Simmons v. Grounds

Filing 3

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE (and granting Petitioner's request to proceed in forma pauperis 2 ) Show Cause Response due by 1/14/2011.. Signed by Judge Charles R. Breyer on 11/9/10. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate of Service)(fj, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 11/15/2010)

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Simmons v. Grounds Doc. 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Petitioner, a state prisoner incarcerated at the Correctional Training Facility in Soledad, California, has filed a pro se petition for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. 2254 challenging the decision of the Governor of the State of California to revoke a parole date granted him by the California Board of Parole Hearings ("BPH"). He also seeks leave to proceed in forma pauperis. BACKGROUND On June 29, 1990, petitioner was convicted by a jury in San Bernardino County Superior Court of second degree murder with use of a firearm and was sentenced to seventeen years to life in state prison. On October 2, 2008, the BPH found petitioner suitable for parole and set a parole date; however, Governor Schwarzenegger reversed the BPH's parole suitability determination and revoked the parole date. Petitioner has unsuccessfully challenged the governor's decision in the state courts. On June 9, 2010, the Supreme Court of California denied his final petition for state habeas relief. IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA MICHAEL A. SIMMONS, E-70748, Petitioner, vs. R. GROUNDS, Acting Warden, Respondent(s). ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. C 10-3002 CRB (PR) ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE (Docket # 2) Dockets.Justia.com 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 A. Standard of Review DISCUSSION This court may entertain a petition for a writ of habeas corpus "in behalf of a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court only on the ground that he is in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. 2254(a). It shall "award the writ or issue an order directing the respondent to show cause why the writ should not be granted, unless it appears from the application that the applicant or person detained is not entitled thereto." Id. 2243. B. Legal Claims Petitioner seeks federal habeas corpus relief from the decision of the governor to revoke a parole date granted him by the BPH on the ground that the governor's decision does not comport with due process because it is not supported by some evidence demonstrating that he poses a current unreasonable threat to the public. Liberally construed, petitioner's claim appears colorable under 2254 and merits an answer from respondent. See Hayward v. Marshall, 603 F.3d 546, 561-64 (9th Cir. 2010) (en banc) (finding cognizable on federal habeas review claims that California parole denials were made without some evidence of future dangerousness). CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons and for good cause shown, 1. GRANTED. 2. The clerk shall serve by certified mail a copy of this order and the Petitioner's request to proceed in forma pauperis (docket # 2) is petition and all attachments thereto on respondent, the Attorney General of the State of California. The clerk also shall serve a copy of this order on petitioner. 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3. Respondent shall file with the court and serve on petitioner, within 60 days of the issuance of this order, an answer conforming in all respects to Rule 5 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, showing cause why a writ of habeas corpus should not be issued. Respondent shall file with the answer and serve on petitioner a copy of all portions of the state trial record that have been transcribed previously and that are relevant to a determination of the issues presented by the petition. 4. If petitioner wishes to respond to the answer, he shall do so by filing a traverse with the court and serving it on respondent within 30 days of his receipt of the answer. SO ORDERED. DATED: Nov. 9, 2010 CHARLES R. BREYER United States District Judge G:\PRO-SE\CRB\HC.10\Simmons, M1.osc.wpd 3

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