Kinderstart.Com, LLC v. Google, Inc.

Filing 54

Request for Judicial Notice filed byGoogle, Inc.. (Attachments: # 1 Proposed Order)(Kramer, David) (Filed on 9/22/2006)

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Kinderstart.Com, LLC v. Google, Inc. Doc. 54 Case 5:06-cv-02057-JF Document 54 Filed 09/22/2006 Page 1 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 DAVID H. KRAMER, State Bar No. 168452 COLLEEN BAL, State Bar No. 167637 LISA A. DAVIS, State Bar No. 179854 BART E. VOLKMER, State Bar No. 223732 WILSON SONSINI GOODRICH & ROSATI Professional Corporation 650 Page Mill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304-1050 Telephone: (650) 493-9300 Facsimile: (650) 565-5100 DKramer@wsgr.com JONATHAN M. JACOBSON WILSON SONSINI GOODRICH & ROSATI Professional Corporation 12 East 49th Street, 30th Floor New York, NY 10017-8203 Telephone: (212) 999-5800 Facsimile: (212) 999-5899 JJacobson@wsgr.com Attorneys for Defendant Google Inc. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA SAN JOSE DIVISION KINDERSTART.COM, LLC, a California limited liability company, on behalf of itself and all others similarly situated, Plaintiffs, v. GOOGLE INC., a Delaware corporation, Defendant. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) CASE NO.: C 06-2057 JF (RS) DEFENDANT GOOGLE INC.'S REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE Before Date: Time: Courtroom: Hon. Jeremy Fogel October 27, 2006 9:00 a.m. 3 GOOGLE'S REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE CASE NO. C 06-2057 JF (RS) Dockets.Justia.com Case 5:06-cv-02057-JF Document 54 Filed 09/22/2006 Page 2 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 I. INTRODUCTION Defendant Google respectfully requests that the Court take judicial notice of the materials attached to the accompanying Declaration of Bart E. Volkmer in Support of Defendants' Motion to Dismiss the Second Amended Complaint ("Volkmer Declaration") and Declaration of Matt Cutts in Support of Google's Special Motion to Strike ("Cutts Declaration"), including certain pages from Defendant Google's website. All are in the public domain and some are expressly identified and discussed in the Second Amended Complaint ("SAC"). Judicial notice of these materials is appropriate under the law in this Circuit. ARGUMENT THIS COURT MAY TAKE JUDICIAL NOTICE OF WEBSITES Federal Rules of Evidence Rule 201 states that court may take judicial notice of a fact that is "not subject to reasonable dispute in that it is either (1) generally known within the territorial jurisdiction of the trial court or (2) capable of accurate and ready determination by resort to sources whose accuracy cannot reasonably be questioned." Fed. R. Evid. 201(b). This court has stated that "as a general matter, websites and their contents may be proper subjects for judicial notice" provided that the party provides the court with a copy of the relevant web page. Caldwell v. Caldwell, No. C05-4166, 2006 WL 618511, at *4 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 13, 2006). A true and correct copy of the materials are attached to the Volkmer and Cutts declarations. Other courts in this Circuit and elsewhere have concluded that websites are appropriate subjects for judicial notice. For example, in Wible v. Aetna Life Ins. Co., 375 F. Supp. 2d 956 (C.D. Cal. 2005), the court took judicial of several pages posted on Amazon.com and the American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology website. Id. at 965; see also Wang v. Pataki, 396 F. Supp. 2d 446, 458 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) (court may take judicial notice of internet material); In re Vertex Pharms., Inc., Sec. Lit., 357 F. Supp. 2d 343, 352 n.4 (D. Mass. 2005); Gentry v. eBay, Inc., 121 Cal. Rptr. 2d 703, 709 (2002) (affirming demurrer in which trial court took judicial notice of defendant's website); see also Hendrickson v. eBay, Inc., 165 F. Supp. 2d 1082, 1084 (C.D. Cal. 2001) (taking judicial notice of eBay's website to determine the nature of its business); Coremetrics, Inc. v. Atomic Park.com, LLC, 370 F. Supp. 2d 1013, 1021 (N.D. Cal. GOOGLE'S REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE CASE NO. C 06-2057 JF (RS) 1 Case 5:06-cv-02057-JF Document 54 Filed 09/22/2006 Page 3 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2005) ("[A]s is evident from AtomicPark's website (of which the Court takes judicial notice, see Fed. R. Evid. 201), consumers may contact AtomicPark for information and real-time assistance via the Internet or a toll-free number."); Frances Kenny Family Trust v. World Sav. Bank FSB, No. C04-0372, 2005 WL 106792, at *1 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 19, 2005) (finding content on plaintiffs' website to be proper matter for judicial notice); Renaissance Greeting Cards, Inc. v. Dollar Tree Stores, Inc., 405 F. Supp. 2d 680, 684 (E.D. Va. 2005) (taking judicial notice that "visitors to the website www.classicgreetings.com are also offered `free classic greetings and poetry cards.'"); Vlahos v. Schroeffel, No. 02-CV-0139, 2006 WL 544444, at *5 (E.D.N.Y. Mar. 6, 2006) (taking judicial notice of program description posted on hospital website); Autism Soc. of Mich. v. Fuller, No. 05-CV-73, 2006 WL 1519966, at *2 (W.D. Mich. May 26, 2006) (taking judicial notice of definition of autism as set forth at http://www.autism-society.org). The contents of these pages are capable of accurate and ready determination by resort to sources whose accuracy cannot reasonably be questioned. II. THIS COURT MAY TAKE JUDICIAL NOTICE OF DOCUMENTS THAT ARE EXPLICITLY REFERENCED IN THE COMPLAINT OR INTEGRAL TO PLAINTIFF'S CLAIMS Under the "incorporation by reference" doctrine, documents "whose contents are alleged in a complaint and whose authenticity no party questions, but which are not physically attached to the pleading, may be considered in ruling on a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss." Branch v. Tunnell, 14 F.3d 449, 454 (9th Cir. 1994), overruled on other grounds, Galbraith v. County of Santa Clara, 307 F.3d 1119 (9th Cir. 2002); accord Parrino v. FHP, Inc., 146 F.3d 699, 705-06 (9th Cir. 1998), superceded on other grounds, Abrego Abrego v. Dow Chemical Co., 443 F.3d 676 (9th Cir. 2006); United States v. Ritchie, 342 F.3d 903, 908 (9th Cir. 2003) ("Even if a document is not attached to a complaint, it may be incorporated by reference into a complaint if the plaintiff refers extensively to the document or the document forms the basis of the plaintiff's claim."). The "incorporation by reference" doctrine extends to such documents in order to prevent "plaintiffs from surviving a Rule 12(b)(6) motion by deliberately omitting references to documents upon which their claims are based." Parrino, 146 F.3d at 706; see also Wietschner v. Monterey Pasta Co., 294 F. Supp. 2d 1102, 1109 (N.D. Cal. 2003) ("[D]ocuments crucial to the GOOGLE'S REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE CASE NO. C 06-2057 JF (RS) 2 Case 5:06-cv-02057-JF Document 54 Filed 09/22/2006 Page 4 of 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 plaintiff's claims but not explicitly incorporated in a complaint can be noticed in order to prevent a plaintiff from surviving a Rule 12(b)(6) motion by deliberately omitting references to documents upon which their claims are based."). Plaintiff repeatedly refers to, but did not attach to the SAC, portions of defendant Google's website. See, e.g., SAC 3, 34, 61, 67, 73, 77, 78, 83-92, 116-120, 140, 147, 151, 153, 160. Because these documents are extensively referred to in the SAC, and form the basis of plaintiff's claim, they are proper subjects for judicial notice. Defendants therefore request that the Court take judicial notice of the documents attached to the Volkmer Declaration. CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons, defendants respectfully request that the Court take judicial notice of the documents attached to the Volkmer and Cutts Declarations. Dated: September 22, 2006 WILSON SONSINI GOODRICH & ROSATI Professional Corporation By: /s/ Bart Volkmer Bart Volkmer Attorneys for Defendant Google Inc. GOOGLE'S REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE CASE NO. C 06-2057 JF (RS) 3

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