Dowdy et al v. Caruso, et al
MEMORANDUM and ORDER Overruling Objections to Settlement 103 117 120 . Signed by District Judge Avern Cohn. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A) (CBet)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
ERIC DOWDY-EL, et al.,,
Case Number: 06-11765
HON. AVERN COHN
PATRICIA L. CARUSO, et al.,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER OVERRULING OBJECTIONS TO SETTLEMENT
Plaintiffs are Muslim inmates housed by the Michigan Department of Corrections
(“MDOC”). They brought suit challenging the defendant prison officials’ alleged failure
to accommodate their requests to observe three distinct Islamic religious practices:
(1) attending Jum’ah prayer services;
(2) receiving a halal diet; and
(3) participating in the Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha Feasts (the “Eid feasts”)
The Court entered a judgment in favor of plaintiffs as to the Eid feasts. (Doc. 85).
On September 17, 2013, the Court entered a Preliminary Order Approving Settlement
(Doc. 88). The order set forth the terms of the settlement which essentially said that the
MDOC will provide a halal diet. It also provided a procedure for the expungement of
prisoner misconduct due to attending prayer services. The halal diet that will be
provided is a vegan meal by an outside vendor and is intended to comply with all
religious dietary restrictions, including Kosher. The order set a time for objections,
responses to objections, and set a fairness hearing for November 18, 2013. By
separate order, the Court has entered an Order Approving Settlement and Dismissing
Case. Before the Court are approximately sixteen (16) separately filed objections to the
settlement, all by state prisoners. See Exhibit A attached. Both parties filed
supplemental briefs addressing the objections. (Docs. 116, 121). This order disposes
of the objections.
II. Legal Standard
The law favors the voluntary settlement of class action litigation. Steiner v.
Fruehauf Corp., 121 F.R.D. 304, 305 (E.D. Mich. 1988). Therefore, the Court must not
“decide the merits of the case or resolve unsettled legal questions," but, rather, must
"judge the fairness of a proposed compromise" by "weighing the plaintiffs likelihood of
success on the merits against the amount and form of the relief offered in the
settlement.” International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural
Implement Workers of America v. General Motors, 497 F.3d 615,631 (6th Cir. 2007)
(quoting Carson v. Am. Brands, Inc., 450 U.S. 79, 88 n. 14, (1981). “[B]efore approving
a settlement, a district court must conclude that it is ‘fair, reasonable, and adequate.’”
Id. at 631; see Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(e)(1)(C); Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(e)(1)(A). One of many
factors to consider is the reaction of absent class members. Id. “Objections based
purely upon individual claims of loss do not warrant disapproval of the proposed
settlement.” E.E.O.C. v. McDonnell Douglas Corp., 894 F. Supp. 1329, 1335 (E.D. Mo.
1995) (citing E.E.O.C. v. Pennsylvania, 772 F. Supp. 217, 220 (M.D. Pa. 1991)). “In
assessing the fairness of a settlement, the Court’s role is not to make a de novo
evaluation of whether the measures applied to all claimants provide each individual with
a satisfactory recovery. Rather, the criteria or methodology employed by the litigants is
sufficient if its terms, when applied to the entire group of individuals represented, appear
reasonable.” Id. With these principles in mind, the Court considers the objections.
III. The Objections
As described in the parties’ supplemental briefs, the objections fall into general
categories. Each category is addressed in turn below.
A. The Settlement Forced A Vegan Diet for All Religious Diets
To the extent prisoners, whether class members or not, object that the settlement
brought about the MDOC's adoption of a vegetarian meal program for all religious diets,
they are not well-taken. The MDOC has been considering such a program–a vegan diet
to satisfy religious dietary restrictions– long before any settlement was reached in this
Many class members object to having to eat a vegan meal as opposed to
religious meal with meat. These objections do not carry the day. As plaintiffs note, the
settlement specifically provides that "Defendants are not bound to serve any specific
religious meal/menu ...." The issue in this case was whether the MDOC was providing a
halal meal. The MDOC has not agreed to do so. How it provides such a halal meal
(i.e., whether it provides for halal meat or not) was not a part of the settlement. In other
words, while a prisoner has a right to a meal that meets religious restrictions, they do
not necessarily have a right to a meal which provides meat.
Moreover, the controlling policy directive provides for two safeguards: (1) all
religious diets must satisfy the nutritional needs of the inmates, and (2) any inmate who
believes the provided meal is not in accord with his or her religious dictates may petition
the MDOC for an alternative meal.
Accordingly, to the extent the objections claim that inmates must eat meat as part
of their religion, those inmates should petition the MDOC.
B. The Vegan Meal is Nutritionally Deficient and Other Health Concerns
Some class members say that the vegan meal does not meet nutritional
requirements. This objection is not well-founded. The MDOC is obligated to satisfy
regular inmate nutritional requirements, and the Court has continuing jurisdiction to
enforce the settlement. Thus, the settlement accommodates any concern regarding
whether the meal meets nutritional requirements. If a class member has health
concerns with eating a vegan diet, that is an issue beyond the settlement. The
settlement says only that a halal meal be provided. Moreover, as the MDOC notes, the
new policy already provides for an alternative meal if the religious (vegan) meal does
not meet an inmate’s requirements.
C. Cross Contamination Issues
Some class members suggest that there may be cross contamination issues
during the preparation and service of halal meals. This objection is not well-taken. The
MDOC has committed to avoiding cross-contamination in the judgment:
The parties and the Court understand the language contained in PD 05.03.150
pp ("The menu shall comply with Halal religious tenets .") to include not
only the food items but also the manner of preparation and service.
All parties, including the Court, realize that this is a major policy and practical
change for the MDOC across many facilities and institutions, requiring the training of
many food workers. The MDOC has recently contracted with Aramark to outsource its
food service needs. The MDOC has said that Aramark has its own halal certification
process and procedures. It is neither practical nor necessary to require certification. If
certification becomes an issues, the Court can deal with it as part of its continuing
jurisdiction to enforce the settlement.
D. Violations of Judgment as to Eid Feasts
At least two objections allege that the MDOC has violated the Court’s Judgment
by not providing for Eid feasts. See Doc. 110. The Court trusts that the MDOC will
investigate and address any shortcomings in its compliance given the Court's continuing
jurisdiction. In any event, these objections do not prevent settlement of the rest of the
case. If the inmates are unsatisfied by the MDOC’s response to their complaints
regarding the Eid feats,, they may file a motion to enforce the judgment.
E. Affect of Prior Agreements with MDOC
One class member says that the proposed order would cause him to lose the
benefit of a previously negotiated settlement with the MDOC. See Doc. 90. There is
nothing in the proposed order to suggest that it modifies or effects any independent and
separate settlement or order. If a particular class member has a problem with a prior
settlement in another case, they must pursue relief within the confines of that case, not
For the reasons stated above, the objections are OVERRULED.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: November 20, 2013
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to the attorneys of
record on this date, November 20, 2013, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.
s/Carol Bethel for Sakne Chami
Case Manager, (313) 234-5160
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