Farris v. Commissioner of Social Security
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 23 of Magistrate Judge Bernard Jones the court reverses the decision of the Commissioner and remands the case for further administrative proceedings consistent with the attached Report and Recommendation. Signed by Honorable Joe Heaton on 05/25/2017. (Attachments: # 1 Attachment Report and Recommendation)(lam)
Case 5:16-cv-00359-HE Document 23 Filed 04/27/17 Page 1 of 14
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF OKLAHOMA
MARK ANTHONY FARRIS,
NANCY A. BERRYHILL,1
Acting Commissioner of
Social Security Administration,
Case No. CIV-16-359-HE
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Plaintiff, Mark Anthony Farris, seeks judicial review of the Social Security
Administration’s denial of disability insurance benefits (DIB) and supplemental security income
(SSI). This matter has been referred by Chief United States District Judge Joe Heaton for proposed
findings and recommendations. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and (C). Because the ALJ failed to
address an inconsistency between the vocational expert’s testimony and the Dictionary of
Occupational Titles (DOT), it is recommended that the Commissioner’s decision be reversed and
the case remanded for further administrative proceedings consistent with this Report and
On January 30, 2012, Plaintiff protectively filed an application for DIB and SSI. See
Administrative Record (AR) [Doc. No. 13], 10. The Social Security Administration (SSA) denied
the applications initially and on reconsideration. AR 82-83, 85-86. Following a hearing, an
Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) issued an unfavorable decision dated August 26, 2014. AR 7-
Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 25(d), Nancy A. Berryhill, Acting Commissioner of Social Security
Administration, is hereby substituted as the proper Defendant in this action.
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25. The Appeals Council denied Plaintiff’s request for review. AR 1-3. Thus, the decision of the
ALJ became the final decision of the Commissioner. Plaintiff seeks judicial review of this final
The ALJ’s Decision
The ALJ followed the sequential evaluation process required by agency regulations. See
Fischer-Ross v. Barnhart, 431 F.3d 729, 731 (10th Cir. 2005) (explaining five-step sequential
evaluation process); see also 20 C.F.R. § 404.1520. The ALJ first determined Plaintiff had not
engaged in substantial gainful activity since November 15, 2011, his alleged onset date. AR 12.
At step two, the ALJ determined Plaintiff suffers from the severe impairments of
degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine (with associated radicular arm, hand, leg pain, and
shoulder pain), chronic neck pain, depression, anxiety, and residual effects of gastric bypass
surgery. AR 12.2 At step three, the ALJ found Plaintiff’s impairments do not meet or medically
equal any of the impairments listed at 20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1. AR 13-14.
The ALJ next determined Plaintiff’s residual functional capacity (RFC), concluding:
[Plaintiff] has the residual functional capacity to perform a range of
light and sedentary exertional work. More specifically, he can
lift/carry up to 20 pounds. He can stand for 6 hours, walk for 6 hours
and sit for 6 hours in an 8-hour workday. He is slightly limited in
his ability to squat. He has a slightly [sic] limitation in his ability to
finger, feel, and grip and in the ability to operate foot controls
(between frequent and constant). He can occasionally climb, bend,
stoop, kneel, crouch, crawl, reach over head, and twist/nod his head.
He must avoid rough/uneven surfaces, unprotected heights, and
dangerous machinery. He must have easy access to a restroom. His
work must [be] simple and routine. He has a slight limitation in
contact with the general public. He must have the option to alternate
The ALJ also found Plaintiff had non-severe impairments of hypertension, history of deep vein
thrombosis, and history of substance abuse. AR 13.
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AR 14-18. The ALJ determined Plaintiff was unable to perform any past relevant work. AR 19.
Relying on the testimony of a vocational expert (VE), the ALJ found there were jobs that existed
in significant numbers in that national economy that Plaintiff could perform—Cashier II, Ticket
Seller, and Surveillance System Monitor. AR 19-20. The ALJ concluded, therefore, that Plaintiff
was not disabled for purposes of the Social Security Act. AR 20.
Issues Presented for Judicial Review
Plaintiff contends the ALJ made two errors: (1) he did not properly evaluate the opinion of
Plaintiff’s treating physician; and (2) he made a step-five finding based on testimony by the VE
that was in conflict with the DOT. Pl.’s Opening Br. (Pl.’s Br.) [Doc. No. 17]. There is no
reversible error with regard to the ALJ’s evaluation of the treating-physician opinion. The conflict
between the VE’s testimony and the DOT, however, requires remand.
Standard of Review
Judicial review of the Commissioner’s final decision is limited to determining whether the
factual findings are supported by substantial evidence in the record as a whole and whether the
correct legal standards were applied. See Poppa v. Astrue, 569 F.3d 1167, 1169 (10th Cir. 2009).
“Substantial evidence is such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to
support a conclusion.” Doyal v. Barnhart, 331 F.3d 758, 760 (10th Cir. 2003) (quotation omitted).
A decision is not based on substantial evidence if it is overwhelmed by other evidence in the record
or if there is a mere scintilla of evidence supporting it. Branum v. Barnhart, 385 F.3d 1268, 1270
(10th Cir. 2004). The court “meticulously examine[s] the record as a whole, including anything
that may undercut or detract from the ALJ’s findings in order to determine if the substantiality test
has been met.” Wall v. Astrue, 561 F.3d 1048, 1052 (10th Cir. 2009) (citations omitted). While
the court considers whether the ALJ followed the applicable rules of law in weighing particular
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types of evidence in disability cases, the court does not reweigh the evidence or substitute its own
judgment for that of the Commissioner. Bowman v. Astrue, 511 F.3d 1270, 1272 (10th Cir. 2008)
(quotations and citations omitted).
The ALJ’s Analysis of Plaintiff’s Treating Physician’s Opinion
Standards Governing Treating Physician Opinions
A sequential, two-step inquiry governs an ALJ’s evaluation of the medical opinions of a
claimant’s treating physician. This inquiry is mandatory, and each step is “analytically distinct.”
Krauser v. Astrue, 638 F.3d 1324, 1330 (10th Cir. 2011). First, the ALJ must decide whether the
opinion is entitled to “controlling weight.” If the opinion is “well-supported by medically
acceptable clinical or laboratory diagnostic techniques and is not inconsistent with other
substantial evidence in the record,” then the opinion must be given controlling weight. Id.
When a treating physician opinion is not entitled to controlling weight, the opinion is still
entitled to deference. Thus, at the second step of the inquiry, “the ALJ must make clear how much
weight the opinion is being given and give good reasons, tied to the factors specified in the cited
regulations for this particular purpose, for the weight assigned.” Id.3 As the Tenth Circuit has
made clear: “[i]f this is not done, a remand is required.” Id. The relevant factors governing the
second step of the inquiry include: “(1) the length of the treatment relationship and the frequency
of examination; (2) the nature and extent of the treatment relationship, including the treatment
provided and the kind of examination or testing performed; (3) the degree to which the physician’s
When a treating physician’s opinion is rejected, the ALJ must “articulate specific, legitimate
reasons for his decision.” Hamlin v. Barnhart, 365 F.3d 1208, 1215 (10th Cir. 2004). Although
the ALJ gave “limited weight” to the opinion of Dr. Kelly, it is clear the ALJ rejected the opinion
because he did not adopt any portion of it into the RFC. Compare AR 15 with AR 631.
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opinion is supported by relevant evidence; (4) consistency between the opinion and the record as
a whole; (5) whether or not the physician is a specialist in the area upon which an opinion is
rendered; and (6) other factors brought to the ALJ’s attention which tend to support or contradict
the opinion.” Id. at 1331 (citation omitted).
Treating Physician’s Opinion
Dr. S. Blake Kelly began treating Plaintiff on April 27, 2009. AR 631. On April 16, 2013,
Dr. Kelly opined: “as a result of chronic pain, depression, and any side effects of medication,
[Plaintiff] would be unable to maintain a five-day week or eight-hour day in any work capacity.
He would require lengthier and more frequent breaks than are usually allowed in the work place
and could be expected to be absent from work at least 10 percent of the time.” AR 631.
The Analysis of Dr. Kelly’s Opinion
The ALJ provided the following reasons for assigning the opinion limited weight:4 (1) Dr.
Kelly’s opinion is without substantial support from the other evidence of record; (2) Dr. Kelly’s
reports fail to reveal the type of significant clinical and laboratory abnormalities one would expect
if the claimant were in fact disabled, and the doctor did not specifically address this weakness; (3)
Dr. Kelly did not have the benefit of reviewing the other medical reports contained in the record;
(4) Dr. Kelly’s opinion was conclusory, providing very little explanation of the evidence relied on
in forming the opinion; and (5) there was no evidence that Dr. Kelly was familiar with the
Agency’s rules and regulations regarding disability. AR 18. Plaintiff takes issue with each of
these reasons and contends the ALJ’s analysis constitutes reversible error. Pl.’s Br. 15.5
The ALJ did not explicitly decline to give the opinion controlling weight, but such omission does
not constitute reversible error. See Mays v. Colvin, 739 F.3d 569, 575 (10th Cir. 2014).
Page references to briefs are to the CM/ECF page number.
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Plaintiff addresses the first and second—the lack of substantial support from other evidence
and the lack of significant clinical and laboratory abnormalities in Dr. Kelly’s records—together.
Plaintiff first argues these findings were “rather vague given their lack of citation to any specific
evidence.” Pl.’s Br. 16. Earlier in the decision, however, the ALJ discussed why no further
limitations (than those already included in the RFC) were supported by the record:
[T]here is no substantial evidence that [Plaintiff] has required
frequent emergency room visits due to any back impairment.
Further, the consultative examination by Dr. [Serena] Anderson
only revealed a reduction in range of motion from the lumbar spine,
not any other extremity/joint. Recent records from Dr. [Brad]
Starkey revealed that [Plaintiff’s] back symptoms were
There is also no substantial evidence of neurological deficits that are
reflected by motor loss, reflex loss or sensory loss. Likewise,
[Plaintiff] does not have any of the stigmata frequently observed in
the patient who suffers constant, unremitting pain which is totally
unresponsive to therapeutic measures, such as drawn features,
muscle atrophy, expressions of suffering, or significant weight loss.
Also important to note, no assistive device for ambulating has been
prescribed, and [Plaintiff] does not regularly require the use of a
AR 17 (citation omitted).6 Thus, the ALJ cited specific evidence as to why additional limitations
were not supported by the record and why Plaintiff did not have abnormalities one would expect
if Plaintiff were disabled.
Plaintiff further contends the medical evidence contradicts the ALJ’s findings and cites
various medical records in an attempt to show that the ALJ selectively discussed the medical
evidence. Id. at 16-18. A review of the record, however, shows the ALJ addressed most of the
To the extent Dr. Kelly’s opinion took into account Plaintiff’s mental considerations, the ALJ
also provides reasons for rejecting any additional mental limitations in the RFC. AR 17. Plaintiff’s
argument in the briefing, however, addressed only physical limitations.
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evidence cited by Plaintiff.7 To the extent the ALJ omitted evidence, “there is obviously no
requirement that the ALJ reference everything in the administrative record.” Wilson v. Astrue, 602
F.3d 1136, 1148 (10th Cir. 2010). Further, Plaintiff does not explain why the unreferenced
evidence was significantly probative and the Court refuses to create an argument for Plaintiff
herein. See Mays v. Colvin, 739 F.3d 569, 576-77.
With regard to the third reason, it is proper to consider “the extent to which a medical
source is familiar with the other information in [the] case record” when determining the weight
given to a medical opinion. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527(c)(6), 416.927(c)(6). Plaintiff concedes “Dr.
Kelly did not have the benefit of reviewing other medical reports in the record.” Pl.’s Br. 15.
Therefore, the Court will not disturb the ALJ’s finding on this ground.
Plaintiff contests the fourth reason—Dr. Kelly’s opinion was conclusory. Generally, the
better explanation a medical source provides for its opinion, the more weight the ALJ should give
the opinion. See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527(c)(3), 416.927(c)(3). The Court finds the ALJ’s
determination is substantially supported—Dr. Kelly did not explain how the chronic pain and
depression caused Plaintiff to be unable to work a full work schedule, to be required to take
frequent breaks, and to be absent more than ten percent of the time.
Plaintiff also takes issue with the fifth reason for giving Dr. Kelly’s opinion limited
weight—that there was no evidence Dr. Kelly was familiar with the Agency’s rules and regulations
regarding disability. Pl.’s Br. 11-12. The Commissioner acknowledges that “this may not have
The ALJ specifically addressed the following evidence cited by Plaintiff as supporting his
position: the MRI and associated results (AR 15); Dr. Kelly’s diagnosis of chronic low back pain
and chronic pain syndrome (AR 16); lumbar radiculopathy (AR 16); positive straight leg raise
testing (AR 16); restricted lumbar range of motion (AR 16-17); a report of increased pain prior to
his alleged onset date (AR 16); the increase of pain medication both prior to and after his onset
date (AR 16); and Plaintiff’s reports of hand and foot numbness to Dr. Anderson (AR 16).
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been a particularly strong reason.” Br. in Supp. of Commr’s Dec. (Def.’s Br.) [Doc. No. 21], 18.
However, so long as the ALJ provides ample additional reasons for discounting the opinion, an
ALJ may give lesser weight to a medical opinion notwithstanding the use of a factor that does not
constitute a good reason. See Paulsen v. Colvin, 665 F. App’x 660, 665 (10th Cir. 2016)
Finally, Plaintiff also argues the ALJ failed to address Plaintiff’s treatment relationship
with Dr. Kelly. Pl.’s Br. 19. An ALJ, however, is not required “to apply expressly each of the six
relevant factors in deciding what weight to give a medical opinion.” Oldham v. Astrue, 509 F.3d
1254, 1258 (10th Cir. 2007). The ALJ must only provide good reasons in the decision for the
weight applied. See id.
In sum, the ALJ was entitled to give Dr. Kelly’s opinion less than controlling weight
because he found the opinion was inconsistent with other substantial evidence in the record and
not well supported. He then gave good reasons for rejecting Dr. Kelly’s opinion utilizing relevant
factors. There is no reversible error with regard to the ALJ’s treatment of Dr. Kelly’s opinion.
Conflict Between VE Testimony and DOT
At step five, the burden shifts to the Commissioner to show that the claimant retains a
sufficient RFC to perform work in the national economy, given the claimant’s age, education and
work experience. See Williams v. Bowen, 844 F.2d 748, 751. Plaintiff claims the Commissioner
failed to satisfy this burden because the ALJ failed to obtain an adequate explanation as to
inconsistencies between the VE’s testimony and the DOT. All three jobs identified by the VE as
jobs that could be performed by a hypothetical individual with Plaintiff’s RFC require a reasoning
level of three based on the DOT description of those jobs. See DOT § 211.462-010, 1991 WL
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671840 (Cashier II); DOT § 211.467-030, 1991 WL 671853 (Ticket Seller); and DOT § 379.367010, 1991 WL 673244 (Surveillance-System Monitor).
The DOT includes a General Education Development (GED) Scale composed of three
divisions: (1) reasoning development; (2) mathematical development; and (3) language
development. See DOT, Appendix C, Components of the Definition Trailer, 1991 WL 688702.
The GED “embraces those aspects of education (formal and informal) which are required of the
worker for satisfactory job performance.” Id. The reasoning development component includes
six levels. Level three, at issue here, requires the ability to “[a]pply commonsense understanding
to carry out instructions furnished in written, oral, or diagrammatic form” and “[d]eal with
problems involving several concrete variables in or from standardized situations.” Id.
In making the RFC determination, the ALJ found with respect to Plaintiff’s mental work
capacity that “[h]is work must be simple and routine.” AR 15. At the hearing, the ALJ asked the
VE to consider an individual with these limitations. AR 60.8 The VE testified that the three jobs
set forth above—Cashier II, Ticket Seller, and Surveillance System Monitor—are jobs available
in the national economy that an individual with these limitations could perform. AR 61. The ALJ
also asked the VE: “[a]nd your testimony today, has there been any deviation from the [DOT] that
you feel needs to be explained or requires further explanation?” AR 61-62. The ALJ responded
only that he “took the liberty” to classify Plaintiff’s prior experience as a store owner as a branch
manager rather than as a CEO. AR 62. The ALJ did not address any conflict between the DOT
and the requirement that Plaintiff only perform simple and routine work.
The ALJ specifically included the following in the hypothetical: “[y]ou will keep the work
simple, repetitive and routine.” AR 60.
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In Hackett v. Barnhart, 395 F.3d 1168, 1176 (10th Cir. 2005), the Tenth Circuit found that
an RFC limiting a claimant to “simple and routine work tasks” appeared inconsistent with jobs
requiring a reasoning level of three and remanded the case to allow the ALJ to address the apparent
conflict. Plaintiff contends Hackett requires a remand here.
In Hackett, the ALJ stated in his decision that the VE admitted during his testimony that
his opinions about the jobs the claimant could perform did not “directly correspond” with
information in the DOT. Id. at 1175. But the ALJ concluded that the VE adequately explained
any inconsistency based on his own education, experience and observations about the jobs as
actually performed in the economy. Id. Contrary to the ALJ’s conclusion, the Tenth Circuit found
“no indication in the record that the VE expressly acknowledged a conflict with the DOT or that
he offered any explanation for the conflict.” Id.
The court addressed the two jobs identified by the VE – surveillance system monitor and
call-out operator – jobs requiring a reasoning level of three. The court stated that Plaintiff’s RFC,
limiting him to “simple and routine work tasks” seemed “inconsistent with the demands of levelthree reasoning” and that level-two reasoning “appears more consistent with [the claimant’s]
RFC.” Id. at 1176. The court reversed the ALJ’s decision and remanded “to allow the ALJ to
address the apparent conflict between [the claimant’s] inability to perform more than simple and
repetitive tasks and the level-three reasoning required by the jobs identified as appropriate for her
by the VE.” Id.
The Commissioner attempts to distinguish Hackett. The ALJ in this case addressed
Plaintiff’s education level as a vocational factor and specifically asked the VE regarding an
individual with a high school education (which Plaintiff has attained).
AR 19, 59.
Commissioner argues that individuals with a high school education can ordinarily perform semi-
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skilled through skilled work and the VE has testified that Plaintiff had performed a number of
semiskilled jobs in the past.
Def.’s Br. 23 (citing 20 C.F.R. § 404.1564; AR 56).9
Commissioner relies on more recent unpublished decisions of the Tenth Circuit “recogniz[ing] that
GED levels describe general educational background, not specific mental or skill requirements.”
See Def.’s Br. 23 (citing Anderson v. Colvin, 514 F. App’x 756 (10th Cir. 2013); Mounts v. Astrue,
479 F. App’x 860 (10th Cir. 2012)). For these reasons, the Commissioner argues the VE was
reasonable in not testifying regarding any conflict and the ALJ was reasonable in not addressing
such conflict in the decision.
Plaintiff, however, argues that the VE’s testimony is insufficient because the ALJ failed to
obtain a “reasonable explanation” about the conflict. See Pl.’s Br. 21-22. In support, Plaintiff
cites recent district court cases distinguishing Anderson and Mounts from Hackett. Pl.’s Reply
[Doc. No. 22], 7 (citing Clark v. Colvin, 2016 WL 1171153, at *5-6 (W.D. Okla. 2016), adopted
by 2016 WL 1178807 (W.D. Okla. 2016); Ward v. Colvin, 2015 WL 9438272, at *2-4 (W.D. Okla.
2015), adopted by 2015 WL 9451073 (W.D. Okla. 2015)). In Anderson, the court found that any
error resulting from a conflict between the VE’s testimony and the DOT was harmless due to the
fact the VE also identified jobs which required reasoning levels lower than level three. See
Anderson, 514 F. App’x at 764. In Mounts the ALJ not only limited the claimant’s RFC to work
that did not involve complex tasks but also included a specific restriction limiting her to GED
reasoning levels one through three. See Mounts, 479 F. App’x at 868.
Plaintiff also argues that the court in Hackett did not discuss the claimant’s education level. Pl.’s
Br. 22. While the court did not address Plaintiff’s education level in the discussion regarding the
GED, the fact that claimant was a college graduate is referenced in the introductory paragraph.
Hackett, 395 F.3d at 1170. Furthermore, the briefing presented by the Commissioner to the court
in Hackett indicates that the hypothetical to the VE included reference to the claimant’s education
level. Appellee’s Answer Brief, Hackett v. Barnhart, 395 F.3d 1168 (10th Cir. 2005), 2004 WL
3551752, at *39.
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Thus, as set forth, in each of the cases cited by the Commissioner, any error in failing to
assess inconsistencies between the claimant’s RFC and the GED reasoning levels was harmless
because either additional findings were made showing other jobs with lower reasoning levels could
be performed or the ALJ expressly included the GED reasoning levels in the RFC. Neither of
those circumstances are presented here.
Additionally, Tenth Circuit precedent is clear that “before an ALJ may rely on expert
vocational evidence as substantial evidence to support a determination of nondisability, the ALJ
must ask the expert how his or her testimony as to the exertional requirement of identified jobs
corresponds with the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, and elicit a reasonable explanation for
any discrepancy on this point.” Haddock v. Apfel, 196 F.3d 1084, 1087 (10th Cir. 1999) (emphasis
added); see also SSR 00-4p, 2000 WL 1898704; Hackett, 395 F.3d at 1175 (noting that SSR 004p “essentially codifies Haddock” and “requires a reasonable explanation for conflicts between a
VE’s testimony and the DOT relating to any ‘occupational information’”) (citation omitted).
Here, the VE testified that the only deviation between his testimony and the DOT was
regarding the classification of Plaintiff’s prior work as a business owner. AR 61-62. He did not
address any conflict regarding GED reasoning level. In other words, the ALJ did not provide any
reasonable explanation for the conflict between the DOT and the VE’s testimony regarding the
reasoning levels of the jobs Plaintiff could perform.10 And the ALJ bears the burden of proof at
Under SSR 00-4p, “When vocational evidence provided by a VE or VS is not consistent with
information in the DOT, the [ALJ] must resolve this conflict before relying on the VE or VS
evidence to support a determination or decision that the individual is or is not disabled. The [ALJ]
will explain in the determination or decision how he or she resolved the conflict. The [ALJ] must
explain the resolution of the conflict irrespective of how the conflict was identified.” See id., 2000
WL 1898704 at *4.
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Although the ALJ stated in his decision that “[p]ursuant to SSR 00-4p . . . the vocational
expert’s testimony is consistent with the information in the [DOT],” see AR 20, an inconsistency
in fact exists. Under these circumstances, the ALJ’s step five determination is not supported by
substantial evidence. See, e.g., Finney v. Colvin, No. 14-18-SPS, 2015 WL 1399896 at *3 (E.D.
Okla. March 26, 2015) (despite testimony of VE that no conflicts existed between his testimony
and the DOT with respect to frequent reaching requirement, ALJ was required to identify and elicit
reasonable explanation for conflicts not noted by the VE where conflict in fact existed); Cordova
v. Astrue, No. 10-cv-01294-PAB, 2011 WL 3236077 at **3-4 (D. Colo. July 28, 2011) (VE
testified that no inconsistency existed between DOT and his opinion, but VE’s testimony did not
indicate he was addressing the reasoning levels of the jobs and ALJ failed to identify “what has
been consistently identified as a conflict between level three reasoning and a limitation to simple
and routine tasks”); see also Haddock, 196 F.3d at 1091 (“We do not mean by our holding that the
[DOT] ‘trumps’ a VE’s testimony when there is a conflict about the nature of a job. We hold
merely that the ALJ must investigate and elicit a reasonable explanation for any conflict between
the [DOT] and expert testimony before the ALJ may rely on the expert’s testimony as substantial
evidence to support a determination of nondisability.”). Furthermore, the fact the ALJ stated in
the decision that he considered Plaintiff’s education does not remedy his failure to address the
inconsistency. See Brown-Mueller v. Colvin, No. 13-CV-00537-PAB, 2016 WL 860468, at *2 (D.
Colo. Mar. 7, 2016) (“The ALJ's mere mention of plaintiff's education level, without more, does
not cure her failure to discuss the apparent inconsistency between her finding that plaintiff is
limited to “simple, 3-to 4-step instructions” and work requiring “little or no judgment” and “few
variables” and her conclusion that plaintiff is capable of performing work that requires level three
reasoning.”). Accordingly, a remand is required.
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For the foregoing reasons, it is recommended that the Commissioner’s decision be reversed
and the case be remanded for further administrative proceedings consistent with the
recommendation set forth herein.
NOTICE OF RIGHT TO OBJECT
The parties are advised of their right to object to this Report and Recommendation. See 28
U.S.C. § 636. Any objection must be filed with the Clerk of the District Court by May 11, 2017.
See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2). Failure to make timely objection to this Report
and Recommendation waives the right to appellate review of the factual and legal issues addressed
herein. Moore v. United States, 950 F.2d 656 (10th Cir. 1991).
STATUS OF REFERRAL
This Report and Recommendation terminates the referral by the Chief District Judge in this
ENTERED this 27th day of April, 2017.
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