Hughes v. City of Mariposa et al

Filing 48

ORDER DISMISSING 39 Second Amended Complaint For Failure to State a Claim, WITH LEAVE TO AMEND Claim For Deprivation of Outdoor Exercise; ORDER DISMISSING All Remaining Claims For Failure to State a Claim, Without Leave to Amend; Thirty Day Deadline to File Third Amended Complaint as Instructed by This Order, signed by Magistrate Judge Gary S. Austin on 10/26/2011. Amended Complaint Due Within Thirty Days. (Attachments: # 1 1983 Amended Complaint Form) (Marrujo, C)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 BERNARD C. HUGHES, 1:09-cv-02249-GSA-PC 12 SCREENING ORDER Plaintiff, 13 ORDER DISMISSING SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM, WITH LEAVE TO AMEND CLAIM FOR DEPRIVATION OF OUTDOOR EXERCISE (Doc. 39.) v. 14 CITY OF MARIPOSA, et al., 15 16 Defendants. ORDER DISMISSING ALL REMAINING CLAIMS FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM, WITHOUT LEAVE TO AMEND 17 18 THIRTY DAY DEADLINE TO FILE THIRD AMENDED COMPLAINT AS INSTRUCTED BY THIS ORDER 19 / 20 21 I. RELEVANT PROCEDURAL HISTORY 22 Bernard C. Hughes (“Plaintiff”) is a state prisoner in the custody of the California 23 Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (“CDCR”), proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis 24 with this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On January 13, 2010, Plaintiff consented 25 to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction in this action, and no other parties have made an appearance. (Doc. 26 4.) Therefore, pursuant to Appendix A(k)(4) of the Local Rules of the Eastern District of California, 27 the undersigned shall conduct any and all proceedings in the case until such time as reassignment 28 to a District Judge is required. Local Rule Appendix A(k)(3). 1 1 Plaintiff filed the Complaint commencing this action on December 29, 2009. (Doc. 1.) On 2 February 17, 2010, Plaintiff filed the First Amended Complaint. (Doc. 25.) The Court screened the 3 First Amended Complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915A and entered an order on October 22, 2010, 4 dismissing the First Amended Complaint for failure to state a claim, with leave to amend. (Doc. 29.) 5 On January 21, 2011, Plaintiff filed the Second Amended Complaint, which is now before the Court 6 for screening. (Doc. 39.) 7 II. SCREENING REQUIREMENT 8 Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2), the Court must conduct an initial review of the complaint 9 for sufficiency to state a claim. “Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may 10 have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that . . . the action 11 or appeal . . . is legally “frivolous or malicious,” fails to state a claim upon which relief may be 12 granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 13 1915(e)(2). If the court determines that the complaint fails to state a claim, leave to amend may be 14 granted to the extent that the deficiencies of the complaint can be cured by amendment. 15 A complaint must contain “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader 16 is entitled to relief . . . .” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are not required, but 17 “[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, 18 do not suffice.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. 19 Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007)). “[P]laintiffs [now] face a higher 20 burden of pleadings facts . . ,” Al-Kidd v. Ashcroft, 580 F.3d 949, 977 (9th Cir. 2009), and while a 21 plaintiff’s allegations are taken as true, courts “are not required to indulge unwarranted inferences,” 22 Doe I v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 572 F.3d 677, 681 (9th Cir. 2009) (internal quotation marks and 23 citation omitted). 24 III. SUMMARY OF SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT 25 Plaintiff is presently incarcerated at the Deuel Vocational Institution in Tracy, California. 26 The events at issue occurred at the Mariposa County Jail in Mariposa, California, when Plaintiff was 27 detained there as a pretrial detainee. Plaintiff names as defendants Susan Brent (Jail Commander) 28 and Ron Beverage (Jailer). 2 1 Plaintiff alleges as follows in the Second Amended Complaint. On January 30, 2009, 2 defendant Beverage started his shift by conducting a count. Defendant Beverage confiscated an 3 allowed periodical from Plaintiff, which Plaintiff had received by mail. Plaintiff did not know 4 defendant Beverage had confiscated his periodical until five hours later. Plaintiff activated the 5 intercom system and asked for the periodical to be returned to him. Officer Beverage said, “No.” 6 During another count, Plaintiff asked defendant Beverage why his property was taken, and defendant 7 Beverage replied, “It is contraband,” and closed the section door. 8 Plaintiff had an emotional outburst and threw a small plastic garbage can at the closing door 9 of his jail unit. Defendant Beverage falsified a report, stating that Plaintiff attempted to assault him 10 with the garbage can. Plaintiff was found guilty of attempted assault at a disciplinary hearing. 11 Subsequently, an isolation period was assessed, and a classification review was conducted. Plaintiff 12 was not allowed to attend or receive documentation of the classification review, or to attend the 13 subsequent ninety-day review, as Plaintiff requested of defendant Brent. 14 Defendant Brent authorized Plaintiff’s disciplinary isolation for forty-five consecutive days, 15 without a review by the Facility Manager or health care staff, or documentation of a review, as 16 required by Title 15 Procedures Re Minimum Guidelines for Jail Detention Facilities. During the 17 forty-five day isolation period, Plaintiff was not allowed any outdoor recreational activity. 18 Plaintiff brings claims under the First Amendment, the Due Process Clause, and for cruel and 19 unusual punishment. Plaintiff requests monetary damages, injunctive relief, and attorney fees. 20 IV. 21 PLAINTIFF’S CLAIMS The Civil Rights Act under which this action was filed provides: 22 24 Every person who, under color of [state law] . . . subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States . . . to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution . . . shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress. 25 42 U.S.C. § 1983. “Section 1983 . . . creates a cause of action for violations of the federal 26 Constitution and laws.” Sweaney v. Ada County, Idaho, 119 F.3d 1385, 1391 (9th Cir. 1997) 27 (internal quotations omitted). “To the extent that the violation of a state law amounts to the 28 /// 23 3 1 deprivation of a state-created interest that reaches beyond that guaranteed by the federal Constitution, 2 Section 1983 offers no redress.” Id. 3 A. 4 Plaintiff names as defendant Susan Brent, who holds a supervisory position as Jail 5 Commander of the Mariposa County Detention Facility. Under section 1983, Plaintiff must 6 demonstrate that each defendant personally participated in the deprivation of his rights. Jones v. 7 Williams, 297 F.3d 930, 934 (9th Cir. 2002) (emphasis added). Plaintiff must demonstrate that each 8 defendant, through his or her own individual actions, violated Plaintiff’s constitutional rights. Iqbal, 9 129 S.Ct. at 1948-49. Liability may not be imposed on supervisory personnel under section 1983 10 on the theory of respondeat superior, as each defendant is only liable for his or her own misconduct. 11 Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1948-49; Ewing v. City of Stockton, 588 F.3d 1218, 1235 (9th Cir. 2009). A 12 supervisor may be held liable only if he or she “participated in or directed the violations, or knew 13 of the violations and failed to act to prevent them.” Taylor v. List, 880 F.2d 1040, 1045 (9th Cir. 14 1989); accord Starr v. Baca, No. 09-55233, 2011 WL 477094, at *4-5 (9th Cir. Feb. 11, 2011); 15 Corales v. Bennett, 567 F.3d 554, 570 (9th Cir. 2009); Preschooler II v. Clark County School Board 16 of Trustees, 479 F.3d 1175, 1182 (9th Cir. 2007); Harris v. Roderick, 126 F.3d 1189, 1204 (9th Cir. 17 1997). Therefore, to the extent that Plaintiff seeks to impose liability upon either of the defendants 18 in their supervisory capacity, Plaintiff fails to state a claim. Personal Participation and Supervisory Liability 19 B. 20 “[U]nder the Due Process Clause, a detainee may not be punished prior to an adjudication 21 of guilt in accordance with due process of law.” Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520, 535, 99 S.Ct. 1861 22 (1979). However, “pretrial detainees may be subjected to a disciplinary segregation [if they were 23 afforded] a due process hearing to determine whether they have in fact violated any rule.” Mitchell 24 v. Dupnik, 75 F.3d 517, 524 (9th Cir. 1996). Due Process - Jail Discipline 25 The Due Process Clause protects against the deprivation of liberty without due process of 26 law. Wilkinson v. Austin, 545 U.S. 209, 221, 125 S.Ct. 2384, 2393 (2005). In order to invoke the 27 protection of the Due Process Clause, a plaintiff must first establish the existence of a liberty interest 28 for which the protection is sought. Id. Liberty interests may arise from the Due Process Clause itself 4 1 or from state law. Id. Under state law, the existence of a liberty interest created by prison 2 regulations is determined by focusing on the nature of the deprivation. Sandin v. Conner, 515 U.S. 3 472, 481-84, 115 S.Ct. 2293 (1995). Liberty interests created by state law are “generally limited to 4 freedom from restraint which . . . imposes atypical and significant hardship on the inmate in relation 5 to the ordinary incidents of prison life.” Id. at 484; Myron v. Terhune, 476 F.3d 716, 718 (9th Cir. 6 2007). 7 The elements of due process in a prison disciplinary hearing have long been established by 8 Wolff v. McDonnell, 418 U.S. 539, 94 S.Ct. 2963 (1974). Mitchell, 75 F.3d at 525. The minimum 9 procedural requirements that must be met are: (1) written notice of the charges; (2) at least 24 hours 10 between the time the prisoner receives written notice and the time of the hearing, so that the prisoner 11 may prepare his defense; (3) a written statement by the fact finders of the evidence they rely on and 12 reasons for taking disciplinary action; (4) the right of the prisoner to call witnesses in his defense, 13 when permitting him to do so would not be unduly hazardous to institutional safety or correctional 14 goals; and (5) legal assistance to the prisoner where the prisoner is illiterate or the issues presented 15 are legally complex. Wolff , 418 U.S. at 563-71. As long as the five minimum Wolff requirements 16 are met, due process has been satisfied. Walker v. Sumner, 14 F.3d 1415, 1420 (9th Cir. 1994). 17 With regard to Plaintiff’s disciplinary hearing, Plaintiff fails to state a due process claim 18 because he has not alleged facts demonstrating that the five minimum Wolff requirements were not 19 met. Plaintiff has not alleged that he was not given proper notice of the charges or notice of the 20 hearing, that he did not receive a written statement of the evidence relied upon, that he was not 21 permitted to call witnesses, or that he was not given legal assistance, pursuant to Wolff. With regard 22 to Plaintiff’s classification hearing and subsequent ninety-day review, Plaintiff has not established 23 that he was deprived of any protected interest as a result of the hearing or review. 24 With regard to Plaintiff's allegations that defendants did not comply with requirements of 25 Title 15 Procedures Re Minimum Guidelines for Jail Detention Facilities, Plaintiff is informed that 26 violation of state tort law, state regulations, rules and policies of the CDCR, or other state law is not 27 sufficient to state a claim for relief under § 1983. To state a claim under § 1983, there must be a 28 deprivation of federal constitutional or statutory rights. See Paul v. Davis, 424 U.S. 693 (1976). 5 1 Although the court may exercise supplemental jurisdiction over state law claims, Plaintiff must first 2 have a cognizable claim for relief under federal law. See 28 U.S.C. § 1367. 3 4 Based on the foregoing, Plaintiff fails to state a cognizable claim for violation of his rights to due process. 5 D. 6 Plaintiff brings a claim for “cruel and unusual punishment” based on his detention in 7 isolation for forty-five days. (First Amended Complaint, Doc. 39, ¶II.C.) While pretrial detainees’ 8 rights are protected under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, the standard for 9 claims brought under the Eighth Amendment has long been used to analyze pretrial detainees’ 10 conditions of confinement claims. Simmons Simmons v. Navajo County, Ariz., 609 F.3d 1011, 11 1017-18 (9th Cir. 2010); Clouthier Clouthier v. County of Contra Costa, 591 F.3d 1232, 1244 (9th 12 Cir. 2010); Conn v. City of Reno, 591 F.3d 1081, 1094 (9th Cir. 2010); Frost v. Agnos, 152 F.3d 13 1124, 1128 (9th Cir. 1998). The Eighth Amendment protects prisoners from inhumane methods of 14 punishment and from inhumane conditions of confinement. Morgan v. Morgensen, 465 F.3d 1041, 15 1045 (9th Cir. 2006). Extreme deprivations are required to make out a conditions of confinement 16 claim, and only those deprivations denying the minimal civilized measure of life’s necessities are 17 sufficiently grave to form the basis of an Eighth Amendment violation. Hudson v. McMillian, 503 18 U.S. 1, 9, 112 S.Ct. 995 (1992) (citations and quotations omitted). In order to state a claim for 19 violation of the Eighth Amendment, the plaintiff must allege facts sufficient to support a claim that 20 prison officials knew of and disregarded a substantial risk of serious harm to the plaintiff. E.g., 21 Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 847, 114 S.Ct. 1970 (1994); Frost, 152 F.3d at 1128. The 22 circumstances, nature, and duration of the deprivations are critical in determining whether the 23 conditions complained of are grave enough to form the basis of a viable Eighth Amendment claim. 24 Johnson v. Lewis, 217 F.3d 726, 731 (9th Cir. 2006). “[R]outine discomfort inherent in the prison 25 setting” does not rise to the level of a constitutional violation. Id. at 731. 26 Conditions of Confinement Plaintiff fails to allege any facts demonstrating that the conditions in isolation, except for the 27 deprivation of outdoor exercise discussed below, were sufficiently grave to rise to the level of an 28 /// 6 1 Eighth Amendment violation, or that any defendant knew of and disregarded a substantial risk of 2 serious harm to Plaintiff. 3 C. 4 “[P]re-adjudication detainees retain greater liberty protections than convicted ones.” Jones 5 v. Blanas, 393 F.3d 918, 932 (9th Cir. 2004) (citations omitted). As a pretrial detainee, Plaintiff is 6 protected from conditions of confinement which amount to punishment. Bell, 441 U.S. at 535-36; 7 Simmons, 609 F.3d at 1017-18; Clouthier, 591 F.3d at 1244. As stated above, pretrial detainees’ 8 rights are protected under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, and Eighth 9 Amendment standards have long been used to analyze pretrial detainees’ conditions of confinement 10 claims. Simmons, 609 F.3d at 1017-18; Clouthier, 591 F.3d at 1242; Conn, 591 F.3d at 1094; Frost, 11 152 F.3d at 1128. To state a claim, Plaintiff must allege facts demonstrating that prison officials 12 knew of and disregarded a substantial risk of serious harm to Plaintiff. E.g., Farmer, 511 U.S. at 13 847; Frost, 152 F.3d at 1128. 14 Deprivation of Outdoor Exercise Inmates have a constitutional right to outdoor exercise under the Eighth Amendment. 15 Thomas v. Ponder, 611 F.3d 1144, 1151-52 (9th Cir. 2010). “‘[S]ome form of regular outdoor 16 exercise is extremely important to the psychological and physical well being of the inmates.’” Allen 17 v. Sakai, 48 F.3d 1082, 1087 (9th Cir. 1995) (quoting Spain v. Procunier, 600 F.2d 189, 199 (9th Cir. 18 1979)). Thus, “[the] deprivation of outdoor exercise [can] constitute cruel and unusual punishment.” 19 Allen, 48 F.3d at 1087. While the temporary denial of outdoor exercise with no medical effects is 20 not a substantial deprivation, May v. Baldwin, 109 F.3d 557, 565 (9th Cir. 1997), in this Circuit, the 21 deprivation of regular outdoor exercise for a prolonged period, is unquestionably sufficient to meet 22 the objective requirement of the Eighth Amendment analysis. Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1132- 23 33 (9th Cir. 2000) (denial of all outdoor exercise for six weeks meets objective Eighth Amendment 24 requirement); Allen, 48 F.3d at 1086-88 (forty-five minutes of outdoor exercise per week for six 25 weeks meets objective Eighth Amendment requirement). Regular outdoor exercise is necessary 26 “unless inclement weather, unusual circumstances, or disciplinary needs ma[k]e that impossible. 27 Spain, 600 F. 2d at 199. 28 /// 7 1 It appears that Plaintiff may be able to state a claim for deprivation of exercise. Denial of 2 outdoor exercise for forty-five consecutive days is sufficiently serious to satisfy the objective 3 component of Plaintiff’s due process claim. Thomas, 611 F.3d at 1151-52. However, Plaintiff has 4 not met the subjective requirement of his claim, because he has not alleged deliberate indifference 5 by either of the defendants. 6 demonstrating that a named defendant knew of and disregarded a substantial risk of serious harm to 7 Plaintiff. Plaintiff shall be granted leave to amend this claim. To state a cognizable claim, Plaintiff must also allege facts 8 E. 9 Prisoners have a protected interest in their personal property. Hansen v. May, 502 F.2d 728, 10 730 (9th Cir. 1974). However, while an authorized, intentional deprivation of property is actionable 11 under the Due Process Clause, see Hudson v. Palmer, 468 U.S. 517, 532, n.13, 104 S.Ct. 3194 12 (1984) (citing Logan v. Zimmerman Brush Co., 455 U.S. 422, 435-36, 102 S.Ct. 1148 (1982)); 13 Quick v. Jones, 754 F.2d 1521, 1524 (9th Cir. 1985), “[a]n unauthorized intentional deprivation of 14 property by a state employee does not constitute a violation of the procedural requirements of the 15 Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment if a meaningful postdeprivation remedy for the 16 loss is available,” Hudson, 468 U.S. at 533. 17 Deprivation of Personal Property California Law provides an adequate post-deprivation remedy for any property deprivations. 18 See Cal. Gov't Code §§ 810-895; Barnett v. Centoni, 31 F.3d 813, 816-17 (9th Cir. 1994). 19 California’s Tort Claims Act requires that a tort claim against a public entity or its employees be 20 presented to the California Victim Compensation and Government Claims Board, formerly known 21 as the State Board of Control, no more than six months after the cause of action accrues. Cal. Gov’t 22 Code §§ 905.2, 910, 911.2, 945.4, 950-950.2 (West 2006). Presentation of a written claim, and 23 action on or rejection of the claim are conditions precedent to suit. State v. Superior Court of Kings 24 County (Bodde), 32 Cal.4th 1234, 1245, 90 P.3d 116, 124, 13 Cal.Rptr.3d 534, 543 (2004); Mangold 25 v. California Pub. Utils. Comm’n, 67 F.3d 1470, 1477 (9th Cir. 1995). To state a tort claim against 26 a public employee, a plaintiff must allege compliance with the Tort Claims Act. Bodde, 32 Cal.4th 27 at 1245; Mangold, 67 F.3d at 1477; Karim-Panahi v. Los Angeles Police Dept., 839 F.2d 621, 627 28 (9th Cir. 1988). 8 1 Plaintiff alleges that defendant Beverage improperly confiscated an allowed periodical from 2 Plaintiff, which indicates that the deprivation of property was intentional and unauthorized. Thus, 3 Plaintiff’s remedy would be found under California law. Plaintiff fails to show compliance with the 4 California Tort Claims Act, and therefore his property claim is not cognizable under federal or state 5 law. 6 F. 7 “[T]he First Amendment right of free speech applies within prison walls.” Valdez v. 8 Rosenbaum, 302 F.3d 1039 (9th Cir. 2002). “[W]hen a prison regulation impinges on inmates’ 9 constitutional rights, the regulation is valid if it is reasonably related to legitimate penological 10 interests.” Turner v. Safley, 482 U.S. 78, 89, 107 S.ct. 2254, 2262 (1987). To determine whether 11 a jail’s policy is “‘reasonably related to legitimate penological interests,’ and therefore valid, [the 12 court] must consider four factors: (1) whether there is a valid, rational connection between the policy 13 and the legitimate governmental interest put forward to justify it; (2) whether there are alternative 14 means of exercising the right; (3) whether the impact of accommodating the asserted constitutional 15 right will have a significant negative impact on prison resources generally; and (4) whether the policy 16 is an ‘exaggerated response’ to the jail’s concerns.” Mauro v. Arpaio, 188 F.3d 1054, 1058 (9th Cir. 17 1999) (citing see Turner, 482 U.S. at 89-90; Casey v. Lewis, 4 F.3d 1516, 1520 (9th Cir. 1993)). First Amendment - Free Speech 18 Plaintiff alleges that defendant Beverage took a periodical away from Plaintiff. However, 19 Plaintiff has not alleged that there is no valid, rational connection between the jail’s policy and the 20 legitimate governmental interest put forward to justify it, or that Plaintiff did not have other means 21 of exercising his right. Therefore, Plaintiff fails to state a claim under the First Amendment. 22 G. 23 Plaintiff requests injunctive relief via an order requiring defendant Brent to initiate proper 24 classification procedures at Mariposa County Jail. Any award of equitable relief is governed by the 25 Prison Litigation Reform Act, which provides in relevant part, “Prospective relief in any civil action 26 with respect to prison conditions shall extend no further than necessary to correct the violation of 27 the Federal right of a particular plaintiff or plaintiffs. The court shall not grant or approve any 28 prospective relief unless the court finds that such relief is narrowly drawn, extends no further than Claims for Injunctive Relief and Attorney Fees 9 1 necessary to correct the violation of the Federal right, and is the least intrusive means necessary to 2 correct the violation of the Federal right.” 18 U.S.C. § 3626(a)(1)(A). Moreover, when an inmate 3 seeks injunctive or declaratory relief concerning the prison where he is incarcerated, his claims for 4 such relief become moot when he is no longer subjected to those conditions. Dilley v. Gunn, 64 F.3d 5 1365, 1368 (9th Cir. 1995); Johnson v. Moore, 948 F.2d 517, 519 (9th Cir. 1991). The events at 6 issue in this action allegedly occurred at the Mariposa County Jail, and Plaintiff is no longer housed 7 there. Based on the nature of the claims at issue in this action, Plaintiff is not entitled to injunctive 8 relief and is therefore confined to seeking money damages for the violations of his federal rights. 9 With regard to attorney fees, “In any action or proceeding to enforce a provision of section[] 10 1983 . . . , the court, in its discretion, may allow the prevailing party . . . reasonable attorney’s fees 11 . . . . ” 42 U.S.C. § 1988(b). Plaintiff’s contention that he is entitled to attorney’s fees if he prevails 12 is without merit. Plaintiff is representing himself in this action. Because Plaintiff is not represented 13 by an attorney, he is not entitled to recover attorney’s fees if he prevails. Gonzales v. Kangas, 814 14 F.2d 1411, 1412 (9th Cir. 1987). 15 V. CONCLUSION AND ORDER 16 The Court finds that Plaintiff’s Second Amended Complaint fails to state any cognizable 17 claims upon which relief may be granted under § 1983. The Court previously dismissed the First 18 Amended Complaint and granted Plaintiff an opportunity to amend, with detailed guidance by the 19 Court. It appears that Plaintiff may be able to state a claim for deprivation of outdoor exercise, and 20 therefore Plaintiff shall be granted leave to amend this claim. However, it appears that Plaintiff is 21 incapable of curing the deficiencies outlined in the Court’s screening order as to Plaintiff's other 22 claims, and further leave to amend those claims shall not be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii); 23 Noll v. Carlson, 809 F.2d 1446, 1448-49 (9th Cir. 1987). 24 Under Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, leave to amend ‘shall be freely 25 given when justice so requires.’” The Court will provide Plaintiff with time to file an amended 26 complaint, amending only his claim for deprivation of outdoor exercise. Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 27 1122, 1126-30 (9th Cir.2000). Plaintiff is granted leave to file a Third Amended Complaint within 28 thirty days. 10 1 The amended complaint should be brief, but must state what each named defendant did that 2 led to the deprivation of Plaintiff’s constitutional rights to outdoor exercise. Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a); 3 Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1948-49; Jones, 297 F.3d at 934. There is no respondeat superior liability, and 4 each defendant is only liable for his or her own misconduct. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1948-49. Plaintiff 5 must set forth “sufficient factual matter . . . to ‘state a claim that is plausible on its face.’” Id. at 1949 6 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555). Plaintiff must also demonstrate that each defendant personally 7 participated in the deprivation of his rights. Jones, 297 F.3d at 934 (emphasis added). 8 Plaintiff should also note that although he has been given the opportunity to amend, it is not 9 for the purposes of adding unrelated claims. In addition, Plaintiff should take care to include only 10 those claims for which he has exhausted his administrative remedies. 11 Finally, Plaintiff is advised that Local Rule 220 requires that an amended complaint be 12 complete in itself without reference to any prior pleading. As a general rule, an amended complaint 13 supersedes the original complaint. See Loux v. Rhay, 375 F.2d 55, 57 (9th Cir. 1967). Once an 14 amended complaint is filed, the original complaint no longer serves any function in the case. 15 Therefore, in an amended complaint, as in an original complaint, each claim and the involvement 16 of each defendant must be sufficiently alleged. The amended complaint should be clearly and boldly 17 titled “Third Amended Complaint,” refer to the appropriate case number, and be an original signed 18 under penalty of perjury. 19 Based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 20 1. 21 22 which relief may be granted under section 1983; 2. 23 24 Plaintiff is GRANTED leave to file a Third Amended Complaint, amending only his claim for deprivation of outdoor exercise; 3. 25 26 The Second Amended Complaint is DISMISSED for failure to state a claim upon All of Plaintiff’s remaining claims are DISMISSED from this action without leave to amend; 4. Plaintiff’s claims for violation of Free Speech under the First Amendment, for 27 confiscation of personal property (a periodical), for adverse conditions of 28 confinement based on his detention in isolation, for violation of due process with 11 1 respect to his disciplinary and classification hearings, and for injunctive relief and 2 attorney fees, are DISMISSED from this action for failure to state a claim, without 3 leave to amend; 4 5. The Clerk shall send Plaintiff a civil rights complaint form; 5 6. Within thirty days, Plaintiff shall file a Third Amended Complaint amending only his 6 7 claim for deprivation of outdoor exercise; 7. 8 9 Plaintiff shall entitle the amended complaint “Third Amended Complaint” and refer to case number 1:09-cv-02249-GSA-PC; and 8. 10 Plaintiff’s failure to comply with this order shall result in the dismissal of this action in its entirety, for failure to state a claim. 11 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: 6i0kij October 26, 2011 /s/ Gary S. Austin UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 12

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