McCraw v. Grounds et al

Filing 6

ORDER OF SERVICE. Habeas Answer or Dispositive Motion due by 8/4/2017. Signed by Judge William Alsup on 5/2/17. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(dl, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 5/2/2017)

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1 2 3 4 5 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 TRAVION MCGRAW, 10 Plaintiff, 12 13 No. C 16-7010 WHA (PR) ORDER OF SERVICE v. 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 9 R. GROUNDS; J. ABOYTES; G.R. SALAZAR; R. BINKELE; N. WALKER; R. BURGH; S. HATTON; T. LEE; M. VOONG, 14 Defendants. / 15 16 INTRODUCTION 17 Plaintiff, a California prisoner at Pelican Bay State Prison, filed this civil rights case 18 under 42 U.S.C. 1983 against officials at Salinas Valley State Prison (“SVSP”), where plaintiff 19 was formerly housed. He is granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis in a separate order. For 20 the reasons discussed below, the complaint is ordered served upon defendants. 21 ANALYSIS 22 A. STANDARD OF REVIEW 23 Federal courts must engage in a preliminary screening of cases in which prisoners seek 24 redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. 25 1915A(a). In its review the court must identify any cognizable claims, and dismiss any claims 26 which are frivolous, malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seek 27 monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. Id. at 1915A(b)(1),(2). Pro 28 se pleadings must be liberally construed. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep't, 901 F.2d 696, 699 1 (9th Cir. 1990). 2 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires only "a short and plain statement of the 3 claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." "Specific facts are not necessary; the 4 statement need only '"give the defendant fair notice of what the . . . . claim is and the grounds 5 upon which it rests."'" Erickson v. Pardus, 127 S. Ct. 2197, 2200 (2007) (citations omitted). 6 Although in order to state a claim a complaint “does not need detailed factual allegations, . . . a 7 plaintiff's obligation to provide the 'grounds of his 'entitle[ment] to relief' requires more than 8 labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not 9 do. . . . Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007) (citations omitted). A 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 complaint must proffer "enough facts to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face." Id. 12 at 1974. 13 To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: 14 (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) 15 that the alleged deprivation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. 16 West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). 17 B. LEGAL CLAIMS 18 Plaintiff claims that defendant Aboytes searched his cell without a slip and accused him 19 of being involved in a riot. Aboytes issued him a “Rules Violation Report” that included a term 20 of five months in administrative segregation. Defendant Salazar conducted the disciplinary 21 hearing at which he told plaintiff to plead guilty to the charges of participating in a riot and 22 would not allow him to call a witness. Defendant Walker and Binkele reviewed the consequent 23 placement of plaintiff in administrative segregation and upheld it. Defendant Burgh extended 24 his administrative segregation stay. Defendant Hatton denied his administrative grievance 25 complaining about administrative segregation. At the final level of administrative review, 26 prison officials ordered plaintiff’s Rules Violations Report to be reissued and reheard because 27 of due process violations. At the rehearing plaintiff was found not guilty of violating prison 28 2 1 rules and he was returned to ordinary housing. He spent approximately one year in 2 administrative segregation. 3 Plaintiff then filed administrative grievances complaining about lost wages and his 4 transfer to another prison away from his family. Defendants Burgh, Hatton, Lee and Voong 5 denied grievances seeking request for transfer. 6 Plaintiff claims that there was no evidence that he participated in a riot, and that 7 defendants were retaliating against him for filing administrative grievances when he was at 8 Corcoran State Prison. When liberally construed, his complaint states cognizable claims against 9 defendants Aboytes, Hatton, Burgh, Walker, Binkele and Salazar for the violation of his right to due process insofar as he was placed in segregation for a lengthy period without adequate 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 procedural protections or evidentiary support, and for a violation of his First Amendment rights 12 insofar as he was segregated in retaliation for filing administrative grievances. 13 Plaintiff’s allegations against Defendants Burgh, Hatton, Lee and Voong for denying his 14 grievances regarding a transfer and lost wages do not state a cognizable claim for relief because 15 the denial of an administrative grievance does not implicate his constitutional rights. See 16 Ramirez v. Galaza, 334 F.3d 850, 860 (9th Cir. 2003) (there is no constitutional right to a prison 17 administrative appeal or grievance system). 18 The only allegation against defendant Grounds is that as the Warden of SVSP he is 19 “legally responsible” for the actions of the other prison officials who violated plaintiff’s 20 constitutional rights. See Taylor v. List, 880 F.2d 1040, 1045 (9th Cir. 1989) (there is no 21 respondeat superior liability under Section 1983). 22 CONCLUSION 23 For the reasons set out above, it is hereby ordered as follows: 24 1. The claims against defendants Grounds, Voong and Lee are DISMISSED. The claims 25 26 27 against defendants Hatton and Burgh are DISMISSED IN PART, as described above. 2. The clerk shall issue summons and the United States Marshal shall serve, without prepayment of fees, a copy of the complaint with all attachments thereto, and a copy of this 28 3 1 order upon defendants J. Aboytes, G.R. Salazar, R. Binkele, N. Walker, R. Burgh, S. 2 Hatton, at Salinas Valley State Prison. A courtesy copy of the complaint with attachments 3 and this order shall also be mailed to the California Attorney General’s Office. 4 5 6 7 2. Defendants shall file an answer in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. 3. In order to expedite the resolution of this case: a. No later than 91 days from the date this order is filed, defendants shall file a 8 motion for summary judgment or other dispositive motion. If defendants are of the opinion that 9 this case cannot be resolved by summary judgment, he shall so inform the court prior to the date the summary judgment motion is due. All papers filed with the court shall be promptly served 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 on the plaintiff. 12 b. Plaintiff's opposition to the dispositive motion, if any, shall be filed with the 13 court and served upon defendant no later than 28 days from the date of service of the motion. 14 Plaintiff must read the attached page headed “NOTICE -- WARNING,” which is provided to 15 him pursuant to Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 953-954 (9th Cir. 1998) (en banc), and 16 Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411-12 (9th Cir. 1988). 17 18 19 20 21 c. Defendants shall file a reply brief no later than 14 days after the date of service of the opposition. d. The motion shall be deemed submitted as of the date the reply brief is due. No hearing will be held on the motion unless the court so orders at a later date. e. Along with his motion, defendants shall file proof that they served plaintiff 22 the Rand warning at the same time they served him with their motion. Failure to do so will 23 result in the summary dismissal of their motion. 24 4. All communications by the plaintiff with the court must be served on defendant, or 25 defendant’s counsel once counsel has been designated, by mailing a true copy of the document 26 to defendant or defendant’s counsel. 27 5. Discovery may be taken in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. 28 4 1 No further court order under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(a)(2) or Local Rule 16-1 is 2 required before the parties may conduct discovery. 3 6. It is the plaintiff's responsibility to prosecute this case. Plaintiff must keep the court 4 informed of any change of address and must comply with the court's orders in a timely fashion. 5 Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to prosecute pursuant to 6 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). 7 IT IS SO ORDERED. 8 Dated: May 9 2 , 2017. WILLIAM ALSUP UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 11 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5 1 2 NOTICE -- WARNING (SUMMARY JUDGMENT) If defendants move for summary judgment, they are seeking to have your case 3 dismissed. A motion for summary judgment under Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil 4 Procedure will, if granted, end your case. 5 Rule 56 tells you what you must do in order to oppose a motion for summary judgment. fact--that is, if there is no real dispute about any fact that would affect the result of your case, 8 the party who asked for summary judgment is entitled to judgment as a matter of law, which 9 will end your case. When a party you are suing makes a motion for summary judgment that is 10 properly supported by declarations (or other sworn testimony), you cannot simply rely on what 11 For the Northern District of California Generally, summary judgment must be granted when there is no genuine issue of material 7 United States District Court 6 your complaint says. Instead, you must set out specific facts in declarations, depositions, 12 answers to interrogatories, or authenticated documents, as provided in [current Rule 56(c)], that 13 contradict the facts shown in the defendant's declarations and documents and show that there is 14 a genuine issue of material fact for trial. If you do not submit your own evidence in opposition, 15 summary judgment, if appropriate, may be entered against you. If summary judgment is 16 granted, your case will be dismissed and there will be no trial. 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 6

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