SCO Grp v. Novell Inc

Filing 359

REDACTION to 350 Sealed Document,, Novell's Evidentiary Objections to SCO's Exhibits Submitted in Support of Its Summary Judgment Oppositions Filed May 18, 2007 by Defendant Novell, Inc.. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A - Part 1# 2 Exhibit A - Part 2# 3 Exhibit A - Part 3# 4 Exhibit A - Part 4# 5 Exhibit B)(Sneddon, Heather)

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SCO Grp v. Novell Inc Doc. 359 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 1 of 58 MORRISON & FOERSTER LLP Michael A. Jacobs (pro hac vice) Kenneth W. Brakebill (pro hac vice) 425 Market Street San Francisco, CA 94105-2482 Telephone: (415) 268-7000 Facsimile: (415) 268-7522 ANDERSON & KARRENBERG Thomas R. Karrenberg, #3726 John P. Mullen, #4097 Heather M. Sneddon, #9520 700 Chase Tower 50 West Broadway Salt Lake City, UT 84101 Telephone: (801) 534-1700 Facsimile: (801) 364-7697 Attorneys for Novell, Inc. IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF UTAH, CENTRAL DIVISION THE SCO GROUP, INe., a Delaware corporation, Plaintiff and Counterc1aimDefendant, vs. NOVELL, INC., a Delaware corporation, Defendant and Counterc1aimPlaintiff. NOVELL'S EVIDENTIARY OBJECTIONS TO SCO'S EXHIBITS SUBMITTED IN SUPPORT OF ITS SUMMARY JUDGMENT OPPOSITIONS FILED MAY 18, 2007 [REDACTED pursuant to the August 2, 2006 Stipulated Protective Order] Case No. 2:04CV00139 Judge Dale A. Kimball Dockets.Justia.com Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 2 of 58 INTRODUCTION Defendant and Counterclaim-Plaintiff Novell, Inc. ("Novell") hereby objects to and requests the Court to strike and disregard for all purposes the following evidence presented by Plaintiff and Counterclaim-Defendant The SCO Group, Inc. ("SCO") in its May 18, 2007 Opposition Briefs.l Novell's objections are based on ten grounds: relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence), lack of personal knowledge, hearsay, the best evidence rule, improper expert opinion, improper use of SeD v. IBM deposition testimony, improper authentication, untimeliness, improper use of settlement evidence, and improper use of withheld discovery: A. Relevance (Including Inadmissible Parol Evidence). Under the Federal Rules, evidence is relevant only if it has a "tendency to make the existence of any fact that is of consequence to the determination of the action more probable or less probable than it would be without the evidence." Fed. R. Evid. 401. The parol evidence rule is a substantive rule oflaw that functions to exclude evidence as legally irrelevant if it contradicts the terms of an integrated 1 These include (1) SCO's Memorandum in Opposition to Novell's Motion for Summary Judgment on SCO's First and Third Claims for Relief, PACER No. 306 (SCO's "Slander of Title Opp'n" to Novell's "Slander of Title Motion"); (2) SCO's Memorandum in Opposition to Novell's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on SCO's Non-Compete Claim in its Second and Fifth Claims for Relief, PACER No. 301 (SCO's "Non-Compete Opp'n" to Novell's "NonCompete Motion"); (3) SCO's Memorandum in Opposition to Novell's Motion for Summary Judgment on SCO's First Claim for Slander of Title Based on Failure to Establish Special Damages, PACER No. 304 (SCO's "Damages Opp'n" to Novell's "Damages Motion"); and (4) SCO's Memorandum in Opposition to Novell's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on the Copyright Ownership Portions of SCO' s Second and Fifth Claims for Relief, PACER No. 299 (SCO's "Unfair Competition Opp'n" to Novell's "Unfair Competition Motion"). Novell refers to these memoranda collectively as SCO's "May 18, 2007 Opposition Briefs" to Novell's "April 20, 2007 Motions." 1 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 3 of 58 agreement. EPA Real Estate P'ship v. Kang, 12 Cal. App. 4th 171, 176-177 (1992) ("extrinsic evidence is admissible only to supplement or explain the terms of the [integrated] agreementand even then, only where such evidence is consistent with the terms of the integrated document.") (emphasis added). Under the governing California contract law, all extrinsic evidence introduced by SCO to contradict the plain language of the AP A and its Amendments is legally irrelevant to the determination of this action. Id ("according to this substantive rule of law, when the parties intend a written agreement to be the final and complete expression of their understanding, that writing becomes the final contract between the parties, which may not be contradicted by even the most persuasive evidence of collateral agreements. Such evidence is legally irrelevant"). This includes "testimony of intention." (1987). Gerdlund v. Elec. Dispensers Int 'I, 190 Cal. App. 3d 263,267,273,278 Novell objects to each of SCO' s proffered exhibits on the grounds that it is inadmissible extrinsic evidence contrary to the express terms of an integrated contract. Dare v. Arnold Worldwide, Inc., 39 Cal. 4th 384, 392 (2006) (affirming summary judgment on wrongful termination claim because letter agreement that employment was "at will" and could be terminated "at any time" could not reasonably be interpreted as allowing termination for cause only, and hence contrary extrinsic evidence did not create a triable issue of fact); EPA Real Estate P'ship, 12 Cal. App. 4th at 176-77? Because California contract law renders the Novell explained this objection in more detail its summary judgment memoranda and incorporates those arguments by reference. See Memorandum in Support of Novell's Opposition to SCO's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on SCO's First, Second, and Fifth Causes of Action and for Summary Judgment on Novell's First Counterclaim (Copyright Ownership) ("Novell's Response to SCO's MSJ"), PACER No. 292 at 36-38; see also Novell's Opposition to 2 (Footnote continues on next page.) 2 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 4 of 58 proffered extrinsic evidence of "no consequence" to the determination of the action, such evidence in particular should be excluded under Federal Rules of Evidence 401 and 402. In addition, SCO has submitted at least five exhibits that it fails to cite anywhere in its 5/18/07 Opposition Briefs. SCO has established no probative value for those exhibits.3 See Adler v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 144 F.3d 664,671-72 (10th Cir. 1998) (refusing to review the entire evidentiary record on appeal, consisting of over 800 pages of text, but just those pages specifically cited by the party to the district court). Thus, all evidence proffered by SCO which it does not cite in its statement of facts or briefs should be excluded as irrelevant. B. Lack of Personal Knowledge. Admissible evidence must be based on a witness's personal knowledge rather than mere speculation. Fed. R. Evid. 602; Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 56(e) ("supporting and opposing affidavits shall be made on personal knowledge, shall set forth such facts as would be admissible in evidence, and shall show affirmatively that the affiant is competent to testify to the matters stated therein"); Argo v. Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Kan., Inc., 452 F.3d 1193, 1200 (10th Cir. 2006) (upholding trial court's refusal to consider portions of a declaration lacking personal knowledge, stating "[u]nder the personal knowledge standard, an affidavit is inadmissible if the witness could not have actually perceived or observed that which he testifies to. . . . Accordingly, at the summary judgment stage, 'statements of mere belief in an affidavit must be disregarded") (citing United States v. Sinclair, 109 F.3d 1527, 1536 (10th (Footnote continued from previous page.) SCO's 1/17/07 Cross Motion, PACER No. 242; Novell's Memorandum and Reply in Support of its Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on its Fourth Claim for Relief, PACER Nos. 175,237. 3 Even if SCO could establish a probative value, the attempt to smuggle uncited exhibits into the record on summary judgment serve only to waste time, prejudice Novell, confuse the issues, and cause undue delay, making it inadmissible under Federal Rule of Evidence 403. 3 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 5 of 58 Cir. 1997), Tavery v. United States, 32 F.3d 1423, 1427 n.4 (10th Cir. 1994) (internal quotations omitted)); Noblett v. Gen. Elec. Credit Corp., 400 F.2d 442,445 (10th Cir. 1968) (pursuant to Rule 56(e), affidavits must be made on the personal knowledge of the affiant and must show that the affiant possesses the knowledge asserted). The same personal knowledge requirement applies to deposition testimony and other forms of evidence approved for use on summary judgment by Rule 56(c). Greyhound Fin. Corp. v. Willyard, No. 87-C-0911B, 1989 WL 201094, at *48 (D. Utah Dec. 26, 1989) (Exhibit A hereto). District courts should disregard a declaration that is contrary to a deposition statement "when they conclude that [the declaration] constitutes an attempt to create a sham fact issue." Franks v. Nimmo, 796 F.2d 1230, 1237 (10th Cir. 1986). In addition, a lay witness may only testify as to matters which he or she is competent to testify. Fed. R. Evid. 701. Thus, a lay witness may not testify as to matters which call for a legal conclusion, such as the interpretation and effect of a contract or an amendment thereto. See, e.g., Evangelista v. Inland Boatmen's Union of Pac., 777 F.2d 1390, 1398 n.3 (9th Cir. 1985) (in action by union member against union alleging breach of duty of fair representation, opinion of union chairman as to correct construction of collective bargaining agreement's grievance procedure was inadmissible because it was legal conclusion). C. Hearsay. Evidence may not be considered if it contains or is based on hearsay. Fed. R. Evid. 802; Gross v. BurggrafConstr. Co., 53 F.3d 1531, 1541 (10th Cir. 1995) ("It is well settled in this circuit that we can consider only admissible evidence in reviewing an order granting summary judgment. Hearsay testimony cannot be considered because '[a] third party's description of [a witness's] supposed testimony is not suitable grist for the summary judgment mill") (citations omitted.) The hearsay objections made herein are based both on witnesses' 4 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 6 of 58 recitals of out-of-court statements, and witness testimony based on inadmissible hearsay (including testimony based on statements in out-of-court documents). See, e.g., United States v. Brown, 548 F.2d 1194, 1205 (5th Cir. 1977) (excluding as based on hearsay IRS agent's testimony that she had audited 160 tax returns prepared by defendant and that 90 or 95 percent of them contained overstated deductions, stating "a clearer case of hearsay testimony would be difficult to imagine"). D. Best Evidence Rule. "To prove the content of a writing ... the original writing ... is required, except as otherwise provided in these rules or by Act of Congress." Fed. R. Evid. 1002. R & R Assoc v. Visual Scene, Inc., 726 F.2d 36,38 (1st Cir. 1984) ("Rule 1002 applies not when a piece of evidence sought to be introduced has been somewhere recorded in writing but when it is that written record itself that the party seeks to prove"). Here, SCO has offered testimony that purports to recite the contents of the AP A, its Amendments, UNIX and SCOsource licensing agreements, and UNIX source code, but which does not accurately recite the contents of those documents. This testimony should be excluded because the agreements themselves are the best evidence of their contents. E. Improper Expert Opinion. Federal Rule of Evidence 702 restricts admissible expert testimony to knowledge that "will assist the trier of fact to understand the evidence or to determine a fact in issue." Moreover, an expert may only testify "if (1) the testimony is based upon sufficient facts or data, (2) the testimony is the product of reliable principles and methods, and (3) the witness has applied the principles and methods reliably to the facts of the case." In addition, Rule 56(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure requires that: [A]ffidavits supporting and opposing motions for summary judgment must do more than present something that will be admissible in evidence. They shall "set 5 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 7 of 58 forth facts" and by implication in the case of experts (who are not "fact witnesses") a process of reasoning beginning from a firm foundation. It will not do to say that it must all be left to the skill of experts. Expertise is a rational process and a rational process implies expressed reasons for judgment. An opinion has a significance proportioned to the sources that sustain it. An expert who supplies nothing but a bottom line supplies nothing of value to the judicial process. See Richardson v. Richardson-Merrell, Inc., 857 F.2d 823, 829-32 (D.C. Cir. 1988), holding that an expert's declaration, full of assertion but empty of facts and reasons, won't get a case past a motion for summary judgment, for the judge must "look behind [the expert's] ultimate conclusion ... and analyze the adequacy of its foundation." Mid-State Fertilizer Co. v. Exchange Nat'l Bank, 877 F.2d 1333, 1339 (7th Cir. 1989) (additional citations and quotations omitted). Here, the expert testimony offered by SCO's witnesses is not based on sufficient facts or data, employs the wrong method, and does not apply the method reliably to the facts of this case. In addition, the expert reports of Evan Ivie and Thomas Cargill are not even from the current litigation, but from SCD v. IBM, to which Novell is not a party. They are therefore improper in this case. F. Improper Use of seo v. IBM Deposition Testimony. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 32(a) provides "[a]t the trial or upon the hearing of a motion or an interlocutory proceeding, any part or all of a deposition, so far as admissible under the rules of evidence applied as though the witness were then present and testifying, may be used against any party who was present or represented at the taking of the deposition or who had reasonable notice thereof" (emphasis added.) This rule "impliedly prohibits the use of a deposition against any party who was not present or represented at the taking of such deposition or who had no reasonable notice thereof." Hewitt v. Hutter, 432 F. Supp. 795, 799 (W.D. Va. 1977). Here, SCO is attempting to use four SCD v. IBM deposition transcripts against Novell, who was not a party to that litigation, was not present for those depositions, and had no notice of them. 6 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 8 of 58 Accordingly, sca is prohibited from using that testimony against Novell now, and the entire transcripts must be stricken from the record. G. Improper Authentication. Federal Rule of Evidence 901 states that authentication must be "satisfied by evidence sufficient to support a finding that the matter in question is what its proponent claims." Unsigned letters and agreements fail to satisfy the authentication requirements of Rule 901, or the self-authenticating provisions of Rule 902. H. Untimeliness. Evidence submitted after a court-imposed filing deadline must not be considered absent a showing of good cause. See Lujan v. Nat' I Wildlife Fed 'n, 497 U. S. 871,895-97 (1990) (excluding untimely affidavits submitted in support ofa response to a summary judgment motion where cause for the late submission was not shown); Leviton Mfg. Co., Inc. v. Nicor, Inc., No. CIV 04-0424 JB/LFG, 2007 WL 1306759, at *8 (D.N.M. Apr. 20, 2007) (excluding supplemental expert declaration filed after court-imposed deadlines in motion for partial summary judgment where party did not seek or obtain leave of the court to do so) (Exhibit B hereto). I. Improper Use of Settlement Evidence. Federal Rule of Evidence 408 makes inadmissible any "evidence of conduct or statements made in compromise negotiations." Similarly, all evidence of"(l) furnishing or offering or promising to furnish, or (2) accepting or offering or promising to accept, a valuable consideration in compromising or attempting to compromise a claim which was disputed as to either validity or amount" is not admissible to prove liability for or invalidity of the claim. Here, sca improperly offers REDACTED 7 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 9 of 58 REDACTED See, e.g., Fiberglass Insulators, Inc. v. Dupuy, 856 F.2d 652,655 (4th Cir. 1988) (holding "it is the general practice of the federal courts to hold inadmissible' ... the attempted use of a completed compromise of a claim arising out of the same transaction between a third person and a party to the suit being litigated''') (citation omitted). Thus, any evidence of the REDACTED is inadmissible against Novell. J. Improper Use of Withheld Discovery. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37 bars the use of certain withheld evidence at trial or on summary judgment. Specifically, Rule 37(d) states that if a party fails "to serve answers or objections to interrogatories submitted under Rule 33 after proper service of the interrogatories ... the court ... may make such orders in regard to the failure as are just," including excluding that evidence at trial. Novell asked sca in its Interrogatories to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of their allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights, for example. (Second Supplemental Declaration of Kenneth Brakebill ("2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl."), filed 5/25/07, Ex. 10, Interrogatory No.9.) sca's response did not identify certain documents which it has included as Exhibits to the James Declaration here and relied upon as evidence of the parties' intention in the AP A. Accordingly, under Rule 37, sca should not be permitted to rely upon those documents now. Bowers v. NCAA, 475 F.3d 524,540-41 (3d Cir. 2007) (upholding trial court's preclusion of relevant evidence at summary judgment, where that evidence was not disclosed in a party's response to a "state all facts" interrogatory). In addition, under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 3 O(b)( 6), sca had a duty to designate persons to testify on its behalf "as to matters known or reasonably available to the 8 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 10 of 58 organization." For example, SCO designated Erik Hughes as its witness on the topic of damages, including potential lost SCOsource customers, who testified at page 30 of Exhibit 65: Q: Does SCO know of any other companies that it contends declined a SCOsource license and cited Novell as a reason? Ms. BACH BORUCHOW: Objection. THE WITNESS: I don't know of any other companies that SCO is aware of that they haven't made available. Nowhere in that deposition does the witness identify Dell as a potential SCOsource customer, much less one that declined a license because ofN ovell. Yet a subsequent ( and recent) declaration of SCO' s CEO, Darl McBride, is replete with statements regarding SCO' s knowledge of Dell's SCOsource intentions. This improperly withheld information should therefore be excluded as well. OBJECTIONS Novell objects to each of the following exhibits to the James Decl., for the reasons stated in Novell's Objections to SCO's Summary Judgment Exhibits, PACER No. 298, incorporated herein by reference: 11/9/06 Declaration ofR. Duff Thompson (James Ex. 10) 2/13/07 Deposition Transcript ofR. Duff Thompson (James Ex. 11) 11/9/06 Declaration of Doug Michels (James Ex. 17) 3/28/07 Deposition Transcript of Doug Michels (James Ex. 18) 10/1/04 Declaration of Ed Chatlos (James Ex. 12) 3/22/07 Deposition Transcript of Ed Chatlos (James Ex. 13) 11/23/04 Declaration of Jim Wilt (James Ex. 19) 1/26/07 Deposition Transcript of James Wilt (James Ex. 20) 12/11/06 Declaration of Kim Madsen (James Ex. 21) 2/13/07 Deposition Transcript of Kim Madsen (James Ex. 22) 2/23/07 Deposition Transcript of Alok Mohan (James Ex. 6) 12/11/06 Declaration of William Broderick (James Ex. 15) 11/7/06 Declaration of William Broderick (James Ex. 33) 9 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 11 of 58 11/9/06 Declaration of John Maciaszek (James Ex. 34) 11/10/06 Declaration of Darl McBride (James Ex. 37) 2/10/07 Deposition Transcript of Robert Frankenberg (James Ex. 7) 3/23/07 Deposition Transcript of Burt Levine (James Ex. 14) 11/10/06 Declaration of Jay Petersen (Copyright Notices) (James Ex. 26t 3/23/07 Deposition Transcript of Maureen O'Gara (James Ex. 66) In addition, Novell objects to each of the following newly-cited exhibits, to the extent they are offered or cited in support of 1. seo' s Opposition to Novell's 4/20/07 Motions: REDACTED , cited as Exhibit 30 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 30, cited in Slander of Title Opp' n, p. 24 ~ 46, p. 3 0 ~ 63.) This exhibit seeks to contradict the AP A's express terms, and is therefore legally irrelevant and inadmissible under the parol evidence rule and the Federal Rules of Evidence. b. Improper use of settlement evidence. (Ex. 30 at 1, 3, cited in Slander of Title Opp'n, p. 24 ~ 46, p. 30 ~ 63.) Exhibit 30 REDACTED 4 Novell further objects to this exhibit on the grounds that it is improperly withheld discovery. Specifically, Novell asked seo in an interrogatory to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of its allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights, including "the identification of all witnesses whom seo believes have knowledge of such facts and bases." (2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl., Ex. 10, Interrogatory No.9.) Novell also requested that seo "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of seo' s contention that 'the parties' dealings and course of conduct evidenced their understanding that the AP A had transferred the ... copyrights," including "the identification of all witnesses whom seo believes have knowledge of such facts and bases. (Id, Interrogatory NO.1 0.) seo did not identify this document, or Mr. Petersen as a witness, in response to either interrogatory, even though his declaration was executed on a date (November 10, 2006) prior to the date that seo served its interrogatory responses upon Novell (December 28,2006). Thus, seo should not be permitted to rely on Mr. Petersen or his declaration now. (Id, Response Nos. 9-10.) 10 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 12 of 58 REDACTED (Ex. 30 at 1, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 24 ~ 46.) REDACTED Thus, pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 408 and the parties' agreement, sea Exhibit 30 against Novell as an is barred from using REDACTED REDACTED c. Improper use of withheld discovery. (Ex. 30, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 24 ~ 46, p. 30 ~ 63.) Novell asked sea in an interrogatory to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of its allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights. (2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl., Ex. 10, Interrogatory No.9.) requested that sea Novell also "state all facts, evidence, and bases" that the parties' "course of conduct evidenced their understanding that the AP A had transferred the . . . copyrights." (Id, Interrogatory No. 10.) sea did not identify this document in should not be response to either interrogatory. (Id, Response Nos. 9-10.) sea permitted to rely upon this document now. 2. Santa Cruz Operation ED Microsoft Complaint, cited as Exhibit 32 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: 11 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 13 of 58 a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 32, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 25 ~ 49, p. 26 ~ 53, p. 30 ~ 63.) This exhibit seeks to contradict the AP A's express terms, and is therefore legally irrelevant and inadmissible under the parol evidence rule and the Federal Rules of Evidence. b. Hearsay. (Ex. 32, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 25 ~ 49, p. 26 ~ 53, p. 30 ~ 63.) This document is an out of court statement offered to prove that sea holder to UNIX. c. Best evidence rule. (Ex. 32, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 25 ~ 49, p. 26 ~ 53, p. 30 ~ 63.) This document purports to recite the contents of the relevant contracts, but the documents themselves are the best evidence of their contents. d. Improper authentication. ~ 53, p. 30 ~ 63.) sea (Ex. 32, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 25 ~ 49, p. 26 is the copyright has failed to establish any foundation for admitting this unsigned, unauthenticated document. e. Improper use of withheld discovery. (Ex. 32, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 25 ~ 49, p. 26 ~ 53, p. 30 ~ 63.) Novell asked sea in an interrogatory to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of its allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights. (2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl., Ex. 10, Interrogatory No.9.) Novell also requested that sea "state all facts, evidence, and bases" that the parties' "course of conduct evidenced their understanding that the AP A had transferred the ... copyrights." (Id, Interrogatory No. 10.) sea did not identify this document in should not be response to either interrogatory. (Id, Response Nos. 9-10.) sea permitted to rely upon this document now. 12 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 14 of 58 3. 2/8/07 Deposition Transcript of Joseph LaSala, cited as Exhibit 40 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 40 at 95, cited in Slander of Title Opp'n, p. 17 ~ 25, p. 31 ~ 68.) This exhibit seeks to contradict the AP A's express terms, and is therefore legally irrelevant and inadmissible under the parol evidence rule and the Federal Rules of Evidence. b. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 40 at 95, cited in Slander of Title Opp'n, p. 17 ~ 25, p. 31 ~ 68.) The cited testimony is inadmissible because Mr. LaSala has no foundation to opine on the meaning of the AP A or TLA. LaSala was not involved in any way with the negotiation or drafting of the AP A or the TLA. (5/18/07 James Decl. Ex. 40 at 8:5-7 (noting that LaSala first read the AP A in 2003).) 4. Unsigned December 2003 Letter to Linux Users, cited as Exhibit 47 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Hearsay. (Ex. 47 at 1-3, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 4 ~ 4.) The letter itself is an out-of-court statement offered for its truth, and contains hearsay statements from REDACTED , offered for their truth. Accordingly, it must be excluded as containing double hearsay. b. Best evidence rule. (Ex. 47 at 1-3, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 4 ~ 4.) The letter purports to recite the contents of relevant documents, but misstates those contents. This letter should be excluded because the documents themselves are the best evidence of their contents. 13 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 15 of 58 c. Improper authentication. (Ex. 47 at 3, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 4 ~ 4.) The letter is unsigned, and lacks the requisite foundation for authentication under the Federal Rules of Evidence. 5. Merrill Lynch Correspondence, submitted as Exhibit 48 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Hearsay. (Ex. 48, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 13 ~ 30.) The correspondence consists of out-of-court statements offered for their truth: REDACTED Accordingly, the letter and emails must be excluded. 6. 10/6/04 Deposition Transcript of Lawrence Gasparro, submitted as Exhibit 56 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 56 at 330, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 11 ~ 27.) Mr. Gasparro offers inadmissible speculation as to REDACTED REDACTED REDACTED REDACTED and REDACTED Mr. Gasparro's (id at 212-13,249-56), there is no foundation for him to make a sweeping, overbroad assertion as to REDACTED remember with which In his deposition, he could not REDACTED (Id.) His overbroad, unspecific, and vague testimony lacks personal knowledge, and must not be considered. b. Hearsay. (Ex. 56 at 330, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 11 ~ 27.) Mr. Gasparro's assertion about the alleged effect of Novell's statements on REDACTED 14 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 16 of 58 is based on inadmissible double hearsay. Mr. Gasparro purports to relay outof-court statements made by REDACTED which in turn REDACTED communicate out-of-court statements made REDACTED (Id at 329.) This is inadmissible double hearsay. c. Improper Use of seo v. IBM Deposition Testimony. (Ex. 56 at 330, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 11 ~ 27.) This testimony is from a deposition in SeD v. IBM, a lawsuit to which Novell is not a party. Because Novell had no notice ofMr. Gasparro's deposition, and no opportunity to object or cross-examine him, the transcript may not be used against Novell, and must be stricken. 7. 10/7/04 Deposition Transcript of Gregory Pettit, submitted as Exhibit 57 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 57 at 131-32, 167-68, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 13 ~ 30, p. 15 ~ 36.) Without any foundation, Mr. Pettit offers inadmissible speculation as to why potential SeOsource licensees Merrill Lynch and Raytheon did not sign licenses. (Id) There is no evidence cited by seo that Mr. Pettit communicated with Merrill Lynch or Raytheon directly about their reasons for not pursuing a SeOsource license. (Id) Instead Mr. Pettit broadly blames Novell for the problems of the SeOsource program, without indicating what the potential licensees said directly to him or how he otherwise purports to have gotten his information. (Id) Accordingly, his testimony lacks personal knowledge, and must not be considered. 15 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 17 of 58 b. Hearsay. (Ex. 57 at 131-32, 167-68, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 13 ~ 30, p. 15 ~ 36.) Mr. Pettit's assertions about the alleged effect of Novell's statements on potential SeOsource licensees are based on inadmissible hearsay to the extent they were communicated to him directly, and double hearsay to the extent communicated to him by other seo employees or any other persons. As just one example, in the case of Raytheon, it was Mr. Gasparro who communicated to Mr. Pettit that the Raytheon meeting was being put "on hold." (Id at 126.) This is inadmissible double hearsay. c. Improper Use of seo v. IBM Deposition Testimony. (Ex. 57 at 131-32, 167-68, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 13 ~ 30, p. 15 ~ 36.) This testimony is from a deposition in SeD v. IBM, a lawsuit to which Novell is not a party. Because Novell had no notice ofMr. Pettit's deposition, and no opportunity to object or crossexamine him, the transcript may not be used against Novell, and must be stricken. 8. 11/5/04 Deposition Transcript of Philip Langer, submitted as Exhibit 58 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 58 at 135-37, 140-41, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 6 ~ 12, p. 12 ~ 28, p.14 ~ 34.) Without any foundation, Mr. Langer offers inadmissible speculation as to the actions of "all" potential SeOsource licensees (id at 135) and about the seo "pipeline" being "killed." (Id at 137.) seo points to no foundational evidence that would enable Mr. Langer to make such broad, sweeping statements on the basis of personal knowledge. Accordingly, his testimony on this topic must not be considered. 16 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 18 of 58 b. Hearsay. (Ex. 58 at 135-37, 140-41, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 6 ~ 12, p. 12 ~ 28, p.14 ~ 34.) Mr. Langer's assertions about the alleged effect of Novell's statements on potential SeOsource licensees are based on inadmissible hearsay to the extent they were communicated to him directly, and double hearsay to the extent communicated to him by other seo employees or any other persons. (Id at 135-37 (relaying statements by "all" potential SeOsource licensees); 140-41 (relaying statements by Regal Entertainment Group).) c. Improper Use of seo v. IBM Deposition Testimony. (Ex. 58 at 135-37, 140-41, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 6 ~ 12, p. 12 ~ 28, p.14 ~ 34.) This testimony is from a deposition in SeD v. IBM, a lawsuit to which Novell is not a party. Because Novell had no notice ofMr. Langer's deposition, and no opportunity to object or crossexamine him, the transcript may not be used against Novell, and must be stricken. 9. 12/16/05 Deposition Transcript of Ryan Tibbitts, submitted as Exhibit 59 to the James Decl., and the 4/24/07 Deposition Transcript of Ryan Tibbitts, submitted as Exhibit 63 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 59 at 113, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 11 ~ 25; Ex. 63 at 20-21,26-28, 32-33, 37-40, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 14-16 ~~ 35, 37cites Mr. Tibbitts' speculative testimony as to 38.) Without any foundation, seo certain potential SeOsource licensees such as Google and an unnamed New Mexico utility company. Mr. Tibbitts concedes that potential licensees did not specifically cite Novell as the reason for refusing a license, but only that they raised the Novell copyright issue. (Ex. 63 at 26 (testifying as to a New Mexico utility company), 30 17 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 19 of 58 (unknown lawyer for unknown entity), 39-40 (Google).) Because Mr. Tibbitts lacks personal knowledge of why any REDACTED , his testimony REDACTED on this topic must be excluded. Mr. Tibbitts also asserts REDACTED (Ex. 59 at 113.) seo has adduced no evidence indicating that Mr. REDACTED that would allow Tibbitts had the personal knowledge of him to make such a sweeping assertion. Accordingly, his testimony must be stricken for lack of personal knowledge. b. Hearsay. (Ex. 59 at 113, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 11 ~ 25; Ex. 63 at 20-21,26- 28, 32-33, 37-40, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 14-16 ~~ 35, 37-38.) Mr. Tibbitts makes a number of inadmissible assertions of fact that purport to directly relay outof-court statements by potential SeOsource licensees. These include discussions regarding Google (Ex. 63 at 37-40), discussions regarding the Department of Defense (Ex. 63 at 20-21), discussions with an unknown lawyer for an unknown entity (id at 29-30), and discussions with a New Mexico power utility (id at 2628). c. Improper Use of seo v. IBM Deposition Testimony. (Ex. 59 at 113, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 11 ~ 25.) Exhibit 59 is testimony from a deposition in SeD v. IBM, a lawsuit to which Novell is not a party. Because Novell had no notice ofMr. Tibbitt's 12/16/05 deposition, and no opportunity to object or cross-examine him, the transcript may not be used against Novell, and must be stricken. 18 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 20 of 58 10. 3/14/07 Deposition Transcript of Chris Sontag, submitted as Exhibit 60 to the James Decl., the 4/30/07 30(b)( 6) Deposition Transcript of Chris Sontag, submitted as Exhibit 64 to the James Decl., and the 5/18/07 Declaration of Chris Sontag, submitted as Exhibit 80 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 64 at 126-29, cited in Slander of Title Opp'n, p. 58.) Mr. Sontag's testimony seeks to contradict the express terms of the AP A and relevant UNIX licenses, and is therefore legally irrelevant and inadmissible under the parol evidence rule and the Federal Rules of Evidence. b. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 60 at 114-15, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. lOII ~ 24; Ex. 64 at 73-74,90-93, 103, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 17-18 ~~ 42-43, p. 20-21 ~ 46; Ex. 64 at 126-29, cited in Slander of Title Opp'n, p. 58; Ex. 80 ~~ 4-6, 7-8, 10-11, 13, 15, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 6-7 ~ 12, p. 8 ~~ 18-19, p. 18-20 ~ 44.) Throughout his testimony, and without foundation, Mr. Sontag offers inadmissible speculation as to the responsibilities, actions, and intentions of his seo coworkers, UNIX licensees, Novell, Hewlett Packard, and other actual and potential SeOsource licensees (speculating without foundation at ~ 5 of Ex. 80, for example, as to REDACTED ,opmmg without foundation as to the reasons certain customers did not take SeOsource licenses at 73 - 74 and 103 of Ex. 64, and speculating at 114-15 of Ex. 60 REDACTED ). seo submits no foundational evidence that Mr. Sontag had any actual knowledge as to anyone's 19 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 21 of 58 actions or statements except his own. In addition, Mr. Sontag gives no foundational support for his speculation about seo's future business opportunities, thus offering improper testimony as a witness on the issue of special damages. He does so with no analysis based on reliable or accepted facts and methods, and with no foundation for speculating as to future losses in the Linux market. Accordingly, his testimony lacks personal knowledge, and must not be considered. c. Hearsay. (Ex. 60 at 117, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 10-11 ~ 24; Ex. 64 at 73-74, 90-93, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 17-18 ~ 42, p. 20-21 ~ 46; Ex. 64 at 126-29, cited in Slander of Title Opp'n, p. 58; Ex. 80, ~~ 6-15, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 6-7 ~ 12, p. 8 ~~ 18-19, p. 18-20 ~ 44.) Mr. Sontag makes a number of inadmissible assertions of fact that directly relay out-of-court statements, such as, for instance, the contents of discussions with REDACTED ,offered for their truth at ~~ 9-15 of Ex. 80, and "oral communications with those customers and amongst ourselves" at 103 of Ex. 64. These are inadmissible as either hearsay or double hearsay. At 73 of Ex. 64, he offers as his sole basis for his speculation as to SeOsource licensees' reasons for declining licenses "conversations with a number of companies in terms of follow-ups." At 122 of Ex. 60, Sontag admits that his knowledge stems from conversations with others at seo, REDACTED , rather than first-hand knowledge. He also cites as the basis for his knowledge (at Ex. 60 at 117) REDACTED REDACTED This is again either hearsay or double hearsay. 20 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 22 of 58 As stated in its opening memorandum on its motion for summary judgment on special damages, for purposes of that motion only, Novell does not object on hearsay grounds to a few specific statements by certain seo witnesses in deposition - including Mr. Sontag - about what third party potential licensees allegedly said. (See Opening Br. on Special Damages Motion at 23 n.5.) However, as set forth herein, Novell does object to certain additional evidence submitted by opposition papers, such as Mr. Sontag's account of REDACTED seo in its REDACTED (see, e.g., James Decl., Ex. 80 ~~ 6-15 (Sontag Decl.)). Novell also objects where, for example, Mr. Sontag is testifying about what other seo personnel told him. The statements made by REDACTED to Mr. Sontag are an additional layer of hearsay to REDACTED which Novell objects. Novell further objects to any additional out-of-court statements by Mr. Sontag, inadmissible hearsay. d. Best evidence rule. (Ex. 64 at 73-74,90-93, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 17-18 seo personnel, potential licensees, and others as ~ 42, p. 20-21 ~ 46; Ex. 64 at 126-29, cited in Slander of Title Opp'n, p. 58; Ex. 80, ~~ 4, 7, 11-12, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 6-7 ~ 12, p. 8 ~~ 18-19, p. 18-20 ~ 44.) Mr. Sontag purports to recite the contents of the relevant contracts and correspondence, but misstates those contents. This testimony should be excluded because the documents themselves are the best evidence of their contents. 21 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 23 of 58 11. 3/27/07 Deposition Transcript of Darl McBride, submitted as Exhibit 61 to the James Decl., and the 5/18/07 Declaration of Darl McBride, submitted as Exhibit 81 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 81, ~~ 4,7, 10-14, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 6-7 ~ 12, p. 14 ~ 19, p. 20 ~ 45, p. 23 ~ 51.) Mr. McBride's declaration seeks to contradict the AP A's express terms, and is therefore legally irrelevant and inadmissible under the parol evidence rule and the Federal Rules of Evidence. In addition, ~~ 10-14 of Mr. McBride's declaration is of no probative value because it evades the key question of the value of the intellectual property at issue in the case after a trial. Accordingly, his testimony should be excluded. b. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 61 at 219-20, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 9-10 ~ 23; Ex. 81, ~~ 3,5-6,8-14, cited in Damages Opp'n 6-7 ~ 12, p. 14, p. 20 ~ 45.) Throughout his testimony and declaration, and without foundation, Mr. McBride offers inadmissible speculation as to REDACTED For example, Mr. McBride speculates that it was Novell's statements that made potential licensees unable to "understand[]" seo's claims. (Ex. 61 at 219-20.) Yet seo ownership submits no foundational evidence showing that Mr. McBride has any personal knowledge of any specific customer's understandings or statements or future business needs. REDACTED (Ex. 81 ~~ 3,9.) In addition, Mr. McBride gives no 22 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 24 of 58 foundational support for his speculation about seo's future business opportunities, thus offering improper testimony as a witness on the issue of special damages. He does so with no analysis based on reliable or accepted facts and methods, and with no foundation for speculating as to future losses in the Linux market or seo's ability to execute further SeOsource business if it prevails on its argument that it owns the UNIX copyrights. Accordingly, his testimony lacks personal knowledge, and must not be considered. c. Hearsay. (Ex. 61 at 219-20, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 9-10 ~ 23; Ex. 81, ~~ 6-9, 11, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 6-7 ~ 12, p. 14, p. 20 ~ 45.) Mr. McBride makes a number of inadmissible assertions of fact that directly relay out-of-court statements ( REDACTED at ~ 9 of Ex. 81, and the content ofSeO's internal discussions regarding SeOsource at 219- 20 of Ex. 61). Although Novell does not - for the purposes of this briefing - object to the specific statements in pages 130-37 of Ex. 61 where Mr. McBride relays the statements allegedly made by potential licensees (Novell's Damages Motion, p. 23, n.5), all other out-of-court statements by McBride, seo objectionable and inadmissible. d. Best evidence rule. (Ex. 81, ~~ 4, 6-8, cited in Damages Opp' n, p. 6- 7 ~ 12, p. 14 ~ 19.) Mr. McBride purports to recite the contents of the relevant contracts and correspondence, but misstates those contents. This testimony should be excluded because the documents themselves are the best evidence of their contents. personnel, and others are 23 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 25 of 58 e. Improper Use of Withheld Discovery. (Ex. 81, ~ 9, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 20 ~ 45.) Mr. McBride's declaration shows that seo knew of the information it withheld during its 30(b )(6) deposition at the time of that deposition. Accordingly, Mr. McBride's improper testimony should be stricken. 12. 3/30/07 Deposition Transcript of Jeff Hunsaker, submitted as Exhibit 62 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 62 at 107, 162-63, 174,229-31, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 9-10 ~ 23, p. 11 ~ 26., p. 14-16 ~~ 35, 37,40, p. 18 ~ 44.) Without any foundation, Mr. Hunsaker offers inadmissible speculation as to the REDACTED REDACTED at 162-63 of Ex. 62 without any foundation that he has any knowledge as to what these unidentified parties said, REDACTED (at 230-31 of Ex. 62), REDACTED (at 229 of Ex. 62), even though there is no foundation establishing that *** (at 229 of Ex. 62) *** he was present for any communications with these potential licensees). Moreover, Mr. Hunsaker's speculation as to the REDACTED REDACTED (cited at Damages Opp' n, p. 9-1 0 ~ 23) was the subj ect of a proper and timely objection and motion to strike at the deposition. (Ex. 62. at 107.) In addition, Mr. Hunsaker gives no foundational support for his speculation about REDACTED , thus offering improper testimony as a witness on the issue of special damages. He does so with no analysis based on reliable or accepted facts and methods, and with no foundation for speculating as to *** 24 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 26 of 58 REDACTED Accordingly, his testimony lacks personal knowledge, and must not be considered. Finally, the contention that seo cites Mr. Hunsaker's deposition transcript to support REDACTED (Damages Opp'n, p. 16 ~ 40.) The REDACTED transcript contains no references to *** whatsoever. Accordingly, each of the proffered excerpts lacks personal knowledge and foundation, and must not be considered. b. Hearsay. (Ex. 62 at 107, 162-63, 174,229-33, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 9-10 ~ 23, p. 11 ~~ 26-27, p. 14-16 ~~ 35, 37, 40, p. 18 ~ 44.) Mr. Hunsaker makes a number of inadmissible assertions of fact that both purport to directly relay out-ofcourt statements, and that are based on such statements. (E.g., Ex. 62 at 162-63 ( 230-31 ( REDACTED REDACTED ), ).) Although Novell does not - for the purposes of this briefing - object to those specific statements in pages 150-51, 162-63,205-06,229-31, wherein Mr. Hunsaker relays and 236-37 of Ex. 62 REDACTED (Novell's Damages Motion, p. 23 n.5), all other out-of-court statements referenced by Mr. Hunsaker are objectionable and inadmissible, including the double hearsay at 229-33 of Ex. 62 regarding statements made to Hunsaker REDACTED and the testimony at 162-63 to the extent it is based upon double hearsay statements made to him by REDACTED 25 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 27 of 58 13. 5/2/07 30(b)( 6) Deposition Transcript of Erik Hughes, submitted as Exhibit 65 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 65 at 86-87, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 12 ~ 22, p. 19 ~ 43.) Though seo asserts his speculation as fact, Mr. Hughes's testimony is replete with inadmissible opinions regarding the statements of a document. Even Mr. Hughes concedes (at Ex. 65 at 86-87) "looking at this document - and [sic] it's difficult to tell exactly what it is because of the way its printed and numbered." When asked "have you seen this document before?" Hughes replied "I have not." When asked "Do you know what it is?" Hughes replied "I don't." not be considered. b. Best evidence rule. (Ex. 65 at 86-87, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 12 ~ 22, p. 19 ~ 43.) Mr. Hughes purports to recite the contents of relevant documents, but misstates those contents. This testimony should be excluded because the documents themselves are the best evidence of their contents. 14.1/24/07 Deposition Transcript of Blake Stowell, submitted as Exhibit 67 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 67.) Because Mr. Stowell's deposition is not cited in seo's 5/18/07 Opposition Briefs, it is not Accordingly, his testimony lacks personal knowledge, and must relevant, but instead is cumulative, confuses the issues, prejudices Novell, causes undue delay, and wastes time. 26 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 28 of 58 15. 5/17/07 Declaration of Ed Chatlos, submitted as Exhibit 68 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). Mr. Chatlos's testimony seeks to contradict the AP A and the TLA's express terms, and is therefore legally irrelevant and inadmissible under the parol evidence rule and the Federal Rules of Evidence. b. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 68 at ~~ 2-4, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 6-7, p. 9-10 ~ 21, p. 29, p. 41.) Throughout his testimony, and without foundation, Mr. Chatlos offers inadmissible speculation as to the responsibilities, actions, and intentions of Santa Cruz and Novell (speculating, for example, at ~ 4 that "if Novell had been permitted to sell or market" certain operating systems, "Novell's conduct would threaten to impact Santa Cruz's success in the UnixWare business"). As explained in Novell's Objections to SCO's Summary Judgment Exhibits, PACER No. 298, Mr. Chatlos was not Novell's chief negotiator of the relevant provisions of the AP A, and there is no foundation for him to opine on Novell's intent for all purposes, as he does at ~~ 3-4. In fact, Tor Braham was the "primary representative of Novell in negotiating the legal terms of the contract between Novell and Santa Cruz." (Declaration of Tor Braham ("Braham Decl."), filed 4/20/07, PACER No. 281, ~ 5.) Accordingly, Chatlos's testimony lacks personal knowledge, and must not be considered. c. Hearsay. (Ex. 68 at ~ 3, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 6-7.) Mr. Chatlos makes a number of inadmissible assertions of fact based solely on out-of-court 27 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 29 of 58 conversations and documents (stating, for example, "I do not recall anyone on either side of the contracts saying or suggesting that anyone possessed any contrary intent"). d. Best evidence rule. (Ex. 68 at ~~ 3-4, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 6-7, p. 9-10 ~ 21, p. 29, p. 41.) Mr. Chatlos purports to recite the contents of the relevant contracts, but misstates those contents. This testimony should be excluded because the agreements themselves are the best evidence of their contents. 16. 5/18/07 Declaration of Duff Thompson, submitted as Exhibit 69 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 69, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 7 ~ 17, p. 9-10 ~ 21, p. 29-30, p. 41.) Mr. Thompson's testimony seeks to contradict the AP A and the TLA's express terms, and is therefore legally irrelevant and inadmissible under the parol evidence rule and the Federal Rules of Evidence. b. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 69, ~~ 2-6, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 7 ~ 17, p. 9-10 ~ 21, p. 29-30, p. 41.) Throughout his testimony, and without foundation, Mr. Thompson offers inadmissible speculation as to the responsibilities, actions, and intentions of Santa Cruz, Novell, and the "worldwide" sales and marketing of companies in the industry (see, e.g., ~ 6). As explained in Novell's Objections to SCO's Summary Judgment Exhibits, PACER No. 298, and contrary to his implication at ~ 4, Mr. Thompson was not heavily involved in the TLA negotiations. Ty Mattingly testified that Thompson was "not really involved in the 28 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 30 of 58 details of the Novell, Santa Cruz transaction." Supplemental Declaration of Ken Brakebill ("Supp. Brakebill Decl."), filed 5/14/07, PACER 296, Ex. 33, Mattingly Dep. 70: 17- 71 : 1.) Thomp son was "checked out" during the drafting of the agreement and was "not in the office that often." (Id 71:2-72:19.) Accordingly, Thompson's testimony lacks personal knowledge, and must not be considered. c. Hearsay. (Ex. 69, ~~ 2-3, 5-6, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 7 ~ 17, p. 9-10 ~ 21, p. 29-30, p. 41.) Mr. Thompson makes a number of inadmissible assertions of fact based solely on out-of-court conversations and documents. For example, he frequently relays the contents of discussions regarding the TLA and AP A, not just with party-opponent Novell, but apparently internally at Santa Cruz as well (stating at ~ 5, "I do not recall anyone on either side of the contracts saying or suggesting .... "). d. Best evidence rule. (Ex. 69, ~~ 2-6, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 7 ~ 17, p. 9-10 ~ 21, p. 29-30, p. 41.) Mr. Thompson purports to recite the contents of the relevant contracts, but misstates those contents. This testimony should be excluded because the agreements themselves are the best evidence of their contents. 17. 5/17/07 Declaration of Gary Pisano, submitted as Exhibit 71 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Late Submitted Evidence. To the extent SCO seeks to submit to the Court any expert report by Dr. Pisano for consideration on these summary judgment motions, Novell objects that such submission would be untimely, unfair, and inappropriate. SCO should have included any evidence it wanted to have considered in the 29 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 31 of 58 summary judgment record with service of its May 18, 2007 Opposition Briefs, or sought relief under Rule 56(f) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. However, SCO included no expert reports with its opposition papers, and made no Rule 56(f) motion. As a result, any such expert report should be excluded and not considered by the Court. b. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 71, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 9 ~ 21, p. 17 ~ 42, p. 22-23 ~~ 49-51; Ex. 71, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 4 ~ 5.) Mr. Pisano's declaration is of no probative value because it evades the key question of REDACTED Accordingly, his testimony should be excluded. c. Hearsay. (Ex. 71, ~ 6-11, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 17 ~ 42, p. 22 ~ 49; Ex. 71, cited in Unfair Competition Opp'n, p. 4 ~ 5.) Mr. Pisano bases his testimony on REDACTED which appears to consist of out-of-court statements offered by SCO and Mr. Pisano for their truth. Because Mr. Pisano is not qualified as an expert in this matter, his testimony is inadmissible hearsay. d. Improper expert opinion. (Ex. 71, ~~ 6-11, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 17 ~ 42, p. 22 ~ 49.) Mr. Pisano is not qualified as an expert, and his proffered testimony lacks the requisite foundation for admissibility on summary judgment. bases his testimony solely on At ~ 6, Mr. Pisano REDACTED He offers broad speculation at ~ 11 regarding REDACTED 30 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 32 of 58 REDACTED In addition, Mr. Pisano fails to take the key step of REDACTED (~ 11.) His testimony therefore fails to satisfy Federal Rules of Evidence 701 or 702 or Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(e). Mid-State Fertilizer v. Exchange Nat'l Bank, 877 F.2d 1333, 1339 (7th Cir. 1989); Evers v. General Motors Corp., 770 F.2d 984,986 (lIth Cir. 1985); Zarecki v. National RR. Passenger Corp., 914 F. Supp. 1566, 1574-75 (N.D. Ill. 1996). 18. 5/17/07 Declaration of Paul T. Moxley, submitted as Exhibit 72 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Hearsay. (Ex. 72, ~ 3-8, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 23-24 ~ 52.) Mr. Moxley bases his testimony on selected excerpts from REDACTED These are REDACTED inadmissible out of court statements offered and relied on by SCO and Mr. Moxley for their truth. Because Mr. Moxley is not qualified as an expert in this matter, his testimony is inadmissible hearsay. b. Best evidence rule. (Ex. 72, ~~ 3-4,6, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 23-24 ~ 52.) Mr. Moxley purports to recite the contents of REDACTED 31 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 33 of 58 *** This testimony should be excluded because those documents themselves, and not Mr. Moxley's recitals, are the best evidence of their contents. c. Improper expert opinion. (Ex. 72, ~~ 3-8, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 23-24 ~ 52.) Mr. Moxley is not qualified as an expert in this case, and his proffered testimony lacks the requisite foundation for admissibility on summary judgment (at ~ 6, Mr. Moxley admits he is basing his testimony on REDACTED Accordingly, his testimony is improper legal opinion, and fails to satisfy Federal Rule of Evidence 701, 702, or Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(e). d. Late Submitted Evidence. To the extent SCO seeks to submit to the Court any expert report by Mr. Moxley for consideration on these summary judgment motions, Novell objects that such submission would be untimely, unfair, and inappropriate. SCO should have included any evidence it wanted to have considered in the summary judgment record with service of its May 18, 2007 Opposition Briefs, or sought relief under Rule 56(f) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. However, SCO included no expert reports with its opposition papers, and made no Rule 56(f) motion. As a result, any such expert report should be excluded and not considered by the Court. 32 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 34 of 58 19. Report of Evan Ivie, submitted as Exhibit 73 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 73.) Because Mr. Ivie's report is not cited in SCO's 5/18/07 Opposition Briefs, it is not relevant, but instead is cumulative, confuses the issues, prejudices Novell, causes undue delay, and wastes time. b. Improper expert opinion. (Ex. 73.) Mr. Ivie is not qualified as an expert in SeD v. Novell, and SCO lays no foundation as to his ability to testify as to the current case. 20. Report of Thomas Cargill, submitted as Exhibit 74 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 74.) Because Mr. Cargill's report is not cited in SCO's 5/18/07 Opposition Briefs, it is not relevant, but instead is cumulative, confuses the issues, prejudices Novell, causes undue delay, and wastes time. b. Improper expert opinion. (Ex. 74.) Mr. Cargill is not qualified as an expert in SeD v. Novell, and SCO lays no foundation as to his ability to testify as to the current case. 21. 1996 grounds: a. Relevance (including improper parol evidence). (Ex. 82, cited in Slander of Title Opp'n, p. 20 ~ 35.) The document is inadmissible under the parol evidence rule sca Annual Report, submitted as Exhibit 82 to the James Decl., on the following 33 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 35 of 58 because sea seeks to use it to contradict the plain language of the AP A, which excludes "all copyrights" from the transfer of assets. b. Improper use of withheld discovery. (Ex. 82, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 20 ~ 35.) Novell asked sea in an interrogatory to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of its allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights. (2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl., Ex.10, Interrogatory No.9.) requested that sea Novell also "state all facts, evidence, and bases" that the parties' "course of conduct evidenced their understanding that the AP A had transferred the . . . copyrights." (Id, Interrogatory No. 10.) sea did not identify this document in should not be response to either interrogatory. (Id, Response Nos. 9-10.) sea permitted to rely upon this document now. 22. FTC Form and Notification, submitted as Exhibit 84 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including improper parol evidence). (Ex. 84, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 19 ~ 31.) The document is inadmissible under the parol evidence rule because sea seeks to use it to contradict the plain language of the AP A, which excludes "all copyrights" from the transfer of assets. b. Improper use of withheld discovery. (Ex. 84, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 19 ~ 31.) Novell asked sea in an interrogatory to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of its allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights. (2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl., Ex. 10, Interrogatory No.9.) requested that sea Novell also "state all facts, evidence, and bases" that the parties' "course of 34 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 36 of 58 conduct evidenced their understanding that the AP A had transferred the . . . copyrights." (Id, Interrogatory No. 10.) sea did not identify this document in should not be response to either interrogatory. (Id, Response Nos. 9-10.) sea permitted to rely upon this document now. 23. 1987 MS Agreement Memorandum, submitted as Exhibit 83 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including improper parol evidence). (Ex. 83, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 26 ~ 53.) The document is inadmissible under the parol evidence rule because sea seeks to use it to contradict the plain language of the AP A, which excludes "all copyrights" from the transfer of assets. b. Improper use of withheld discovery. (Ex. 83, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 26 ~ 53.) Given the representations that sea has made in discovery. Novell asked sea in an interrogatory to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of its allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights. (2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl., Ex. 10, Interrogatory No.9.) Novell also requested that sea "state all facts, evidence, and bases" that the parties' "course of conduct evidenced their understanding that the AP A had transferred the ... copyrights." No. 10.) sea (Id, Interrogatory (Id, did not identify this document in response to either interrogatory. Response Nos. 9-10.) sea should not be permitted to rely upon this document now. 24. Notification and Report Form, submitted as Exhibit 84 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: 35 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 37 of 58 a. Relevance (including improper parol evidence). (Ex. 84, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 19 ~ 31.) The document is inadmissible under the parol evidence rule because sea seeks to use it to contradict the plain language of the AP A, which excludes "all copyrights" from the transfer of assets. b. Improper use of withheld discovery. (Ex. 84, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 19 ~ 31.) sea should not be permitted to rely on this document, given the in an interrogatory representations that it has made in discovery. Novell asked sea to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of their allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights. (2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl., Ex. 10, Interrogatory No.9.) No.9.) sea sea's response did not identify this document. (Id, Response should not be permitted to rely upon it now. 25. Project Sleigh Ride Presentation, submitted as Exhibit 85 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Relevance (including improper parol evidence). (Ex. 85, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 18 ~ 27-28.) The quoted language is inadmissible under the parol evidence rule because sea seeks to use it to contradict the plain language of the AP A, which excludes "all copyrights" from the transfer of assets. b. Lack of personal knowledge. (Ex. 85, cited in Slander of Title app'n, p. 18 ~ 2728.) The cited excerpt lacks foundation, since sea submits no evidence that Hambrecht & Quist had any personal knowledge of the negotiation of the contractual provisions of the AP A. 36 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 38 of 58 c. Improper use of withheld discovery. (Ex. 86, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 17 ~ 41, Damages Opp'n Addendum A, p. 12 ~ 29.) SCO should not be permitted to rely on this document, given the representations that it has made in discovery. Novell asked SCO in an interrogatory to "state all facts, evidence, and bases" in support of their allegation that the parties intended the AP A to transfer the copyrights. (2nd Supp. Brakebill Decl., Ex. 10, Interrogatory No.9.) document. (Id, Response No.9.) SCO's response did not identify this SCO should not be permitted to rely upon it now. 26. Just Sports Letter, submitted as Exhibit 86 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Hearsay. (Ex. 86, cited at Damages Opposition, p. 17 ~ 41, Damages Opp'n Addendum A, p. 12 ~ 29.) The letter from Just Sports is an out of court statement offered for its truth, and must be excluded. 27. 5/18/07 Declaration of Christine Botosan, submitted as Exhibit 87 to the James Decl., on the following grounds: a. Late Submitted Evidence. To the extent SCO seeks to submit to the Court any expert report by Ms. Botosan for consideration on these summary judgment motions, Novell objects that such submission would be untimely, unfair, and inappropriate. SCO should have included any evidence it wanted to have considered in the summary judgment record with service of its May 18, 2007 Opposition Briefs, or sought relief under Rule 56(f) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. However, SCO included no expert reports with its opposition papers, 37 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 39 of 58 and made no Rule 56(f) motion. As a result, any such expert report should be excluded and not considered by the Court. b. Relevance (including inadmissible parol evidence). (Ex. 87, ~~ 5-11, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 21-22 ~ 47-48.) Ms. Botosan's declaration is of no probative value because it evades the key question of REDACTED REDACTED Accordingly, her testimony should be excluded. c. Hearsay. (Ex. 87 at ~~ 5-11, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 21-22 ~ 48.) In offering her opinion, Ms. Botosan relies on out-of-court REDACTED Because Ms. Botosan is not qualified as an expert in this matter, her testimony is inadmissible hearsay. d. Improper expert opinion. (Ex. 87, ~~ 5-11, cited in Damages Opp'n, p. 21-22 ~ 48.) Ms. Botosan is not qualified as an expert, and her proffered testimony lacks the requisite foundation for admissibility on summary judgment. identifying them, she bases her opinion on a laundry list of Without REDACTED 38 Case 2:04-cv-00139-DAK-BCW Document 359 Filed 06/07/2007 Page 40 of 58 REDACTED her testimony fails to satisfy Federal Rules of Evidence 701 or 702, or Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(e). Mid-State Fertilizer v. Exchange Nat'l Bank, 877 F.2d 1333, 1339 (7th Cir. 1989

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