Ellenburg v. United States of America
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER For the reasons set out within, Defendant's motion (document 35 filed in 1:14-cr-85-KOB-JHE) is to be treated as follows: 1. The Clerk is DIRECTED to convert Defendants third motion, (doc. 35), into a motion to vaca te, set aside, or correct sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255; 2. The Clerk is FURTHER DIRECTED to serve a copy of this Order on Defendant, along with a copy of the § 2255 motion form, marked "Amended Motion," and identified with Defe ndants name and case number; and 3. Defendant is ORDERED to file an amended motion on the § 2255 motion form within thirty days of the date the Clerk files his motion as a § 2255. Signed by Magistrate Judge John H England, III on 12/17/14. (Attachments: # 1 Motion to Vacate/2255)(SAC )
Case 1:14-cr-00085-KOB-JHE Document 37 Filed 12/17/14 Page 1 of 3
2014 Dec-17 AM 11:23
U.S. DISTRICT COURT
N.D. OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
ROY DANIEL ELLENBURG,
Case No.: 1:14-cr-00085-KOB-JHE-1
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This case is before the court on Defendant Roy Daniel Ellenburg’s motions for
certification and/or notification of constitutional challenge to statute pursuant to Rule 5.1, FED.
R. CIV. P., (doc. 33); for relief from judgment pursuant to Rule 60, FED. R. CIV. P., (doc. 34); and
requesting a special discovery hearing to determine if the level of court-appointed representation
was adequate, (doc. 35). For the reasons set out below, Defendant’s motions, (docs. 33 and
34); are due to be DENIED and Defendant’s motion, (doc. 35), is to be handled by the
Clerk as directed herein.
Defendant’s first motion seeks “to challenge an unconstitutional statute based on the
premise that the statute was enacted in contravention of basic federalist principles.” (Doc. 33 at
1). Specifically, he challenges 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b) on the ground its language is so broad as to
encompass more than the United State Constitution gives Congress the power to regulate. (Id. at
7-10). However, Defendant has not been indicted on, pled guilty to, or sentenced for violation of
18 U.S.C. § 2422(b) so, even if the Court were to find the statute unconstitutional, Defendant has
not alleged any injury from the statute from which the Court could provide him relief.
Therefore, Defendant lacks standing to challenge 18 U.S.C. § 2422(b) in this case. See Palm
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Beach Golf Ctr.-Boca, Inc. v. Sarris, 771 F.3d 1274, 1280 (11th Cir. 2014) (“In order to establish
Article III standing, an injury must be ‘concrete, particularized, and actual or imminent; fairly
traceable to the challenged action; and redressable by a favorable ruling.”). Cf. Bond v. United
States, -- U.S. ---, 131 S. Ct. 2355, 2367 (2011) (holding a defendant had standing to challenge a
statute on federalism grounds where a favorable ruling would require reversal of her conviction);
id. at 2368 (Ginsburg, J., concurring) (“The validity of Bond’s conviction depends upon whether
the Constitution permits Congress to enact § 229. Her claim that it does not must be considered
and decided on the merits.”). Defendant’s first motion is due to be DENIED.
Defendant’s second motion seeks relief from his conviction under Rule 60, FED. R. CIV.
P., based on allegations of a fraud upon the Court. (Doc. 34). Although Defendant contends
Rule 60, “in its language, does not preclude relief of void judgment in a criminal proceeding,”
(id. at 2), “Rule 1 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure unambiguously provides that ‘[t]hese
rules govern the procedure in the United States district courts in all suits of a civil nature’” and,
therefore, Rule 60 “simply does not provide for relief from judgment in a criminal case,” United
States v. Mosavi, 138 F.3d 1365, 1366 (11th Cir. 1998). These claims should be brought in a
criminal appeal or § 2255 motion seeking relief from his conviction and sentence. See id.; 28
U.S.C. § 2255. Defendant’s second motion is due to be DENIED.
Defendant’s third motion seeks a special discovery hearing to determine whether he had
adequate representation under 18 U.S.C. § 3006A and moves the Court to appoint “adequate
counsel for the purpose of executing his petition to the Supreme Court of the United States for
Writ of Habeas Corpus.” (Doc. 35). Section 3006A sets out the process by which the district
courts are to ensure representation to individuals who cannot afford it, but it does not provide a
process for reviewing that representation. See 18 U.S.C. § 3006A. Defendant appears to be
Case 1:14-cr-00085-KOB-JHE Document 37 Filed 12/17/14 Page 3 of 3
asserting claims for relief (such as ineffective assistance of counsel and the invalidity of his plea)
that are more properly brought in a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. (See doc. 35). Therefore,
the Court will construe Defendant’s third motion as a motion under § 2255.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED:
1. The Clerk is DIRECTED to convert Defendant’s third motion, (doc. 35), into a motion
to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255;
2. The Clerk is FURTHER DIRECTED to serve a copy of this Order on Defendant, along
with a copy of the § 2255 motion form, marked “Amended Motion,” and identified with
Defendant’s name and case number; and
3. Defendant is ORDERED to file an amended motion on the § 2255 motion form within
thirty days of the date the Clerk files his motion as a § 2255.
DONE and ORDERED on December 17, 2014.
JOHN H. ENGLAND, III
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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