Ke v. Jones

Filing 3

ORDER of Dismissal. Signed by Judge Edward M. Chen on 11/30/2017. (Attachments: # 1 Certificate/Proof of Service)(emcsec, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 11/30/2017)

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1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 6 7 In Re 8 HUI LIAN KE, 9 Plaintiff. Case No. 17-cv-04778-EMC Case No. 17-cv-04787-EMC Case No. 17-cv-04825-EMC ORDER OF DISMISSAL 10 12 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 11 13 Hui Lian Ke, also known as Lily Ko, an inmate at the Santa Clara County Jail, has filed 14 more than thirty civil actions this year. This order addresses three actions she filed against state 15 court judges while she was confined in county jail. 16 These three actions are now before the Court for review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, 17 which requires the Court to do a preliminary screening of any case in which a prisoner seeks 18 redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. In its review 19 the Court must identify any cognizable claims, and dismiss any claims which are frivolous, 20 malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seek monetary relief from a 21 defendant who is immune from such relief. See id. at 1915A(b)(1),(2). 22 These three actions seek to prevent three judges of the Santa Clara County Superior Court 23 from acting in state court cases that were or are pending. In Ke v. Jones, Case No. 17-4778 EMC, 24 Plaintiff seeks a writ of mandamus preventing Judge Rise Pichon Jones from acting in several 25 cases that are or were pending in Santa Clara County Superior Court. Plaintiff also demands the 26 return of her two children and her release from jail. In Ke v. Schwarz, Case No. 17-4787 EMC, 27 Plaintiff has captioned the case as being filed in the “Superior Ecclesiastical Court - Ninth Circuit 28 Court, California.” She seeks a “writ of inhibition” “forbidding Judge [Schwarz] from proceeding 1 in [two superior court cases] for the sins she committed.” Docket No. 1 at 1 in Case No. 17-cv- 2 4878 EMC.1 In Ke v. McCoy, Case No. 17-cv-4825 EMC, Plaintiff has captioned the case as 3 being filed in the “Superior Ecclesiastical Court - Ninth Circuit Court, California.” She seeks a 4 “writ of inhibition” “forbidding Judge [McCoy] from proceeding in [two superior court cases] for 5 the sins she committed.” Docket No. 1 at 1 in Case No. 17-cv-4825 EMC. Plaintiff has captioned two of these actions as being filed in an ecclesiastical court.2 The 6 spiritual matters.” D. v. D. 20 A.2d 139, 140 (Del. 1941). This Court is not an ecclesiastical 9 Court, the Santa Clara County Superior Court is not an ecclesiastical court, Plaintiff is not an 10 ecclesiastical court, and Plaintiff does not present any document from an ecclesiastical court. 11 There being no ecclesiastical court in the picture, Plaintiff‟s petitions for writ of inhibition (as in a 12 For the Northern District of California term “ecclesiastical courts” is a “generic name for certain Courts having cognizance mainly of 8 United States District Court 7 writ issuing from a superior ecclesiastical court, see footnote 1) are plainly meritless. In the 13 interest of justice, the Court will liberally construe the two petitions for writ of inhibition to be 14 petitions for writ of prohibition, as she is seeking an order restraining judges from adjudicating 15 two cases. Plaintiff is not entitled to have this Court issue a writ of mandamus, mandate or prohibition 16 17 under California law. The terms “mandate” and “mandamus” are interchangeable. See, e.g., Cal. 18 Code Civ. Proc. § 1084 (“The writ of mandamus may be denominated a writ of mandate”). A writ 19 of mandate “may be issued by any court to any inferior tribunal . . . or person, to compel the 20 performance of an act which the law specially enjoins.” Cal. Code Civ. Proc. § 1085. A writ of 21 prohibition “arrests the proceedings of any tribunal . . . or person exercising judicial functions, 22 when such proceedings are without or in excess of the jurisdiction of such tribunal . . . or person.” 23 Cal. Penal Code § 1102. California's writ of mandate and writ of prohibition statutes, Cal. Code, 24 1 25 26 27 28 Black‟s Law Dictionary provides this definition: “Inhibition. In Ecclesiastical law. A writ issuing from a superior ecclesiastical court, forbidding an inferior judge to proceed further in a cause pending before him. In this sense it is closely analogous to the writ of prohibition at common law.” Black’s Law Dictionary 922 (rev. 4th ed. 1968) (emphasis in source). 2 Plaintiff appears to be working with a book of writs, as she has requested writs of mandamus, prohibition, certiorari, error coram nobis and habeas corpus in various cases she has filed in this Court. 2 1 Civ. Proc. §§ 1085 and 1102, are procedural rules that do not apply to a federal court. This court 2 cannot entertain a petition for a writ of mandate, mandamus or prohibition under California Code 3 of Civil Procedure §§ 1085 or 1102 when there is no other basis for federal subject matter 4 jurisdiction. See Hill v. Cnty. of Sacramento, 466 F. App‟x 577, 579 (9th Cir. 2012) (“The district 5 court also correctly rejected Hill‟s claim for a writ of mandate under Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 1085 6 to compel the defendants to comply with federal regulations. . . . Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 1085 7 authorizes only state courts to issue writs of mandate.”); San Francisco Apartment Ass’n v. City & 8 Cnty. of San Francisco, 142 F. Supp. 3d 910, 917 n.2 (N.D. Cal. 2015) (“§ 1085 is a „procedural 9 mechanism,‟ not a substantive claim. (Citation omitted.) Moreover it does not apply in federal “claim for a writ of mandate is a state law claim. Although the asserted bases for issuance of such 12 For the Northern District of California court”); Pacific Bell Tel. Co. v. City of Walnut Creek, 428 F. Supp. 2d 1037 (N.D. Cal. 2006)(the 11 United States District Court 10 writ are the City‟s alleged violations of both federal and state law, the claim remains a state law 13 claim”). 14 Plaintiff also is not entitled to relief under the federal mandamus statute because that 15 statute reaches only federal officers and employees, not state officers and employees. See 28 16 U.S.C. § 1361 (“The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any action in the nature of 17 mandamus to compel an officer or employee of the United States or any agency thereof to perform 18 a duty owed to the plaintiff.”) A petition for a writ of mandamus “to compel a state court or 19 official to take or refrain from some action is frivolous as a matter of law.” Demos v. U.S. District 20 Court, 925 F.2d 1160, 1161-62 (9th Cir. 1991) (imposing no filing in forma pauperis order); 21 Newton v. Poindexter, 578 F. Supp. 277, 279 (C.D. Cal. 1984) (§ 1361 has no application to state 22 officers or employees). Plaintiff cannot obtain a federal writ of mandamus compelling the Santa 23 Clara County Superior Court judges to take action or refrain from taking action in cases pending 24 in that court. Plaintiff‟s petitions in these three actions have no legal merit. 25 Plaintiff mentions in her petitions that she wants to be released from custody. If Plaintiff 26 wants to challenge the lawfulness of her current custody, the exclusive method by which she may 27 do so in federal court is by filing a petition for writ of habeas corpus. See Preiser v. Rodriguez, 28 411 U.S. 475, 500 (1973). The Court will not construe any of the present actions as a petition for 3 1 writ of habeas corpus because Plaintiff already has several petitions for writ of habeas corpus 2 pending. See Ke v. Davis, 17-cv-4826 VC; Ko v. Fleming, 17-cv-5178 VC; Ko v. Fleming, 17-cv- 3 5179 VC. 4 For the foregoing reasons, these actions are DISMISSED. Leave to amend will not be 5 granted because it would be futile: there do not appear to be any additional facts that could be 6 alleged that would give this Court the power to compel state court judges to adjudicate or refrain 7 from adjudicating cases pending in the state court. 8 9 IT IS SO ORDERED. 10 12 For the Northern District of California United States District Court 11 13 Dated: November 30, 2017 ______________________________________ EDWARD M. CHEN United States District Judge 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4

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