Bruski v. Menu Foods, Inc. et al

Filing 14

MOTION by Defendant Menu Foods, Inc. to stay all proceedings (Attachments: # 1 # 2 # 3 # 4 # 5 # 6 # 7 # 8 # 9 # 10 # 11 # 12 # 13 # 14 # 15 # 16 # 17 # 18 # 19 # 20 # 21)(Ruff, Edward)

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Bruski v. Menu Foods, Inc. et al Doc. 14 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 1 of 12 28.062334-237/537 EBR/mmb #397 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS, EASTERN DIVISION GARY BRUSKI, Individually and on behalf of all Other Similarly Situated, Plaintiffs, v. MENU FOODS, INC., a Canadian Corporation, NUTRO PRODUCTS, INC., a California Corporation, and PETSMART, INC., an Arizona Corporation, Defendants. ) ) ) ) ) No: 07 C 2183 ) ) Judge John W. Darrah ) Magistrate Judge Valdez ) ) ) DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO STAY ALL PROCEEDINGS TO THE HONORABLE UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE: Defendant, MENU FOODS INC., (referred to as "MENU FOODS") moves this Court to stay all proceedings in this action pending a transfer decision by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation ("JPML") pursuant to U.S.C. 1407 and pending a determination of class certification by the transferee court pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 23(d)(1). In support thereof, Defendant sets forth the following: I. INTRODUCTION Currently, there are at least sixty-eight (68) actions that seek relief for individuals who purchased allegedly contaminated pet food from Defendant. Federal courts have original jurisdiction over these state and common law based actions pursuant to the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005. 28 U.S.C. 1332(d). Specifically, the pending cases allege that Defendant sold contaminated pet food to the general public and individuals whose pets consumed this pet food sustained injuries and/or death. The pending cases seek to certify a class of United States' residents 1 Dockets.Justia.com Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 2 of 12 who purchased allegedly contaminated pet food and seek to compensate them for all damages incurred as a result of Defendant's conduct. None of the pending cases are advanced and no discovery has been conducted. The actions are currently pending in the Western District of Washington, Eastern District of Tennessee, Northern District of Illinois, Western District of Wisconsin, Western District of Arkansas, District of New Jersey, Middle District of Florida, Northern District of Florida, Southern District of Florida, District of Connecticut, Central District of California, District of Rhode Island, District of Maine, Northern District of California, District of Nevada, District of Idaho, Northern District of Ohio, District of Minnesota, District of Colorado and District of Massachusetts. A. Pending MDL Motions On March 30, 2007, three (3) separate motions for transfer and coordination or consolidation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1407 were filed by three (3) different plaintiffs. Plaintiff Shirley Sexton filed the first MDL motion, seeking to transfer her case and numerous other cases involving alleged injuries and/or death arising out of the purchase and/or consumption of pet food manufactured by Defendant to the Central District of California. See Plaintiff Sexton's MDL Motion attached hereto as Exhibit "A." Plaintiff Christina Troiano filed the second MDL motion, seeking transfer to the Southern District of Florida. See Plaintiff Troiano's MDL Motion attached hereto as Exhibit "B." Plaintiffs Tom Whaley, Stacey Heller, Toinette Robinson, David Rapp, Cecily and Terrance Mitchelle, Suzanne E. Johnson, Craig R. Klemann, Audrey Kornelius, Barbara Smith, Michelle Suggett and Don James, filed their MDL motion to transfer the cases to the Western District of Washington. See Plaintiff Whaley's MDL Motion attached hereto as Exhibit "C." 2 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 3 of 12 On April 5, 2007, plaintiffs Jayme Pittsonberger, David Carter and Jim Bullock filed their motion for transfer and coordination or consolidation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1407, to transfer the cases to the District of New Jersey. See Plaintiff Pittsonberger's MDL Motion attached hereto as Exhibit "D." Lastly, on April 10, 2007, plaintiffs Jared Workman, Mark and Mona Cohen, and Peggy Schneider (the "Workman Group") filed their motion for transfer and coordination or consolidation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1407, to transfer the cases to the District of New Jersey. See Plaintiff Workman's MDL Motion attached hereto as Exhibit "E." On April 12, 2007, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation ("JPML") issued a Notice of Hearing Session for May 31, 2007 to consider the MDL motions ("Collectively known as MDL 1850 - In re Pet Food Products Liability Litigation). See April 12, 2007 Notice of Hearing Session attached hereto as Exhibit "F." On April 19, 2007, Defendant filed its MDL response, agreeing that consolidation is appropriate. See Defendant's MDL motion, attached hereto as Exhibit "G" and Defendant's MDL Memorandum, attached hereto as Exhibit "H." On April 25, 2007, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of California granted an order to stay all proceedings pending the JPML's transfer decision, pursuant to a stipulation by the parties. See Plaintiff Sexton's Stipulation and Order to Stay, attached hereto as Exhibit "I." Furthermore, on April 26, 2007, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida granted Defendant's motion to stay all proceedings, pending the JPML's transfer decision. See Order Granting Motion to Stay (S.D. of Florida - L4123371), attached hereto as Exhibit "J." Finally, on May 2, 2007, the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey, similarly granted the Defendant's motion to stay all proceedings in the following twenty-nine (29) cases: Jared Workman, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01338-NLH); Suzanne Thomson, et 3 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 4 of 12 al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01360-NLH); Larry Wilson, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01456-NLH); Paul Richard, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV01457-NLH); Linda Tinker, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01468-NLH); Janice Bonier, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01477-NLH); Julie Hidalgo, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01488-NLH); Alexander Nunez, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01490-NLH); Mark Golding, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01521-NLH); Troy Gagliardi, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01522-NLH); Kami Turturro, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01523-NLH); Peggy Schneider, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01533-NLH); Leslie Berndl, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV01553-NLH); Jayme Pittsonberger, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01561-NLH); David Carter, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01562-NLH); Jim Bullock, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01579-NLH); Christina Johnson, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01610-NLH); James Conner, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01623NLH); Matt Long, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01624-NLH); Chantelle Conti, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01638-NLH); Steven Freeman, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01646-NLH); Karen Pirches, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV01685-NLH); Diana Diedrich, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01700-NLH); Todd Sokolwski, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01709-NLH); Michele McCullough, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01710-NLH); Steve Colquitt, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01738-NLH); Luke Debarathy, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01739NLH); Loren Byers, et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01747-NLH); and Lynne Carestio, 4 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 5 of 12 et al., v. Menu Foods Limited, et al. (07-CV-01762-NLH). See Order Granting Motion to Stay (D.N.J. 2007), attached hereto as Exhibit "K." B. Instant Case On March 23, 2007, Plaintiff filed a multi-count class action complaint in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, alleging that Plaintiff's pet sustained injuries and/or death as a result of the purchase and/or consumption of pet food manufactured by Defendant. See Plaintiff's Complaint attached hereto as Exhibit "L." Defendant now respectfully requests this Court to stay all proceedings pending a transfer decision by the JPML and a determination of class certification by the transferee court. II. SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT A stay of all proceedings in this action pending a transfer decision by the JPML and a determination of class certification by the transferee court is necessary to promote judicial economy and avoid undue prejudice to the parties. Due to the pending MDL motions and pending motions for class certification, a stay of proceedings in this case is necessary and appropriate to further the interests of judicial economy. This Court should not unnecessarily use its resources and time to supervise pre-trial proceedings and make rulings in a case, which may shortly be transferred to another district court and/or judge for further pre-trial proceedings. Additionally, since all the actions are in the beginning stages of litigation and the Judicial Panel will be hearing the MDL motions on May 31, 2007, no prejudice or inconvenience will result from entry of a stay. See Exhibit "D." On the other hand, absent a stay, Defendant will be substantially prejudiced if it is required to duplicate efforts and expend significant resources defending multiple cases in jurisdictions around the country. For the reasons herein stated, Defendant respectfully moves this 5 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 6 of 12 Court for an order staying all proceedings in this case pending a transfer decision by the JPML and a determination of class certification. III. ARGUMENT Numerous courts have stayed proceedings pending determinations by the MDL Panel of the appropriateness of coordination under Section 1407. See, e.g., Gonzalez, v. American Home Products, Corp., 223 F.Supp.2d 803 (S.D.Tex. 2002); U.S. Bank, Nat'l Ass'n v. Royal Indem. Co., 2002 WL 31114069 (N.D. Tex. Sept.23, 2002); Moore v. Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, 236 F.Supp.2d 509, 511 (D. Md. 2002); Kohl v. American Home Prods. Corp., 78 F. Supp. 2d 885 (W.D. Ark. 1999); Republic of Venezuela v. Philip Morris Companies, Inc., et. al., 1999 WL 33911677 (S.D. Fla. 1999); Rivers v. The Walt Disney Co., 980 F. Supp. 1358 (C.D. Cal. 1997); American Seafood, Inc. v. Magnolia Processing, 1992 WL 102762 (E.D. Pa. May 7, 1992); Arthur-Magna, Inc. v. DelVal Fin Corp., 1991 WL 13725 (D. N.J. Feb. 1, 1991); Rosenfeld v. Hartford Fire Ins. Co., 1988 WL 49065 (S.D. N.Y. May 12, 1988); Portnoy v. Zenith Laboratories, 1987 WL 10236 (D.D.C. Apr. 21, 1987). It is "incidental to the power inherent in every court to control the disposition of the cases on its docket with the economy of time and effort for itself, for counsel, and for litigants." Landis v. North American Co., 299 U.S. 248, 254 (1936). Guided by the "policies of justice and efficiency," this Court should exercise its discretion to stay all further proceedings in this action pending the MDL Panel's action. Boudreaux v. Metropolitan Life Ins. Co., 1995 WL 83788, *1 (E.D. La. Feb. 24, 1995). When considering a motion to stay, the Court typically considers three factors: (1) potential prejudice to the non-moving party; (2) hardship and inequity to the moving party if the action is not stayed; and (3) the judicial resources that would be saved by avoiding duplicative litigation if the 6 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 7 of 12 cases are in fact consolidated. Rivers, 980 F.Supp. at 1360. In the case sub judice, each enumerated factor favors a stay. Thus, this Court should stay all proceedings pending a transfer decision by the Judicial Panel and a determination of class certification by the transferee court. A. Judicial Economy Mandates a Stay Pending a Transfer Decision by the Judicial Panel and Determination of Class Certification Considerations of judicial economy weigh heavily in favor of a stay. First, the express language of 28 U.S.C. 1407 provides that civil actions may be transferred for coordinated or consolidated pretrial proceedings to "promote the just and efficient conduct of such actions." 28 U.S.C. 1407. Second, it is well settled that in the class action context that when similar actions are proceeding in different courts, courts may stay proceedings pending the outcome of the other case. Wright, Miller & Kane, Federal Practice and Procedure: Civil 3D 1792 (2005); Knearem v. Bayer Corp, 2002 WL 1173551, 1 (D. Kan. 2002) (granted motion to stay to purported class action which was one of more than two hundred pending federal cases, nearly half of which were purported class actions). Here, a stay of proceedings pending a transfer decision by the MDL and class certification is necessary and appropriate to achieve the judicial economies that underlie 1407 and class actions. Defendant reasonably anticipates that the Judicial Panel will grant an MDL for the following reasons. First, courts have consistently held that the Judicial Panel will transfer cases to eliminate the possibility of inconsistent class determinations. In re CertainTeed Corp. Roofing Shingle Prods Liab. Lit., 2007 WL 549356; In re Guidant Corp. Implantable Defibrillators Prods. Liab. Lit., 398 F. Supp. 2d 1371 (Jud. Pan. Mult. Lit. 2005); In re Ford Motor Co. Speed Control Deactivation Switch Prods. Liab. Lit. 398 F. Supp.. 2d 1365 (Jud. Pan. Mult. Lit. 2005); In re Roadway Exp. Inc. Employ. Pract. Lit., 384 F. Supp. 612 (Jud. Pan. Mult. Lit. 1974). Absent a transfer of these cases to a single forum for coordinated and consolidated pretrial proceedings, there is a substantial risk 7 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 8 of 12 of inconsistent and/or conflicting pretrial rulings on discovery and other key issues, such as class certification. Second, discovery with respect to the Defendant's conduct in each of the actions proposed for consolidation will be substantially similar and will involve the same and/or similar documents and witnesses. Third, efficiency in the administration of justice will be served by consolidation, because one judge rather than multiple judges can supervise all pretrial proceedings and render rulings that are consistent. Fourth, based on the nationwide distribution of Defendant's pet food, many additional cases may be filed before the statute of limitations expires. Absent a stay, the Court loses the potential efficiencies that would be gained by having pretrial issues, particularly with respect to issues of class certification, decided by a single court. In Gonzalez v. American Home Products, Corp., consumers brought a product liability action against manufacturers and distributors of phenylpropanolamine (PPA) to recover for physical injuries sustained as a result of exposure to PPA. Gonzalez, 223 F.Supp.2d at 804. In granting defendant's motion to stay pending a decision of the MDL Panel, the Court held that "[j]udicial economy and consistency of results dictate that this key issue be decided once, not countless times." Gonzales, 223 F.Supp.2d at 805. Like Gonzalez, the interests of judicial economy and consistency warrant a stay here. Without a stay, this Court will be required to expend its time and resources familiarizing itself with the intricacies and complexities of this complicated products liability litigation that may be transferred to another court. Alternatively, if the Judicial Panel assigns the case to this Court, each ruling and action taken by this Court may affect other cases without giving the attorney handling those cases an opportunity to provide input to the Court. Clearly, if these cases are not stayed, many issues particularly with respect to class certification, will have to be revisited by the Court assigned 8 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 9 of 12 to the cases by the Judicial Panel. Thus, the continuation of this case will result in duplicative and unnecessary efforts by this Court and the parties if this action proceeds forward before the Judicial Panel has an opportunity to rule. Additionally, if a stay is not granted and this case proceeds forward, the Court's rulings potentially could be reconsidered after coordination. "The pretrial powers of the transferee court include the powers to modify, expand, or vacate earlier discovery orders." In re Plumbing Fixture Cases, 298 F. Supp. 484, 489 (J.P.M.L. 1968). In Kohl v. American Home Prods. Corp., a consumer brought a products liability action against manufacturers, distributors and sellers of the pharmaceutical drugs, fenfluramine and phentermine, to recover for injuries allegedly caused by the drugs. Kohl, 78 F. Supp. 2d at 887. In granting defendant's motion to stay pending the transfer of the case to the MDL Panel, the Court held that judicial economy would be best served if litigation was facilitated in the appropriate forum. Kohl, 78 F. Supp. 2d at 888. "If the MDL motion is granted, all of the Court's time, energy and acquired knowledge regarding the action and its pretrial procedures will be wasted." U.S. Bank, 2002 WL 31114069 at *2. This Court, like the district court in Kohl, should not expend its limited resources "familiarizing itself with the intricacies of a case that would be heard [for pre-trial purposes] by another judge." Rivers, 980 F. Supp. at 1360. Moreover, this Court should abstain from scheduling additional status conferences and/or issuing additional discovery orders because "any efforts on behalf of this Court concerning case management will most likely have to by replicated by the judge that is assigned to handle the consolidated litigation." Id. Furthermore, to avoid the risk of inconsistent substantive legal rulings, pretrial proceedings in this matter and other actions should proceed in an orderly, coordinated fashion, as directed by the single court selected by the Judicial 9 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 10 of 12 Panel. Accordingly, a stay in this case is appropriate as it will further the just and efficient conduct of this litigation. B. The Balance of Equities Weighs Heavily in Favor of a Stay as Plaintiffs Will Suffer No Prejudice, While Defendant Will Suffer Undue Hardship Absent a Stay In addition to the waste of judicial resources inherent in proceeding with this matter prior to a ruling by the Judicial Panel, the balance of the parties' hardships strongly favors a stay. In Moore v. Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, a patient who took a prescription diet drug brought a products liability action against the drug manufacturer. Moore, 236 F.Supp.2d at 511. The court in that case held that the potential prejudice to the drug manufacturer warranted a stay of proceedings pending the decision of Judicial Panel for transfer and consolidation. Id. Specifically, the court held that "[c]entralization is...necessary in order to eliminate duplicative discovery, prevent inconsistent or repetitive pretrial rulings...and conserve the resources of the parties, their counsel, and the judiciary." Id. Defendant in the present action would be substantially prejudiced by duplicative discovery and motion practice if a stay is not put in place. American Seafood, 1992 WL 102762 at *2 (holding that "[t]he duplicative motion practice and discovery proceedings demonstrate that judicial economy and prejudice to the defendant weighs heavily in favor of a stay"). Without a stay, Defendant may continue to be served with discovery requests, deposition notices and various motions resulting in duplicative and costly responses and replies being prepared multiple times in different jurisdictions. This burden is a clear, definable hardship weighing in favor of staying this action until the MDL Panel renders its decision. A stay will not, however, unduly prejudice the Plaintiff in this matter. In Republic of Venezuela v. Philip Morris Companies, Inc., et. al., The Republic of Venezuela sought damages 10 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 11 of 12 from the Defendant due to, inter alia, costs allegedly incurred as a result of paying for "medical care, facilities, and services" for Venezuelan residents injured as a result of the use of tobacco. Republic of Venezuela 1999 WL 33911677, *1. The Court in granting Defendant's motion to stay held that "upon consideration of what effect a brief stay may have on [Plaintiff], the Court finds that Plaintiff will not be prejudiced by the granting of a stay pending the JPML's decision." Id. Here, there has been no discovery in the case at bar or any of the pending actions. Since all the actions are in the beginning stages of litigation, no prejudice or inconvenience will result from transfer, coordination and/or consolidation. Any slight delay that Plaintiff may experience in this case will be minimal and the prejudice to Defendant would far outstrip any harm to Plaintiff. See Arthur-Magna, 1991 WL 13725 at *1 (noting that even if a temporary stay can be characterized as a delay prejudicial to plaintiffs, there are considerations of judicial economy and hardship to defendant that are compelling enough to warrant such a delay). Indeed, if the Judicial Panel consolidates the cases into an MDL, all of the parties - including the Plaintiff here - will benefit through increased efficiency and coordinated pretrial case management. Further, Defendant is not asking this Court to stay the proceedings indefinitely. The Judicial Panel will be hearing the MDL motions on May 31, 2007. See Exhibit "D." Defendant is only asking the Court to issue a stay while the transfer decision by the Judicial Panel and determination of class certification is pending. As such, any potential delay is outweighed by the potential efficiencies available in a coordinated MDL proceeding. Therefore, the benefits of staying this proceeding far outweigh any minimal inconvenience to the Plaintiff. Thus, the granting of a stay is necessary and appropriate. IV. CONCLUSION 11 Case 1:07-cv-02183 Document 14 Filed 05/03/2007 Page 12 of 12 For all of the foregoing reasons, it is appropriate for this Court to exercise its sound discretion to stay these proceedings pending the decision of the Judicial Panel and a determination of class certification by the transferee court. A stay would further the interests of judicial economy, and promote just and efficient conduct of this litigation, while denying a stay would unnecessarily waste the efforts and resources of this Court and all parties. Without the stay, Defendant will suffer undue hardship and inequity, and the purpose for coordination and consolidation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1407 will be undermined. WHEREFORE, Defendant respectfully requests this Honorable Court enter an Order staying further proceedings, including but not limited to Defendant's obligation to file responsive pleadings, in this matter pending the transfer decision by the Judicial Panel and a determination of class certification by the transferee court. Respectfully submitted, PRETZEL & STOUFFER, CHARTERED By: /s/ Edward B. Ruff One of the Attorneys for MENU FOODS Edward B. Ruff ARDC# 6181332 Michael P. Turiello ARDC# 6238272 Priya K. Jesani ARDC# 6270114 Attorneys for MENU FOODS PRETZEL & STOUFFER, CHARTERED One South Wacker Drive, Suite 2500 Chicago, Illinois 60606 (312) 346-1973 12

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