Sheffield v. Commissioner of Social Security
Order: The Report and Recommendation of the United States Magistrate Judge (Doc. 22 ) be, and the same hereby is, adopted as the Order of this Court. The Commissioner's final decision in plaintiff's motion for benefits (Doc. [1)] is reversed and remanded. Judge James G. Carr on 2/28/17. (Attachments: # 1 Report and Recommendation)(C,D)
Case: 3:16-cv-00580-JGC Doc #: 22 Filed: 12/28/16 1 of 18. PageID #: 1144
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO
ROBIN R. SHEFFIELD,
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL
CASE NO. 3:16 CV 580
JUDGE JAMES G. CARR
WILLIAM H. BAUGHMAN, JR.
REPORT & RECOMMENDATION
Before me by referral1 is an action for judicial review of the final decision of the
Commissioner of Social Security denying the applications of the plaintiff, Robin R.
Sheffield, for disability insurance benefits and supplemental security income.2 The
Commissioner has answered3 and filed the transcript of the administrative record.4 Under
my initial5 and procedural6 orders the parties have briefed their positions7 and filed
This matter was referred to me under Local Rule 72.2 in a non-document entry order
dated March 10, 2016.
ECF # 1.
ECF # 9.
ECF #10 .
ECF # 5
ECF # 11.
ECF # 19 (Commissioner’s brief); ECF # 12(Sheffield’s brief).
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supplemental charts8 and the fact sheet9 They have participated in a telephonic oral
Background facts and decision of the Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”)
Sheffield who was 47 years old at the time of the administrative hearing,11 is a high
school graduate with one year of college.12 She lives with her mother and has never been
married.13 Sheffield previously worked as an assistant day care teacher, housekeeping
cleaner, packer, line packer, sales associate, and inspector.14
The Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”), whose decision became the final decision of
the Commissioner, found that Sheffield had the following severe impairments: angina,
hypertension, irritable bowel syndrome, facet degeneration of the lumbar spine, mood
disorder, anxiety disorder and obesity (20 CFR 404.1520(c) and 416.920(c).15 The ALJ made
the following finding regarding Sheffield’s residual functional capacity:
ECF # 19-1 (Commissioner’s charts); ECF #14 at 3-6 (Sheffield’s charts).
ECF #14 at 1-2.
ECF # 21.
ECF # 10, Transcript (“Tr.”) at 7.
Id. at 43.
Id. at 197-198.
Id. at 30.
Id. at 17.
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The claimant has the residual functional capacity to perform light work as
defined in 20 CFR 404.1567(b) and 416.967(b) in that she can lift or carry up
to twenty (20) pounds occasionally and up to ten (10) pounds frequently, can
stand or walk for about six (6) hours and can sit for about six (6) hours during
an eight hour workday, except: Ms. Sheffield can constantly balance, she can
frequently stoop, kneel, crouch and crawl and she can occasionally climb
ramps or stairs, but she must never climb ladders, ropes or scaffolds; Ms.
Sheffield is limited to frequent overhead reaching with the left upper
extremity; Ms. Sheffield must avoid all exposure to hazards such as dangerous
machinery and unprotected heights and Ms. Sheffield is limited to work
consisting of simple, routine tasks (defined as SVP 1 or 2).16
Given that residual functional capacity, the ALJ found Sheffield capable of her past relevant
work as a housekeeping cleaner and a line packer and, therefore, not under a disability.17
Based on an answer to a hypothetical question posed to the vocational expert at the
hearing setting forth the residual functional capacity finding quoted above, the ALJ
determined that a significant number of jobs existed locally and nationally that Sheffield
could perform. The ALJ, therefore, found Sheffield not under a disability.18
Issues on judicial review
Sheffield asks for reversal of the Commissioner’s decision on the ground that it does
not have the support of substantial evidence in the administrative record. Specifically,
Sheffield presents the following issues for judicial review:19
Id. at 20.
Id. at 30.
Id. at 32.
ECF # 12 at 1.
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Whether the ALJ erred at Step 3 in finding that the plaintiff’s impairments did
not meet or equal a listing § 1.04.
Whether the ALJ erred at Step 4 in that he failed to include plaintiff’s
limitations for sitting, standing, and walking as specified by Dr. Torello and
failed to include the plaintiff’s mental limitations as specified by Dr.
Whether the ALJ failed to properly apply the Sixth Circuit pain standard in
that he made credibility findings which were not based on a full and accurate
reading of the record as the fibromyalgia diagnosis from Dr. Hackshaw was
The Court recommends that the ALJ’s finding of no disability is not supported by
substantial evidence and, therefore, should be reversed and remanded.
Standards of review
The Sixth Circuit in Buxton v. Halter reemphasized the standard of review applicable
to decisions of the ALJs in disability cases:
Congress has provided for federal court review of Social Security
administrative decisions. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). However, the scope of review is
limited under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g): “The findings of the Secretary as to any fact,
if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive....” In other words, on
review of the Commissioner’s decision that claimant is not totally disabled
within the meaning of the Social Security Act, the only issue reviewable by
this court is whether the decision is supported by substantial evidence.
Substantial evidence is “ ‘more than a mere scintilla. It means such relevant
evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a
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The findings of the Commissioner are not subject to reversal merely
because there exists in the record substantial evidence to support a different
conclusion. This is so because there is a “zone of choice” within which the
Commissioner can act, without the fear of court interference.20
Viewed in the context of a jury trial, all that is necessary to affirm is that reasonable minds
could reach different conclusions on the evidence. If such is the case, the Commissioner
survives “a directed verdict” and wins.21 The court may not disturb the Commissioner’s
findings, even if the preponderance of the evidence favors the claimant.22
I will review the findings of the ALJ at issue here consistent with that deferential
Meeting a listing at step three
If a claimant has a severe impairment or combination of impairments that meets one
of the listings in Appendix 1 to Subpart P of the regulations, the claimant is disabled.23
Because the listings describe impairments that the Social Security Administration considers
“severe enough to prevent and individual from doing any gainful activity, regardless of his
Buxton v. Halter, 246 F.3d 762, 772 (6th Cir. 2001) (citations omitted).
LeMaster v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 802 F.2d 839, 840 (6th Cir. 1986);
Tucker v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., No. 3:06CV403, 2008 WL 399573, at *6 (S.D. Ohio Feb. 12,
Rogers v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 486 F.3d 234, 241 (6th Cir. 2007).
Rabbers v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 582 F.3d 647, 652 (6th Circ. 2009); Cunningham
v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., No. 5:10CV1001, 2012 WL 1035873, at *2 (N.D. Ohio March 27,
2012) (citing Rabbers).
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or her age, education, or work experience,”24 the Commissioner will deem a claimant who
meets or equals the requirements of a listed impairment conclusively disabled.25 Each listing
sets out “the objective medical and other findings needed to satisfy the criteria of that
listing,”26 and the claimant bears the burden of proving27 that he has satisfied all of he
criteria of a listing in order to “meet the listing.”28
Even if a claimant cannot demonstrate disability by meeting the listing, he may be
disabled if his impairment is the medical equivalent of a listing.29 Medical equivalent means
that the impairment is “at least as equal in severity and duration to the criteria of any listed
impairment.”30 The claimant seeking a finding that an impairment is equivalent to a listing
must present “medical findings” that show his impairment is “equal in severity to all the
criteria for the one most similar listed impairment.”31
20 C.F.R. § 404.1525(a).
Rabbers, 582 F.3d at 653.
20 C.F.R. § 404.1525(c)(3).
Rabbers, 582 F.3d at 653.
Reynolds v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 424 F. App’x 411, 414 (6th Cir. 2011).
20 C.F.R. § 404.1520(a)(4)(iii).
20 C.F.R. § 404.1526(a).
Sullivan v. Zebley, 493 U.S. 521, 531, 110 S.Ct. 885, 107 L.Ed.2d 967
(1990)(emphasis in original).
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While the Sixth Circuit “does not require a heightened articulation standard [from the
ALJ] at Step Three of the sequential evaluation process,”32 “in order to conduct a meaningful
review, the ALJ must make it sufficiently clear in his or her decision the reasons for the
determination [as to the meeting a listing] in order for the Court to conduct a meaningful
Specifically, the Sixth Circuit in Reynolds states the requirements for articulating the
ALJ’s step three analysis as follows:
In short, the ALJ need[s] to actually evaluate the evidence, compare it to the
criteria of the Listing, and give an explained conclusion, in order to facilitate
meaningful judicial review. Without [such articulation], it is impossible to say
that the ALJ’s decision at Step Three was supported by substantial evidence.34
Marok v. Astrue, No. 5:08CV 1832, 2010 WL 2294056, at *3 (N.D. Ohio June 3,
2010) (citing Bledsoe v. Barnhart, No. 04-4531, 2006 WL 229795, at *411 (6th Cir. Jan. 31,
2006) (citing Dorton v. Hecker, 789 F.2d 363, 367 (6th Cir. 1986).
Eiland v. Astrue, No. 1:10CV2436, 2012 WL 359677, at *9 (N.D. Ohio Feb.2,
2012) (citing Marok, 2010 WL 2294056. At *3 (citations omitted)).
Reynolds, 424 F.App’x at 415. In this regard, I note as Magistrate Judge Burke in
Shea v. Astrue, No. 1:11 CV 1076, 2012 WL 967088, at *10 n. 6 (N.D. Ohio Feb. 13, 2012),
that the Sixth Circuit’s insistence on the articulation of reviewable reasons directly follows
from the ALJ’s statutory duties at 5 U.S.C. § 557 ( C )(3)(A) to include the “reasons or basis”
for a decision. Therefore, the Sixth Circuit has determined that the “reasons requirement”
is both a procedural and substantive requirement, “necessary in order to facilitate effective
and meaningful judicial review.” Shea, 2012 WL 967088, at *10 n. 6 (quoting Reynolds, 424
F. App’x at 414).
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Recent decisions in the District apply this rubric from Reynolds teach plainly that “a
mere rote recitation if boilerplate language by an ALJ”35 at step three provides an insufficient
explanation for a conclusion regarding the meeting of a listing and so will require a remand.36
As the Social Security Administration has recognized in a policy interpretation ruling
on assessing claimant credibility,37 in the absence of objective medical evidence sufficient
to support a finding of disability, the claimant’s statements about the severity of his or her
symptoms or limitations will be considered with other relevant evidence in deciding
Because symptoms, such as pain, sometimes suggest a greater severity of
impairment than can be shown by objective medical evidence alone, the
adjudicator must carefully consider the individual’s statements about
symptoms with the rest of the relevant evidence in the case record in reaching
a conclusion about the credibility of the individual’s statements if a disability
determination or decision that is fully favorable to the individual cannot be
made solely on the basis of objective medical evidence.38
Jones v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 5:10CV2621, 2012 WL 946997, at *8 (N.D. Ohio
March 20, 2012)(Baughman, MJ).
Id.; Cunningham v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., No. 5:10CV1001, 2012 WL 1035873, at
*2 (N.D. Ohio March 27, 2012)(citations omitted)(Baughman, MJ); Shea, 2012 WL 967088,
at *10 (citations omitted); May v. Astrue, No. 4:10CV1533, 2011 WL 3490186, at *9 (N.D.
Ohio June 1, 2011)(White, MJ), adopted, 2011 WL 3490229 (N.D. Ohio Aug. 10,
2011)(Adams, J.); Marok, 2010 WL 2294056, at —4-5 (N.D. Ohio June 3, 2010)(Pearson,
Social Security Ruling (SSR) 96-7p, Evaluation of Symptoms in Disability Claims:
Assessing the Credibility of an Individual’s Statements, 61 Fed. Reg. 34483 (July 2, 1996).
Id. at 34484.
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The regulations also make the same point.
We must always attempt to obtain objective medical evidence and, when it is
obtained, we will consider it in reaching a conclusion as to whether you are
disabled. However, we will not reject your statements about the intensity and
persistence of your pain or other symptoms or about the effect your symptoms
have on your ability to work ... solely because the available objective medical
evidence does not substantiate your statements.39
Under the analytical scheme created by the Social Security regulations for determining
disability, objective medical evidence constitutes the best evidence for gauging a claimant’s
residual functional capacity and the work-related limitations dictated thereby.40
As a practical matter, in the assessment of credibility, the weight of the objective
medical evidence remains an important consideration. The regulation expressly provides that
“other evidence” of symptoms causing work-related limitations can be considered if
“consistent with the objective medical evidence.”41 Where the objective medical evidence
does not support a finding of disability, at least an informal presumption of “no disability”
arises that must be overcome by such other evidence as the claimant might offer to support
The regulations set forth factors that the ALJ should consider in assessing credibility.
These include the claimant’s daily activities; the location, duration, frequency, and intensity
of the pain; precipitating and aggravating factors; the type, dosage, effectiveness, and side
20 C.F.R. § 416.929(c)(2).
Swain, 297 F. Supp. 2d at 988-89.
20 C.F.R. § 404.1529(c)(3).
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effects of medication; and treatment or measures, other than medication, taken to relieve
The specific factors identified by the regulation as relevant to evaluating subjective
complaints of pain are intended to uncover a degree of severity of the underlying impairment
not susceptible to proof by objective medical evidence. When a claimant presents credible
evidence of these factors, such proof may justify the imposition of work-related limitations
beyond those dictated by the objective medical evidence.
The discretion afforded by the courts to the ALJ’s evaluation of such evidence is
extremely broad. The ALJ’s findings as to credibility are entitled to deference because he has
the opportunity to observe the claimant and assess his subjective complaints.43 A court may
not disturb the ALJ’s credibility determination absent compelling reason.44
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1529(c)(3)(i)-(vii).
Buxton, 246 F.3d at 773.
Smith v. Halter, 307 F.3d 377, 379 (6th Cir. 2001).
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Fibromyalgia is an “elusive” and “mysterious” disease.45 It has no known cause and
no known cure.46 Its symptoms include severe musculoskeletal pain,47 stiffness,48 fatigue,49
and multiple acute tender spots at various fixed locations on the body.50
The presence of these tender spots is the primary diagnostic indicator of the disease.51
There is no laboratory test for the disease’s presence or severity.52 Physical examinations
usually yield normal findings in terms of full range of motion, no joint swelling, normal
muscle strength, and normal neurological reactions.53
The law of the Sixth Circuit on the analysis of fibromyalgia in disability cases is
extensively set out in Rogers v. Commissioner of Social Security.54 This case follows closely
Sarchet v. Chater, 78 F.3d 305, 306 (7th Cir. 1996).
Preston v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 854 F.2d 815, 817 (6th Cir. 1988).
Id.; Sarchet, 78 F.3d at 306.
Preston, 854 F.2d at 817; Sarchet, 78 F.3d at 306.
Sarchet, 78 F.3d at 306.
Preston, 854 F.2d at 818.
Rogers, 486 F.3d at 243-46.
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on the analytical framework that I laid out in Swain v. Commissioner of Social Security.55 In
both Rogers and Swain, the ALJs rejected the opinions of treating rheumatologists who had
established the severity of fibromyalgia by tender point analyses and who had offered
specific opinions regarding the limitations caused by that severity. In both cases, the ALJs
rejected the opinions of the treating rheumatologists because those opinions did not have the
support of objective medical evidence. As observed in Rogers and Swain, because of the
nature of fibromyalgia, its diagnosis and the determination of the limitations caused thereby
cannot be determined from objective medical evidence.56 If a treating rheumatologists has
conducted proper analysis, his opinion should ordinarily be afforded controlling or great
In Dalzell v. Commissioner of Social Security,58 I made clear that the proof needed to
pass a certain threshold before the opinion of a treating physician would be entitled to
controlling or substantial weight. The gold standard for this threshold is the specialty of the
treating physician (preferably a rheumatologists) and findings from tender point analysis.59
Swain v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 297 F. Supp. 2d 986, 990-94 (N.D. Ohio 2003).
Rogers, 486 F.3d at 243-44; Swain, 297 F. Supp. 2d at 990.
Rogers, 486 F.3d at 244-45; Swain, 297 F. Supp. 2d at 993.
Dalzell v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., Case No. 1:06 CV 557, ECF # 25 at 4-5, 7 (N.D.
Ohio Jan. 8, 2007).
Ormiston v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., No. 4:11 CV 2116, 2012 WL 7634624, at *5
(N.D. Ohio Dec. 13, 2012) (unreported).
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The threshold referred to above is not a bright line. These cases must be viewed on
a continuum. On one end of the continuum are those cases involving primary care physicians,
not rheumatologists, who diagnose fibromyalgia and do no tender point analysis. On the
other end of the continuum are those cases such as Rogers and Swain where a treating
rheumatologists performs proper tender point analysis and gives an opinion imposing specific
limitations caused by the fibromyalgia.
That said, the case authority is clear that even with a “gold standard” diagnosis of
fibromyalgia (i.e., a claimant whose sensitivity of at least 11 of 18 trigger points on the body
was determined by a physician who also noted other “hallmark symptoms” and
systematically eliminated other diagnoses)60 will not automatically entitle a claimant to
disability benefits.61 Rather, a determination of disability will be the result of finding
limitations imposed by the fibromyalgia.62
In that regard, the finding of any limitations imposed by pain from fibromyalgia will
usually involve a treating physician’s opinion on that issue as well as testimony from the
claimant. But, as Swain points out, because a physician’s opinion on this matter will usually
See, Rogers, 486 F.3d at 244 (citing Preston v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs.,
854 F.2d 815, 820 (6th Cir. 1988)). The Commissioner correctly points out that Ormiston’s
treating physician, Dr. Dib, is not a rheumatologist and did not document the number and
location of the positive trigger points found. Dr. Dib’s analysis, therefore, falls significantly
short of the gold standard referred to in Rogers.
Vance, 260 F. App’x at 806.
Swain, 297 F. Supp. 2d at 990. “[U]timately, the ALJ must decide, given the factors
set forth in the regulations, if the claimant’s pain is so severe as to impose limitations
rendering her disabled.”
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depend in large part on an his assessment of his patient’s subjective complaints, it is the
ALJ’s assessment of the claimant’s credibility that is of “paramount importance” in a
fibromyalgia case.63 That said, insofar as a treating physician’s opinion as to functional
limitations is not grounded on the claimant’s own subjective complaints, it is, as detailed
above, entitled to weight to the extent that it is supported by that physician’s treating notes
and not otherwise contradicted by other substantial evidence of record.64
It is well-settled that pain alone, if caused by a medical impairment, may be enough
to be disabling.65 When such an allegation is made, the ALJ then usually follows a two-step
analysis that asks: (1) whether there is an underlying medical impairment, and (2) whether
there is objective evidence to confirm the pain or whether the underlying condition is such
that it can reasonably be expected to produce the alleged disabling pain.66 Because disabling
pain from fibromyalgia will not often be confirmable by objective medical tests, but such
pain is possible from that condition, the ultimate issue often becomes whether the claimant’s
own complaints in that regard are credible.
Wines, 268 F. Supp. 2d at 958.
Dalzell, Case No.1:06-CV-557, at 4-5.
Kirk v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 667 F.2d 524, 538 (6th Cir. 1981).
See, Felisky v. Bowen, 35 F.3d 1027, 1038-39 (6th Cir. 1994).
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Application of standards
This case again presents the issue of how a diagnosis of fibromyalgia was dealt with
by an ALJ. Resolution of this question substantially affects the other asserted claims,
particularly the issues of Sheffield’s credibility and the ALJ’s determination of the RFC.
I note first that the ALJ did reference Sheffield’s “allegation” of fibromyalgia, and
also did correctly observe that because fibromyalgia itself does not have a specific listing,
it must be analyzed according to its symptoms.67
But, the analysis here starts not with a mere allegation but with the fact that
Sheffield’s fibromyalgia was a confirmed diagnosis in August 2013 by Dr. Kevin Hackshaw,
M.D., a rheumatologists and associate professor of internal medicine at The Ohio State
University College of Medicine and Public Health.68 That diagnosis was made after Dr.
Hackshaw conducted a tender point analysis examination where he found that control tender
points were negative but that “[p]ainful tender points were elicited in more than 11 of 18 sites
with moderate hyperalgesia.”69 Dr. Hackshaw also noted that “[n]eurologic examination
revealed an antalgic gait.”70 Additionally, as part of his clinical notes, Dr. Hackshaw
observed that Sheffield’s description of diffuse pain was “most consistent” with
fibromyalgia, and that Sheffield meets the “hypersensitivity criteria in terms of painful tender
Tr. at 18.
Id. at 892.
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points to classify as [fibromyalgia] however there are some mental health issues that play a
part in her picture.”71
In March 2014 Sheffield returned to Dr. Hackshaw complaining that her pain was
worse and that she had been having difficulty walking.72 Dr. Hackshaw again found painful
tender points at 11 of 18 sites, as well as an antalgic gait, and prescribed a rolling walker.73
The ALJ, without explicitly discussing the diagnosis of fibromyalgia by a
rheumatologists using the tender point test, and confirming notes from a second visit to that
same specialist, sought to minimize Dr. Hackshaw’s findings by stating that there was no
evidence of gait impairment in the records of Daniel Simino, a nurse practitioner, and in an
emergency room visit in February 2014 for back and shoulder pain.74 The ALJ further stated
that he could find “little objective [evidence] that Ms. Sheffield’s impairments warrant the
use of an assistive device.”75
I note first that although Dr. Hackshaw treated Sheffield at least twice over a
relatively brief period, there is no discussion of whether he is a treating source in this case,
with his opinion on functional limitations such as mobility therefore entitled to enhanced
Id. at 913.
Id. at 24. This restriction to only the records of the immediately prior sources
excludes the fact that in June 2013 Dr. Samir Iskander, M.D., a pain management specialist,
found that Sheffield’s gait was slow but functional. See, id. at 23.
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weight. Further, the ALJ’s comment about a supposed lack of evidence for an assistive
device does not analyze the fact, noted earlier, that in June 2013 Dr. Iskander essentially
confirmed Dr. Hackshaw’s observation about Sheffield’s gait by stating that Sheffield’s gait
was slow but functional. Moreover, in April 2013 a consultative examination by Lynn
Torello, M.D., also found that although Sheffield had full motor strength and full range of
motion, she nevertheless “exhibited pain behaviors and walked with an antalgic gait.”76
Thus, far from being alone in noticing Sheffield’s gait or her description of diffuse pain that
was “most consistent” with fibromyalgia, Dr. Hackshaw’s clinical findings were confirmed
by two other examining M.D.’s earlier in 2013. Moreover, an experience of pain while
ambulating is not inconsistent with either normal strength or normal range of motion, but
would certainly provide a reason for prescribing an assistive device.77
Here, as in many fibromyalgia cases, the claimant’s credibility as to pain becomes an
issue. Unlike many cases, here there are the objective tender point tests which support
Sheffield’s complaints, as well as Dr. Hackshaw’s clinical notes which find that Sheffield’s
complaints are most consistent with fibromyalgia, and Dr. Hackshaw’s opinion that Sheffield
meets the hypersensitivity criteria for fibromyalgia. But, with all that of record, the ALJ
sought to minimize Dr. Hackshaw’s findings, as detailed above, and failed to analyze
Sheffield in fact stated that pain was less intense while using a walker. See, tr. at
913-15. The Commissioner appears to argue that pain while ambulating is not an objective
reason for prescribing a walker, but that the presence of a full range of motion was sufficient
reason to find no disabling impairment here. ECF # 19 at 15-16.
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Sheffield’s diagnosis of fibromyalgia as in the context of either the objective clinical findings
or the context of Sheffield’s credibility as to pain, as viewed and supported by Dr.
Failure to do so here means that the ALJ’s articulated reasons for minimizing Dr.
Hackshaw’s findings, for failing to find fibromyalgia to be a severe impairment,78 and for
discounting Sheffield’s credibility79 are not supported by substantial evidence.
Therefore, for the reasons stated above, I recommend finding that the decision of the
Commissioner here is not supported by substantial evidence as detailed above and so should
be reversed and the matter remanded for further proceedings consistent with this Report and
Dated: December 28, 2016
s/ William H. Baughman, Jr.
United States Magistrate Judge
Any objections to this Report and Recommendation must be filed with the Clerk of
Courts within fourteen (14) days of receipt of this notice. Failure to file objections within the
specified time waives the right to appeal the District Court’s order.80
Tr. at 17.
Id. at 21.
See, United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947 (6th Cir. 1981). See also, Thomas v.
Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985), reh’g denied, 474 U.S. 1111 (1986).
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