Franklin v. Warden Kern Valley State Prison

Filing 4

ORDER GRANTING RESPONDENT'S MOTIONTO DISMISS by Judge William Alsup granting 3 Motion to Dismiss (Attachments: # 1 Certificate of Service) (dt, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 3/4/2009)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 vs. ANTHONY HEDGPETH, Warden, Respondent. / DAMEON RAY FRANKLIN, Petitioner, No. C 08-3811 WHA (PR) ORDER GRANTING RESPONDENT'S MOTION TO DISMISS IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA This is a habeas case brought pro se by a state prisoner under 28 U.S.C. 2254. Respondent has filed a motion to dismiss the petition as barred by the statute of limitations. The motion is unopposed. For the reasons set out below, the motion is GRANTED. DISCUSSION The statute of limitations is codified at 28 U.S.C. 2244(d). Petitions filed by prisoners challenging non-capital state convictions or sentences must be filed within one year of the latest of the date on which: (1) the judgment became final after the conclusion of direct review or the time passed for seeking direct review; (2) an impediment to filing an application created by unconstitutional state action was removed, if such action prevented petitioner from filing; (3) the constitutional right asserted was recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right was newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactive to cases on collateral review; or (4) the factual predicate of the claim could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence. 28 U.S.C. 2244(d)(1). Time during which a properly filed 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 application for state post-conviction or other collateral review is pending is excluded from the one-year time limit. Id. at 2244(d)(2). On June 6, 2003, petitioner's conviction and sentence were affirmed on direct appeal by the California Court of Appeal. Because petitioner did not file a petition for review by the California Supreme Court, the affirmance became final forty days later, on July 17, 2003. See Cal. R. Ct. 8.264, 8.5000(e)(1). The statute of limitations deadline for petitioner to file his federal habeas petition thus was July 17, 2004. See Patterson v. Stewart, 251 F.3d 1243, 1246 (9th Cir. 2001) (holding that proper method of calculating federal habeas limitations period is the "anniversary method," where, absent any tolling, the expiration date of the limitation period will be the same date as the triggering event but in the following year). Because he did not file his first state habeas petition until March, 2007, years after expiration of the limitations period, petitioner is not entitled to statutory tolling for the time his state petitions were pending. See Ferguson v. Palmateer, 321 F.3d 820, 823 (9th Cir. 2003) ("[S]ection 2244(d) does not permit the reinitiation of a limitations period that has ended before the state petition was filed," even if the state petition was timely filed). Petitioner did not file this petition until 2008, long after expiration of the limitations period. Because petitioner has not opposed the motion he has of course provided no basis for tolling, and none is evident. The motion will be granted. CONCLUSION Respondent's motion to dismiss (document number 3 on the docket) is GRANTED. The petition is DISMISSED. The clerk shall close the file. IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: March 4 , 2009. WILLIAM ALSUP UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE G:\PRO-SE\WHA\HC.08\FRANKLIN3811.DSM-SL.wpd 2

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