Brandon v. Wilson
ORDER ADOPTING 16 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION; granting Respondent's 11 Motion to Dismiss; and denying and dismissing with prejudice Petitioner's 1 28 U.S.C. §2241 petition. Judgment is to be entered in favor of the Respondent and this case stricken from the docket. Signed by Chief Judge Gina M. Groh on 2/22/2017. Copy sent certified mail, return receipt to pro se Petitioner. (tlg) (Additional attachment(s) added on 2/22/2017: # 1 Certified Mail Return Receipt) (tlg).
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF WEST VIRGINIA
CIVIL ACTION NO.: 3:16-CV-142
DAVID R. WILSON, Warden,
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
This matter is before the Court for consideration of a Report and Recommendation
(“R&R”) issued by United States Magistrate Judge James E. Seibert. Pursuant to this
Court’s Local Rules, this action was referred to Magistrate Judge Seibert for submission
of an R&R.
On January 30, 2017, Magistrate Judge Seibert issued his R&R,
recommending that this Court grant the Respondent’s motion to dismiss and deny and
dismiss with prejudice the Petitioner’s 28 U.S.C. § 2241 petition.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C), this Court is required to make a de novo
review of those portions of the magistrate judge’s findings to which objection is made.
However, this Court is not required to review, under a de novo or any other standard, the
factual or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge to which no objections are made.
Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150 (1985). Failure to file objections in a timely manner
constitutes a waiver of de novo review and a petitioner’s right to appeal this Court’s order.
28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Snyder v. Ridenour, 889 F.2d 1363, 1366 (4th Cir. 1989); United
States v. Schronce, 727 F.2d 91, 94 (4th Cir. 1984). In this case, pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1)(C) and Rule 72(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, objections to
Magistrate Judge Seibert’s R&R were due within fourteen days after being served with a
copy of the same. The Petitioner was served with the R&R on February 2, 2017, and
timely filed objections. Accordingly, this Court will review de novo those portions of the
R&R to which the Petitioner objects and the remainder of the R&R for clear error.
In the R&R, the magistrate judge found that because the Petitioner did not meet
any of the Jones requirements, he could not utilize § 2241—rather than § 2255—to
challenge his sentencing enhancement under the Armed Career Criminal Act (“ACCA”).
See In re Jones, 226 F.3d 328, 333-34 (4th Cir. 2000). In his objections, the Petitioner
argues that his claim should survive the Respondent’s motion to dismiss because he
demonstrated that his previous drug offenses are no longer considered “serious” for the
purpose of ACCA enhancement. However, this objection is immaterial. Regardless of
whether or not the Petitioner’s sentencing enhancement is valid, he has not demonstrated
that a motion under § 2255 is inadequate or ineffective to assert his claims. See Petty v.
O’Brien, Civil Action No. 1:11CV9, 2012 WL 509852, at *2 (N.D. W. Va. Feb. 15, 2012).
Accordingly, the Court OVERRULES the Petitioner’s first objection.
Additionally, the Petitioner objects to the R&R insofar as the magistrate judge
construed his petition to argue that Mathis v. United States, 136 S. Ct. 2243 (2016),
announced a new rule of substantive law. The Petitioner contends that Mathis did not
declare a new rule, but rather elucidated an old rule, making its holding retroactive.
However, the Supreme Court’s decision in Mathis is irrelevant to determine whether or
not the Petitioner may assert his claim under § 2241. His reliance on Mathis does not aid
him in fulfilling the Jones requirements, which is a necessary prerequisite to demonstrate
that relief under § 2241, through § 2255(e)’s savings clause, is appropriate. Therefore,
the Court OVERRULES the Petitioner’s second objection.
Upon review of the entire record, and finding no error, the Court ORDERS that
Magistrate Judge Seibert’s Report and Recommendation [ECF No. 16] should be, and is,
hereby ADOPTED for the reasons more fully stated therein. The Court GRANTS the
Respondent’s motion to dismiss [ECF No. 11] and DENIES and DISMISSES WITH
PREJUDICE the Petitioner’s 28 U.S.C. § 2241 petition [ECF No. 1].
Because the instant petition seeks relief pursuant to § 2241, the Court makes no
certificate of appealability determination in this matter.
The Court DIRECTS the Clerk to enter a separate judgment order in favor of the
Respondent, remove this case from the Court’s active docket and transmit a copy of this
Order to the pro se Petitioner.
DATED: February 22, 2017
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