Ray et al v. Ford Motor Company
ORDER that the plaintiffs' 207 Motion for Reconsideration is DENIED. Signed by Honorable Judge W. Harold Albritton, III on 12/22/2011. (Attachments: # 1 Civil Appeals Checklist) (cc, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
MEREDITH CHADWICK RAY and
) CIVIL ACTION NO. 3:07cv175-WHA-TFM
FORD MOTOR COMPANY,
This cause is before the court on Plaintiffs’ Trial Brief in Support of Reconsideration of
Court’s Oral Ruling at Pretrial on motion in Limine No. 1 (Doc. #207) which the court will treat
as a Motion for Reconsideration. The Plaintiffs ask this court to reconsider its December 13,
2011 Order (Doc. #185) only as to the instruction of contributory negligence at trial in light of
previously uncited cases Culpepper v. Weihrach, 991 F. Supp. 1397 (M.D. Ala. 1997) and
Savage Industries, Inc. v. Duke, 598 So. 2d 856 (Ala. 1992). For the reasons to be discussed
below, the Plaintiffs’ request is DENIED.
The Plaintiffs contend that Culpepper v. Weihrach is instructive as to the propriety of the
Defendant’s affirmative contributory negligence defense as to Plaintiffs’ Alabama Extended
Manufacturer’s Liability Doctrine (“AEMLD”) claim because of Culpepper’s interpretation of
Dennis v. American Honda Motor Co., Inc., 585 So. 2d 1336 (Ala. 1991) and General Motors
Corp. v. Saint, 646 So. 2d 564 (Ala. 1994). The Culpepper court was faced with a claim as to a
defective firearm. In Culpepper, the plaintiff dropped a pistol which hit the ground, fired a
bullet upwards and into the plaintiff’s abdomen, and injured the plaintiff. Culpepper, 991 F.
Supp. at 1399-99. The Culpepper plaintiff argued that the gun was defective because of a
defective hammerblock safety, and, because of that defect, she was damaged. Relying on its
interpretations of Saint and Dennis, the court decided that the product at issue was the
hammerblock safety and not the gun as a whole. Id. at 1401. Accordingly, the Culpepper court
limited the defendant to raising contributory negligence only as to the plaintiff’s use of the
hammerblock safety and not the whole gun. Id.
The Plaintiffs also cite Savage in support of their Motion for Reconsideration. In that
case, a 10 year-old boy was climbing a hunting stand with his “youth model” shotgun in tow, and
while climbing the stand, his shotgun fell off his arm, struck a rung below him on the hunting
stand, and fired upwards injuring him. Savage, 598 So. 2d at 856-57. The Court remanded the
case for a different reason but explained that “[f]or the purposes of retrial, we would call the
court's attention to the recent case of Dennis v. American Honda Motor Co., 585 So. 2d 1336,
1342 (Ala.1991),” id. at 859, and followed that statement with a brief summary of the Dennis
rule which was previously discussed by this court. See Doc. #185 at 1-4.
This court, even in light of Culpepper, Savage, and Dennis, stands by its original ruling.
As this court previously explained, “contributory negligence bar[s] recovery in an [AEMLD]
case if a proximate cause of the accident was the unreasonably dangerous condition of the
product, [and] a contributing proximate cause of the accident was the plaintiff's failure to use
reasonable care [in using the product].” Campbell v. Cutler Hammer, Inc., 646 So. 2d 573, 574
(Ala. 1994) (emphasis added). The Defendant in this case is the manufacturer of the vehicle.
The product at issue before this court is the 2002 Mercury Mountaineer, and the court will not
separate the product into each of its components parts in order to prevent a viable defense under
Alabama law. Accordingly, this court will allow the jury to decide if Mrs. Ray was
contributorily negligent in her use of the 2002 Mercury Mountaineer as required by Alabama
law. See Hannah v. Gregg, Bland & Berry, Inc., 840 So. 2d 839, 860 (Ala. 2002) (“[t]he
question of contributory negligence is normally one for the jury”); Tell v. Terex Corp., 962 So.2d
174, 177 (Ala.2007) (quoting Hannah, 840 So. 2d at 860); Burleson v. RSR Group Florida, Inc.,
981 So. 2d 1109, 1112-13 (Ala. 2007) (quoting Tell, 962 So. 2d at 177).
For the foregoing reasons, it is hereby ORDERED that the Plaintiffs’ Motion for
Reconsideration is DENIED
DONE this 22nd day of December, 2011.
/s/ W. Harold Albritton
W. HAROLD ALBRITTON
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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