IN RE: GUANTANAMO BAY DETAINEE LITIGATION
RESPONSE TO ORDER OF THE COURT re (46 in 1:08-cv-01207-RWR, 820 in 1:08-mc-00442-TFH) Order filed by ABD AL-RAHIM HUSSAIN MOHAMMED AL-NASHIRI. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B, # 3 Exhibit C)(Turner, Paul)
IN RE: GUANTANAMO BAY DETAINEE LITIGATION
Cleared for public filing and viewing by the CSO IN TH COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
ABD AL-RAHIM HUSSAIN MOHAMMED AL-NASHIRI, Guantanamo Bay Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, Petitioner,
CIVIL ACTION (HABEAS CORPUS) No. 08-Civ- 1207 (UNA) Misc. No. 08-mc- 442 (TFH) JUDGE: Unassigned
GEORGE W. BUSH, et al., Respondents.
RESPONSE TO COURT'S OCTOBER 27, 2008, ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE
By Order of October 27, 2008, the Federal Public Defender was ordered to: (1) respond to "Petitioner' s Response To The October 3, 2008 Order To Show Cause And Motion For Miscellaneous RelieF' (docket # 49, 08-cv-1085; docket #820, 08mc-0442); and (2) show cause why the petition in 08-cv- 1207 should not be dismissed as duplicative of the petition in 08-cv- 1085. Docket # 46, 08-cv- 1207; Docket #55, 08-cv- 1207; Docket #751, 08-mc-0442. Undersigned counsel previously complied with (1) above by delivering their "Response to 'Petitioner's Response to the October 3, 2008 Order to Show Cause and Motion for Miscellaneous RelieF" to the Court Security Officer on October 27, 2008, for filing with the Court and service as, verified by Notice filed October 28, 2008 (docket # 48, 08-cv-1207). Counsel now complies with (2) aboveby showing
cause, as set forth below, why the petition in 08-cv-1207 should not be dismissed as duplicative of that filed in 08-cv- 1085. While the arguments herein are largely identical to those raised in response to Mr. Fenstermaker's filings, counsel has raised them again in this separate pleading rather than merely cross-referenced to the previous filing. I. PERTINENT CASE HISTORIES In December, 2007, the Law Office of the Federal Public Defender for the District of Columbia contacted the Office of the Federal Public Defender for the District of Nevada, which agreed to represent Mr. A1-Nashiri. With the approval of Franny A. Forsman, Federal Public Defender for the District of Nevada, from that time forward this Office has committed substantial resources, financial, administrative and in personnel, to the cause of Mr. A1-Nashiri's defense. In late December, 2007, attorney Scott Fenstermaker informed undersigned counsel of an action for writ of mandamus, declaratory and injunctive relief he had filed in the Southern District of New York, Case #1:05-cv-07468-RMB, asserting "next friend" status on behalf of over twenty Guantanamo prisoners, including Mr. A1-Nashiri, and of his subsequent appeal of that case's dismissal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, which appeal, styled Fenstermaker v. Bush, CA No. 07-2980-cv, had been withdrawn by consent without prejudice to reinstatement up to June 30, 2008 (the "Southern District of New York/Second Circuit litigation"). He forwarded a copy of the amended petition by e-mail requesting "instructions for me regarding how you would like your client's matter to be handled."(emphasis added). In response undersigned counsel requested that he remove Mr. A1-Nashiri from this litigation. Mr. Fenstermaker then contacted the Second Circuit requesting that Mr. A1-Nashiri be withdrawn
as a party to such litigation because: Mr. A1-Nashiri is represented by Paul G. Turner, Esq. Of the Federal Defenders for the District of Nevada [and] Mr. Turner has requested that I withdraw Mr. A1-Nashiri as a party to 07-2980 cv. Please do so or have this letter forwarded to the appropriate office in the Court of Appeals for Mr. al-Nashiri's withdrawal¯ See General Docket, 1/15/08 entry. Such action was, as set forth in the following colloquy with the district court, consistent with Mr. Fenstermaker's stated purpose for pursuing the Southern District of New York/Second Circuit litigation. TIlE COURT: But you are here to get them [the Detainees] out of detention, right? MR. FENSTERMAKER: No. THE COURT: Why else? MR. FENSTERMAKER: No, I am here to get them attorneys... those attorneys will want to do that. That may very well be the case. See Fenstermaker v. Bush, 2007 WL 1705068, *9 (S.D.N.Y. June 12, 2007)(emphasis added).I As set forth below, having agreed to represent Mr. A1-Nashiri, undersigned counsel promptly began working on his defense. A. United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (the "DTA case") At that time the only avenue available for Mr. A1-Nashiri to seek relief was to file a petition in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit under the Detainee Treatment Act (DTA). On January 9, 2008, undersigned counsel, Assistant Federal Public Defenders Paul G. Turner, Gerald Bierbaum and Mukund H. Sharma, filed an "Entry of Appearance," "Petition Mr. Fenstermaker had previously informed the district court by letter of December 11, 2006, that the amended petition "seeks to have attorneys appointed for these 22 individuals..
For Immediate Release And Other Relief Under the Detainee Treatment Act Of 2005 And, In The Alternative, For Writ Of Habeas Corpus" and "Motion For Permission To Proceed In Forma Pauperis" on behalf of Mr. A1-Nashiri, initiating A1-Nashiri v. Gates, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, CA No. 08-1007 (hereinafter the "DTA case"). Counsel also filed an "Index Of Exhibits In Support Of Petition For Immediate Release And Other Relief Under The Detainee Treatment Act Of 2005 And, In The Alternative, For Writ Of Habeas Corpus" on January 10, 2008. See DTA case, General Docket, 1/9/08 & 1/10/08 entries. Counsel joining in Mr. A1-Nashiri's defense have extensive experience in criminal law work, including death penalty trials and representing prisoners on a full time basis in habeas corpus capital and non-capital cases at the federal district court and court of appeals levels. Paul Turner passed the bar and was admitted to the practice of law in 1971. He has exclusively pursued non-capital habeas corpus petitions for almost 10 years of his 12 years as a Federal Public Defender. Gerald Bierbaum has practiced law for more than eight years. Mr. Bierbaum has participated as a mitigation specialist in more than fifteen death penalty trials, and has litigated more than thirty capital habeas corpus petitions in Texas and Nevada. Mukund Sharma has practiced two years exclusively with the Capital Habeas Unit, of the Federal Defender for the District of Nevada. When capital charges were subsequently sworn against Mr. A1-Nashiri by the Office of Military Commissions, Lieutenant Commander Stephen Reyes and Captain Christopher Cazares were detailed to represent him. Attorney Nancy Hollander of Albuquerque, New Mexico, her colleague Theresa Duncan and Richard Kammen of Indianapolis, Indiana, have joined Mr. A1Nashiri's military commission defense as qualified civilian defense lawyers. Collectively, they have extensive experience in complex criminal defense litigation involving national security issues on a
national and international scale and capital defense. Ms. Hollander is a former President of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers ("NACDL"). Ms. Duncan performed extensive work on the Oklahoma City bombing case and both are counsel in a major terrorism financing case known as the "Holy Land Case," currently being tried in federal court in Dallas, Texas. Mr. Kammen has served as "learned counsel" in federal capital cases. All members of this team are in constant communication. They have met several times and attempt to coordinate MR. A1-Nashiri's defense, in accord with the various protective orders. On January 14, 2008, the court of appeals entered an Order directing petitioner to file various pleadings by February 13, 2008, and respondent to file a certified index to the record by February 28, 2008. On February 1, 2008, a "Stipulation To Immediate Entry Of Khan Protective Order" was filed with the court of appeals along with a proposed protective order identified as Exhibit A. Responding to the court of appeals' January 14, 2008, Order, undersigned counsel filed the following pleadings on February 13, 2008: a. "Docketing Statement;" b. "Certificate As To Parties, Rulings, Related Cases, Deferred Appendix And Underlying Decision;" c. "Statement Of Issues To Be Raised;" By Order of February 12, 2008, the court of appeals granted the motion for leave to proceed informapauperis and the protective order attached as Exhibit A to the above-referenced stipulation was entered in accordance with its terms ("Protective Order"). Undersigned counsel filed fully executed Memoranda Of Understanding ("MOU") respecting the Protective Order on February 21, 2008. On February 21, 2008, attorneys Matthew M. Collette and Robert Mark Loeb entered their
appearances for respondent Robert M. Gates. On February 22, 2008, they moved the Court to stay the filing of a certified index to record (corrected version filed February 26, 2008). Petitioner's Opposition to such motion was filed March 10, 2008, and is identified as "Classified" in the case's General Docket, 3/10/08 entry. On February 28, 2008, undersigned counsel filed an "Emergency Motion For An Order Directing Preservation Of Discoverable And Relevant Evidence" which was opposed in "Respondent's Opposition To Emergency Motion For An Order Directing Preservation Of Discoverable And Relevant Evidence" filed March 10, 2008 (corrected version filed March 13). By Order of March 12, 2008, the court of appeals "ORDERED that respondent take all measures necessary to preserve the material described in petitioner's motion pending further order of the court." Otherwise, the motion was referred to the assigned merits panel to be addressed in the parties' future briefing. On April 23, 2008, Mr. Fenstermaker filed a pleading entitled "Entry Of Appearance." On May 27, 2008, he served by mail copies of a "Motion To Substitute Counsel And For Leave To File Documents In Camera And Under Seal" with accompanying Declarations and in camera exhibits. Petitioner responded with a "Corrected Response In Opposition To 'Motion To Substitute Counsel And For Leave to File Documents In Camera And Under Seal' And Motion To Strike Notice of Appearance" (the "Corrected Response") filed June 13, 2008, opposing such motion and moving to strike Mr. Fenstermaker's Entry Of Appearance. Undersigned counsel was subsequently served with a "Consolidated Response And Reply To Public Defender's Opposition Response And Response to Federal Defender's Motion To Strike" to which they replied. See "Reply To 'Response To Federal Defender's Motion To Strike'" filed June 30, 2008. On June 18, 2008, the government moved to stay the DTA case or, alternatively, dismiss it.
After an enlargement of time undersigned counsel filed petitioner' s response in opposition (currently shown as "Pending Classification") on August 4, 2008, to which the government replied on August 8, 2008. On Friday, August 22, 2008, undersigned counsel was copied on an e-mail from Mr. Fenstermaker to Matthew Collette, government counsel, in which Mr. Fenstermaker indicated that he would be filing a response to the government's motion for stay or, alternatively, for dismissal that would consent to dismissal of Mr. A1-Nashiri's DTA petition without prejudice for renewal. Mr. A1-Nashiri had previously identified certain attorneys, including undersigned counsel, as his sole authorized counsel and "sole representatives in all American courts, federal or state, military courts and international courts." See July 25, 2008, written authorization attached hereto as Ex. A. Since Mr. Fenstermaker's proposed filing was an unauthorized action against Mr. A1Nashiri's interest which could permanently close an avenue of relief for him, undersigned counsel communicated with Mr. Fenstermaker by e-mail, demanding that the pleading not be filed. Ignoring such request Mr. Fenstermaker attempted to filed his "Petitioner's Response To Respondent's Motion To Hold In Abeyance Or In The Alternative Dismiss Without Prejudice" (hereinafter the "Response") but was advised that his filing was untimely. Mr. Fenstermaker subsequently requested that the court of appeals nevertheless accept the pleading. See "Petitioner's Request That The Court Accept As Timely, His Response Of August 22, 2008" (hereinafter the "Request"). Thereafter he requested that the court of appeals hold in abeyance all motion practice in the DTA case. See "Motion To Hold Motion Practice In Abeyance" to which undersigned counsel responded and Mr. Fenstermaker has replied. See DTA case, General Docket, 9/30/08, 10/7/08 and 10/17/08 entries. The court of appeals has not yet ruled on the pending motions in the DTA case.
United States District Court for the District of Columbia (the "habeas case") On June 12, 2008, the United States Supreme Court decided Boumediene v. Bush, 128 S.Ct.
2229 (2008), which held that Guantanamo prisoners such as Mr. A1-Nashiri were entitled to pursue habeas corpus actions. On June 24, 2008, Mr. Fenstennaker filed a "Petition For A Writ Of Habeas Corpus Pursuant To 28 U.S.C. §2241" initiating the case currently styled All Nashir v. Gate~, United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Case No. 1:08-cv-01085-UNA [hereinafter "No. 08-1085"]. See Clerk's Record (CR) 1. In the petition Mr. Fenstermaker asserts that he "serves as Next Friend of Petitioner Ali Nashir pursuant to an August 22, 2007 letter appointing Petitioner Fenstermaker as Petitioner Ali Nashir's Next Friend." Aside from the general statement that "Petitioner Ali Nashir is being held in violation of the Constitution and laws of the United States, as well as the international law of armed conflict[,]" the two page petition contains no individual claims, and no exhibits were submitted with it. On July 15, 2008, undersigned counsel commenced the process of filing a habeas petition for Mr. A1-Nashiri, initiating the case now styled A1-Nashiri v. Bush, United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Case No. I:08-cv-01207-UNA [hereinafter "No. 08-1207"]. See Clerk's Record (CR) 1. In doing so counsel complied with the Protective Order to which they are signators entered in the DTA case-~ and, as mandated by the Protective Order, submitted a 45 page Petition For Writ Of Habeas Corpus with seven exhibits for review through the Court Security Officer (CSO). The review process took considerable time. On October 2, 2008, a redacted version of the petition and the exhibits were filed with the Court.
2The Protective Order is found in A1-Nashiri v. Gates, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, CA No. 08-1007, General Docket, 2/1/08 and 2/12/08 entries.
In addition to the petition filed in case No. 08-1207 undersigned counsel, acting in compliance with the Protective Order, have filed various pleadings with the Court through the CSO, including a status report in compliance with the Court's July 11, 2008, Scheduling Order (see CR 11, 22, 37), a motion that the government file notice with the Court 30 days before any transfer of petitioner from Guantanamo Bay (CR 16) and a response to the government's motion for reconsideration of application of the standard habeas protective order in lieu of its proposed TS//SCI protective order (see CR 18, 39, 41 and 44), seeking to protect Mr. A1-Nashiri's right to present a defense. They have most recently tendered to the CSO for filing and service petitioner's opposition to the "Respondents' Motion To Dismiss Ianproper Respondents." Mr. Fenstermaker has taken a different approach in case No. 1085. In lieu of focusing on the proposed TS//SCI protective order's impact on Mr. A1-Nashiri's right to present a defense, Mr. Fenstermaker aggressively attacked undersigned counsel and the govermnent for allegedly interfering with his ability to inject himself into Mr. A1-Nashiri's defense (see CR 27). On the other hand he has passively acquiesced in the government's effort to reduce the named defendants to one person, the Secretary of Defense. According to Appendix A to the government's motion (No. 08-1207, CR 43), it received responses from 56 attorneys as to their client(s)' positions on the proposed motion, 25 of whom, including undersigned counsel, opposed it, 30 of whom consented subject to conditions that, according to the govenm~ent, constituted refusal to consent (see footnote * *) and one responded as "unopposed." The "one" was Mr. Fenstermaker, case No. 1085. Such unconditional concession of Mr. A1-Nashiri's rights parallels Mr. Fenstermaker's August 22, 2008, response in the DTA case to the government's motion to hold the case in abeyance or alternatively dismiss it without prejudice. While undersigned counsel vigorously opposed such 9
motion, see DTA case, General Docket, 8/4/08 entry, Mr. Fenstermaker "consent[ed] to Respondent's application to dismiss this petition without prejudice for renewal." See DTA case, General Docket, 8/25/08, 9/12/08 and 9/22/08 entries. Since, as noted above, Mr. Fenstermaker's proposed filing was an unauthorized action against Mr. A1-Nashiri's interest which could permanently close an avenue of relief for him, undersigned counsel renewed efforts to strike Mr. Fenstermaker's DTA pleadings. See DTA case, General Docket, 8/25/08 and 9/22/08 entries. Ironically, on the same day, August 22, 2008, that Mr. Fenstermaker sought to concede Mr. A1Nashiri's DTA rights the court of appeals reaffirmed the independent significance of the DTA
proceedings by reinstating its decisions in Bismullah v. Gates. See Bismullah v. Gates, CA No. 061197, General Docket, 8/22/08 entry. Mr. Fenstermaker's approach of aggressively asserting his interest in representing Mr. A1Nashiri while passively responding to government procedural requests as set forth above seriously endangers Mr. A1-Nashiri's right to present a defense. As requested below, Mr. Fenstermaker's pleadings should be struck and he should be barred from continuing to assert that he represents Mr. A1-Nashiri. II. ARGUMENT A. The Office Of The Federal Public Defender For The District Of Nevada Is Authorized Counsel For Mr. AI-Nashiri In This Court. During a meeting with counsel at Guantanamo Bay in May, 2008, Mr. A1-Nashiri provided a written authorization respecting undersigned counsel's representation of him. See Petition For Writ Of Habeas Corpus, No. 08-1207, Ex. 7 (CR 36). Mr. Fenstermaker bases his authorization
claim on letters of August 22, 2007, and May 27, 2008. In neither case does he provide copies of his solicitation letters underlying Mr. A1-Nashiri's responses. The August 22, 2007, letter merely indicates an interest in having a "friend." Even if such letter somehow supports a "next friend" relationship, as discussed in Argument D. below, any such relationship is trumped by Mr. A1Nashiri's direct written authorization for undersigned counsel to represent him. According to Mr. Fenstermaker the May 27, 2008, letter rejects undersigned counsel (Turner) as a member of Mr. A1Nashiri's defense team in favor of Mr. Fenstermaker. That a Guantanamo prisoner would have second thoughts about a particular lawyer after an initial attorney/client visit is hardly surprising. Approximately 70% of the men imprisoned in Guant~namo are in solitary confinement or isolation. William Glaberson, Detainees' Mental Health is Latest Legal Battle, NEW YORK TIMES, April 26, 2008. The military refuses to acknowledge that there is solitary confinement in Guantanamo; they speak in euphemisms of greater "privacy" and %ingle-occupancy cells." The conditions, however, speak for themselves: In Camp 6, each detainee is confined to a small, windowless steel cell with no access to natural light or air. In Camp 5, a frosted window provides minimal access to natural light, but no view outside. Fluorescent lights are on 24 hours a day, limiting sleep. Ben Fox, GTMO's Camp 6: extra privacy or harsh isolation?, ASSOCIATED PRESS, February 4, 2007; NEW YORK TIMES, su_gp_rg_. Mr. A1-Nashiri, identified by the government as a °highvalue detainee' would be subjected to the harshest, most restrictive confinement of any detainee. Detainees have virtually no human contact. Food is delivered through a slot in the door. Detainees may try to shout to one another through the slot with great difficulty and are at risk of disciplinary sanction. Cruel and inhuman: Conditions of isolation for detainees at Guantfinamo Bay, AMNESTY INT'L 4, April 5, 2007.
Solitary confinement, especially in combination with severely restricted stimuli and activity, is known to cause psychological and physical damage. Psychological damage includes hallucinations, extreme anxiety, hostility, confusion and concentration problems. Physical symptoms of solitary confinement can include impaired eyesight, weight loss, and muscular atrophy. Stuart Grassian, Psychological Effects of Solitary_ Confinement, AMERICAN J. OF PSYCHIATRY, 140:1450-1454, 1984; Terry A. Kupers, The SHU Syndrome and Community Mental Health, COMMUNITY PSYCHIATRIST, Summer 1998; Craig Haney, Mental Health Issues in Long-Term Solitary_ and 'Supermax' Confinement~ CRIME AND DELINQUENCY, vol. 49, no. 1, January 2003; Amnesty Int'l, UK Special Security Units - Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment, 1997 (AI Index: EUR 45/06/97), cited in AMNESTY INT'L, su_9_p~ note 8 at 18. Guantanamo Bay detainees have described these very symptoms: "[My client] smeared feces on his cell walls. When I asked him why..., he told me he had no idea." Attorney Clive Stafford Smith, William Glaberson, Detainees' Mental Health is Latest Legal Battle, NEW YORK TIMES, April 26, 2008. "[Y]ou try talking to a man who only wants to see the sun. You will never forget the experience .... In [his] cell, [Huzaifa Parhat] can crouch at the door, and yell through the crack at the bottom. The fellow in the next cell may respond, or he might be curled in the fetal position, staring at the wall. Another Uighur told us of the voices in his head. The voices were getting the better of him. His foot was tapping on the floor. I don't know what's happened to him: he doesn't come out of the cell to see us anymore." Attorney Sabin Willett, describing the condition of the Uighur detainees in Camp 6; Sabin Willett, Testimony to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights and Oversight, May 20, 2008 (The Uighurs are Chinese Muslims who had been cleared for release for years, but had no country to which they can return safely. This Court 12
recently ordered them released in the U.S. The Department of Defense/Justice appealed). "I've started talking to the ceiling. I know it's crazy, but I can't stand it otherwise." Camp 6 prisoner, Rebecca Dick, attorney notes; Center for Constitutional Rights, Solitary. Confinement at Guantanamo Bay, available at
http://ccrjustice.org/learn-moreifaqsisolitary-confinement-guantanamo-bay. The conditions of confinement created in the Guantanamo Bay detention camps provide an atmosphere where a client cannot be expected to immediately trust anyone appearing, claiming to be his helper. Indeed, the inherent difficulty in establishing rapport with a client held under the circumstances of Mr. A1-Nashiri undoubtedly inspired the rule entitling an attorney to two visits in order to obtain written authorization. Given the conditions of confinement, the Court should not put overt emphasis on a letter that doubted Mr. Turner's dedication or veracity, that was drafted immediately after an initial meeting. Given the conditions of confinement, the Court should put greater weight on the on-going, trust building relationship expressed by the later verification. This past July during Mr. Turner's second visit to Guantanamo Mr. A1-Nashiri identified in writing certain lawyers, including Mr. Turner, as his sole authorized counsel and "sole representatives in all American courts, federal or state, military courts and international courts." See July 25, 2008, written authorization attached hereto as Ex. A. Subsequent to the June, 2008, request that charges against Mr. A1-Nashiri be referred to a military commission for trial, petitioner has met on numerous occasions with military counsel. By Declaration of September 3, 2008, his military defense counsel, Stephen C. Reyes, LCDR, JAGC, USN, confirmed such meetings, including that Mr. A1-Nashiri "intentionally excluded Mr.
Fenstermaker" from the July 25, 2008, written authorization and that Mr. A1-Nashiri had "made it clear that he does not desire Mr. Fenstermaker's assistance and does not authorize Mr. Fenstermaker to make an appearance or file any pleadings on his behalf in any jurisdiction." See Ex. B attached hereto. It is, therefore, clear that undersigned counsel and not Mr. Fenstermaker are Mr. A1-Nashiri' s authorized counsel before this Court. B. This Court's Treatment Of Mr. Fenstermaker's Contention That He Represents The Petitioner In Ghailani v. Gates, 08-1190 (RJL), Is A Useful Model In Addressing The Issue Here. On July 10, 2008, Mr. Fenstermaker filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus initiating the case of Ghailani v. Gates., United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Case No. 1:08cv-01190-RJL [hereinafter referred to as "Ghailani v. Gates"], Docket 1. On July 25, 2008, attorney David Remes moved to strike Mr. Fenstermaker's notice of appearance, have himself named as counsel and bar Mr. Fenstermaker from making further filings holding himself out as Ghailani's counsel. Ghailani v. Gates, Document 7. Attachments (military defense counsel declarations and an e-mail from Chief Military Defense Counsel David to Mr. Fenstermaker) to that pleading revealed that Mr. Fenstermaker had ignored Mr. Ghailani's directions and filed an unauthorized petition. Mr. Fenstermaker responded to Mr. Remes' motion in an essentially identical manner to his response here, i.e. by (1) claiming to be Ghailani's authorized counsel based on certain letters and by (2) attacking petitioner's counsel and the government for allegedly obstructing his efforts to represent Ghailani. See Ghailani v. Gates, Document 9, pp. 3-13. "Upon review of the motion to strike Scott Fenstermaker's opposition, and the entire record herein[,]" on August 19, 2008, Judge Leon ordered David Remes "named as counsel" for Ghailani, that Mr. Fenstermaker's notice of appearance be struck and that "Mr. Fenstermaker is barred from making any further filings in this Court on
petitioner Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani's behalf." Ghailani v. Gates, Document 14. Judge Leon also ordered attorney Remes to file a signed authorization or declaration with respect to his representation of Ghailani. In other words the Court concluded based on the military defense counsel's declarations that Mr. Fenstermaker's appearance should be struck sans a signed client authorization. Here, undersigned counsel provide both such written client authorization and a military defense counsel declaration. See, e.g., Exs. A & B attached hereto. There is, t~aerefore, even more justification for striking Mr. Fenstermaker's notice of appearance and recognizing the Office of the Federal Public Defender for the District of Nevada as sole counsel for Mr. A1-Nashiri before this Court. Petitioner also notes that notwithstanding this Court's Order Mr. Fenstermaker apparently continues to claim to represent Ghailani. Pursuant to this Court's Rule 40.5(b)(2) on July 10, 2008, Mr. Fenstermaker filed a notice in Ghailani v. Gates signed by him on June 26, 2008, identifying Fenstermaker, et al. v. Bush, et al., United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, No. 05 CV 7468, as a "related case" involving common issues of fact and growing out of the same event or transaction as addressed in Ghailani v. Gates. See Ghailani v. Gates, No. 08-1190, Document 2. At that time Fenstermaker v. Bush was on appeal before the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, CA No. 07-2980. The appeal had been conditionally dismissed subject to timely reinstatement. According to the General Docket, Ex. C attached hereto, following a letter request from Mr. Fenstermaker dated July 1,2008, the appeal was reinstated. Such letter also included a request "to add Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani as a party to this appeal." As also reflected on that appeal's General Docket, Mr. Ghailani is identified as a named party. There is no indication on the docket sheet that Mr. Fenstermaker has informed the Second Circuit of Judge Leon's Order.
Mr. Fenstermaker's Attempted Insertions Of Himself In Guantanamo Matters Is Rampant With Conflict Of Interest. Mr. Fenstermaker has claimed to represent Mr. A1-Nashiri and at least three other
Guantanamo prisoners. As set forth below with respect to each such person a potential, if not actual, conflict of interest exists. 1. Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani The history of Mr. Fenstermaker's claimed representation of Mr. A1-Ghailani is addressed in Argument B. su_g_p_~. The nature of the potential, if not actual, conflict is set forth in the DTA case. See "Corrected Response In Opposition To 'Motion To Substitute Counsel And For Leave To File Documents In Camera And Under Seal And Motion To Strike Notice of Appearance," pp. 8-11, and "Reply To 'Response To Federal Defenders Motion To Strike,'" pages 5-9, General Docket, 6/13/08 and 6/30/08 entries. 2. Mustafa Bin-Ahmad AI-Hawsawi On September 26, 2008, Mr. Fenstermaker filed in this Court a pleading styled "Petition For A Writ OftIabeas Corpus Pursuant To 28 U.S.C. §2241" initiating a proceeding styled A1-Hawsawi v. Gates, Case No. 1:08-cv-01645. He signed the pleading as "Attorney for Petitioner." Mr. A1-Hawsawi is also one of the 14 persons, including Messrs. A1-Nashiri and Ghailani, the government has identified as "high value" prisoners. According to a government created biography, the government has further identified Mr. A1-Hawsawi as "key to KSM's [Khalid Shaykh Muhammad' s] operational team." See http://www.defenselink.mil/pdf/detaineebiographies 1 .pdf, page 4. The government has likewise identified KSM as "external operations chief for al-Qa'ida," id__~, at p. 13, and Mr. A1-Nashiri as "operations chief in the Arabian Peninsula." Id__~. at p. 7. Based
on all such allegations it is clear that there is a potential, if not actual, conflict with any one lawyer representing Messrs A1-Hawsawi, A1-Nashiri and Ghailani. On April 23, 2008, Mr. Fenstermaker filed a motion with the Second Circuit seeking to remove Mr. A1-Hawsawi from Fenstermaker v. Bush, su_gp_~, which motion was granted May 22, 2008. However, on October 9, 2008, Mr. Fenstermaker moved to allow reinstatement of Mr. A1-Hawsawi as a party to such appeal, confirming his continued assertion that he is Mr. A1-Hawsawi's attorney. See Ex. C attached hereto. 3. All Abd AI-Aziz All Mr. A1-Aziz All is also a named party in the Fenstermaker v. Bush Second Circuit appeal. See General Docket, Ex. C attached. As with Messrs. A1-Nashiri, Ghailani and A1Hawsawi, the government has identified him as a "high value" prisoner. In addition, according to the government, he is KSM's nephew, a "key lieutenant for KSM" and post 911 "assisted his uncle on various plots against the United States and United Kingdom." See http://www.defenselink.mil/pdf/detainedbiographies 1.pdf, page 1. As noted above, the government has identified KSM as "external operations chief for al-Qa'ida," Mr. A1-Nashiri as "operations chief in the Arabian Peninsula" and Mr. A1-Hawsawi as "key to KSM's operational team." Based on all such allegations, it is clear that there is a potential, if not actual, conflict in any one lawyer representing Messrs. A1-Aziz All, A1-Nashiri, Ghailani and A1-Hawsawi. Since undersigned counsel represent only Mr. A1-Nashiri this Court should recognize them as his counsel and bar Mr. Fenstermaker from any continuing effort to represent him. D. There Is No Need For "Next Friend" Involvement. As set forth in I.B. su__g,p_~, on June 24, 2008, Mr. Fenstermaker filed a "Petition For A Writ Of Habeas Corpus Pursuant To 28 U.S.C. §2241" initiating case No. 08-1085. See CR 1. In the 17
petition Mr. Fenstermaker asserts that he "serves as Next Friend of Petitioner A1 Nashir pursuant to an August 22, 2007 letter appointing Petitioner Fenstermaker as Petitioner Ali Nashir's Next Friend." Mr. Fenstermaker also asserts "next friend" status in the Southern District of New York/Second Circuit litigation, the appeal of which he recently reinstated, where he repeatedly told the district court that his goal was to get attorneys for Guantanamo prisoners. He does not address in his Response the obvious contradiction between the goal of obtaining counsel for Guantanamo prisoners through purported service as their "next friend" and seeking, as here, to force the withdrawal of existing, directly authorized counsel so that he can personally represent not just one Guantanamo prisoner but four (see Argument C ~). In light of the "next friend" nature of the case No. 08-1085 petition and Mr. Fenstermaker' s recent reinstatement of the appeal of the Southern District of New York/Second Circuit "next friend" case, it is appropriate to address "next friend" status. In Bismullah v. Gates, 501 F.3d 178 (D.C. Cir. 2007), the court of appeals said that "we understand it [DTA] to have permitted a next friend to petition for review of a CSRT determination when the detainee is tunable to litigate his own cause due to mental incapacity, lack of access to court, or other similar disability' [citation omitted]." 501 F.3d at 191 (emphasis added).3 Consistent with Mr. Fenstermaker's avowed goal of helping prisoners such as Mr. A1-Nashiri obtain counsel, which has come to fruition in that Mr. A1-Nashiri has the undersigned as authorized counsel as set forth in Argument A. above, Mr. A1-Nashiri now has access to the court system through undersigned counsel and would not appear to be presently suffering from any of the disabilities justifying the
above, the court of appeals recently reaffirmed the importance of the DTA proceedings. See Bismullah v. Gates, CA No. 06-1197, General Docket, 8/22/08 entry. 18
involvement of a "next friend." Consequently, the "next friend" petition filed in case No. 08-1085 is unnecessary and should be merged into and consolidated with the habeas case, No. 08-1207. E. There Is No Need For An Evidentiary Hearhig. As discussed in Argument B. supra, undersigned counsel have submitted more proof that they are authorized counsel than was presented in Ghailani v. Gates, No. 08-1190, to support Judge Leon's Order barring Mr. Fenstermaker from representing Mr. Ghailani. There is no need for an evidentiary hearing to order comparable relief in this case. III. RELIEF REQUESTED Undersigned counsel are Mr. A1-Nashifi's sole directly authorized lawyers before this Court. Mr. A1-Nashiri does not want Mr. Fenstermaker to serve as his counsel in this or any other matter. Accordingly, this Court should (1) strike Mr. Fenstermaker's notice of appearance in case No. 081085 and consolidate that case with No. 08-1207; (2) name undersigned counsel as Mr. A1-Nashiri' s sole counsel before this Court and (3) bar Mr. Fenstermaker from making any further filings holding himself out as Mr. A1-Nashifi's counsel in this or any other federal court. /// /// ///
CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons, cause has been demonstrated for not dismissing the petition in case No. 08-cv-1207 as duplicative of that in case No. 08-cv-1085, Mr. Fenstermaker's motions should be denied and the relief requested in III. above granted. Dated: October 30 ., 2008 Las Vegas, Nevada Respectfully Submitted,
*PAUL G. TURNER Nevada Bar No. 07941 Assistant Federal Public Defender *GERALD BIERBAUM Texas Bar No. 24025252 Assistant Federal Public Defender *MUKUND H. SHARMA California Bar No. 249125 Assistant Federal Public Defender 411 East Bonneville Avenue, Ste. 250 Las Vegas, NV 89101 (702) 388-6577 *Attorneys for Petitioner
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I hereby certify that on October ~D, 2008, I filed and served the foregoing RESPONSE TO "PETITIONER'S RESPONSE TO THE OCTOBER 3, 2008 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE AND MOTION FOR MISCELLANEOUS RELIEF" by causing an original and eight copies to
be delivered to the United States Department of Justice / Court Security Office via Federal Express for filing with the Court and service on the persons listed on the attached service list.
Attn: Nathaniel A. Johnson SERVICE LIST CONT'D: Court Security Officer / Litigation Security Section drew I. Warden An United States Department of Justice U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, CIVIL 20 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. DIVISION Washington, D.C. 20530 20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20530 SERVICE LIST: firstname.lastname@example.org Judry Laeb Subar Terry Marcus Henry U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Civil Division, Federal Programs Branch U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW P.O. Box 883 Washington, DC 20530 20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 7212 Email: email@example.com Washington, DC 20044 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Scott Michael Marconda U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Room 5130 Washington, DC 20530 Email: email@example.com Alexander Kenneth Haas U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20530 Email: alexander.haas@usdoj .gov
Jean Lin U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 7218 Washington, DC 20530 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Scott L. Fenstermaker, P.C. 300 Park Avenue, 17th Floor New York, New York 10022 email@example.com
Electronically filed 11/21/08 /s/ Leianna Montoya
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