U.S. Bank National Association v. Garcia et al

Filing 9

ORDER TO REASSIGN CASE TO A U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE; REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION TO REMAND CASE. Signed by Judge Paul S. Grewal on February 27, 2012. (psglc1, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 2/27/2012) (Additional attachment(s) added on 2/28/2012: # 1 CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE) (ofr, COURT STAFF).

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 SAN JOSE DIVISION 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 MARIA GARCIA AND RAFAEL GARCIA, Plaintiffs, ) ) ) ) v. ) ) U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION ) AS TRUSTEE FOR CREDIT SUISSE ) FIRST BOSTON CSFB ARMT 2005-4, ) ) Defendant. ) ___________________________________ ) Case No.: C 12-00484 PSG ORDER TO REASSIGN CASE TO A U.S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE; REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION TO REMAND CASE Plaintiffs Maria Garcia and Rafael Garcia proceeding pro se apply to proceed in forma 19 pauperis. “It is the duty of the District Court to examine any application for leave to proceed in 20 forma pauperis and determine whether the proposed proceeding has merit and if it appears that the 21 proceeding is without merit, the court is bound to deny a motion seeking leave to proceed in forma 22 pauperis.”1 23 Based on the application and the file herein, 24 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that this case be reassigned to a district judge with the 25 26 27 28 1 Smart v. Heinze, 347 F.2d 114, 116 (9th Cir. 1965). Case No.: C 12-00484 PSG ORDER TO REASSIGN CASE; REPORT & RECOMMENDATION 1 1 2 recommendation that the case be remanded to state court.2 Plaintiffs removed this case on the grounds that a violation of the Protecting Tenants at 3 Foreclosure Act of 2009 (“PTFA”) confers federal jurisdiction. The action arises from efforts to 4 evict Plaintiffs from residential property located at 753 Jersey Drive in Gonzales, California. (the 5 “Property”). Plaintiffs are tenants of former owners of the Property that was later foreclosed upon. 6 Plaintiffs allege that U.S. Bank National Association as Trustee for Credit Suisse First Boston CSFB 7 ARMT 2005-4 (“U.S. Bank”) purchased the Property at a non-judicial foreclosure sale and, shortly 8 thereafter, served Plaintiffs with a notice to quit possession of the Property. 9 On July 27, 2011, U.S. Bank filed a complaint for unlawful detainer in the Superior Court of 10 California, County of Monterey. On January 30, 2012, Plaintiffs removed the instant action to 11 federal court. 12 The PTFA is a relatively recent federal statute that provides certain protections to tenants 13 who reside in foreclosed property, including, where applicable, the right to continue living in the 14 premises for the duration of their lease and the right to a 90-day eviction notice. The PTFA states: 15 16 [I]n the case of any foreclosure on a federally-related mortgage loan or on any dwelling or residential real property after the date of enactment of this title, any immediate successor in interest in such property pursuant to the foreclosure shall assume such interest subject to– 17 18 (1) the provision, by such successor in interest of a notice to vacate to any bona fide tenant at least 90 days before the effective date of such notice; and 19 (2) the rights of any bona fide tenant, as of the date of each notice of foreclosure - 20 (A) under any bona fide lease entered into before the notice of foreclosure to occupy the premises until the end of the remaining term of the lease.3 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 Magistrate judges have authority to issue final dispositive rulings only in cases where all parties have consented to the jurisdiction of the magistrate judge. See 28 U.S.C. §636 (c)(1). The Ninth Circuit has left open the question of whether a remand to state court is a “pretrial matter” which may be referred to a magistrate judge for determination pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A). See Nasca v. Peoplesoft, 160 F.3d 578, 580 n. 3 (9th Cir. 1998) (“We express no opinion regarding [the magistrate judge’s] authority [to remand the case] had the matter been referred under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)”). It nonetheless appears that all other appellate courts that have addressed the issue have found that remand is not merely a pretrial matter. See, e.g., In re U.S. Healthcare, 159 F.3d 142, 145-46 (3rd Cir. 1998) (finding that a remand order is the “functional equivalent” of an order of dismissal for purposes of section 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A)). Accordingly, out of an abundance of caution, the court proceeds by way of a recommendation and reassignment order. 3 See 123 Stat. 1632, 1660 (2009). Case No.: C 12-00484 PSG ORDER TO REASSIGN CASE; REPORT & RECOMMENDATION 2 1 In Cort v. Ash, the Supreme Court set forth a four-factor test for evaluating whether a federal 2 statute creates a right of action that may be enforced by private parties in federal court.4 Those 3 factors are (1) whether the plaintiff is “one of the class for whose especial benefit the statute was 4 enacted;” (2) whether “there [is] any indication of legislative intent, explicit or implicit, either to 5 create such a remedy or to deny one;” (3) whether it is “consistent with the underlying purposes of 6 the legislative scheme to imply such a remedy for the plaintiff;” and (4) whether the “cause of action 7 [is] one traditionally relegated to state law, in an area basically the concern of the States, so that it 8 would be inappropriate to infer a cause of action based solely on federal law.”5 Since Cort, the 9 Supreme Court has effectively condensed the Cort analysis into a single factor – whether Congress 10 11 expressly or by implication intended to create a private cause of action.6 On its face, the PTFA does not expressly state any private right of action. The legislative 12 history further emphasizes that the PTFA was intended to allow tenants who are victims of the 13 foreclosure crisis a protection that can be used in the state courts to combat unlawful evictions.7 14 Based on this omission of any express private right, and the legislative history confirming that the 15 statute’s protections apply in response to state court evictions, the court must conclude a private 16 right of action does not exist under the PTFA. Every other court identified by the undersigned to 17 have considered the issue has found no private federal right of action in the PTFA.8 18 4 Cort v. Ash, 422 U.S. 66, 78 (1975). 5 See id. 6 See Transamerica Mortgage Advisors, Inc. v, Lewis, 444 U.S. 11, 15-16 (1979). 19 20 21 7 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 See 155 CONG. REC. S5111 (daily ed. May 5, 2009) (statement of Sen. Kerry). See, e.g., See Bank of Am., N.A. v. Owens, 2010 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 954 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. May 4, 2010). 8 See Nativi v. Deutsche Bank National Trust Company, Case No. 09-6096 PVT, 2010 WL 2179885, at *2-4 (N.D. Cal. May 26, 2010); Claremont 1st Street Investors v. Espinoza, Case No. 103532 GAF (DTBx), 2010 WL 2486804, at *3 (C.D. Cal. Jun. 15, 2010); Fannie Mae v. Lemere, Case No. 10-1474 MCE GGH PS, 2010 WL 2696697, at *2 (E.D. Cal. Jul. 6, 2010); Zalemba v. HSBC Bank, USA, et al., Case No. 10-1646 BEN (BLM), 2010 WL 3894577, at *1 (S.D. Cal. Oct. 1, 2010); Wescom Credit Union v. Dudley, Case No. 10-8203 GAF (Ssx), 2010 WL 4916578, at *2 (C.D.Cal. Nov. 22, 2010); Martin v. LaSalle Bank National Assoc., Case No. 10-1775 BTM (BGS), 2011 WL 9583, at *1 (S.D. Cal. Jan. 3, 2011); Cohn v. Bank of America, Case No. 10-00865 MCE KJN PS, 2011 WL 98840, at *6 (E.D. Cal. Jan. 12, 2011); BDA Investment Properties LLC v. Sosa, Case No. 11-03684 GAF (Rzx), 2011 WL 1810634 (C.D. Cal. May 12, 2011); Wells Fargo Bank v. Lapeen, Case No. 11-01932 LB, 2011 WL 2194117, *4 (N.D. Cal. Jun. 6, 2011). Case No.: C 12-00484 PSG ORDER TO REASSIGN CASE; REPORT & RECOMMENDATION 3 1 Accordingly, this court orders that the case be reassigned to district judge and recommends 2 that the district court deny the application to proceed in forma pauperis and remand 3 the case to state court. 4 5 6 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: 2/27/2012 PAUL S. GREWAL United States Magistrate Judge 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Case No.: C 12-00484 PSG ORDER TO REASSIGN CASE; REPORT & RECOMMENDATION 4

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