Simental v. Adams et al

Filing 9

ORDER OF SERVICE. Signed by Magistrate Judge Maria-Elena James on 7/11/2017. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(rmm2S, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 7/11/2017)

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1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 3 4 RUDY SIMENTAL, Plaintiff, 5 ORDER OF SERVICE v. 6 7 Case No. 17-cv-00801-MEJ (PR) NANCY ADAMS, et al., Defendants. 8 9 10 INTRODUCTION United States District Court Northern District of California 11 Plaintiff, a California state inmate, filed this pro se civil rights complaint under 42 U.S.C. 12 § 1983. On April 6, 2017, the Court reviewed his original complaint and dismissed it with leave 13 to amend. Plaintiff then filed an amended complaint, which is now before the Court for review 14 under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. 15 16 DISCUSSION A. Standard of Review 17 Federal courts must engage in a preliminary screening of cases in which prisoners seek 18 redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. 19 § 1915A(a). The court must identify cognizable claims or dismiss the complaint, or any portion of 20 the complaint, if the complaint “is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief 21 may be granted,” or “seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief.” Id. 22 § 1915A(b). Pro se pleadings must be liberally construed, however. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police 23 Dep't, 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1990). 24 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires only “a short and plain statement of the 25 claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” “Specific facts are not necessary; the 26 statement need only ‘give the defendant fair notice of what the . . . claim is and the grounds upon 27 which it rests.’” Erickson v. Pardus, 127 S. Ct. 2197, 2200 (2007) (citations omitted). Although 28 in order to state a claim a complaint “does not need detailed factual allegations, . . . a plaintiff’s 1 obligation to provide the grounds of his ‘entitle[ment] to relief’ requires more than labels and 2 conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do. . . . 3 Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Bell 4 Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 127 S. Ct. 1955, 1964-65 (2007) (citations omitted). A complaint 5 must proffer “enough facts to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face.” Id. at 1974. To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: 6 7 (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated, and (2) that 8 the alleged violation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. West v. 9 Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). 10 United States District Court Northern District of California 11 B. Legal Claims In his amended complaint, plaintiff alleges that defendant prison officials and medical staff 12 delayed in diagnosing and treating a cancerous tumor in his right leg. Even after he finally 13 received surgery, plaintiff alleges, defendants failed to provide necessary pain relief and physical 14 accommodations and failed to follow discharge orders from the outside hospitals that treated him. 15 Plaintiff alleges that this deficient medical treatment began at Pelican Bay State Prison (“PBSP”), 16 where we was incarcerated from 2013 to July 2015, and continued at California State Prison, 17 Sacramento (“CSP-SAC”), where he was transferred in July 2015 so that he could be closer to his 18 treatment facility. 19 When liberally construed, the allegations state a cognizable claim for deliberate 20 indifference to plaintiff’s serious medical needs, in violation of the Eighth Amendment, as against 21 the following defendants: Nancy Adam, Michael C. Sayre, Amanda Karanopoulos, Krystal Aubin, 22 Jay Lian, J. Arriola, Heather McAlexander, Nipa Tran, I. Bal, D. Bodenhammer, J. Lewis, A. 23 Richmond, Shaw, and Powers. 24 The potential liability of defendants is under the Eighth Amendment, and is not under the 25 Fourteenth Amendment’s Due Process Clause. There is no constitutional right to a prison or jail 26 administrative appeal or grievance system in California, and therefore no due process liability for 27 failing to process or decide an inmate appeal properly. See Ramirez v. Galaza, 334 F.3d 850, 860 28 (9th Cir. 2003); Mann v. Adams, 855 F.2d 639, 640 (9th Cir. 1988). It is alleged here, however, 1 that by denying or improperly handling such appeals, defendants Bal, Sayre, Arriola, and Lewis 2 denied medical care that plaintiff alleges was sorely needed. Thus, it is for the denial of medical 3 care that these defendants may be held liable, not simply for denying administrative appeals. 4 CONCLUSION 5 For the foregoing reasons, the Court hereby orders as follows: 6 1. The complaint states a cognizable Eighth Amendment claim against defendants 7 Adam, Sayre, Karanopoulos, Aubin, Lian, Arriola, McAlexander, Tran, Bal, Bodenhammer, 8 Lewis, Richmond, Shaw, and Powers. Defendant Regules is DISMISSED as he is no longer 9 named in the amended complaint. The Clerk shall terminate Regules as a defendant in this action. The Clerk shall also add Karanopoulos, Aubin, Lian, McAlexander, Tran, Richmond, Shaw, and 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 Powers to the docket as defendants in this action. 12 2. The Clerk shall issue summons and Magistrate Judge jurisdiction consent form and 13 the United States Marshal shall serve, without prepayment of fees, the summons, Magistrate Judge 14 jurisdiction consent form, a copy of the amended complaint (dkt. no. 8) with all attachments, and a 15 copy of this Order on the following defendants: 16 ● Nancy Adam, M.D., Michael C. Sayre, M.D., Amanda Karanopoulos, LVN, Krystal 17 Aubin, LVN, Jay Lian, LVN, J. Arriola, RN, Heather McAlexander, RN, and Nipa 18 Tran, RN, at PBSP. 19 ● I. Bal, M.D., D. Bondenhammer, PA-C, A. Richmond, LVN, Correctional Officer 20 Shaw, and Correctional Officer Powers at CSP-SAC. 21 ● J. Lewis at the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. 22 The Clerk shall also mail a courtesy copy of the amended complaint and this order to the 23 24 25 California Attorney General’s Office. 3. In order to expedite the resolution of this case, the Court orders as follows: a. No later than 91 days from the date this order is filed, defendants must file 26 and serve a motion for summary judgment or other dispositive motion. A motion for summary 27 judgment also must be accompanied by a Rand notice so that plaintiff will have fair, timely and 28 adequate notice of what is required of him in order to oppose the motion. Woods v. Carey, 684 1 F.3d 934, 939 (9th Cir. 2012) (notice requirement set out in Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952 (9th 2 Cir. 1998), must be served concurrently with motion for summary judgment).1 If defendants are of the opinion that this case cannot be resolved by summary judgment, 3 4 defendants must so inform the Court prior to the date the motion is due. b. 5 Plaintiff’s opposition to the summary judgment or other dispositive motion 6 must be filed with the Court and served upon defendants no later than 28 days from the date the 7 motion is filed. Plaintiff must bear in mind the notice and warning regarding summary judgment 8 provided later in this order as he prepares his opposition to any motion for summary judgment. c. 9 Defendants shall file a reply brief no later than 14 days after the date the opposition is filed. The motion shall be deemed submitted as of the date the reply brief is due. No 11 United States District Court Northern District of California 10 hearing will be held on the motion. 4. 12 Plaintiff is advised that a motion for summary judgment under Rule 56 of the 13 Federal Rules of Civil Procedure will, if granted, end your case. Rule 56 tells you what you must 14 do in order to oppose a motion for summary judgment. Generally, summary judgment must be 15 granted when there is no genuine issue of material fact – that is, if there is no real dispute about 16 any fact that would affect the result of your case, the party who asked for summary judgment is 17 entitled to judgment as a matter of law, which will end your case. When a party you are suing 18 makes a motion for summary judgment that is properly supported by declarations (or other sworn 19 testimony), you cannot simply rely on what your complaint says. Instead, you must set out 20 specific facts in declarations, depositions, answers to interrogatories, or authenticated documents, 21 as provided in Rule 56(e), that contradict the facts shown in the defendants’ declarations and 22 documents and show that there is a genuine issue of material fact for trial. If you do not submit 23 your own evidence in opposition, summary judgment, if appropriate, may be entered against you. 24 25 26 27 28 1 If defendants assert that plaintiff failed to exhaust his available administrative remedies as required by 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a), defendants must raise such argument in a motion for summary judgment, pursuant to the Ninth Circuit’s opinion in Albino v. Baca, 747 F.3d 1162 (9th Cir. 2014) (en banc) (overruling Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1119 (9th Cir. 2003), which held that failure to exhaust available administrative remedies under the Prison Litigation Reform Act, should be raised by a defendant as an unenumerated Rule 12(b) motion). Such a motion should also incorporate a modified Wyatt notice in light of Albino. See Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1120, n.14 (9th Cir. 2003); Stratton v. Buck, 697 F.3d 1004, 1008 (9th Cir. 2012). 1 If summary judgment is granted, your case will be dismissed and there will be no trial. Rand v. 2 Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 962-63 (9th Cir. 1998) (en banc) (App. A). 3 4 5 (The Rand notice above does not excuse defendants’ obligation to serve said notice again concurrently with a motion for summary judgment. Woods, 684 F.3d at 939). 5. All communications by plaintiff with the Court must be served on defendants 6 counsel by mailing a true copy of the document to defendants’ counsel. The Court may disregard 7 any document which a party files but fails to send a copy of to his opponents. Until defendants’ 8 counsel has been designated, plaintiff may mail a true copy of the document directly to 9 defendants, but once defendants are represented by counsel, all documents must be mailed to 10 United States District Court Northern District of California 11 counsel rather than directly to defendants. 6. Discovery may be taken in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. 12 No further court order under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 30(a)(2) or Local Rule 16 is required 13 before the parties may conduct discovery. 14 7. Plaintiff is responsible for prosecuting this case. Plaintiff must promptly keep the 15 Court informed of any change of address and must comply with the Court’s orders in a timely 16 fashion. Failure to do so may result in the dismissal of this action for failure to prosecute pursuant 17 to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). Plaintiff must file a notice of change of address in every 18 pending case every time he is moved to a new facility. 19 20 21 22 23 24 8. Any motion for an extension of time must be filed no later than the deadline sought to be extended and must be accompanied by a showing of good cause. 9. Plaintiff is cautioned that he must include the case name and case number for this case on any document he submits to the Court for consideration in this case. IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: July 11, 2017 25 26 27 28 MARIA-ELENA JAMES United States Magistrate Judge

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