Andrade v. On Habeas Corpus

Filing 7

ORDER DISMISSING 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus for Failure to Exhaust State Remedies; ORDER DIRECTING Clerk of Court to Provide Petitioner a Blank Civil Rights Complaint Form signed by District Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill on 9/20/2011. CASE CLOSED. (Attachments: # 1 1983 Form)(Sant Agata, S)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 VINCENT ANDRADE, Petitioner, 11 12 v. 13 14 ON HABEAS CORPUS, Respondent. 15 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 1:11-cv-01028 LJO MJS HC ORDER DISMISSING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS FOR FAILURE TO EXHAUST STATE REMEDIES ORDER DIRECTING THE CLERK OF COURT TO PROVIDE PETITIONER A BLANK CIVIL RIGHTS COMPLAINT FORM 16 Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a Petition for Writ of Habeas 17 18 Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. 19 I. BACKGROUND 20 Petitioner is currently in the custody of the California Department of Corrections. On 21 June 15, 2011, Petitioner filed the instant petition for writ of habeas corpus requesting release 22 from confinement at the Fresno County Jail due to his medical condition. (Pet., ECF No. 1.) 23 Petitioner’s Petition did not indicate whether his claims had been properly presented 24 to any California court. On August 11, 2011, this Court ordered Petitioner to show cause why 25 the petition should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust state remedies. Petitioner was 26 forewarned that failure to comply with the order would result in dismissal of the petition. (Order, 27 ECF No. 6.) Petitioner did not respond to the order to show cause. 28 /// -1- 1 II. DISCUSSION 2 A. Procedural Grounds to Dismiss Petition 3 Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases allows a district court to dismiss a 4 petition if it “plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is 5 not entitled to relief in the district court . . . .” The Advisory Committee Notes to Rule 5 of the 6 Rules Governing § 2254 Cases state that “an alleged failure to exhaust state remedies may 7 be raised by the attorney general, thus avoiding the necessity of a formal answer as to that 8 ground.” Based on the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, the Court will determine 9 whether Petitioner is entitled to relief pursuant to its authority under Rule 4. 10 B. Exhaustion of State Remedies 11 A petitioner who is in state custody and wishes to collaterally challenge his conviction 12 by a petition for writ of habeas corpus must exhaust state judicial remedies. 28 U.S.C. § 13 2254(b)(1). The exhaustion doctrine is based on comity to the state court and gives the state 14 court the initial opportunity to correct the state's alleged constitutional deprivations. Coleman 15 v. Thompson, 501 U.S. 722, 731 (1991); Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 518 (1982). 16 A petitioner can satisfy the exhaustion requirement by providing the highest state court 17 with a full and fair opportunity to consider each claim before presenting it to the federal court. 18 Duncan v. Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 365 (1995); Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 276 (1971); 19 Johnson v. Zenon, 88 F.3d 828, 829 (9th Cir. 1996). Additionally, the petitioner must have 20 specifically told the state court that he was raising a federal constitutional claim. Duncan, 513 21 U.S. at 365-66; Lyons v. Crawford, 232 F.3d 666, 669 (9th Cir.2000), amended, 247 F.3d 904 22 (2001). In Duncan, the United States Supreme Court reiterated the rule as follows: 23 24 25 26 27 28 In Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 275 . . . (1971), we said that exhaustion of state remedies requires that petitioners "fairly presen[t]" federal claims to the state courts in order to give the State the "'opportunity to pass upon and correct alleged violations of the prisoners' federal rights" (some internal quotation marks omitted). If state courts are to be given the opportunity to correct alleged violations of prisoners' federal rights, they must surely be alerted to the fact that the prisoners are asserting claims under the United States Constitution. If a habeas petitioner wishes to claim that an evidentiary ruling at a state court trial denied him the due process of law guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment, he must say so, not only in federal court, but in state court. Duncan, 513 U.S. at 365-366. -2- 1 The Ninth Circuit examined the rule further, stating: 2 Our rule is that a state prisoner has not "fairly presented" (and thus exhausted) his federal claims in state court unless he specifically indicated to that court that those claims were based on federal law. See Shumway v. Payne, 223 F.3d 982, 987-88 (9th Cir. 2000). Since the Supreme Court's decision in Duncan, this court has held that the petitioner must make the federal basis of the claim explicit either by citing federal law or the decisions of federal courts, even if the federal basis is “self-evident," Gatlin v. Madding, 189 F.3d 882, 889 (9th Cir. 1999) (citing Anderson v. Harless, 459 U.S. 4, 7 . . . (1982), or the underlying claim would be decided under state law on the same considerations that would control resolution of the claim on federal grounds. Hiivala v. Wood, 195 F3d 1098, 1106-07 (9th Cir. 1999); Johnson v. Zenon, 88 F.3d 828, 830-31 (9th Cir. 1996); . . . . 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 In Johnson, we explained that the petitioner must alert the state court to the fact that the relevant claim is a federal one without regard to how similar the state and federal standards for reviewing the claim may be or how obvious the violation of federal law is. Lyons, 232 F.3d at 668-669 (italics added). 11 As stated, the Court advised Petitioner that his claims were unexhausted and ordered 12 him to show cause why his petition should not be dismissed. Petitioner has provided no 13 evidence that he filed a petition with the California Supreme Court. As Petitioner has not 14 exhausted his claims in state court, the petition must be dismissed. 9 15 It is possible that Petitioner is challenging the conditions of his confinement rather than 16 seeking release from confinement. If so, Petitioner may file a civil rights complaint on the 17 attached form. ORDER 18 19 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 20 1. The Petition for Habeas Corpus be DISMISSED without prejudice1; and 21 2. The Court orders the Clerk of Court to provide Petitioner a blank civil rights complaint 22 form. 23 IT IS SO ORDERED. 24 Dated: b9ed48 September 20, 2011 /s/ Lawrence J. O'Neill UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 25 26 27 28 1 A dism issal for failure to exhaust is not a dism issal on the m erits, and Petitioner will not be barred from returning to federal court after Petitioner exhausts available state rem edies by 28 U.S.C. § 2244 (b)’s prohibition on filing second petitions. See In re Turner, 101 F.3d 1323 (9th Cir. 1996). -3-

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