Lindsey v. Claremont Middle School

Filing 24

ORDER GRANTING 23 Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint. Mr. Lindsey shall file any Second Amended Complaint no later than February 28, 2013. Signed by Magistrate Judge Laurel Beeler on 1/29/2013. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit, # 2 Exhibit)(lblc2, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 1/29/2013)

Download PDF
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 Northern District of California 10 San Francisco Division JERRY L. LINDSEY, 12 For the Northern District of California UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 11 No. C 12-02639 LB Plaintiff, ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS’ MOTION TO DISMISS PLAINTIFF’S FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT v. 13 14 CLAREMONT MIDDLE SCHOOL (OAKLAND UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT), [Re: ECF No. 23] 15 16 Defendants. _____________________________________/ 17 INTRODUCTION 18 Pro se plaintiff Jerry L. Lindsey filed this employment discrimination action against “Claremont 19 Middle School (Oakland Unified School District).” Complaint, ECF No. 1 at 1.1 Despite the lack of 20 clarity about whether Lindsey sued Claremont Middle School (“Claremont”) or the Oakland Unified 21 School District (“OUSD”) or both of them (collectively, “Defendants”), both Claremont and OUSD 22 have appeared and now move to dismiss Mr. Lindsey First Amended Complaint. Motion to Dismiss 23 FAC, ECF No. 23; see FAC, ECF No. 22. Upon consideration of the record and the applicable 24 authority, the court GRANTS Defendants’ motion and DISMISSES WITHOUT PREJUDICE 25 26 27 1 28 Citations are to the Electronic Case File (“ECF”) with pin cites to the electronic page number at the top of the document, not the pages at the bottom. C 12-02639 LB ORDER 1 Lindsey’s First Amended Complaint.2 2 STATEMENT 3 On May 22, 2012, Mr. Lindsey filed a form complaint for employment discrimination, and the 4 facts alleged were relatively few. See generally Original Complaint, ECF No. 1. It appeared from 5 his Original Complaint that Mr. Lindsey is or was an employee of Defendants at some point in time. 6 See id. at 1-2. He alleged that the following occurred: 7 8 I was refused the right to take my diabetic medicine [and] refused [the right] to eat my lunch [at] my designated time. I was refused the right to have [a] key to the mens’ rooms. I was told that I was to[o] old [and] slow to work [at] Claremont as outreach consultant by Principal Kenya Crockett. 9 the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (“Title VII”), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq., and for disability 12 For the Northern District of California Id. at 2. Mr. Lindsey thus sued Defendants for religious and sex discrimination under Title VII of 11 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 discrimination and retaliation under the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA"), 42 U.S.C. § 13 12101 et seq. Id. He alleged that the discrimination took place on October 18 of an unspecified 14 year. Id. He also alleged that charges were filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity 15 Commission (“EEOC”) in November 2010 and that the EEOC issued a right to sue notice on March 16 2, 2012. Id. at 2-3, Ex. A. 17 Defendants filed a motion to dismiss Mr. Lindsey’s Original Complaint on October 11, 2012. 18 Motion to Dismiss Original Complaint, ECF No. 11. Mr. Lindsey filed an opposition on October 19 29, 2012, and Defendants filed a reply on October 31, 2012. Opposition to Motion to Dismiss 20 Original Complaint, ECF No. 18; Reply ISO Motion to Dismiss Original Complaint, ECF No. 19. 21 On November 29, 2012, the court granted Defendants’ motion and gave Mr. Lindsey leave to file 22 a First Amended Complaint. 11/29/2012 Order, ECF No. 20. Mr. Lindsey did so on December 21, 23 2012. FAC, ECF No. 22. His First Amended Complaint once again contains almost no factual 24 allegations. See generally id. Instead, it is a compilation of several documents. See generally id. 25 At Page 1 is a letter to the court that informs the court that Mr. Lindsey alleges employment 26 27 2 28 Pursuant to Civil Local Rule 7-1(b), the court finds this matter suitable for determination without oral argument and VACATES the February 21, 2013 hearing. C 12-02639 LB ORDER 2 1 discrimination and asks the court for additional time to submit his evidence. Id. at 1. At Page 2 is a 2 Charge of Discrimination that is signed by Mr. Lindsey and dated June 1, 2010. Id. at 2. At Pages 3 3 through 12 are letters from several non-parties in support of Mr. Lindsey. Id. at 3-12. At Pages 13 4 through 15 is the Oakland Unified School District AB825 Outreach Consultant Professional 5 Development Plan SY0910. Id. at 13-15. At Page 16 is a letter from Kenya Crockett, Principal of 6 Claremont Middle School, to Mr. Lindsey that is dated February 24, 2010. Id. at 16. At Page 17 is 7 an unidentified document. Id. at 17. At Page 18 is a certificate of service for the First Amendment 8 Complaint. Id. at 18. And at Page 19 is a photocopy of envelope within which Mr. Lindsey 9 presumably mailed his First Amended Complaint to the court. Id. at 19. 10 On January 4, 2013, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss Mr. Lindsey’s First Amended Complaint. Motion to Dismiss FAC, ECF No. 23. So far, Mr. Lindsey has not filed an opposition to 12 For the Northern District of California UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 11 it, and the time for doing so has passed. See N.D. Cal. Civ. L.R. 7-3. 13 14 15 ANALYSIS I. LEGAL STANDARD A court may dismiss a complaint under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) when it does 16 not contain enough facts to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face. See Bell Atlantic 17 Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). “A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff 18 pleads factual content that allows the court to draw a reasonable inference that the defendant is liable 19 for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009). “The plausibility 20 standard is not akin to a ‘probability requirement,’ but it asks for more than a sheer possibility that a 21 defendant has acted unlawfully.” Id. (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 557). “While a complaint 22 attacked by a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss does not need detailed factual allegations, a plaintiff’s 23 obligation to provide the ‘grounds’ of his ‘entitle[ment] to relief’ requires more than labels and 24 conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do. Factual 25 allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Twombly, 550 U.S. 26 at 555 (internal citations and parentheticals omitted). 27 In considering a motion to dismiss, a court must accept all of the plaintiff’s allegations as true 28 and construe them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. See id. at 550; Erickson v. Pardus, 551 C 12-02639 LB ORDER 3 1 2 U.S. 89, 93-94 (2007); Vasquez v. Los Angeles County, 487 F.3d 1246, 1249 (9th Cir. 2007). If the court dismisses the complaint, it should grant leave to amend even if no request to amend 3 is made “unless it determines that the pleading could not possibly be cured by the allegation of other 4 facts.” Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1127 (9th Cir. 2000) (quoting Cook, Perkiss and Liehe, Inc. 5 v. Northern Calif. Collection Serv. Inc., 911 F.2d 242, 247 (9th Cir. 1990)). But when a party 6 repeatedly fails to cure deficiencies, the court may order dismissal without leave to amend. See 7 Ferdik v.Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1261 (9th Cir. 1992) (affirming dismissal with prejudice where 8 district court had instructed pro se plaintiff regarding deficiencies in prior order dismissing claim 9 with leave to amend). II. THE COURT’S PREVIOUS ORDER DISMISSING MR. LINDSEY’S ORIGINAL 11 COMPLAINT 12 For the Northern District of California UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 As mentioned above, the court dismissed Mr. Lindsey’s Original Complaint. 11/29/2012 Order, 13 ECF No. 20. In it, the court set forth the elements of the claims Mr. Lindsey brings (religious and 14 sex discrimination under Title VII, and disability discrimination and retaliation under the ADA) and 15 explained that Mr. Lindsey’s factual allegations were insufficient to raise a plausible claim for relief. 16 Id. at 3-6; see Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949; Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570. The court also stated that if Mr. 17 Lindsey chose to file a First Amended Complaint, he should know that he or she is not confined to 18 the form complaint itself. Id. at 6. The court explained that if the space available on the form 19 complaint for factual allegations is too short, he may attach additional pages. Id. The court further 20 explained that, as Defendants correctly noted in their motion, Claremont is not an entity subject to 21 suit. Id. (citing Motion to Dismiss Original Complaint, ECF No. 11 at 5-6 (citing Cal. Gov’t Code § 22 811.2 (defining “public entity”); Jane Doe v. Petaluma City School Dist., 830 F. Supp. 1560, 1583 23 (N.D. Cal. 1993))). Rather, OUSD is the entity that should be named as a defendant to any First 24 Amended Complaint. Id. 25 III. MR. LINDSEY’S FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT MUST BE DISMISSED 26 Mr. Lindsey’s First Amended Complaint, to the extent it even is one, clearly does not suffice. 27 See Jackson v. Napolitano, CV-09-1822-PHX-LOA, 2010 WL 94110 at *2 (D. Ariz. Jan. 5, 2010) 28 (“Although pro se pleadings are liberally construed . . . a pro se plaintiff must still satisfy the C 12-02639 LB ORDER 4 1 pleading requirements of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a).”) (granting defendant’s motion to 2 dismiss pro se complaint for failure to state claim for disability discrimination) (internal citations 3 omitted). It contains even fewer factual allegations than did his Original Complaint, and it does not 4 attempt to address the deficiencies that the court pointed out in its 11/29/2012 Order. See generally 5 FAC, ECF No. 22. Indeed, upon review of the compilation of documents submitted by Mr. Lindsey 6 as his First Amended Complaint, the court believes that it is possible that Mr. Lindsey 7 misunderstood his task. So, no later than February 28, 2013, Mr. Lindsey may file a Second 8 Amended Complaint. In it—keeping in mind the legal standards and points set forth by the court in 9 its 11/29/2012 Order—he may attempt to allege facts to support his claims religious and sex fail to sufficiently allege these claims, he risks the possibility that his claims will be dismissed with 12 For the Northern District of California discrimination under Title VII and disability discrimination and retaliation under ADA. Should he 11 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 prejudice. 13 The court also finds it appropriate to direct Mr. Lindsey to the court’s Handbook for Litigants 14 with a Lawyer (which is attached to this order). The Handbook contains a plethora of helpful 15 information, including (at pages 11 through 14) information relating to filing a complaint, that may 16 assist Mr. Lindsey. The court also directs Mr. Lindsey to the court’s website, which contains a page 17 dedicated to providing information for pro se litigations. See Representing Yourself, United States 18 District Court for the Northern District of California, (last 19 accessed January 29, 2013). The court attaches a copy of its 11/29/2012 Order to this order as well. 20 CONCLUSION 21 Based on the foregoing, the court GRANTS Defendants’ motion and DISMISSES WITHOUT 22 PREJUDICE Mr. Lindsey’s First Amended Complaint. Mr. Lindsey shall file any Second 23 Amended Complaint no later than February 28, 2013. 24 25 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: January 29, 2013 _______________________________ LAUREL BEELER United States Magistrate Judge 26 27 28 C 12-02639 LB ORDER 5

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?