Kyles v. Baker et al

Filing 3

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE. Show Cause Response due by 5/31/2012. Signed by Judge William Alsup on 4/2712. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(dt, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 5/1/2012)

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1 2 3 4 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 6 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 No. C 12-2016 WHA (PR) BRUCE COLUMBUS KYLES, 8 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE WHY CASE SHOULD NOT BE DISMISSED OR TO PAY FILING FEE Plaintiff, 9 vs. 10 Defendants. For the Northern District of California United States District Court AARON BAKER, et al., 11 12 / 13 This is a pro se civil rights complaint under 42 U.S.C. 1983 filed by an inmate in a 14 county jail. He has applied for leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915. 15 A prisoner may not bring a civil action in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. 1915 "if the 16 prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, 17 brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds 18 that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless 19 the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). Section 20 1915(g) requires that this court consider prisoner actions dismissed before, as well as after, the 21 statute's 1996 enactment. Tierney v. Kupers, 128 F.3d 1310, 1311-12 (9th Cir. 1997). 22 For purposes of a dismissal that may be counted under 1915(g), the phrase "fails to state 23 a claim on which relief may be granted" parallels the language of Federal Rule of Civil 24 Procedure 12(b)(6) and carries the same interpretation, the word "frivolous" refers to a case that 25 is "'of little weight or importance: having no basis in law or fact,'" and the word "malicious" 26 refers to a case "filed with the 'intention or desire to harm another.'" Andrews v. King, 398 27 F.3d1113, 1121 (9th Cir. 2005) (citation omitted). 28 Andrews requires that the prisoner be given notice of the potential applicability of 1915(g), by either the district court or the defendants, but also requires the prisoner to bear the 1 ultimate burden of persuasion that 1915(g) does not bar pauper status for him. Ibid. Andrews 2 implicitly allows the court to sua sponte raise the 1915(g) problem, but requires the court to 3 notify the prisoner of the earlier dismissals it considers to support a 1915(g) dismissal and allow 4 the prisoner an opportunity to be heard on the matter before dismissing the action. See id. at 5 1120. A dismissal under 1915(g) means that a prisoner cannot proceed with his action as a 6 pauper under 1915(g), but he still may pursue his claims if he pays the full filing fee at the 7 outset of the action. 8 9 A review of the dismissal orders in plaintiff’s prior prisoner actions reveals that he has had at least three such cases dismissed on the ground that they were frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Plaintiff is now given notice that the 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 following dismissals may be counted as dismissals for purposes of 1915(g): (1) Kyles v. 12 Maddock, C 97-2435 MMC (PR) (N.D. Cal. May 18, 1998) (dismissed for failure to 13 state a claim); (2) Kyles v. Rupf, C 98-1215 MMC (PR) (N.D. Cal. Sept. 11, 1998) 14 (same); (3) Kyles v. Read, C 99-3770 MMC (PR) (N.D. Cal. Oct. 6, 1999) (same); and 15 (4) Kyles v. Read, C 00-129 MMC (PR) (N.D. Cal. Feb. 11, 2000) (same). The evaluation 16 of the grounds for the dismissal of these cases is based on the dismissal orders filed in them. 17 See Andrews, 398 F.3d at 1120. 18 In light of these dismissals, and because plaintiff does not appear to be under imminent 19 danger of serious physical injury, he shall show cause in writing filed no later than thirty days 20 from the date this order is filed why in forma pauperis should not be denied and this action 21 should not be dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915(g). In the alternative to showing cause why 22 this action should not be dismissed, plaintiff may avoid dismissal by paying the full $350.00 23 filing fee by the deadline. Plaintiff’s failure to do so will result in the dismissal of this 24 action. 25 IT IS SO ORDERED. 26 Dated: April 27 27 , 2012. William Alsup United States District Judge 28 G:\PRO-SE\WHA\CR.12\KYLES2016.3ST-OSC.wpd 2

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