Paez, Jr. v. Community Regional Medical Center et al

Filing 4

ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT WITH LEAVE TO AMEND for Failure to State a Claim signed by Magistrate Judge Stanley A. Boone on 02/17/2017. (Attachments: # 1 Amended Complaint Form)(Flores, E)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 GUILLERMO G. PAEZ, JR., 14 ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT WITH LEAVE TO AMEND FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM Plaintiff, 12 13 Case No. 1:17-cv-00215-LJO-SAB (PC) v. (ECF No. 1) COMMUNITY REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER, et al., THIRTY-DAY DEADLINE 15 Defendants. 16 17 18 Plaintiff Guillermo G. Paez, Jr., is appearing pro se in this civil rights action pursuant to 19 42 U.S.C. § 1983. While it is unclear from his complaint whether Plaintiff is a pretrial detainee 20 or a prisoner, Plaintiff was housed at the Fresno County Jail at the time that he filed this action. 21 Currently before the Court is Plaintiff’s complaint, filed February 15, 2017. (ECF No. 1.) 22 I. 23 SCREENING REQUIREMENT 24 The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a 25 governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). 26 The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are 27 legally “frivolous or malicious,” that “fail[] to state a claim on which relief may be granted,” or 28 that “seek[] monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.” 28 U.S.C. § 1 1 1915(e)(2)(B). A complaint must contain “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the 2 3 pleader is entitled to relief. . . .” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are not 4 required, but “[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere 5 conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citing Bell 6 Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)). Moreover, Plaintiff must demonstrate 7 that each defendant personally participated in the deprivation of Plaintiff’s rights. Jones v. 8 Williams, 297 F.3d 930, 934 (9th Cir. 2002). Prisoners proceeding pro se in civil rights actions are entitled to have their pleadings 9 10 liberally construed and to have any doubt resolved in their favor. Wilhelm v. Rotman, 680 F.3d 11 1113, 1121 (9th Cir. 2012) (citations omitted). To survive screening, Plaintiff’s claims must be 12 facially plausible, which requires sufficient factual detail to allow the Court to reasonably infer 13 that each named defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678-79; Moss 14 v. U.S. Secret Service, 572 F.3d 962, 969 (9th Cir. 2009). The “sheer possibility that a defendant 15 has acted unlawfully” is not sufficient, and “facts that are ‘merely consistent with’ a defendant’s 16 liability” falls short of satisfying the plausibility standard. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678; Moss, 572 17 F.3d at 969. 18 II. 19 COMPLAINT ALLEGATIONS On November 12, 2016, Plaintiff went to the emergency room at Community Regional 20 21 Medical Center (“CRMC”) in Fresno for an infection from a spider bite on his arm. (Compl. 5,1 22 ECF No. 1.) After being admitted to the hospital, Plaintiff had surgery for the wound and later 23 developed an infection which was found to be a Methicillin Resistant Staph Aureus (“MRSA”). 24 Plaintiff alleges that he developed MRSA due to a dirty medical instrument being used during 25 his surgery. (Compl. 5, 7.) Plaintiff brings this action against the orthopedic surgical team; 26 Supreet Manesh, M.D.; Manternach, M.D.; Maximino Brambila, M.D.; F. Macias, M.D.; the 27 1 All references to pagination of specific documents pertain to those as indicated on the upper right corners via the 28 CM/ECF electronic court docketing system. 2 1 Chief Medical Officer at CRMC and CRMC alleging violations of the Eighth Amendment and 2 state law claims. (Compl. 5.) 3 Plaintiff’s complaint fails to state a cognizable claim for a violation of his federal rights 4 for the reasons discussed herein. 5 III. 6 ANALYSIS 7 A. Plaintiff Fails to State a Claim under Section 1983 8 Plaintiff brings this action alleging that the inadequate medical care he received at CRMC 9 violated the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. (Compl. at 10 5.) However, Section 1983 provides a cause of action for the violation of a plaintiff’s 11 constitutional or other federal rights by persons acting under color of state law. Nurre v. 12 Whitehead, 580 F.3d 1087, 1092 (9th Cir 2009); Long v. County of Los Angeles, 442 F.3d 1178, 13 1185 (9th Cir. 2006); Jones v. Williams, 297 F.3d 930, 934 (9th Cir. 2002). In this instance, 14 there are no facts alleged from which the Court can infer that any of the defendants were acting 15 under color of law at the time that they treated Plaintiff. 16 Plaintiff states the inadequate medical treatment constituted cruel and unusual 17 punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment, which prohibits prison conditions that 18 involve “the wanton and unnecessary infliction of pain.” Rhodes v. Chapman, 452 U.S. 337, 347 19 (1981). While it is unclear from Plaintiff’s complaint whether he is currently a pretrial detainee 20 or a prisoner, a pretrial detainee’s rights are protected under the Due Process Clause of the 21 Fourteenth Amendment, and the standard for claims brought under the Eighth Amendment has 22 long been used to analyze pretrial detainees’ conditions of confinement claims. Simmons v. 23 Navajo County, Ariz., 609 F.3d 1011, 1017-18 (9th Cir. 2010); Clouthier v. County of Contra 24 Costa, 591 F.3d 1232, 1242 (9th Cir. 2010); Frost v. Agnos, 152 F.3d 1124, 1128. 25 In this instance, although Plaintiff is currently incarcerated at the Fresno County Jail, he 26 does not allege that he was a pretrial detainee or a prisoner on November 12, 2016. Further, it 27 appears clear from the complaint that he was not in custody on that date. Plaintiff states that on 28 November 12, 2016, he went to the emergency room to seek treatment for the spider bite on his 3 1 arm. (Compl. at 5.) Plaintiff states that he has had to go back three times for skin graphing but 2 the wound closed up due to Fresno County Jail’s health care provider’s limited funding. (Compl. 3 at 5.) However, Plaintiff includes a medical record from December 29, 2016, which states: 4 5 6 7 8 HPI: 35 year old male s/p I and D of Right forearm abscess 11/13/16 by the orthopedic surgery team. Burns/plastics consulted for skin graft. The patient was admitted for surgical intervention on his large right forearm abscess. He underwent wound vac placement by plastic surgery, then decided to leave against medical advice. Lost to follow up. Incarcerated, in general population, states is doing okay. Was taken out of wound vac weeks ago. Currently in baci/adaptic. 9 (Compl. at 8.) 10 According to the medical record, Plaintiff was seen after the surgery for a skin graft 11 consultation and left against medical device. He was “lost to follow up.” (Compl. at 8.) It is 12 unclear from the complaint when Plaintiff went into the custody of the Fresno County Jail, 13 however, when Plaintiff was next seen on December 29, 2016, he was incarcerated. 14 Plaintiff cannot state a deliberate indifference claim, since he was not a pretrial detainee 15 or prisoner when he went to CRMC and received treatment on November 12, 2016. Plaintiff has 16 alleged no facts from which it can be inferred that any named defendant was acting under color 17 of law when they treated him during his hospitalization which began on November 12, 2016. 18 The claims raised in the complaint against Plaintiff’s medical providers appear to be state law 19 claims over which this Court does not have jurisdiction. The Court finds that Plaintiff has failed 20 to state a claim for relief under section 1983. 21 B. Plaintiff Shall be Granted Leave to File Amended Complaint 22 Under Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a party may amend the party’s 23 pleading once as a matter of course at any time before a responsive pleading is served. Fed. R. 24 Civ. P. 15(a)(1). Generally, leave to amend shall be freely given when justice so requires. 25 Eminence Capital, LLC v. Aspeon, Inc., 316 F.3d 1048, 1051 (9th Cir. 2003). “This policy is ‘to 26 be applied with extreme liberality.’” Id. (quoting Owens v. Kaiser Found. Health Plan, Inc., 244 27 F.3d 708, 712 (9th Cir. 2001)). Leave to amend should be freely given in the absence of any 28 apparent or declared reason, such as undue delay, bad faith or dilatory motive on the part of the 4 1 movant, repeated failure to cure deficiencies by amendments previously allowed, undue 2 prejudice to the opposing party by virtue of allowance of the amendment, futility of amendment, 3 etc. Id. at 1051-52. Unless it is clear that the complaint cannot be saved by amendment, 4 dismissal with prejudice and without leave to amend is not appropriate. Id. at 1052 (citing 5 Chang v. Chen, 80 F.3d 1293, 1296 (9th Cir. 1996)). 6 Accordingly, the Court shall provide Plaintiff with an opportunity to file an amended 7 complaint. 8 IV. 9 CONCLUSION AND ORDER 10 For the reasons stated, Plaintiff’s complaint fails to state a claim for violation of his 11 federal rights. Plaintiff is granted leave to file an amended complaint within thirty (30) days. 12 Noll v. Carlson, 809 F.2d 1446, 1448-49 (9th Cir. 1987). Plaintiff may not change the nature of 13 this suit by adding new, unrelated claims in his amended complaint. George v. Smith, 507 F.3d 14 605, 607 (7th Cir. 2007) (no “buckshot” complaints). 15 Plaintiff’s amended complaint should be brief, Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a), but must state what 16 each named defendant did that led to the deprivation of Plaintiff’s constitutional or other federal 17 rights. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678. “The inquiry into causation must be individualized and focus 18 on the duties and responsibilities of each individual defendant whose acts or omissions are 19 alleged to have caused a constitutional deprivation.” Leer v. Murphy, 844 F.2d 628, 633 (9th 20 Cir. 1988). Although accepted as true, the “[f]actual allegations must be [sufficient] to raise a 21 right to relief above the speculative level . . .” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (citations omitted). 22 Finally, an amended complaint supersedes the original complaint, Forsyth v. Humana, 23 Inc., 114 F.3d 1467, 1474 (9th Cir. 1997); King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987), 24 and must be “complete in itself without reference to the prior or superseded pleading,” Local 25 Rule 220. “All causes of action alleged in an original complaint which are not alleged in an 26 amended complaint are waived.” King, 814 F.2d at 567 (citing to London v. Coopers & 27 Lybrand, 644 F.2d 811, 814 (9th Cir. 1981)); accord Forsyth, 114 F.3d at 1474. 28 / / / 5 1 Based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY ORDERED that: 2 1. The Clerk’s Office shall send Plaintiff a civil rights complaint form; 3 2. Plaintiff’s complaint, filed February 15, 2017, is dismissed for failure to state a claim; 4 3. 5 Within thirty (30) days from the date of service of this order, Plaintiff shall file an amended complaint; and 6 4. 7 If Plaintiff fails to file an amended complaint in compliance with this order, this action will be dismissed for failure to state a claim. 8 9 10 IT IS SO ORDERED. 11 Dated: February 17, 2017 UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6

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