Interserve, Inc. et al v. Fusion Garage PTE. LTD

Filing 175

Declaration of Patrick C. Doolittle in Support of Memorandum in Opposition to Motion for Preliminary Injunction (Re-filed pursuant to order dated 9/10/2010) filed byFusion Garage PTE. LTD. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B, # 3 Exhibit C, # 4 Exhibit D, # 5 Exhibit E, # 6 Exhibit F, # 7 Exhibit G)(Doolittle, Patrick) (Filed on 9/16/2010)

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Interserve, Inc. et al v. Fusion Garage PTE. LTD Doc. 175 Att. 5 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page1 of 18 EXHIBIT E Dockets.Justia.com Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page2 of 18 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Andrew P. Bridges (SBN: 122761) Abridges@ winston.com David S. Bloch (SBN: 184530) DBloch@ winston.com Matthew A. Scherb (SBN: 237461) MScherb@winston.com WINSTON & STRAWN LLP 101 California Street San Francisco , CA 94111-5802 Telephone: (415) 591-1000 Facsimile : (415) 591-1400 Attorneys for Plaintiffs UNITED. STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA SAN JOSE DIVISION INTERSERVE, INC., dba TECHCRUNCH, ) a Delaware corporation, and CRUNCHPAD, ) INC., a Delaware corporation, ) Case No. CV-09-5812 JW (PVT) INTERSERVE DBA TECHCRUNCH'S SUPPLEMENTAL RESPONSE TO FUSION GARAGE PTE. LTD.'S INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE, TO TECHCRUNCH [Supplementing Responses to Interrogatory Nos. 8, 9, and 10] 13 14 15 Plaintiffs, vs. w 16 17 FUSION GARAGE PTE. LTD., a Singapore) company, ) Defendant. )F 18 19 .20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Interserve, Inc. dba TechCrunch ("TechCrunch") hereby responds to Fusion Garage Pte. Ltd.'s Interrogatories, Set One, to TechCrunch as follows: GENERAL OBJECTIONS TechCrunch makes the following general objections, whether or not separately set forth in response to each and every instruction, definition and interrogatory: I. TechCrunch objects to each interrogatory to the extent that it seeks information that is protected by the attorney-client privilege, the work product privilege and/or any other applicable privilege. Such information will not be disclosed. Any inadvertent disclosure of such information shall not be deemed a waiver of the attorney-client privilege, the attorney work product doctrine, or -1TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page3 of 18 I 2 3 4 any other applicable privilege or immunity recognized by statute or case law. 2. TechCrunch objects to each interrogatory to the extent that it seeks information protected by a constitutional right of privacy or applicable privacy law. 3. TechCrunch objects to each interrogatory to the extent that it seeks information not 5. reasonably related to the claims or defenses in this matter. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4 `- UF 14 - O 4. TechCrunch objects to each interrogatory, and the instructions contained therein, to the extent they purport to impose any requirement or discovery obligation on TechCrunch other than those set forth in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the applicable rules of this Court. 5. TechCrunch responds to the interrogatories with information of which it is now aware and reserves the right to modify or amend its responses if and when it becomes aware of information not reflected in its responses. RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO. 1 Describe with particularity each and every "business idea" that YOU contend DEFENDANT misappropriated. 15 RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.1 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not 19 20 21 relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine. Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch respond as follows: Fusion Garage has appropriated for its own benefit the joint collaborative effort between CrunchPad Inc. and Fusion Garage to develop the so-called "CrunchPad." The CrunchPad was conceived by CrunchPad Inc.'s principal, Mr. Arrington, no later than July 2008, before CrunchPad -2TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP.`RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page4 of 18 Inc. came into existence. On July 21, 2008, Mr. Arrington described his business idea as "a dead simple web tablet for $200." He elaborated: Here's The Plan 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 We'll organize a small team of people to spec this out. First is the marketing document that just outlines what the machine will do - we have a first draft of that already and will post it soon. Then we'll spec out the hardware and get people to help write the customized Linux and Firefox code. Once we've completed the design we'll start to work with the supply chain company to get an idea on the cost of the machine (the goal is $200), and hopefully build a few prototypes. Anyone who contributes significantly to the project would get one of those first prototypes. If everything works well,.we'd then open source the design and software and let anyone build one that wants to. The goal is to keep the machine very simple and very cheap. I think this will be a lot of fun, and it may just turn into an actual product that we can use to surf the web and talk to our friends. We'll be coordinating the project over at TechCrunchIT. Leave a comment there if you want to participate and we'll be in touch soon. By August 30, 2008, TechCrunch had constructed its first prototype web tablet. Fusion Garage played no role in the development of that prototype. TechCrunch posted pictures and a description on the TechCrunch blog, referring to it as Prototype A. As Michael Arrington noted in the blog posting: TechCrunch was "still far from having beta units but there is now a team working on the project, and an incredible group of people and companies have reached out to us to help. We've learned a lot about building a hardware device over the last few weeks, and it's clear that it is quite possible to build a high performance web tablet in the price range we anticipated." In September 2008 TechCrunch and CrunchPad recruited Louis Monier to lead the project to build the CrunchPad. Mr. Monier was the founder and former CTO of A1taVista and had held positions at eBay, Google, and other high-performance Web- or technology-focused companies. As Fusion Garage publicly acknowledged, it "worked closely with Louis Monier in getting the software in shape for the hardware prototype B. We continue to work with [CrunchPad and TechCrunch] in getting the software in shape to make crunchpad a easy to use device." All of the contributions of Mr. Monier and the other CrunchPad-affiliated individuals referenced in this Fusion Garage blog post constitute business ideas. Fusion Garage further conceded that "We continue to work with -3TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page5 of 18 Louis Monier on the feature set and the user experience. We are thrilled with this progress and 2 3 4 5 would like to take the opportunity to thank Michael and Louis for giving us the opportunity to work with them on the Techcrunch Tablet." Mr. Monier made presentations to Google and others concerning the project in an effort to encourage interest, raise investment capital, and assist in the development effort. At the time, Fusion Garage acknowledged that it had never built hardware, but 6. instead wanted to build software that Fusion Garagg would license to mobile device creators for a 7 8 9 10 0 a^ II fee. TechCrunch imparted its substantial knowledge of hardware design to Fusion Garage. All of these contributions to the feature set and user experience were business ideas that Fusion Garage has now sought to misappropriate for its private benefit. All of the contributions of Mr. Monier and the other CrunchPad-affiliated individuals referenced in Fusion Garage's January and February 2009 blog post were business ideas that have now been misappropriated by Fusion Garage and incorporated into Fusion Garage's ersatz "JooJoo" device. In approximately April 2009 Mr. Rathakrishnan traveled to Palo Alto and remained in the Bay Area through the summer. During this period Mr. Rathakrishnan was hosted by TechCrunch's Keith Teare and, through Mr. Teare, introduced to multiple potential investors in the CrunchPad project. Potential investors contacted by TechCrunch during this period included Intel, Dell, HP, NVidia, The New York Times, LG, Merus Capital, Atlas Ventures, Ron Conway, and First Round 18 19 20 21. 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Capital. During this same period, Mr. Rathakrishnan used TechCrunch's and CrunchPad's facilities and met with their in-house personnel to discuss the specific atom processor that would be used in the eventual CrunchPad device. Mr. Teare set up other funding and supplier meetings, including a meeting in Asia with LG that Mr. Rathakrishnan failed or refused to attend. Through Mr. Teare, Intel introduced Pegatron as the ODM for the CrunchPad project and made the initial introductions. In Fall 2009, Fusion Garage flew most of its personnel to California to integrate the teams and to work with TechCrunch personnel on the CrunchPad at the TechCrunch facility in Palo Alto, California for an extended period. Specifically, the TechCrunch and Fusion Garage employees worked together on almost every component of the project. Particular objects of attention included screen visibility issues, touch screen performance issues, user interface issues, issues relating to "gestures" used for commands, and keyboard page design issues. All of these contributions -4TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page6 of 18 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 w 16 17 18 19 constitute business ideas that Fusion Garage misappropriated for its private benefit.The overall conception, blueprint, guidance, and senior level support for the project emanated substantially from TechCrunch. Specifically, the CrunchPad's design and specifications, performance characteristics (including boot speed that Defendant prominently features in the advertising and promotion of its JooJoo product), software architecture, hardware platform design and component sourcing, hardware form factor and other designs, driver integration, application programming interface, user interface, and documentation all constitute business ideas conceived and developed by CrunchPad Inc. and misappropriated by Fusion Garage for its private benefit. Plaintiffs, not Fusion Garage, came up with the original concept of the CrunchPad as a "dead simple and dirt cheap touch screen web tablet to surf the web," which uses an iPhone-like touch screen keyboard to input data and which loads directly to the web browser and uses a browser, in effect, as an operating system. TechCrunch furnished to the joint project many of the CrunchPad/JooJoo's design characteristics. The entire concept of the product derived from Michael Arrington at Techcrunch, including the use of a large-screen touch-screen device; the function of booting extremely rapidly and straight to a browser, the lack of a desktop, no hard drive other than for the software footprint, and other aspects. Among the other detailed design ideas that TechCrunch contributed to this joint project that were evident in the limited public display to date of the JooJoo product are: (1) the use of a white instead of a black background to better display web pages; (2) the use of large icons on the home screen so that users can quickly navigate to their favorite web pages; (3) the use of video proxied directly to the device so that video can be played without the use of a flash player; (4) the application programming interface, or API, with the browser for custom applications; (5) the idea and know how for empowering the device to play video output to a resolution of 1080p, also known as full high definition. TechCrunch also believes, and therefore alleges, that Defendant's ersatz JooJoo product incorporates other, less visible, ideas that TechCrunch furnished to Defendant in the course of their joint project as set forth above. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -5TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page7 of 18 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.2 For each business idea that YOU identified in response to Interrogatory. No. 1, state all facts that support YOUR contention that such alleged "business idea" is protectable as intellectual property or otherwise. RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.2 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine, especially to the extent it calls for counsel's contentions and legal conclusions as to what business ideas are "protectable as intellectual property." A business idea need not be protectable as intellectual property to be protected against misappropriation. 15 w 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch incorporates by reference its response to Interrogatory No. 1. SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.3 IDENTIFY all DOCUMENTS that contain or memorialize every allegedly protectable business idea that YOU identified in response to Interrogatory No. 1. RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.3 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine, especially to the extent it calls for counsel's contentions and legal conclusions as to what documents "contain or memorialize every allegedly protectable business idea" identified in Response Interrogatory No. 1. -6TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page8 of 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.4 Describe with particularity every contribution that YOU allege YOU made to the alleged collaboration with DEFENDANT relating to the development of the CrunchPad web tablet or any of its prototypes. RESPONSE TO -SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.4 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine. Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch incorporates by reference its response to Interrogatory No. 1. SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.5 w 15 ,0 Describe with particularity the entire content of every alleged trade secret that YOU contend DEFENDANT misappropriated. RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.5 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine. Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch responds as follows: TechCrunch does not assert a cause of action for misappropriation of trade secrets in its Complaint. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 -7TECHCRUNCH ' S SUPP. RESP . TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page9 of 18 I 2 3 4 5 SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.6 IDENTIFY all DOCUMENTS that contain or memorialize every alleged trade secret that YOU identified in response to Interrogatory No. 5. RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.6 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not 7 8 9 10 relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous.. TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine. Without waiving and subject to.TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch responds as follows: Because there are no trade secrets identified in response to Interrogatory No. 5, this Interrogatory does not call for any finiher response. SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.7 Describe with particularity every alleged item of intellectual property, including, but not limited to trade secrets, copyrights, trademarks, patents, or any applications thereof, that YOU 17 .18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 contend DEFENDANT misappropriated. RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.7 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous as to the term "item of intellectual property." TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine. Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch responds as follows: TechCrunch does not assert causes of action for misappropriation of trade secrets, copyrights, trademarks, patents, or applications thereof in its Complaint. To the extent that -8TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page10 of 18 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Fusion Garage has or is continuing to inform the public that the JooJoo is a rebranded version of the CrunchPad, however, Fusion Garage's conduct may give rise to trademark infringement liability. SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.8 Describe with particularity all facts supporting YOUR contention that PLAINTIFF and DEFENDANT entered into a partnership or joint venture. RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.8 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects that this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine, in that it calls for counsel's contentions concerning the "partnership or joint venture" entered into between Fusion Garage, TechCrunch, and CrunchPad. SUPPLEMENTAL RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.8 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects that this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine, in that it calls for counsel's contentions concerning the "partnership or joint venture" entered into between Fusion Garage, TechCrunch, and CrunchPad. TechCrunch further objects that this is a premature contention interrogatory Fusion Garage propounded it as part of expedited discovery preceding the Rule 26(f) conference in this case. The parties have only just begun their document productions. TechCrunch reserve the right to supplement or modify this response as the case progresses. Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch responds as follows: -9TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page11 of 18 In July 2008, Interserve, Inc. announced its CrunchPad project and explained precisely how it would go about designing and developing "a dead simple and dirt cheap touch screen web tablet to surf the web": 4 We'll organize a small team of people to spec this out. First is the marketing document that just outlines what the machine will do - we have a first draft of that already and will post it soon. Then we'll spec out the hardware and get people to help write the customized Linux and Firefox code. Once we've completed the design we'll start to work with the supply chain company to get an idea on the cost of the machine (the goal is $200), and hopefully build a few prototypes. A few months later Interserve, Inc. met with Fusion Garage, a Singapore software start-up. In late 5 6 .7 8 September 2008, the Interserve, Inc. and Fusion Garage agreed to collaborate on the project. 9 Interserve, Inc. turned down several other companies that also expressed an interest in a 10 collaboration. Two weeks later, CrunchPad Inc. was incorporated as an instrument of Interserve, 11 Inc. to commercialize the product. This was a tremendous opportunity for Fusion Garage, an 12 unknown Singaporean company, to work with TechCrunch, the most influential technology blog in 13 Silicon Valley. 14 Plaintiffs worked hand-in-glove with Fusion Garage for the next 13 months. In a December 15 2008 email exchange, Plaintiffs' Louis Monier-an industry veteran who founded AltaVista and 16 played key technology-development roles at eBay and Google--engaged in direct communications 17 with Fusion Garage to help define the user interface, technical specifications, and software details 18 for a working prototype assembled by Mr. Monier's team. Fusion Garage commented: "This is great 19 news. Good to see the first signs of the baby:)." Plaintiffs and Fusion Garage jointly announced the birth of the "baby" in January 2009. The parties worked in close collaboration, mostly out of Plaintiffs' headquarters in Atherton, where Fusion Garage's CEO and software team worked for several months. Later public and private communications confirm the close and umbilical connection between the parties-each touting their shared vision, each praising the other's efforts, each clearly moving toward the same joint goal. Here is a sampling: 27 28 TechCrunch blog post, January 19, 2009: "The software has been created by Fusion Garage, who continue to work with Louis on the feature set and user experience." Fusion Garage blog post, the same day: "It's our software running on the tablet ... We continue to work with Louis Monier on the feature set and the user experience. We ... would like to take the opportunity to thank Michael [Arrington] and Louis for giving us the opportunity to work with them on the TechCrunch Tablet.". Case No. 09-CV-5812 -10TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page12 of 18 I 2 3 4 5 .6 Fusion Garage blog post, February 2009: "the collaboration with the Crunchpad project happened as a result of meetings we had with Mike Arrington and co, subsequent to [TechCrunch50]. We worked closely with Louis Monier in getting the software in shape for the hardware prototype B. We continue to work with them in getting the software in shape to make crunchpad an easy to use device." TechCrunch blog post, April 2009: "we've continued to tinker with the project ... We did meet with Fusion Garage today to test out the most recent prototype (B.5)? ... The software stack is now entirely customized.... This time the ID and hardware work was driven by Fusion Garage out of Singapore.... All credit should go to Fusion Garage ... you need partners to actually make things happen, and the credit for what we saw today goes entirely to the Fusion Garage team. Those guys are rock stars.Fusion Garage tweet, May 2009: "just leaving techcrunch office, last to leave today and its memorial day." Fusion Garage tweet, June 2009: "CrunchPad Update, the launch prototype, we are excited working on this." TechCrunch blog post, June 2009: "Our partner Fusion Garage continues to drive the software forward ... Our vision of the user interface and the last version of the software stack ... The device boots directly into the browser." Fusion Garage email, June 2009: "my suggestion is that we do a post, update new device pictures and at the same time announce that we will be having a press conference in july to unveil the device, do a demo etc." 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23. 24 25 26 27 .28 The CrunchPad project had the typical ups and downs of start-up ventures. And Fusion Garage, in particular, was constantly looking for money. Thus, throughout the joint venture, Plaintiffs advanced Fusion Garage money or paid Fusion Garage' s bills . By the end of June of 2009, the parties had agreed on the basic terms of their eventual plan to merge Fusion Garage into CrunchPad Inc., with Fusion Garage receiving 35% of the merged company's stock. Over the summer of 2009, the collaboration shifted to Asia. Plaintiffs' senior technologists Brian Kindle (hardware) and Nik Cubrilovic (software) spent the bulk of August in Taiwan and Singapore working with Fusion Garage on software, design, user interface issues , and with the parties' jointly-selected manufacturer, Pegatron, on hardware and pricing. There was significant friction during this period, and Plaintiffs seriously considered ending the joint project. In response, on August 31, 2009, Fusion Garage's CEO begged Plaintiffs to continue the partnership and promised to fly his entire team to the Bay Area to drive the CrunchPad to completion: "Pls do not kill the project as yet. Pls hold off a week.... I know how to deal with Pegatron and some of the challenges that we are currently facing. We can overcome these -HTECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page13 of 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 challenges.... If we decide to move forward and get the product launched at TC50 or separate press event, then I will have my team to back me and get the product where it needs to be.... So [a] team of guys will fly with me." Relying on these representations, Plaintiffs sponsored business visas for four of the Indian nationals on the project, and starting in September of 2009, Fusion Garage and Plaintiffs' personnel worked feverishly together out of Plaintiffs' offices to get the CrunchPad ready for launch. As late as November 13, 2009 all seemed well, with Fusion Garage's CEO confirming that "we shd target the [November 20] event in sf' for the CrunchPad's public debut. But then, on November 17, 2009 - in an email that Defendant concedes "came out of the blue" - Fusion Garage aborted the partnership, asserting that it owned all intellectual property rights in the CrunchPad product and would manufacture and market the CrunchPad product on its own. SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.9 IDENTIFY all DOCUMENTS supporting YOUR contention that PLAINTIFF and DEFENDANT entered into a partnership or joint venture. RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.9 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects that this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine, in that it calls for counsel's contentions concerning the "partnership or joint venture" entered into between Fusion Garage, TechCrunch, and CrunchPad. SUPPLEMENTAL RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO.9 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not 27 28 relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and -12TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP . TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-58I2 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page14 of 18 1 2 ambiguous. TechCrunch also objects that this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine, in that it calls for counsel's contentions concerning the "partnership or joint venture" entered into between Fusion Garage, TechCrunch, and CrunchPad. TechCrunch further objects that this is a premature contention interrogatory Fusion Garage propounded it as part of expedited discovery preceding the Rule 26(f) conference in this case. The parties have only just begun their document productions. TechCrunch reserves the right to supplement or modify this response as the case progresses. Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch responds as follows: At this time, TechCrunch identifies all documents it has produced to date in this case, including all documents attached,as exhibits to the Complaint, the Arrington Declaration in support of Plaintiffs' preliminary injunction motion, the documents produced by Fusion Garage to date, and other pleadings in this case. SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO. 10 IDENTIFY all persons affiliated with YOU who provided any allegedly protectable business ideas, trade secrets, or intellectual property to DEFENDANT, 3 4 5 6 7 o RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO. 10 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous with respect to the phrase "allegedly protectable business ideas, trade secrets, or intellectual property." TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine; in that it calls for a legal conclusion and for counsel's contentions concerning the legal status of information provided by TechCrunch or persons associated or affiliated with TechCrunch to Fusion Garage. SUPPLEMENTAL RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO. 10 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not -13TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page15 of 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous with respect to the phrase "allegedly protectable business ideas, trade secrets, or intellectual property." TechCrunch also objects to the extent this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine, in that it calls for a legal conclusion and for counsel's contentions concerning the legal status of information provided by TechCrunch or persons associated or affiliated with TechCrunch to Fusion Garage. Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, CrunchPad responds as follows: The following employees and independent contractors of Interserve, Inc. and/or CrunchPad, Inc. provided business ideas to Defendant: Michael Arrington, Heather Harde, Louis Monier, Nik Cubrilovic, Dave Paulsen, and Dave Gallatin. Defendant may contact these individuals through Plaintiffs' counsel. SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO. 11 Describe with particularity all alleged promises DEFENDANT made to YOU that DEFENDANT did not fulfill. 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 RESPONSE TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORY NO. 11 TechCrunch objects that this interrogatory is overbroad and unduly. burdensome and seeks information outside the scope of permissible discovery because it seeks information that is not relevant to the subject matter of this action and because it is not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. TechCrunch further objects to this interrogatory as vague and ambiguous. TechCnmch also objects that this interrogatory seeks information protected by the attorney-client privilege or the work product doctrine. Without waiving and subject to TechCrunch's general and specific objections, TechCrunch respond as follows: Fusion Garage promised to work with CrunchPad and TechCrunch to jointly develop and market the CrunchPad. It did not fulfill that promise. Fusion Garage promised CrunchPad and TechCrunch that it would collaborate with Tech Crunch in a joint effort to develop and bring the CrunchPad to market. It did not fulfill that promise. -14TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE . 24 25 . 26 27 28 Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page16 of 18 1 2 3 .4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 When Fusion Garage met TechCrunch in September 2008, it claimed to have developed a browser-based operating system, just like the one TechCrunch was seeking for its CrunchPad project. In fact, it had developed no such thing, and the demo product it showed to TechCrunch was little more than an off-the-shelf browser and some HTML--something the plaintiffs did not realize until nearly a year later, by which time the project was well underway. Similarly, starting as early as January 2009, Fusion Garage represented to CrunchPad and TechCrunch that it was devoting substantially all of its resources to the CrunchPad project. This was false. Upon a visit to Singapore in August 2009, TechCrunch learned that Defendant did not start significant development efforts until many months later. TechCrunch and CrunchPad were approached by multiple software and hardware developers with offers to assist it in developing the CrunchPad. Based on Fusion Garage's misrepresentations, TechCrunch selected Fusion Garage over these other prospective partners, and thus relied upon Fusion Garage's misrepresentations to its detriment. Fusion Garage promised to repay CrunchPad and TechCrunch for amounts they paid to vendors on Fusion Garage's behalf. It did not fulfill that promise. On or before June 27, 2009, Fusion Garage agreed to the material terms of a merger in which CrunchPad would acquire Fusion Garage in exchange for 35% of the merged company's stock. Fusion Garage specifically promised that its investors and creditors had agreed to this arrangement. 19 On or after November 17, 2009, Fusion Garage reneged on this agreement, in the. process revealing that its investors had never approved it despite Fusion Garage's unequivocal statements to the contrary just a few months before. Fusion Garage assured CrunchPad and TechCrunch that it could and would deal with problems that had emerged with Pegatron. It did not fulfill that promise. In August, when TechCrunch executives visited the Taiwan headquarters of Pegatron, the company preparing to manufacture the CrunchPad, TechCrunch learned that Defendant had been falsely representing to TechCrunch the costs of the product's components as $20-$30 per unit higher than the actual costs indicated by Pegatron. Fusion Garage's contract with Pegatron was terminated shortly thereafter, unbeknownst to CrunchPad and TechCrunch. -15TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page17 of 18 Fusion Garage promised CrunchPad and TechCrunch that they would jointly market the 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 By: /s/ Andrew P. Bridges David S. Bloch Nicholas Short Attorneys for Plaintiff INTERSERVE, INC., dba TECHCRUNCH Dated : March 22, 2010 WINSTON & STRAWN LLP collaborative project under the name "CrunchPad." It did not fulfill that promise. Fusion Garage promised CrunchPad and TechCrunch that a launch prototype of the CrunchPad would be ready for a public debut on November 20, 2009. It did not fulfill that promise. VERIFICATION I, Michael Arrington, declare: 1. I am Principal of Interserve and CrunchPad, Inc., and am authorized to make this verification for Plaintiffs Interserve, Inc. and CrunchPad, Inc. 2. Prior to March 22, 2010, I reviewed INTERSERVE dba TECHCRUNCH's SUPPLEMENTAL RESPONSE TO FUSION GARAGE PTE. LTD.'S INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE, TO CRUNCHPAD, INC., and know its contents. I am informed and believe that the matters set forth in the Response are true and accurate , and on that ground I allege , to the best of my knowledge and information, that the matters therein stated . are true and accurate. I declare under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed on March 22, 2010, at San Francisco , California. 23 24 25 26 27 28 -16TECHCRUNCH'S SUPP. RESP. TO SPECIAL INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE SF276926.1 /s/ - Michael Arrington Michael Arrington Case No. 09-CV-5812 Case3:09-cv-05812-RS Document73-5 Filed04/26/10 Page18 of 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 u u PROOF OF SERVICE Case Name: Interserve, Inc. dba TechCrunch and Crunchpad v. Fusion Garage Pte. Ltd. Court: U.S. District Court, Northern District of California Case No.: C 09-cv-5812 RS (PVT) I am a resident of the State of California, over the age of eighteen years, and not a party to the within action. My business address is Winston & Strawn LLP, 101 California Street, San Francisco, CA 94111-5894. On March 22, 2010, I served the within document: INTERSERVE DBA TECHCRUNCH'S SUPPLEMENTAL RESPONSE TO FUSION GARAGE PTE, LTD.'S INTERROGATORIES, SET ONE, TO TECHCRUNCH By transmitting via facsimile the document(s) listed above to the fax number(s) set forth below on this date. By placing the document listed above in a sealed envelope with postage thereon fully prepaid, in the United States mail at San Francisco, addressed as set forth below. By causing personal delivery by Worldwide Network, Inc. of the document(s) listed above to the person(s) at the addresses set forth below. By electronically mailing a true and correct copy through Winston & Strawn LLP's electronic mail system at the e-mail address ( es) set forth below. Patrick C . Doolittle Claude M. Stern QUINN EMANUEL URQUHART OLIVER & HEDGES patrickdoolittle @quinnemanuel.com claudestem@quinnemanuel.com 50 California Street, 22nd Floor San Francisco, CA 94111 Phone: (415) 875-6600 Facsimile : (415) 875-6700 I declare that I am employed in the office of a member of the bar of this court whose direction the service was made. Executed on March 22, 2010, at San Francisco, California. 0 u Donna Penning Case No. C 09-cv-5812 JW (PVT) SF:274342.1

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