Securities and Exchange Commission v. Nadel et al
MOTION for miscellaneous relief, specifically to Overrule Objection to Claim 17 by Burton W. Wiand. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 1, # 2 Exhibit 2, # 3 Exhibit 3, # 4 Exhibit 4, # 5 Exhibit 5, # 6 Exhibit 6)(Perez, Jared) Modified on 8/29/2019 Exh 1 and 5 stricken, per 141 Order (BES).
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE
SCOOP CAPITAL, LLC,
SCOOP MANAGEMENT, INC.,
CASE NO.: 8:09-cv-0087-T-33CPT
SCOOP REAL ESTATE, L.P.,
VALHALLA INVESTMENT PARTNERS, L.P.,
VALHALLA MANAGEMENT, INC.,
VICTORY IRA FUND, LTD,
VICTORY FUND, LTD,
VIKING IRA FUND, LLC,
VIKING FUND, LLC, AND
VIKING MANAGEMENT, LLC.
RECEIVER’S MOTION TO OVERRULE
OBJECTION TO CLAIM 17
Burton W. Wiand (the “Receiver”), as Receiver for Quest Energy Management
Group, Inc. (“Quest”) moves the Court to overrule the objection submitted by investor Ruth
Artisuk (“Artisuk” or “Claimant”) to the Receiver’s determination of Claim 17.
On June 15, 2016, the Receiver filed his Unopposed Motion to (1) Approve
Procedure to Administer Claims and Proof of Claim Form, (2) Establish Deadline for Filing
Proofs of Claim, and (3) Permit Notice by Mail and Publication. See Doc. 1240 (the “Quest
Claims Motion”). The Court granted the motion on June 17, 2016, thus establishing the
“Quest Claims Process.” Doc. 1241. Investors and other creditors then submitted 93
claims, which the Receiver reviewed and evaluated.
On March 7, 2019, the Receiver filed his Motion to (1) Approve Determinations and
Priority of Claims, (2) Pool Receivership Assets and Liabilities, (3) Approve Plan of
Distribution, and (4) Establish Objection Procedure (the “Claims Determination Motion”)
(Doc. 1383). The exhibits to the Claims Determination Motion contained the Receiver’s
determinations on all 93 claims. The Receiver carefully reviewed all submitted claims and
determined that each claim fell within one of five categories:
1) Property tax lien claims, which should be allowed in part and receive the highest
priority among claims (“Class 1”);
2) Secured claims, which should be allowed in part and receive the second highest
priority but which also should be paid only from the proceeds of the sale of the
collateral securing the claims, less fees and costs for maintaining and selling the
assets (“Class 2”);
3) Investor Claims, which should be allowed (in whole or in part) and should receive
the highest priority among unsecured claims (“Class 3”);
4) Unsecured Non-Investor Claims, which should be allowed but should be paid only
after tax lien claims, secured claims, and Investor Claims have been paid in full
(“Class 4”); and
5) Claims that should be denied (“Class 5”).
Doc 1383 at 10, 34-35. The Receiver considered each submitted claim to determine its claim
category, with the goal that distribution of the Receivership’s assets be equitable and fair
among all claimants. To ensure fair and equitable treatment, the Receiver established the
categories of claimants through the review of (1) information each claimant provided,
(2) Quest’s books and records, and (3) information obtained from non-parties. See id.
The Claims Determination Motion also contained a detailed objection procedure for
any claimants who disagreed with the Receiver’s claim determinations. See Doc. 1383 at 4145. That procedure required objecting claimants to serve their objections on the Receiver by
April 19, 2019. Id. The Court granted the Claims Determination Motion on March 15, 2019.
Doc. 1384. Claimants served objections in connection with 11 of the 93 claims. All
objections have either been resolved or waived except for the one at issue. 1 As discussed in
more detail below, Artisuk contends that her claim should be classified as a Class 2 secured
claim rather than a Class 3 claim. A copy of Artisuk’s proof of claim form and objection are
attached as Exhibit 1 and Exhibit 2, respectively. Pursuant to the procedure approved by the
Court, the Receiver was required to evaluate all objections and notify the objecting claimants
of his evaluation in writing (the “Notification”). The Receiver mailed the Notification
regarding the objection to Claim 17 to Artisuk on June 14, 2019. A copy of the Notification
is attached as Exhibit 3.
The Receiver reached agreements to resolve objections for five claims submitted by Texas
taxing authorities and one claim submitted by the First National Bank of Albany (“Bank of
Albany”). See Doc. 1402. The Court approved these agreements on August 9, 2019. See
Doc. 1406. Claimants with unsecured claims submitted five objections to the Receiver’s
determination of their claims. See Doc. 1395. The Receiver resolved one of those objections
(Claim No. 72). Claimants abandoned three other objections after receiving the Receiver’s
written notifications detailing the evaluation of their objections. (Claim Nos. 73, 75, and 79).
After receipt of the Notification, Artisuk had 30 days to serve the Receiver with a
written response clearly stating whether she maintains the objection or accepts the Receiver’s
further determination of the claim as set forth in the Notification. Doc. 1383 at 43. Artisuk’s
written response maintaining her objection was received on July 2, 2019, and is attached as
Exhibit 4. Because the Receiver and Artisuk are unable to reach an accord on this objection,
the Receiver is required to file this motion with the Court and provide the Court with the
documents served on him by the Claimant. Id.
Claimant Bears the Burden of Proof
Section IV of the Claims Determination Motion detailed the proposed objection
procedure through which the Court would review and resolve any outstanding objections.
Subsection (j) states that “[t]he Claimant shall have the burden of proof.” Doc. 1383 at 44.
This subsection also states that the Court may make a final determination based on the
submissions (which are this motion and the attached exhibits) or may set the matter for
hearing. Id. On March 15, 2019, the Court granted the Claims Determination Motion and
found the proposed objection procedure “logical, fair, and reasonable.” Doc. 1384.
Courts sit as courts of equity over securities fraud receiverships. See S.E.C. v. Elliott,
953 F.2d 1560, 1566 (11th Cir. 1992). As such, the Court has “broad powers and wide
discretion” to fashion appropriate relief, including to devise a plan for distributing
In resolving claims submitted in a claims process, courts
consider a wide variety of factors, with the ultimate goal of fashioning an equitable system
that treats similarly situated claimants equally. See S.E.C. v. Homeland Commc'ns Corp.,
2010 WL 2035326, at *1 (S.D. Fla. May 24, 2010) (“[I]n deciding what claims should be
recognized and in what amounts, the fundamental principle which emerges from case law is
that any distribution should be done equitably and fairly, with similarly situated investors or
customers treated alike.”) (quotation omitted); Cunningham v. Brown, 265 U.S. 1, 13 (1924)
(as among “equally innocent victims, equality is equity”); Elliott, 953 F.2d at 1570 (same).
Put simply, equity requires that similarly situated investors be treated equally. See Quilling
v. Trade Partners, Inc., 2006 WL 3694629, at *1 (W.D. Mich. 2006).
The Claimant’s Objection Should Be Denied
Claim Number 17 was allowed in part as a Class 3 Investor Claim for the allowed
amount of $42,492.53. The Claimant did not object to the allowed amount of this claim, but
asserted that the claim was improperly designated as a Class 3 claim. The Claimant has
failed, however, to provide any evidence other than false and unsupported representations
from Quest that her investment was actually secured. Although it was often fraudulently
represented to investors in Quest that their investments were “secured,” “senior,” or
“preferred,” the Receiver has been unable to identify any such valid security interests.
In the Claimant’s initial objection, she stated that she has “a senior secured
investment and should be moved to Class 2.” In support of her position, she referenced two
endorsed orders, docket 1385 on March 15, 2019, and docket 1388 on March 27, 2019.
Docket 1385 is an endorsed order which states that the Court received a letter from Artisuk
and directs the Receiver to proceed as if the letter had been filed in accordance with the
Receiver’s objection procedure approved by the Court. A copy of the referenced letter dated
January 3, 2019, which encloses a previously submitted letter dated September 14, 2018 is
attached as Exhibit 5. Neither the letter nor the Court’s order establishes that Claim 17 is a
secured claim. Docket 1388 is also an endorsed order, 2 but does not reference Claim 17 or
provide any support for why this claim should be treated as a secured claim.
In the September 14, 2018 letter, the Claimant asserted that she is a senior secured
lender, but she did not provide any evidence of the secured interest. See Ex. 5. The Claimant
attached subscription documents for her Quest investment, the Receiver’s Interim Report on
Quest (“Interim Report”), and an application for a drilling permit submitted by Quest.
None of these documents provide any evidence that the Claimant’s investment was secured.
The subscription documents are for the “Offering of Seventy (70) Senior Preferred Notes
with a Conversion Option” at $50,000 per note. This is not a secured note. The Receiver has
not found any evidence that any security interest was perfected by the Claimant or any other
party relating to this investment, and the Claimant has failed to provide any evidence of a
perfected interest. See Affidavit of Jeffrey Rizzo attached as Exhibit 6.
In response to the Receiver’s Notification which explains the above to the Claimant,
the Claimant again
provided documents from Quest
misrepresentations including that (1) the investment is “secured;” (2) investors will
participate in the “[r]eturn of 125% of the Principal amount of the Secured Corporate Note in
April, 2012, plus an annual rate of 10% interest will be paid on a quarterly basis to the
This endorsed order relates to Bank of Albany’s Motion to Alter Judgment and directs the
Receiver and the SEC to file a joint response to address the arguments raised by the Bank of
Albany and also “address the right of those with secured claims like First National Bank of
Albany to respond/object to the Receiver’s motion.” Doc. 1388.
Investors starting in April of 2009;” and (3) “Investors are participating in low risk
development of PROVEN RECOVERABLE RESERVES.” See Ex. 4, at 2 and 4 (emphasis
in original). 3 None of these statements were true. As stated in the Interim Report, Quest
(1) was insolvent almost since its inception in 2006; (2) was severely mismanaged and
expenses were outpacing revenue by more than two to one; (3) owed investors and others
millions of dollars but virtually had no revenue with which to repay this debt; and (4) was
sustained exclusively by money from new investors who were misled about the company’s
financial state or potential. See Doc. 1054 at 4-5. Quest’s misrepresentations regarding the
priority or security of an investment are no different than its misrepresentations regarding the
potential for returns and safety of the investment. 4
Claimant also provided a copy of the claim form she submitted in connection with a
Chapter 7 bankruptcy proceeding initiated by Jeffrey Downey and his wife. This document
merely contains representations by the Claimant. It is not a determination by the bankruptcy
court that the Claimant has a valid, perfected security interest.
The SEC asserted claims against Paul Downey, Quest’s Chief Executive Officer, and
Jeffrey Downey, Quest’s Chief Operating Officer (collectively, the “Downeys”) for their
violations of the anti-fraud provisions of the federal securities laws in connection with their
activities on behalf of Quest. On July 25, 2016, the court presiding over the enforcement
action entered an order granting summary judgment in favor of the SEC on its claims against
the Downeys. On September 29, 2016, the court granted the SEC’s motion for remedies and
entered final judgments as to all defendants. In addition to entering final judgments, the court
also made specific findings as to the defendants, including that Jeff and Paul Downey (1)
“raised $4.9 million from 17 investors in a fraudulent offering of securities”; (2) “acted with
a high level of scienter, knowingly deceiving investors about virtually every aspect of the
investment”; (3) concealed the Receiver’s appointment from Quest’s investors; and (4)
exhibited “misconduct [that] was extremely egregious.” S.E.C. v. P. Downey et al., Case No.
1:14-cv-185, order granting SEC’s motion for summary judgment, Doc. 117 at 2-3 (N.D.
Tex. Sept. 29, 1996). The court ordered the Downeys to disgorge $4.9 million plus $1.1
million in interest and to pay a civil penalty of $178,156 each. As far as the Receiver is
aware, the Downeys have not paid anything toward the disgorgement or penalty.
Indeed, as part of its scheme, Quest regularly misrepresented to investors that their
investments would receive higher priority over other investments. As is evident from the
title of the Claimant’s subscription documents alone, Quest contemplated that at least 70
investors would be offered this “preferred note.” There is no evidence that any investments
made by general investors were treated differently by Quest. All investor funds appear to
have been commingled and treated as one pool in typical Ponzi scheme fashion. While the
Receiver is sympathetic to the Claimant’s situation along with that of the other victim
investors, Claim 17 is not secured. It is fair and equitable to treat Claim 17 in the same
manner as the other similarly situated claimants in Class 3.
Courts routinely hold that treating similarly situated parties alike in claims processes
is fair and equitable. See S.E.C. v. Elliott, 953 F. 2d 1556, 1566 (11th Cir. 1992); United
States v. Petters, 2011 WL 281031, *7 (D. Minn. 2011). There is no requirement, however,
that all claimants be treated in the same manner; rather, fairness only requires that similarly
situated claimants should be treated alike. See, e.g., S.E.C. v. Byers, 637 F. Supp. 2d 166, 184
(S.D.N.Y. 2009) (“The Receiver’s proposal to treat differently those involved in the
fraudulent scheme when distributions are being made is eminently reasonable and is
supported by caselaw.”); Quilling v. Trade Partners, Inc., 2006 WL 3694629, *1 (W.D.
Mich. 2006) (distinguishing between fraud victims and general creditors). In the end, “[a]n
equitable plan is not necessarily a plan that everyone will like.” S.E.C. v. Credit Bancorp,
2000 WL 1752979, *29 (S.D.N.Y. 2000). Indeed, “when funds are limited, hard choices
must be made.” Byers, 637 F. Supp. 2d at 176 (quoting Official Comm. of Unsecured
Creditors of WorldCom, Inc. v. S.E.C., 467 F.3d 73, 84 (2d Cir. 2006)).
For the foregoing reasons, the Receiver moves the Court to overrule the objection by
Artisuk to the Receiver’s determination of Claim 17.
CERTIFICATE UNDER LOCAL RULE 3.01(g)
Undersigned counsel for the Receiver has conferred with counsel for the SEC and is
authorized to represent to the Court that the SEC does not oppose the relief requested in this
motion. As evidenced by the objection and related correspondence submitted to the Receiver,
Artisuk maintains her objection and opposes the relief sought in this motion.
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I HEREBY CERTIFY that on August 16, 2019, I electronically filed the foregoing
with the Clerk of the Court by using the CM/ECF system.
I FURTHER CERTIFY that on August 16, 2019, I caused a true and correct copy of
the foregoing to be sent via email and mailed by first-class mail delivery to the following
Ruth P. Artisuk
1920 Dawn Point
Davis, IL 61019
s/Jared J. Perez
Jared J. Perez, FBN 0085192
WIAND GUERRA KING P.A.
5505 West Gray Street
Tampa, FL 33609
Attorney for the Receiver, Burton W. Wiand
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?