Charles Cromer v. Carrebello et al

Filing 14

ORDER Finding Certain Claims Cognizable; ORDER for Plaintiff to : (1) Notify the Court that he is willing to proceed only on the claim against Defendants Trevino, Ramos, Sheela and Htay for Deliberate Indifference to Serious Medical Needs in violatio n of the eighth amendment or (2) File a *Second Amended Complaint*; or (3) Notify the Court that he wishes to Stand on his Complaint, subject to dismissal of claims and Defendants consistent with this order, signed by Magistrate Judge Erica P. Grosjean on 02/06/2017. (Case Management Deadline: 30-Day Deadline) (Attachments: # 1 Amended Complaint Form)(Martin-Gill, S)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 10 CHARLES EDWARD CROMER SR., 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Plaintiff, 1:15-cv-01810-EPG (PC) ORDER FINDING CERTAIN CLAIMS COGNIZABLE v. ORDER FOR PLAINTIFF TO: VICTOR CARREBELLO, et al, Defendants. (1) NOTIFY THE COURT THAT HE IS WILLING TO PROCEED ONLY ON THE CLAIM AGAINST DEFENDANTS TREVINO, RAMOS, SHEELA, AND HTAY FOR DELIBERATE INDIFFERENCE TO SERIOUS MEDICAL NEEDS IN VIOLATION OF THE EIGHTH AMENDMENT; OR (2) FILE A SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT; OR (3) NOTIFY THE COURT THAT HE WISHES TO STAND ON HIS COMPLAINT, SUBJECT TO DISMISSAL OF CLAIMS AND DEFENDANTS CONSISTENT WITH THIS ORDER (ECF NO. 5) THIRTY DAY DEADLINE 26 Charles Edward Cromer Sr. (“Plaintiff”) is proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis 27 with this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff filed the Complaint 28 commencing this action on December 3, 2015. (ECF No. 1). Plaintiff filed a First Amended 1 1 Complaint on January 28, 2016, which is now before this Court for screening. (ECF No. 5).1 2 Plaintiff alleges three unrelated claims regarding medical treatment. The Court finds 3 that Plaintiff’s allegation that he failed to receive peritoneal dialysis can go forward against 4 Defendants Trevino, Ramos, Sheela and Htay based on the allegations that Plaintiff required 5 this care and those defendants refused such care without medical reason. The Court does not 6 find any other claim against any other defendants for the reasons discussed below. 7 Plaintiff now has three options. Plaintiff may inform the Court that he is willing to go 8 forward against those four defendants on the Eighth Amendment claim, in which case the Court 9 will authorize service of the complaint. Plaintiff may file a second amended complaint that 10 includes additional allegations as to other claims or defendants, in which case the Court will 11 screen that amended complaint in due course. Or, Plaintiff may inform that Court that he 12 wishes to stand on his current complaint, subject to dismissal of claims and defendants 13 consistent with this order. 14 I. SCREENING REQUIREMENT 15 The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a 16 governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. ' 1915A(a). 17 The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are 18 legally “frivolous or malicious,” that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or 19 that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. 20 ' 1915A(b)(1), (2). “Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have 21 been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that the action or 22 appeal fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.” 28 U.S.C. ' 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii). 23 A complaint is required to contain “a short and plain statement of the claim showing 24 that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are 25 26 27 28 1 On February 10, 2016, Plaintiff consented to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction in this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) (ECF No. 6), and no other parties have made an appearance. Therefore, pursuant to Appendix A(k)(4) of the Local Rules of the Eastern District of California, the undersigned shall conduct any and all proceedings in the case until such time as reassignment to a District Judge is required. Local Rule Appendix A(k)(3). 2 1 not required, but “[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere 2 conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citing Bell 3 Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)). Plaintiff must set forth “sufficient 4 factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Id. 5 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570). The mere possibility of misconduct falls short of meeting 6 this plausibility standard. Id. at 679. While a plaintiff’s allegations are taken as true, courts 7 “are not required to indulge unwarranted inferences.” Doe I v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 572 F.3d 8 677, 681 (9th Cir. 2009) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). Additionally, a 9 plaintiff’s legal conclusions are not accepted as true. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678. 10 Pleadings of pro se plaintiffs “must be held to less stringent standards than formal 11 pleadings drafted by lawyers.” Hebbe v. Pliler, 627 F.3d 338, 342 (9th Cir. 2010) (holding that 12 pro se complaints should continue to be liberally construed after Iqbal). 13 II. SUMMARY OF PLAINTIFF’S FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT 14 Plaintiff alleges that on or about November 24, 2012, Plaintiff went to the emergency 15 room to have his peritoneal dialysis (“PD”) site repaired. After the repair Plaintiff went to the 16 dialysis center to have the PD lines flushed. While flushing the lines, Plaintiff went into shock. 17 Paramedics were called and Plaintiff was taken back to the emergency room. Plaintiff was 18 admitted into the hospital. 19 Carebello gave the detectives permission to remove Plaintiff. No plan to receive PD was set by 20 Defendant Dr. Carebello. The detectives took Plaintiff to be booked into jail. While being 21 booked, Plaintiff became extremely ill. Paramedics were called. Plaintiff was taken back to 22 the emergency room. Minutes later, Plaintiff was arrested. Defendant Dr. Victor 23 Defendant Dr. Carebello put Plaintiff into the incompetent hands of untrained medical 24 staff who caused Plaintiff undue pain and suffering. While attempting to dialyze Plaintiff, the 25 PD line was pulled out. Plaintiff had to undergo emergency surgery. As a result of Plaintiff 26 not being dialyzed, Plaintiff suffered a psychotic episode, which caused Plaintiff to hear voices 27 and see things that were not there. 28 Separately, on April 16, 2013, Angela Regaldo, RN, L.A. County Sheriff’s Department 3 1 qualify management unit comprehensive care team, contacted Defendant Martha Trevino at 2 Wasco State Prison and asked if Wasco could provide peritoneal dialysis for an inmate needing 3 treatment four times a day. Defendant Trevino assured Angela Regaldo that Wasco could 4 provide peritoneal dialysis because Wasco has an onsite dialysis center. On April 22, 2013, 5 Plaintiff was transferred to Wasco. Upon arrival, Plaintiff asked about PD treatment. The 6 intake nurse told Plaintiff that “Wasco nor does the CDCR [California Department of 7 Corrections and Rehabilitation] provide PD treatment.” That night, Plaintiff was taken to the 8 hospital, where surgery was offered to transform Plaintiff from PD to Hemodialysis. Plaintiff 9 refused the surgery because Plaintiff did not do well with the medications used during the 10 surgery. The Warden of Wasco, Defendant Michael Songer, and Defendant Trevino knew that 11 the CDCR did not provide PD treatment before Plaintiff was accepted into Wasco. 12 On April 23, 2013, Plaintiff began to suffer complications due to not receiving daily 13 PD. On May 2, 2013, Plaintiff saw Defendant Dr. Bernard Ramos, who refused to order daily 14 PD. On May 3, 2013, Plaintiff suffered complications due to not receiving daily PD and had to 15 be rushed out code I to the hospital. This happened again later in May of 2013. Defendants 16 Brock Sheela and Soe Htay also refused to order daily PD. Plaintiff alleges that this happened 17 many times over the next few months—that Plaintiff suffered complications from lack of PD 18 and yet doctors refused to give him daily PD treatment. 19 20 On July 31, 2013, Plaintiff suffered a deadly infection in his PD line as a result of it not being cleaned properly. 21 On August 9, 2013, Plaintiff again went to the hospital for complications related to not 22 receiving daily PD. He underwent some type of procedure related to complications from not 23 receiving daily PD. 24 Plaintiff alleges that Defendants Carrebello, Songer, Varinasi, Trevino, Ramos, Htay, 25 Brock, and the Wasco State prison warden ignored Plaintiff’s rights and denied necessary care 26 by withholding daily PD treatment. 27 Separate and apart from those incidents, Plaintiff appears to bring a claim against 28 Defendant Kamson for intentional and negligent infliction of emotional distress by insisting on 4 1 performing a finger stick and insulin shot himself and yelling at Plaintiff “‘you refuse, if you 2 don’t allow me to do it then you won’t get.’” 3 approached Plaintiff and again attempted to perform a finger stick and insulin shot. When 4 Plaintiff refused, Defendant Kamson once again became angry again and said “‘you refuse, if I 5 can’t do it then you won’t get it.’” At that time, Plaintiff was holding a bowl of soup. 6 Defendant Kamson filed a false rules violation report stating that Plaintiff attempted to assault 7 him. After presentation of evidence, it was determined that Defendant Kamson lied and 8 falsified a state document. Plaintiff submitted a claim to the Government Claims Board, who 9 declined to act and authorized litigation. On April 19, 2015, Defendant Kamson 10 Plaintiff attaches over 140 pages of exhibits. Included is a report of required healthcare 11 appliances that include “dialysis peritoneal.” (ECF No. 5, p. 15). Plaintiff includes his own 12 request for accommodation stating “Medical staff waits until I get sick, then and only then do 13 they send me to the hospital. . . .I would like to receive []peritoneal dialysis treatment as 14 ordered by Dr. Victor Carebello, Dr. Ahmed (Mercy Hospital) and Dr. Movin (Mercy 15 Hospital).” 16 refused to supply me with the necessary means to get my treatment.” (ECF No. 5, p. 17). The 17 records also show that Plaintiff received hemodialysis in lieu of PD. (See ECF No. 5, pgs. 18 18 & 19). 19 III. 20 ANALYSIS OF PLAINTIFF’S CLAIMS A. 21 Legal Standards The Civil Rights Act under which this action was filed provides: 22 Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress.... 23 24 25 26 27 28 (ECF No. 5, p. 14). Plaintiff also asserts in one of his forms that “Dr. V. Patel /// 5 1 42 U.S.C. § 1983. “[Section] 1983 ‘is not itself a source of substantive rights,’ but merely 2 provides ‘a method for vindicating federal rights elsewhere conferred.’” Graham v. Connor, 3 490 U.S. 386, 393-94 (1989) (quoting Baker v. McCollan, 443 U.S. 137, 144 n.3 (1979)); see 4 also Chapman v. Houston Welfare Rights Org., 441 U.S. 600, 618 (1979); Hall v. City of Los 5 Angeles, 697 F.3d 1059, 1068 (9th Cir. 2012); Crowley v. Nevada, 678 F.3d 730, 734 (9th Cir. 6 2012); Anderson v. Warner, 451 F.3d 1063, 1067 (9th Cir. 2006). 7 To state a claim under section 1983, a plaintiff must allege that (1) the defendant acted 8 under color of state law, and (2) the defendant deprived him of rights secured by the 9 Constitution or federal law. Long v. County of Los Angeles, 442 F.3d 1178, 1185 (9th Cir. 10 2006); see also Marsh v. Cnty. of San Diego, 680 F.3d 1148, 1158 (9th Cir. 2012) (discussing 11 “under color of state law”). A person deprives another of a constitutional right, “within the 12 meaning of § 1983, ‘if he does an affirmative act, participates in another's affirmative act, or 13 omits to perform an act which he is legally required to do that causes the deprivation of which 14 complaint is made.’” Preschooler II v. Clark Cnty. Sch. Bd. of Trs., 479 F.3d 1175, 1183 (9th 15 Cir. 2007) (quoting Johnson v. Duffy, 588 F.2d 740, 743 (9th Cir. 1978)). “The requisite 16 causal connection may be established when an official sets in motion a ‘series of acts by others 17 which the actor knows or reasonably should know would cause others to inflict’ constitutional 18 harms.” Preschooler II, 479 F.3d at 1183 (quoting Johnson, 588 F.2d at 743). This standard of 19 causation “closely resembles the standard ‘foreseeability’ formulation of proximate cause.” 20 Arnold v. Int'l Bus. Mach. Corp., 637 F.2d 1350, 1355 (9th Cir. 1981); see also Harper v. City 21 of Los Angeles, 533 F.3d 1010, 1026 (9th Cir. 2008). 22 “[T]o maintain an Eighth Amendment claim based on prison medical treatment, an 23 inmate must show ‘deliberate indifference to serious medical needs.’” Jett v. Penner, 439 F.3d 24 1091, 1096 (9th Cir. 2006), (quoting Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 104 (1976)). This 25 requires a plaintiff to show (1) “a ‘serious medical need’ by demonstrating that ‘failure to treat 26 a prisoner’s condition could result in further significant injury or the unnecessary and wanton 27 infliction of pain,’” and (2) “the defendant's response to the need was deliberately indifferent.” 28 Id. (quoting McGuckin v. Smith, 974 F.2d 1050, 1059-60 (9th Cir. 1992), overruled on other 6 1 grounds WMX Technologies v. Miller, 104 F.3d 1133 (9th Cir. 1997) (en banc) (citation and 2 internal quotations marks omitted)). 3 Deliberate indifference is established only where the defendant subjectively “knows of 4 and disregards an excessive risk to inmate health and safety.” Toguchi v. Chung, 391 F.3d 5 1051, 1057 (9th Cir. 2004) (emphasis added) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). 6 Deliberate indifference can be established “by showing (a) a purposeful act or failure to 7 respond to a prisoner's pain or possible medical need and (b) harm caused by the indifference.” 8 Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096 (citation omitted). Civil recklessness (failure “to act in the face of an 9 unjustifiably high risk of harm that is either known or so obvious that it should be known”) is 10 insufficient to establish an Eighth Amendment violation. Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 11 836-37 & n.5 (1994) (citations omitted). 12 A difference of opinion between an inmate and prison medical personnel—or between 13 medical professionals—regarding appropriate medical diagnosis and treatment is not enough to 14 establish a deliberate indifference claim. Sanchez v. Vild, 891 F.2d 240, 242 (9th Cir. 1989); 15 Toguchi, 391 F.3d at 1058. Additionally, “a complaint that a physician has been negligent in 16 diagnosing or treating a medical condition does not state a valid claim of medical mistreatment 17 under the Eighth Amendment. Medical malpractice does not become a constitutional violation 18 merely because the victim is a prisoner.” Estelle, 429 U.S. at 106. 19 B. Application to Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint 20 Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint, construed liberally in favor of Plaintiff states a 21 claim for deliberate indifference to serious medical needs regarding a failure to provide PD. 22 Plaintiff submitted a medical chrono indicating that he requires PD. He also alleges that at 23 least two medical doctors have said he needs PD. Plaintiff alleges substantial harm from not 24 having PD. 25 From the notes of the grievance system, it appears that the prison is taking the position 26 that hemodialysis is an acceptable alternative. It may be that in fact there is a merely a 27 difference of medical opinion, rather than a deliberate indifference to serious medical needs. 28 But Plaintiff’s allegations amount to more than a difference of medical opinion in light of his 7 1 medical chrono from the CDCR and allegations that medical professionals prescribed PD 2 specifically. 3 The Court must also determine if Plaintiff has asserted sufficient facts to hold the 4 named defendants liable. Based on the allegations in the complaint, the Court will permit this 5 claim to go forward against Defendant Martha Trevino, based on allegations that she lied 6 regarding Wasco’s ability to provide PD and her assurance that Plaintiff would receive such 7 treatment, as well as Defendants Ramos, Sheela, and Htay, for failing to provide such treatment 8 during relevant consultations. Admittedly, the reasons for their refusal to provide the treatment 9 is not detailed in the complaint and it may be that individually they had sufficient medical basis 10 to refuse the treatment. But at this stage in the case, given the allegations summarized above, 11 Plaintiff has alleged sufficient facts to proceed against Defendants Trevino, Ramos, Sheela, and 12 Htay for deliberate indifference to serious medical needs in violation of the Eighth Amendment 13 for failing to provide PD despite medical orders. The Court finds that Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint does not state a violation of 14 15 the Eighth Amendment against any other defendant. 16 November 24, 2012 incident, where it appears that Plaintiff was arrested after being admitted to 17 a hospital, does not do so. Plaintiff alleges that Dr. Carebello should have done more to ensure 18 his medical treatment at the next facility, but that allegation falls short of alleging that Dr. 19 Carebello imposed cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment. 20 Instead, it appears that Plaintiff received substandard medical care due to the transition between 21 facilities, and not because Dr. Carebello was deliberately indifferent as that term is explained 22 above. 23 C. Plaintiff’s allegations regarding the State Law Claims Against Defendant Kamson 24 Plaintiff asserts claims against Defendant Kamson for requiring that Defendant Kamson 25 himself administer a finger stick and insulin shot on April 2 and 19, 2015. 2 Plaintiff’s claim 26 appears to be for “intentional infliction of emotional distress and negligent infliction of 27 28 2 Notably, although Defendant Kamson filed a rules violation report against Plaintiff, the prison ruled in favor of Plaintiff and Plaintiff received no punishment or loss of liberty as a result of those charges. 8 1 emotional distress.”3 2 Plaintiff’s claims against Defendant Kamson are state law tort claims. Plaintiff does not 3 allege that Defendant Kamson violated federal law or the U.S. Constitution. Because this is a 4 Court of limited jurisdiction, the Court will dismiss these claims for lack of jurisdiction. 28 5 U.S.C. § 1331 (“The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of all civil actions arising 6 under the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States.”); See, e.g., Keliihuluhulu v. 7 Strance, No. CV 16-00240 DKW RLP, 2016 WL 2930902, at *5 (D. Haw. May 19, 2016) 8 (“Plaintiff's grievances sounding in tort (e.g., conversion, negligence, intentional infliction of 9 emotional distress, negligent infliction of emotional distress, and assault) are state law claims 10 that may be appropriately brought in Hawaii state courts. These claims may not, however, be 11 brought in federal court, absent a clearly-pled basis for federal jurisdiction.”). 12 Nor is supplemental jurisdiction appropriate because the claim against Defendant 13 Kamson is not related to the claims regarding providing PD, discussed above. 28 U.S.C.A. § 14 1367 (“Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c) or as expressly provided otherwise by 15 Federal statute, in any civil action of which the district courts have original jurisdiction, the 16 district courts shall have supplemental jurisdiction over all other claims that are so related to 17 claims in the action within such original jurisdiction that they form part of the same case or 18 controversy under Article III of the United States Constitution.”). If Plaintiff wishes to pursue 19 this claim, he should file a lawsuit in state court. 20 /// 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3 It is unclear exactly what this claim is for. Despite instructions to the contrary, when told to check one box identifying the claim, Plaintiff checked multiple boxes. Given that Plaintiff alleged that he contacted the government claims board, it appears that Plaintiff is attempting to state a state law claim. However, to the extent that Plaintiff is attempting to state a federal claim, the claim will be dismissed without prejudice. While these allegations may state a federal claim, they are completely unrelated to the prior incidents. The incident with Defendant Kamson incident occurred approximately two to three years after the prior incidents, and involves a defendant that had nothing to do with the prior incidents. There is no reason to include this claim in this case. If Plaintiff wishes to bring a federal claim against Defendant Kamson he should file a separate case. “Unrelated claims against different defendants belong in different suits, not only to prevent the sort of morass [a multiple claim, multiple defendant] suit produce[s], but also to ensure that prisoners pay the required filing feesfor the Prison Litigation Reform Act limits to 3 the number of frivolous suits or appeals that any prisoner may file without prepayment of the required fees. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).” K'napp v. California Dept. of Corrections, 2013 WL 5817765, at *2 (E.D. Cal., Oct. 29, 2013), aff'd sub nom. K'napp v. California Dept. of Corrections & Rehabilitation, 599 Fed.Appx. 791 (9th Cir. 2015) (internal quotations and citations omitted). 9 1 IV. CONCLUSION 2 The Court has screened Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint and finds that it states a 3 cognizable claim against Defendants Trevino, Ramos, Sheela, and Htay for deliberate 4 indifference to serious medical needs in violation of the Eighth Amendment. 5 identified above, the Court finds that the First Amended Complaint fails to state any other 6 claims or claims against any other defendants. Except as 7 Plaintiff can now proceed on these claims against these defendants, file an amended 8 complaint, or stand on the current complaint subject to dismissal of claims and defendants 9 consistent with this order. 10 Should Plaintiff choose to amend the complaint, the amended complaint should be brief, 11 Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a), but must state what each named defendant did that led to the deprivation of 12 Plaintiff’s constitutional or other federal rights, Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 676; Jones v. Williams, 297 13 F.3d 930, 934 9th Cir. 2002). Plaintiff must set forth “sufficient factual matter . . . to ‘state a 14 claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (quoting Twombly, 550 15 U.S. at 555). There is no respondeat superior liability, and each defendant is only liable for his 16 or her own misconduct. Id. at 676. Plaintiff must demonstrate that each defendant personally 17 participated in the deprivation of his rights. Jones, 297 F.3d at 934. Plaintiff is advised that a 18 short, concise statement of the allegations in chronological order will assist the court in 19 identifying his claims. Plaintiff should name each defendant and explain what happened, 20 describing personal acts by the individual defendant that resulted in the violation of Plaintiff’s 21 rights. Plaintiff should also describe any harm he suffered as a result of the violation. Plaintiff 22 should note that although he has been given the opportunity to amend, it is not for the purpose 23 of adding new defendants for unrelated issues. 24 If Plaintiff decides to file an amended complaint, he is advised that an amended 25 complaint supersedes the original complaint, Lacey v. Maricopa County, 693 F. 3d 896, 907 26 n.1 (9th Cir. 2012) (en banc), and it must be complete in itself without reference to the prior or 27 superseded pleading, Local Rule 220. 28 complaint no longer serves any function in the case. Therefore, in an amended complaint, as in Once an amended complaint is filed, the original 10 1 an original complaint, each claim and the involvement of each defendant must be sufficiently 2 alleged. 3 Complaint,” refer to the appropriate case number, and be an original signed under penalty of 4 perjury. The amended complaint should be clearly and boldly titled “Second Amended 5 Accordingly, based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 6 1. The Clerk’s Office shall send Plaintiff a civil rights complaint form; 7 2. Within thirty (30) days from the date of service of this order, Plaintiff shall 8 either: 9 a. Notify the Court in writing that he is willing to proceed against Defendants 10 Trevino, Ramos, Sheela, and Htay for deliberate indifference to serious 11 medical needs in violation of the Eighth Amendment; 12 b. File a Second Amended Complaint; or 13 c. Notify the Court in writing that he does not agree to go forward on only the 14 claims found cognizable by this order or file an amended complaint, in 15 which case the Court will dismiss the claims and defendants as stated in this 16 order. 17 3. Should Plaintiff choose to amend the complaint, Plaintiff shall caption the 18 amended complaint “Second Amended Complaint” and refer to the case number 19 1:15-cv-01810-EPG (PC); and 20 4. Failure to comply with this order may result in the dismissal of this action. 21 22 23 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: February 6, 2017 /s/ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 24 25 26 27 28 11

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