ic elements of his claim. Celotex, 477 U.S. at 322. A court ruling on a motion for s u m m a ry judgment must believe the evidence of the non-movant and must draw all ju s tif ia b le inferences from the evidence in the non-moving party's favor. Anderson v. Liberty L o b b y , Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 255 (1986). After the nonmoving party has responded to the m o tio n for summary judgment, the court must grant summary judgment if there is no genuine is su e of material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. See F e d . R. Civ. P. 56(c). I I I . FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY T h e Court has carefully considered all deposition excerpts and documents submitted in support of and in opposition to the motion for summary judgment. The submissions of the p a rtie s , viewed in the light most favorable to the non-moving party, establish the following f a c ts .
On January 9, 2008 at around 6:10 p.m., Yi was traveling north on U.S. Highway 231 in a 1997 Mercury Villager.3 It was already dark, and Yi was been driving with his h e a d lig h ts on. He was operating his vehicle at the posted speed for that stretch of road, w h ic h was 65 miles per hour. A deer tried to cross the road in front of Yi's vehicle. Yi's v e h ic le struck the deer. The impact with the deer caused the lights on his vehicle to go out a n d rendered the vehicle inoperable. It came to a stop with the rear end of the vehicle s tic k in g approximately two to three feet into the right hand lane of the highway. Yi a tte m p te d to restart the vehicle without success. He also tried to turn on the lights and the e m e rg e n c y flashers, but they would not function. Yi had no flashlight or flares in his vehicle. Yi got out of the vehicle and used his cell phone to place a call to 911 for emergency a s s is ta n c e . While Yi was calling 911 from the roadside, one vehicle passed in the left lane. Shortly after Yi placed his call to 911, the 2000 Town & Country van driven by Youngblood c o llid e d with the rear of Yi's vehicle. As a result of the collision, Youngblood suffered in ju ry to his leg and hip. He required emergency surgery. His overall health has declined s in c e the accident. On February 19, 2008, Youngblood and his wife filed suit in this Court against Yi, his in s u ra n c e company, and several fictitious defendants. Youngblood alleged both negligence a n d wantonness claims against Yi and sought compensatory damages, punitive damages, lost in c o m e and loss of consortium damages for his wife. Yi's insurance company has elected
Yi had been making a business delivery from Atlanta. 4
not to opt out of this action at this time. Yi now moves for summary judgment on all claims a g a in s t him. Youngblood and his wife oppose that motion. IV. DISCUSSION A. A p p lic a b le Law W h e n a federal court exercises jurisdiction based upon diversity of citizenship, the c o u rt is bound to apply the substantive law of the state in which it sits. Erie R. Co. v. T o m p k in s , 304 U.S. 64, 78 (1938). The Erie doctrine extends to choice-of-law questions, so th a t a court sitting in diversity must apply the forum state's conflict-of- law rules. Strochak v . Federal Ins. Co., 109 F.3d 717, 719-20 (11th Cir. 1997) (citing Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Elec. M fg . Co., 313 U.S. 487, 496 (1941)). Because the Youngbloods' claims sound in tort, A la b a m a 's choice-of-law rules require this Court to apply Alabama law: Lex loci delicti has been the rule in Alabama for almost 100 ye a rs . Under this principle, an Alabama court will determine the s u b s ta n tiv e rights of an injured party according to the law of the s ta te where the injury occurred. Fitts v. Minnesota Mining & Mfg. Co., 581 So. 2d 819, 820 (Ala. 1991) (citations omitted). B. Youngblood's Negligence Claim Y i contends that he is entitled to judgment as a matter of law on the negligence claims a g a in s t him. The Court finds, however, that this claim must go to the jury for resolution. Accordingly, the motion for summary judgment is due to be DENIED as to the negligence c la im s .
V. CONCLUSION F o r the foregoing reasons, it is hereby ORDERED that the Defendant's Motion for S u m m a ry Judgment (Doc. # 33), which was previously GRANTED with respect to the w a n to n n e ss claim, is DENIED with respect to the negligence claims. D O N E this the 14th day of January, 2010. /s/ Mark E. Fuller CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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