Juarez v. Warden

Filing 7

ORDER of Dismissal. Motions terminated: 4 MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis. Signed by Judge Edward M. Chen on 9/14/2011. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate of Service)(emcsec, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 9/14/2011)

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1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 GILBERTO JUAREZ, 9 Petitioner, v. 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 No. C-11-3461 EMC (pr) PRISON'S CEO, et al., 12 ORDER OF DISMISSAL Respondent. ___________________________________/ 13 14 Gilberto Juarez, a prisoner incarcerated at the Correctional Training Facility in Soledad, 15 California, filed a pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 to challenge 16 his 1995 drug conviction from the Santa Clara County Superior Court. The petition is not his first 17 federal habeas petition concerning his 1995 conviction. His earlier habeas petition in Juarez v. 18 Director of Corrections, No. C 05-0019 RMW, was dismissed as barred by the habeas statute of 19 limitations on July 11, 2008.1 The Ninth Circuit denied a certificate of appealability on December 20 22, 2010 when Juarez attempted to appeal. 21 A second or successive petition may not be filed in this court unless the petitioner first 22 obtains from the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit an order authorizing this court 23 to consider the petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). This rule applies when the previous petition 24 25 26 27 28 1 Although much of the petition in this action is incoherent, the court has been able to determine that the petition challenges the same conviction as that challenged in the 2005 action due to certain commonalities. Both actions challenge a drug conviction for which the sentence was enhanced under the Three Strikes Law; both mention the sentence as being a 25-to-life sentence; and, most tellingly, both mention that the conviction was affirmed on appeal on January 29, 1999. Compare Petition (docket # 6) at 2 and 8 with Case No. C 05-0019 RMW Order of Dismissal (docket # 47) at 2. 1 was dismissed as barred by the statute of limitations which constitutes a disposition on the merits. 2 McNabb v. Yates, 576 F.3d 1028, 1029 (9th Cir. 2009); Murray v. Greiner, 394 F.3d 78, 81 (2d Cir. 3 2005). 4 Juarez has not obtained an order from the Ninth Circuit permitting the filing of a second or 5 successive petition. This court will not entertain a new petition from Juarez until he first obtains 6 permission from the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit to file such a petition. This action is 7 DISMISSED without prejudice to Juarez filing a petition in this court after he obtains the necessary 8 order from the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. very clearly mark the first page of his document as a "MOTION FOR ORDER AUTHORIZING 11 For the Northern District of California If Juarez wants to attempt to obtain the necessary order from the Ninth Circuit, he should 10 United States District Court 9 DISTRICT COURT TO CONSIDER SECOND OR SUCCESSIVE PETITION PURSUANT TO 28 12 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)" rather than labeling it as a habeas petition because the Ninth Circuit clerk's 13 office is apt to simply forward to this court any document labeled as a habeas petition. He also 14 should mail the motion to the Ninth Circuit (at 95 Seventh Street, San Francisco, CA 94103), rather 15 than to this court. In his motion to the Ninth Circuit, he should explain how he meets the 16 requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). 17 Juarez attached to his petition several letters responding to requests he had made to the FBI 18 and U.S. Department of Justice under the Freedom of Information Act, see 5 U.S.C. § 552, who had 19 denied his FOIA requests on the ground that they had no records responsive to his requests because 20 his requests were for state government records. If Juarez wants to file an action under FOIA, he 21 must file a new civil complaint; a habeas petition is not the appropriate vehicle to assert a FOIA 22 claim. Juarez is cautioned that, if he is in search of state records, a FOIA action will not be of any 23 /// 24 /// 25 /// 26 /// 27 /// 28 /// 2 1 benefit to him because FOIA generally applies only to agencies of the executive branch of the 2 federal government, 5 U.S.C. § 552(e), and does not apply to state agencies, St. Michaels 3 Convalescent Hosp. v. California, 643 F.2d 1369, 1373 (9th Cir. 1981). 4 Petitioner's in forma pauperis application is DENIED. (Docket # 4.) 5 The Clerk shall close the file. 6 7 IT IS SO ORDERED. 8 9 Dated: September 14, 2011 _________________________ EDWARD M. CHEN United States District Judge 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3

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