Williams v. Lujan

Filing 20

ORDER OF PARTIAL SERVICE AND PARTIAL DISMISSAL. Habeas Answer or Dispositive Motion due by 4/13/2017. Signed by Judge Haywood S. Gilliam, Jr. on 1/12/2017. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(ndrS, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 1/12/2017)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 7 ANTHONY WILLIAMS, Plaintiff, 8 A. LUJAN, Defendant. 11 United States District Court Northern District of California ORDER OF PARTIAL SERVICE AND PARTIAL DISMISSAL v. 9 10 Case No. 16-cv-04290-HSG (PR) 12 INTRODUCTION 13 Plaintiff, a prisoner at San Quentin State Prison (“SQSP”), filed a pro se complaint under 14 15 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging due process and equal protection claims arising from defendant Lujan’s 16 October 2015 confiscation of several items of Plaintiff’s personal property. In an order entered 17 November 7, 2016, the Court found that Plaintiff had stated a cognizable due process claim but 18 identified various deficiencies in Plaintiff’s equal protection claim and dismissed it with leave to 19 amend. Plaintiff then filed an amended complaint, which is now before the Court for review. DISCUSSION 20 21 A. Standard of Review 22 A federal court must conduct a preliminary screening in any case in which a prisoner seeks 23 redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. See 28 U.S.C. 24 § 1915A(a). In its review, the court must identify any cognizable claims and dismiss any claims 25 that are frivolous, malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted or seek 26 monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1), 27 (2). Pro se pleadings must, however, be liberally construed. See Balistreri v. Pacifica Police 28 Dep’t., 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1988). Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires only “a short and plain statement of the 1 2 claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” “Specific facts are not necessary; the 3 statement need only “‘give the defendant fair notice of what the . . . claim is and the grounds upon 4 which it rests.’” Erickson v. Pardus, 127 S. Ct. 2197, 2200 (2007) (citations omitted). Although 5 in order to state a claim a complaint “does not need detailed factual allegations, . . . a plaintiff’s 6 obligation to provide the grounds of his ‘entitle[ment] to relief’ requires more than labels and 7 conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do. . . . 8 Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Bell 9 Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007) (citations omitted). A complaint 10 must proffer “enough facts to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face.” Id. at 1974. To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: United States District Court Northern District of California 11 12 (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) that 13 the alleged violation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. See West v. 14 Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). 15 B. Legal Claims 16 As noted above, Plaintiff’s due process claim has been found cognizable. However, the 17 amended complaint, like the original complaint fails to allege an equal protection violation. In 18 particular, Plaintiff has alleged no facts showing Defendant acted with an intent or purpose to 19 discriminate against Plaintiff based upon his membership in a protected class. Barren v. 20 Harrington, 152 F.3d 1193, 1194 (9th Cir. 1998). Accordingly, the equal protection claim will be 21 dismissed. Leave to amend will not be granted because the Court already has explained to 22 Plaintiff the specific deficiencies in his equal protection claim, and he has been unable to correct 23 them. CONCLUSION 24 25 For the reasons stated above, the Court orders as follows: 26 1. 27 28 Plaintiff’s amended complaint states a cognizable due process claim, as against SQSP sergeant A. Lujan. 2. Plaintiff’s equal protection claim is dismissed with prejudice. 2 3. 1 The Clerk shall issue summons and the United States Marshal shall serve, without 2 prepayment of fees, the summons, a copy of the amended complaint, all attachments thereto, a 3 copy of the Court’s November 7, 2016 order, and a copy of this order on A. Lujan at San 4 Quentin State Prison. The Clerk shall also mail a courtesy copy of this order to the California Attorney General’s 5 6 7 Office. 4. In order to expedite the resolution of this case, the Court orders as follows: a. 8 No later than 91 days from the date this Order is filed, Defendant must file and serve a motion for summary judgment or other dispositive motion. If Defendant is of the 10 opinion that this case cannot be resolved by summary judgment, Defendant must so inform the 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 9 Court prior to the date the motion is due. A motion for summary judgment also must be 12 accompanied by a Rand notice so that Plaintiff will have fair, timely and adequate notice of what 13 is required of him in order to oppose the motion. Woods v. Carey, 684 F.3d 934, 939 (9th Cir. 14 2012) (notice requirement set out in Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952 (9th Cir. 1998), must be 15 served concurrently with motion for summary judgment). A motion to dismiss for failure to 16 exhaust available administrative remedies similarly must be accompanied by a Wyatt notice. 17 Stratton v. Buck, 697 F.3d 1004, 1008 (9th Cir. 2012). b. 18 Plaintiff’s opposition to the summary judgment or other dispositive motion 19 must be filed with the Court and served upon Defendant no later than 28 days from the date the 20 motion is filed. Plaintiff must bear in mind the notice and warning regarding summary judgment 21 provided later in this Order as he prepares his opposition to any motion for summary judgment. 22 Plaintiff also must bear in mind the notice and warning regarding motions to dismiss for non- 23 exhaustion provided later in this Order as he prepares his opposition to any motion to dismiss. c. 24 Defendant shall file a reply brief no later than 14 days after the date the 25 opposition is filed. The motion shall be deemed submitted as of the date the reply brief is due. No 26 hearing will be held on the motion. 27 28 5. Plaintiff is advised that a motion for summary judgment under Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure will, if granted, end your case. Rule 56 tells you what you must 3 1 do in order to oppose a motion for summary judgment. Generally, summary judgment must be 2 granted when there is no genuine issue of material fact – that is, if there is no real dispute about 3 any fact that would affect the result of your case, the party who asked for summary judgment is 4 entitled to judgment as a matter of law, which will end your case. When a party you are suing 5 makes a motion for summary judgment that is properly supported by declarations (or other sworn 6 testimony), you cannot simply rely on what your complaint says. Instead, you must set out 7 specific facts in declarations, depositions, answers to interrogatories, or authenticated documents, 8 as provided in Rule 56(e), that contradict the facts shown in the defendant’s declarations and 9 documents and show that there is a genuine issue of material fact for trial. If you do not submit your own evidence in opposition, summary judgment, if appropriate, may be entered against you. 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 If summary judgment is granted, your case will be dismissed and there will be no trial. Rand v. 12 Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 962-63 (9th Cir. 1998) (en banc) (App. A). 13 Plaintiff also is advised that a motion to dismiss for failure to exhaust available 14 administrative remedies under 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a) will, if granted, end your case, albeit without 15 prejudice. You must “develop a record” and present it in your opposition in order to dispute any 16 “factual record” presented by Defendant in the motion to dismiss. Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 17 1108, 1120 n.14 (9th Cir. 2003). 18 (The Rand and Wyatt notices above do not excuse Defendant’s obligation to serve said 19 notices again concurrently with motions to dismiss for failure to exhaust available administrative 20 remedies and motions for summary judgment. Woods, 684 F.3d at 939). 21 6. All communications by Plaintiff with the Court must be served on Defendant’s 22 counsel by mailing a true copy of the document to Defendant’s counsel. The Court may disregard 23 any document which a party files but fails to send a copy of to his opponent. Until Defendant’s 24 counsel has been designated, Plaintiff may mail a true copy of the document directly to Defendant, 25 but once Defendant is represented by counsel, all documents must be mailed to counsel rather than 26 directly to Defendant. 27 28 7. Discovery may be taken in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. No further court order under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(a)(2) or Local Rule 16 is required 4 1 2 before the parties may conduct discovery. 8. Plaintiff is responsible for prosecuting this case. Plaintiff must promptly keep the 3 Court informed of any change of address and must comply with the Court’s orders in a timely 4 fashion. Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to prosecute pursuant 5 to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). Plaintiff must file a notice of change of address in every 6 pending case every time he is moved to a new facility. 7 8 9 10 United States District Court Northern District of California 11 12 9. Any motion for an extension of time must be filed no later than the deadline sought to be extended and must be accompanied by a showing of good cause. 10. Plaintiff is cautioned that he must include the case name and case number for this case on any document he submits to the Court for consideration in this case. IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: 1/12/2017 13 14 HAYWOOD S. GILLIAM, JR. United States District Judge 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5

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