Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. et al

Filing 561

Declaration in Support of 559 Declaration in Support, filed byApple Inc.. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit 3.02, # 2 Exhibit 3.03, # 3 Exhibit 3.04, # 4 Exhibit 3.05, # 5 Exhibit 3.06, # 6 Exhibit 3.07, # 7 Exhibit 3.08, # 8 Exhibit 3.09, # 9 Exhibit 3.10, # 10 Exhibit 3.11, # 11 Exhibit 3.12, # 12 Exhibit 3.13, # 13 Exhibit 3.14, # 14 Exhibit 3.15, # 15 Exhibit 3.16, # 16 Exhibit 3,17, # 17 Exhibit 3.18, # 18 Exhibit 3.19, # 19 Exhibit 3.20, # 20 Exhibit 3.21, # 21 Exhibit 3.22, # 22 Exhibit 3.23, # 23 Exhibit 3.24)(Related document(s) 559 ) (Jacobs, Michael) (Filed on 12/29/2011)

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EXHIBIT 3.23 WO01/027868 PCT/US00/27720 such applications, a simple graphic underlay such as a plastic button template could be slid into a slot underneath the transparent sensor. Advertising logos or other graphics not related to the device user interface could also be placed under the sensor. 5 f) Display-enhanced capacitive sensor for a personal computer. To enhance the user interface for personal computers, the transparent twodimensional sensor can be used in conjunction with an underlying LCD display device for a display-enhanced sensor input device. The underlying LCD screen can provide information such as a record of the current stroke 10 or gesture for handwriting recognition, signature/text capture or graphics software. Soft buttons, icons, scroll bars, or other zones of enhanced sensor functionality could also brought to attention on the LCD screen. In more general terms, a display-enhanced sensor could contain specific applications that interface with the host computer. Examples include, but 15 are not limited to, mimicking a numeric keypad, launching applications, or providing menus or soft buttons that are specific to a software application that is running concurrently on the host computer. Finally, advertising logos, or bitmapped images and photographs can be drawn in the LCD screen to enhance functionality or as additional display space. 20 g) Display-enhanced capacitive sensor for personal computer that detaches to function as a stand alone handheld device. A further extension of the display-enhanced sensor is a detachable transparent sensor and LCD display assembly. While the sensor and LCD is attached to the host computer, it functions as a display-enhanced sensor as 25 described in the previous section. However, the sensor and LCD assembly also contains hardware and software to function as a stand alone, handheld device, for example, a personal digital assistant (PDA) device such as a 3Com PalmPilot" or a Rolodex Rex". The detachable sensor has distinct benefits. First, it serves as a simple security 30 mechanism for the host computer since most modern computer operating 19 SUBSTITI TE SHEET IJLE 26) APLNDC00026940 WO01/027868 PCT/US00/27720 systems are almost impossible to use without a pointing device. Second, the detachable capacitive sensor provides an obvious location to store the PDA without need for a separate cradle or docking station. Because the input is a capacitive position sensor, the finger pointing performance of 5 such a device is the same as the current state-of-the-art computer touchpads and vastly superior to the resistive pads that are currently in use on most PDA devices. h) Transparent capacitive sensor as an aesthetic improvement to personal computer design. In some modern computers, transparency is 10 used for purely aesthetic or artistic purposes. A transparent sensor array allows industrial designers to incorporate a pointing device onto a computer but allow the surface underneath to be viewable. This might allow the underlying electronics of thë computer, or other artwork such as, but no limited to, logos, advertising, or labels, to be viewable. 15 Described herein is a preferred embodiment, however, one skilled in the art that pertains to the present invention will understand that there are equivalent alternative embodiments. 20 SUBSTrUTE SHtti (RJL.E 26) APLNDC00026941 WO01/027868 PCT/US00/27720 What is claimed is: 1. A capacitive sensor system comprising a substantially transparent sensor trace and a processor configured to detect a 5 capacitance change in the sensor trace caused by the proximity of a conductive object adjacent to the sensor trace to determine proximity of the conductive object. 2. 10 The capacitive sensor system of claim 1, further comprising at least one additional transparent sensor trace resulting in a first plurality of sensor traces oriented in a first dimension, wherein the processor is further configured to detect capacitance changes in the first plurality of sensor traces corresponding to a conductive object adjacent the sensor traces to determine proximity of the conductive object and positioning of 15 the conductive object along the first dimension. 3. The capacitive sensor system of claim 2, further comprising a second plurality of sensor traces oriented in a second dimension, wherein the processor is further configured to detect capacitance 20 changes in the first plurality of sensor traces and the second plurality of sensor traces corresponding to a conductive object adjacent the sensor traces to determine proximity of the conductive object and positioning of the conductive object along the first dimension and the second dimension. 25 4. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the first dimension is substantially perpendicular to the second dimension. 21 8 B&TTUTE SHtti (ikJ26) APLNDC00026942 WO01/027868 5. PCT/US00/27720 The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, further comprising a substantially transparent insulating material separating the first plurality of sensor traces from the second plurality of sensor traces. 5 6. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the first plurality of sensor traces and the second plurality of sensor traces are configured to minimize overlap. 7. 10 The capacitive sensor system of claim 6, wherein each sensor trace of the first plurality of sensor traces and the second plurality of sensor traces is configured to comprise a series of diamond shapes aligned and connected along a common axis. 8. 15 The capacitive sensor system of claim 7, wherein the first plurality of sensor traces and the second plurality of sensor traces are aligned to maximize transparency. 9. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, further comprising a flexible substrate. 20 10. The capacitive sensor system of claim 5, wherein the sensor traces and the insulating material have similar indices of refraction. 11. 25 The capacitive sensor system of claim 1, wherein the sensor trace is mounted over an active display. 12. The capacitive sensor system of claim 2, wherein the sensor trace is mounted over an active display. 22 SUBSTLEE SHEET (RJLE 26) APLNDC00026943 WO01/027868 13. PCT/US00/27720 The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the sensor trace is mounted over an active display. 14. 5 The capacitive sensor system of claim 1, wherein the processor is further configured to recognize gestures. 15. The capacitive sensor system of claim 2, wherein the processor is further configured to recognize gestures. 10 16. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the processor is further configured to recognize gestures. 17. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the sensor traces are mounted over a system to read fingerprints. 15 18. The capacitive sensor system of claim 1, further comprising a substantially transparent ground plane to electrically shield the sensor system. 20 19. The capacitive sensor system of claim 2, further comprising a substantially transparent ground plane to electrically shield the sensor system. 20. 25 The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, further comprising a substantially transparent ground plane to electrically shield the sensor system. 21. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the sensor system is mounted over a display device and comprises an object 23 SUB&TITUTE SHEET (RULE 26) APLNDC00026944 WO01/027868 PCT/US00/27720 positioning system in which the display device provides additional user interface information. 22. 5 The capacitive sensor system of claim 8, wherein the first plurality of sensor traces and the second plurality of sensor traces comprises a sensor array that has substantially uniform transparency. 23. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the is further configured to detect capacitance changes in the first plurality of 10 sensor traces and the second plurality of sensor traces to determine contact area of a conductive object. 24. The capacitive sensor system of claim 2, wherein the sensor traces are mounted over a system to read fingerprints. 15 25. The capacitive sensor system of claim 1, wherein the sensor traces are mounted over a system to read fingerprints. 26. 20 The capacitive sensor system of claim 1, wherein the conductive object is a human finger. 27. The capacitive sensor system of claim 2, wherein the conductive object is a human finger. 25 28. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the conductive object is a human finger. 29. The capacitive sensor system of claim 2, further comprising a flexible substrate. 30 24 SUBW3TE SHEET (ROLE 26) APLNDC00026945 WO01/027868 PCT/US00/27720 30. The capacitive sensor system of claim 1, further comprising a flexible substrate. 31. 5 The capacitive sensor system of claim 1, wherein the conductive object is a stylus. 32. The capacitive sensor system of claim 2, wherein the conductive object is a stylus. 10 33. The capacitive sensor system of claim 3, wherein the conductive object is a stylus. 25 SUB&TTUTE SHEET (BlkE 26) APLNDC00026946 WO 01/027868 PCT/US00/27720 1 /2 2 4 6 INPUT PROCESSING ARITHMETIC Z UNIT GESTURE UNIT Finger Presence / Finger Pressure FIgure 1 640 52 54 56 60 Figure 2 APLNDC00026947 WO01/027868 PCT/US00/27720 2/2 16 26 4 '\ 24 / y ' MOTION UNIT - sY / AARAY INPUT ARITHMETIC PROCESSING UNIT 28 GESTURE UNIT Finger Presence / Finger Pressure Figwe 3 // / / / MO ON X INPUT PROCESSING / / / r r / ARITHMETIC UNIT U\ Y llwu i PAOCESSING / - GESTURE\ Finger Presence ~_ UNIT ~ Finger Pressure / Figwe 4 APLNDC00026948 INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT intglonal Application No PCT/US 00/27720 A. CLASSIFICATION OF SUBJECT MATTER IPC 7 GO6K11/16 GO6F3/00 According to International Patent Classification (IPC) or to both national classification and IPC B. FIELDS SEARCHED Minimum documentation searched (classification system followed by classification symbols) IPC 7 GO6K GO6F Documentation searched other than minimum documentation to the extent that such documents are included in the fields searched Electronic data base consulted during the international search (name of data base and, where practical, search terms used) EPO-Internal, WPI Data, PAQ, IBM-TDB C. DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT Category * Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages X US 5 543 588 A (ALLEN TIMOTHY P 6 August 1996 (1996-08-06) cited in the application ET AL) column 9, line 13 -column 10, line 26 figures 1A-1D Y Relevant to claim No 1-8, 11-13, 21-23, 26-28 9,14-20, 24,25, 29-33 10 A Further documents are listed in the continuation of box C ° Special categories of cited documents: "A' document defining the general state of the art which is not considered to be of particular relevance "E' earlier document but published on or after the international filing date "L' document which may throw doubts on priority claim(s) or which is cited to establish the publication dale of another citation or other special reason (as specified) 'O' document referring to an oral disclosure, use, exhibilion or other means "P' document published prior to the international filing date but later than the priority da1e claimed Date of the actual completion of the international search 16 February 2001 Name and mailing address of the ISA Patent family members are listed in annex. "T' later document published after the international filing date or priority date and not in conflict with the application but cited to understand the principle or theory underlying the invention •X' document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered novel or cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is taken alone 'Y' document of parlicular relevanœ; the claimed invention cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is combined with one or more other such documents, such combination being obvious to a person skilled in the art. '&' document member of the same patent family Date of mailing of the internationaisearch repoli 23/02/2001 Authorized officer European Patent Office, P.B. 5818 Patentiaan 2 NL - 2280 HV Rijswijk Tel. (+31-70) 340-2040. Tx. 31 651 epo nl. Fax: (+31-70) 340-3016 Fomi PCT/ISA/210 (second sheei) (July 1992) APLNDC00026949 INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT lonal Application No PCT/US 00/27720 C.(Continuation)DOCUMENTSCONSIDEREDTOBERELEVANT Category X Citation of document, with indication,where appropriate, of the relevant passages US 5 952 998 A (CLANCY KEVIN F 14 September 1999 (1999-09-14) ET AL) co umn 2, line 42 -column 3, line 6 co umn 4, line 21 -column 5, line 32 f gures 4-8 A X 1-9, 11-13, 21,22, 26-28 \ 10,23 US 5 381 160 A (LANDMEIER WALDO L) 10 January 1995 (1995-01-10) cited in the application column 4, line 42 -column 7, line 63 figures 5-11 Y Y Relevant to claim No. 1-5, 11-13, 21,26-33 18-20 US 5 880 411 A (GILLESPIE DAVID W 9 March 1999 (1999-03-09) cited in the application ET AL) 9,14-16, 29-33 column 9, line 3 -column 13, line 7 A Y column 26, line 45 -column 40, line 30 column 51, line 35 -column 52, line 29 figures 1-2D US 24 co co f 5 559 504 A (BEPPU TATSURO ET AL) September 1996 (1996-09-24) umn 5, line 43-56 umn 9, line 33-60 gures 13A-14 1-8, 26-28,31 17,24,25 Form PCT/ISA/210 (continuation oi second shee1) (July 1992) APLNDC00026950 INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT intglonal Applicatlon No PCT/US 00/27720 Patentdocument cited in search report Publication date Patent family member(s) US 5543588 A 06-08-1996 US DE DE EP JP DE DE EP US US US US US US US US US US US US US 5952998 A 14-09-1999 NONE US 5381160 A 10-01-1995 US 5880411 A 09-03-1999 Publication date 5374787 69425551 69425551 0665508 8044493 69324067 69324067 0574213 6028271 5495077 5914465 5543590 5543591 5488204 5648642 5942733 5889236 5880411 5861583 5841078 A D T A A D T A A A A A A A A A A A A A 20-12-1994 21-09-2000 04-01-2001 02-08- 995 16-02- 996 29-04- 999 15-07-1999 15-12-1993 22-02-2000 27-02-1996 22-06- 999 06-08- 996 06-08- 996 30-01- 996 15-07- 997 24-08- 999 30-03- 999 09-03-1999 19-01-1999 24-11-1998 DE DE EP JP JP WO 69227917 69227917 0610262 2934506 6511578 9309529 D T A B T A 28-01- 999 2-05- 999 7-08- 994 6-08- 999 22-12- 994 13-05-1993 US US US CN EP JP US WO US AU EP WO AU EP JP WO US US US US US US DE DE EP US US 5543591 5914465 5374787 1185844 0829043 11506559 6028271 9736225 5861583 4001995 0870223 9611435 3544495 0777888 10505183 9607981 5543590 5488204 5942733 5889236 5543588 5495077 69324067 69324067 0574213 5648642 5841078 A A A A A T A A A A A A A A T A A A A A A A D T A A A 06-08-1996 22-06- 999 20-12- 994 24-06- 998 18-03- 998 08-06- 999 22-02-2000 02-10- 997 19-01- 999 02-05- 996 14-10- 998 18-04- 996 27-03-1996 11-06- 997 19-05- 998 14-03- 996 06-08- 996 30-01- 996 24-08-1999 30-03-1999 06-08-1996 27-02-1996 29-04-1999 15-07-1999 15-12-3993 15-07-¯997 24-11-~998 FormPCT/ISA/210(patentfamilyannex)(Juh 1992) APLNDC00026951 INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT lonalAppilcationNo PCT/US 00/27720 Patent document cited in search report US 5559504 Publication date A 24-09-1996 Patent family member(s) JP US 7168930 A 5745046 A Publication date 04-07-1995 28-04-1998 Form PCTIISAl210 (paleni tamily annex) (July 1992) APLNDC00026952 ALTERNATIVE TO PTOISBIO8A/B (Based on PTO 08-08 version) Complete if Known Substitute for form 1449/PTO Appilcation Number Sheet 1 of May 6, 2004 Steven Porter HOTELLING 2629 Examiner Name (Use as many sheets as necessary) Filing Date FirstNamed Inventor Art Unit INFORMATION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT BY APPLICANT 10/840,862 Kimnhung T. Nguyen 106842009000 Attorney Docket Number Client Ref. No. P3266US1 1 U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS Examiner Initials* Cite No.1 Publication Date MM-DD-YYYY US-6,337,678-B1 US-6,723,929-B2 1. 2. Document Number Number-Kind Code2 (ifknown) Name of Patentee or Applicant of Cited Document Pages, Columns, Lines, Where Relevant Passages or Relevant Figures Appear 01-08-2002 Fish 04-20-2004 Kent FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS Examiner Cite Foreign Patent Document initials* No.1 Country Code -NumberìKind Code"(ifknown) 3. WO-01/27868-A1 Examiner Signature . Publication Name of Patentee or MM-DD-YYYY ; Applicant of Cited Document aer ee a t aLinae Or Relevant Figures Appear f 04-19-2001 , Synaptics Incorporated Date Considered *EXAMINER: Initial if information considered, whether or not citation is in conformance with MPEP 609. Draw line through citation if not in conformance and not considered. Include copy of this form with next communication to applicant. * Applicant's unique citation designation number (optional). 2 See Kinds Codes of USPTO Patent Documents at www.usoto.cov or MPEP 901.04. * Enter Office that issued the document, by the two-letter code (WIPO Standard ST.3). * For Japanese patent documents, the indication of the year of the reign of the Emperor must precede the serial number of the patent document. "Kind of document by the appropriate symbols as indicated on the document under WIPO Standard ST. 16 if possible. Applicant is to place a check mark here if English language Translation is attached. NON PATENT LITERATURE DOCUMENTS Examiner Initials Cites No' Examiner Signature / Include name of the author (i n CAPITAL LETTERS), title of the article (when appropriate), title of the item (book, magazine, journ al, serial, symposium, catalog, etc.), date, page(s), volume-issue number(s), publisher, city and/or country where published. T2 Date Considered *EXAMINER: Initial if reference considered, whether or not citation is in conformance with MPEP 609. Draw line through citation if not in conformance and not considered. Include copy of this form with next communication to applicant. 'Appilcant's unique citation designation number (optional). *Applicant is to place a check mark here if English language Translation is attached. la-1039847 APLNDC00026953 VIA EFS WEB Patent Docket No. 106842009000 Client Reference No. P3266US1 IN THE UNITED STATES PATENT AND TR AnE vm = = OFFICE In re Patent Application of: Steven Porter HOTELLING et al. Application No.: 10/840,862 Examiner: Kimnhung T. Nguyen Group Art Unit: 2629 Confirmation No.: 8470 Filing Date: May 6, 2004 For: MULTI-POINT TOUCHSCREEN SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT UNDER 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 & § 1.98 MS Amendment Commissioner for Patents P.O. Box 1450 Alexandria, VA 22313-1450 Dear Madam: Pursuant to 37 C.F.R. §1.97 and § 1.98, Applicants submit for consideration in the above-identified application the documents listed on the attached Form PTO/SB/08a/b. A copy of . the foreign document is submitted herewith. The Examiner is requested to make these documents of record. Pursuant to 37 C.F.R. § 1.704(d), I hereby certify that each item of information contained in this Supplemental Information Disclosure Statement was first cited in any communication from a foreign patent office in a counterpart application and that this communication was not received by any individual designated in 37 C.F.R.§ 1.56(c) more than thirty days prior to the filing of this Supplemental Information Disclosure Statement. la-1039843 APLNDC00026954 Application No. 10/840,862 VIA EFS WEB Patent Docket No. 106842009000 Client Reference No. P3266US1 The documents listed on the attached Form PTO/SB/08a/b were cited in a Canadian Office Action mailed on July 17, 2009, directed to a counterpart international or foreign application and have not been previously cited. A certification under 37 C.F.R. § 1.97(e)(1) follows: I hereby certify that each item of information was first cited in any c........unication from a foreign patent office in a counterpart foreign application not more than three months prior to the filing of this Supplemental Information Disclosure Statement. This Supplemental Information Disclosure Statement is submitted: With the application; accordingly, no fee or separate requirements are required. Before the mailing of a first Office Action after the filing of a Request for Continued Examination under 37 C.F.R. § 1.114. However, if applicable, a certification under 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 (e)(1) has been provided. Within three months of the application filing date or before mailing of a first Office Action on the merits; accordingly, no fee or separate requirements are required. However, if applicable, a certification under 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 (e)(1) has been provided. After receipt of a first Office Action on the merits but before mailing of a final Office Action or Notice of Allowance. A fee is required. Accordingly, a Fee Transmittal Form (PTO/SB/17) is attached to this submission. A Certification under 37 C.F.R. § 1.97(e) is provided above; accordingly; no fee is believed to be due. After mailing of a final Office Action or Notice of Allowance, but before payment of the Issue Fee. O A Certification under 37 C.F.R. § 1.97(e) is provided above and a Fee Transmittal Form (PTO/SB/17) is attached to this submission. la-1039843 2 APLNDC00026955 Application No. 10/840,862 VIA EFS WEB Patent Docket No. 106842009000 Client Reference No. P3266US1 Applicants would appreciate the Examiner initialing and returning the Form PTO/SB/08a/b, indicating that the information has been considered and made of record herein. The information contained in this Supplemental Information Disclosure Statement under 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 and § 1.98 is not to be construed as a representation that: (i) a complete search has been made; (ii) additional information material to the examination of this application does not exist; (iii) the information, protocols, results and the like reported by third parties are accurate or enabling; or (iv) the above information constitutes prior art to the subject invention. In the unlikely event that the transmittal form is separated from this document and the Patent and Trademark Office determines that an extension and/or other relief (such as payment of a fee under 37 C.F.R. § 1.17 (p)) is required, Applicants petition for any required relief including extensions of time and authorize the Commissioner to charge the cost of such petition and/or other fees due in connection with the filing of this document to nenosit Account No. 03-1952 referencing 106842009000. Dated: Respectfully submitted, By: /Glenn M. Kubota/ Glenn M. Kubota Registration No.: 44,197 MORRISON & FOERSTER LLP 555 West Fifth Street Los Angeles, California 90013-1024 (213) 892-5752 la-1039843 3 APLNDC00026956 Via EFS Web Patent Docket No. 106842009000 Client Ref.: P3266US1 IN THE UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE In re Patent Application of: Steve P. HOTELLING et al. Serial No.: 10/840,862 Examiner: Kimnhung T. NG: > vm Group Art Unit: 2629 Confirmation No.: 8470 Filing Date: May 6, 2004 For: MULTI-POINT TOUCHSCREEN SUPPLEMRNTAL INFORMATION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT UNDER 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 & 1.98 MS Amendment Commissioner for Patents P.O. Box 1450 Alexandria, VA 22313-1450 Dear Madam: Pursuant to 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 and § 1.98, Applicants submit for consideration in the above-identified application the documents listed on the attached Form PTO/SB/08alb. Copies of the foreign and non-patent literature documents are also submitted herewith. The Examiner is requested to make these documents of record. This Information Disclosure Statement is submitted: After receipt of a first Office Action on the merits but before mailing ofa final Office Action or Notice of Allowance. O A fee is required. A check in the amount of _ is enclosed. A fee is required. Accordingly, a Fee Transmittal form is attached to this submission. la-1009923 APLNDC00026957 Applicants would appreciate the Examiner initialing and returning the Form PTO/SB/08alb, indicating that the information has been considered and made of record herein. The information contained in this Information Disclosure Statement under 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 and § 1.98 is not to be construed as a representation that: (i) a complete search has been made; (ii) additional information material to the , os.» ° wtion of this application does not exist; (iii) the information, protocols, results and the like reported by third parties are accurate or enabling; or (iv) the above information constitutes prior art to the subject invention. In the unlikely event that the transmittal form is separated from this do t and the Patent and Trademark Office determines that an extension and/or other relief (such as payment of a fee under 37 C.F.R. § 1.17 (p)) is required, Applicants petition for any required relief including extensions oftime and authorize the Director to charge the cost of such petition and/or other fees due in connection with the filing ofthis document to nennsit Accennt No. 03-1952 referencing 106842009000. Dated: December 19, 2008 Respectfully submitted, By Glenn ff. Kubota Registration No.: 44,197 MORRISON & FOERSTER LLP 555 West Fifth Street Los Angeles, California 90013-1024 (213) 892-5752 la-1009923 APLNDC00026958 ALTERNATIVE TO PTO/SBIO8A/B (Based on PTO 08-08 version) Complete if Known Substitute for form 1449/PTO - Application Number INFORMATION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT BY APPLICANT 10/840,862 Filing Date May 6, 2004 FirstNamedinventor Steve HOTELLING Art Unit Examiner Name Sheet 1 of 1 Kimnhung T. NGUYEN Attomey Docket Number (Use as many sheets as necessar)Ò I 2629 client Ref: P329§W1 106842009000 U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS Examiner Cite Initials* / No.' Document Number ' Publication Date Number-Kind Code2 (iknown MM-DD-YYYY Name of Patentee or Applicant of Cited Document Releesan asmsna eLs o eWiehea t Figures Appear FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS Examiner Cite Foreign Patent Document Publiacaetion Name of Patentee or Initials* No.' Country Code -NumbeAKind Codef (ifknown) MM-DD-YYYY Applicant of Cited Document 1. JP-59-214941 12-04-1984 Toshiba Corp 2. JP-2002-342033 11-29-2002 Sony Corp Examiner Signature / ha ev tn sna E Or Relevant Figures Appear f Full English Translation Full English Translation 4 9 Date Considered *EXAMINER: Initial if information considered, whether or not citation is in conformance with MPEP 609. Draw line through citation if not in conformance and not considered. Include copy of this form with next communication to applicant. ' Applicant's unique citation designation number (optional). 2 See Kinds Codes of USPTO Patent Documents at www onto nov or MPEP 901.04. Enter Office that issued the document, by the two-letter code (WIPO Standard ST.3). * For Japanese patent documents, the indication of the year of the reign of the Emperor must precede the serial number of the patent document. 'Kind of document by the appropriate symbols as indicated on the document under WIPO Standard ST. 16 if possible. "Applicant is to place a check mark here if English language Translation is attached. NON PATENT LITERATURE DOCUMENTS Examiner Initials Cite No. Examiner Signature / Include name of the author (in CAPITAL LETTERS), title of the article (when appropriate), title of the item (book, magazine, journal, serial, symposium, catalog, etc.), date, page(s), volume-issue number(sp gubgshep city and/or country where published. T2 Date IConsidered *EXAMINER: Initial if reference considered, whether or not citation is in conformance with MPEP 609. Draw line through citation if not in conformance and not considered. Include copy of this form with next communication to applicant. 'Applicant's unique citation designation number (optional). 2Applicant is to place a check mark here if English language Translation is attached. la-1043279 APLNDC00026959 (19) JAPANESE PATENT OFFICE (JP) (12) Publication of Unexamined Patent Application (KOKAI) (A) (11) Japanese Patent Application Kokai Number: S59-214941 (43) Kokai Publication Date: December 4, 1984 (51) Int. Cl.3 G 06 F 3/033 Identification Symbol Request for Examination: Requested JPO File No. 7010-5B Number of Claims: 1 (pages total 5) (54) Title of the Invention: (21) Application Number: S58-87468 (22) Filing Date: May 20, 1983 (72) Inventor: SAITO, Mitsuo c/o Mechanical Engineering Laboratory Toshiba Research and Development Center 1 Komukaitoshiba-cho, Saiwai-ku, Kawasaki-shi (72) Inventor: AIHARA, Ken c/o Mechanical Engineering Laboratory Toshiba Research and Development Center 1 Komukaitoshiba-cho, Saiwai-ku, Kawasaki-shi (72) Inventor: MORI, Akio c/o Mechanical Engineering Laboratory Toshiba Research and Development Center 1 Komukaitoshiba-cho, Saiwai-ku, Kawasaki-shi (71) Applicant: Toshiba Corporation 72 Horikawa-cho, Sakwai-ku, Kawasaki-shi (74) Agent: NORICHIKA, Kensuke, Patent Attorney Specification 1. Title of Invention Position input device APLNDC00026960 2. Claim In a device that generates coordinate values of points indicated on a tablet, a position input device characterized by being equipped with a means that detects when two or more points are indicated simultaneously. 3. Detailed Description of Invention Field of Invention This invention pertains to position input devices, such as highly practical tablet devices. Technological Background of Invention and its Problems Numerous position input devices have been developed as devices to input text and graphic information. These position input devices take input by detecting position coordinates on a tablet as indicated by a pen or the like, and they use a variety of systems. Many conventional systems, for example, have used electromagnetic induction/magnetostrictive wire systems or the like, so they used special pens and required cords. While that meant some mconvemence, embedding switches and the like in the pen allowed some types of functions to be easily implemented. Several systems that can input without using a special pen have also been devised. With these systems, anything can serve as the pen, or the hand can be used for input directly, greatly improving on the inconvenience of conventional systems. Since they don't use special pens, however, features cannot be added to pens, requiring separate switches to be provided for function input or specific areas of the tablet to be defined as functions. Figure 1 shows one such example. Part (a) of Figure 1 shows functions defined on the face of the tablet; part (b) shows separate function switches. These make the device much more troublesome to use, since a separate switch must be pressed or different points pressed twice to input a function, and cost tends to rise when separate switches are added. It also forces the device to become larger or to reduce the actual space available for coordinate input. Purpose of the Invention The purpose of this invention is to provide a position input device of simple constitution that can easily provide functions and the like. Summary of the Invention This invention is characterized by being equipped with a circuit that detects when a plurality of points are indicated simultaneously in a tablet device for inputting coordinates. In other words, when two points are indicated simultaneously by a pen, finger or the like, they are input to a computer or the like as, for example, a function, using the signals from such detection. APLNDC00026961 Effect of the Invention Using this invention allows the creation of an inexpensive tablet that does not use a special pen, does not require installation of switches or the like for indicating special functions, and that allows simple creation of text, graphics and the like because functions can be entered in a simple manner. Also, the signal that indicates detection that two points have been indicated simultaneously can also be used in various ways other than for functions. Embodiment of the Invention The invention will be described below with reference to an embodiment. Figure 2 shows one example of a tablet plate that uses this embodiment, which might have a constitution that disposes conducting wires on a pressure-sensitive conductive rubber sheet. A plurality of conductive wires 11 are arrayed in parallel at a specific pitch, each of the conductive wires 11 has electrode parts 12 and 13 connected to drive circuits 14a and 14b and detection circuits 15a and 15b, and adjacent conductive wires 11 are constituted to be in combinations such that they do not connect to the same drive circuit and same detection circuit. In other words, 37 conductive wires 11 are shown arrayed in parallel in Figure 2, with odd-numbered conductive wires 11 connected to drive circuit 14a and detection circuit 15a through electrode part 12 and even-numbered conductive wires 11 connected to drive circuit 14b and detection circuit 15b through electrode part 13. These drive circuits 14a and 14b are constituted by switch circuits 16a and 16b that supply power supply voltage +V to conductive wires 11. Conductive wires 11 connected to electrode part 12 are formed in a plurality of groups connected in common once for every prescribed number of wires. In the example shown in Figure 2, the conductive wires 11 at places 12x+1, 12x+3, 12x+5 ... 12x+11 (x=0, 1, 2) are respectively connected in six groups. Also, at electrode part 13, adjacent conductive wires 11 form a plurality of groups connected at every interval of a specific number of wires so that all the groups connected respectively to electrode part 12 and electrode part 13 are different from their adjacent conductive wires 11. In other words, in the example shown in Figure 2, conductive wires at places 4x+12y+2 and 4x+12y+4 (x, y-0, 1, 2) are respectively connected six groups. Switches 16a and 16b are connected separately to the drive circuits connected to these 12 groups and voltage V supplied by turning these switches on. A tablet plate of this sort is arranged as shown in Figure 3. In other words, a pressure-sensitive conductive rubber sheet 23 is placed between two tablet plates 21 and 22 with the conductive wire of the respective plates running perpendicular to each other. When pressure is placed locally by a position-indication operation using a pen, finger or the like, resistance decreases in pressuresensitive rubber sheet 23 and two conductive wires running perpendicularly in top and bottom tablet plates 21 and 22 short-circuit selectively and locally. Further, in this embodiment, the pitch of the conductive wires is set such that two adjacent wires in each of the top and bottom conductive wires short-circuit when a pen or finger applies pressure to any one spot on the tablet. Figure 4 is a block diagram of this embodiment, which uses the aforementioned tablet. Drive circuits 32 and 33 and detection circuits 34 and 35 are connected respectively to the two electrode APLNDC00026962 parts of tablet 31. These two detection circuits 34 and 35 respectively detect when odd-numbered and even-numbered conductive wires are conducting. Figure 5 is a bit configuration diagram that shows the status of conductive points where an indicated position is detected in this detection circuit. Next, based on the signal of the detection line detected by detection circuit A 34 and the detection line detected by detection circuit B 35, tablet controller 36 sends the coordinate values of the indicated point or a function to the central processing unit (CPU) 37, CPU 37 creates output information using information from tablet controller 36, this output information is sent to display 38, and text, graphics or the like are displayed, following the flow chart shown in Figure 6. Also, only one tablet is shown in Figure 4, but two tablets, top and bottom, are connected to tablet controller 36. Next we will explain the operation of this embodiment with reference to the flowchart shown in Figure 6. First, the bottom tablet plate 22 is set to the drive side by turning all its drive circuit switches to ON, then the top tablet plate 21 is set to the detect side by turning all its drive circuit switches to OFF. When a position indication operation is then performed, the conductive rubber sheet 23 becomes conductive at the indicated position and the voltage (sm st) supplied from aforementioned drive circuit electrode parts 22a and 22b is applied to conductive wires 11 of top tablet plate 21 via conductive rubber sheet 23. Tablet controller 36 searches with detection circuit 34 on the electrode part 21a side of the top tablet 21 for the conductive wire 11 at which the aforementioned voltage appears. If at this time two points are pressed simultaneously, two conductive points become ON, as shown in Figure 5, and can easily be detected. The fact that two points have been pressed simultaneously is sent to the CPU as a function. When only one location is ON, the same kind of operation is performed by detection circuit B 35 at electrode part 21b. Thus, when only one point is pressed, the specified position coordinate Y of one direction is found from the group of detection lines detected by detection circuit A 34 and 35. Thereafter, all the switches of the drive circuits of bottom tablet 22 are turned OFF to set it to the detection side, all switches of the drive circuits of top tablet 21 are turned ON to set it to the drive side, and coordinate X is found by executing the same flow as above. The coordinate values found are sent to the CPU. In this flow, a function is sent when two or more points are pressed simultaneously, but it can be allocated to several functions by the distance between, direction of, etc., the two pressed points. Also, any tablet that can detect when two points are pressed simultaneously can be used for this, not only the tablet described above, and it is also possible to implement more functions with three or more points rather than two points. Further, the control flow shown in Figure 6 might be executed by, for example, microprocessor control, but the detection control algorithm can naturally be changed in various ways. Next, we show an example of an operating procedure for this embodiment with reference to Figure 7. A co----------d menu 12 is defined in one part of the display screen 41 shown in Figure 7a, and the user moves the cursor 43 as desired on the tablet with a finger, for example, to the CIRCLE command, and when a different finger then simultaneously specifies another appropriate point, the tablet sends the CPU a signal that two points have been specified. Figure 7b shows how this looks, with the thumb and pointer finger being used on the tablet 44. The CPU knows from the cursor APLNDC00026963 location and from the signal that two points are specified that the CIRCLE co-···· ---d was specified, and it waits for the center position and a position on the circumference to be input. Next, the user moves the cursor with a finger to the position desired for the center of the circle, and when two points are specified simultaneously using another finger as above, now the CPU interprets the cursor position as the center position of a circle. By similarly specifying a point on the circumference, the CPU draws a circle as specified as shown in Figure 7c. By using this embodiment, simple cursor movements and making the cursor position the target of an operation can both be accomplished with extremely simple operations. Further, using this invention provides the advantage of being able to enter functions without using special pens or function switches, but functions need not be used, allowing use as signals other than position specification input by indicating two or more points simultaneously. 4. Brief Description of the Drawings Figure 1 is a surface diagram of a conventional tablet. Figure 2 is a structural diagram of a tablet plate used in one embodiment of this invention. Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of a tablet used in one embodiment of this invention. Figure 4 is a block diagram of one embodiment of this invention. Figure 5 is a bit configuration diagram that shows conduction point status. Figure 6 is a flowchart showing an example of a control flow. Figure 7 is a diagram showing operating procedure for this embodiment. 11: Conductive wires 14a, 14b: Drive circuits 16a, 16b: Switches 23: Pressure-sensitive conductive rubber sheet 32, 33: Drive circuits 36: Tablet controller 38: Display 42: Command menu 44: Tablet plate 12, 13: Electrode parts 15a, 15b: Detection circuits 21, 22: Tablet plates 31: Tablets 34, 35: Detection circuits 37: CPU 41: Display screen 43: Cursor APLNDC00026964 Figure l Fi Fz 73 7 73 Figure 2 b ILA [Key] 15a, 15b: Detection circuit APLNDC00026965 Figure 3 i Figure 4 11 i C PU [Key] 31: 34: 35: 36: Tablet Detection circuit A Detection circuit B Tablet controller 38: Display Figure 5 As de ha & & Ro 4 O , APLNDC00026966 Figure 6 (syfú† ) [Key] a. a. Bottom drive part on b. b. Top electrode A on? c. Two or more locations on? c. d. Top electrode B on? e. Two or more locations on? e. f. Calculate Y coordinate g. Top drive part on h. Bottom electrode A on? h. - i. Two or more locations on? j. 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UW M*ARW SIERAgoyivfEORUS,¾2BR MAS4>6°N"O=wvF¾mthttet *RM -AgneRbhöpivyFgo-g ),*LORRERW±otRNAbthão AB, VE 8 ft*¾¾©-AR¾¢¾¾¾ Fy ROMAB,¾4em*¾¾e-ggg i ,SSERWRA©Ratã†e> l tiyo. ACANW¾R©9&&ReUkusM c)-y>tBTSML,astWWKMogt ige2Atamfat,4RR+©*-V>R ETR©96tRh CPUltWR† , NCMS WAB,SB 97 RNR7 -e1¾tã†m, M*ARM©¾nymen gygg APLNDC00026971 WWIIESS-214941(4.) 1 1 -Sl&, 12, 18•••¾¾$li, 14a ,14b•" , 15a , 156 ---8 111 5|$, I B 16a , 166 ••- , 21, 22•·•F YMFF R, AV-T, S 2 8 -•$fE 8l·-•Fiv?V, 82,83 U S, 8 4 , s š···& fli B M, 8 8 ··· ? VV dp@, 8 'l -· CPU, 8 8 •~¾ŠW, 4 1 -A (A) lilii illi , 4 2 .- = ,ryy / - .,- - , 4 8 •-• h -yk, 44-·FYVVFN Fi Fz 73 FA F3 I (WA fem± M ä g gi (It*14) <h) E v¯ 2 l¾ ¯] - 4.h ICA /Ë - /3 4¾ |---, - i I -I J/ r--- ¯ i .....L * '4V VFT P 1 33 + I II the hJ 37 53¾ 2/A C PU --- . zzb ¯ ?]6 2/ 36 fil. 5 m 8.« fi Ra Ra,ßt no ?2 22& APLNDC00026972 6 m Wimise-21tss1(s) E 7 (3T RT ) 17egy gN y (4) je i N Fantflani : Send Y 99 Y I , IYAX8†-¶] MAS405M| Y & N N IXAWafg I 1 (c) Y' I Aasea i I APLNDC00026973 Receipt date: 12/19/2008 10840862 - GAU: 2629 ALTERNATIVE TO PToisBoaWB (Based on PTO 08-08 version) Complete II Known Substitute for form 1449/PTO - Application Number INFORMATION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT BY APPLICANT 10/840,862 Filingoate May 6, 2004 FirstNamedinventor Steve P. HOTELLING Art Unit sheet 1 of 1 2629 Examiner Name {Use as niarly sissels as maessary) Not Yet Assigned Attomey Docket Number 106842009000 U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS Exarriner Cite No.' Mmenta Pubicalion Dale Number-Kirxl Code" (fimom) MM-DD-YYYY 1. 08-4,914,624 04-03-1990 Duntnorn et al. 2 3. US-5.584856 US-2005/0146511 12-31-1996 Stein et al 07-07-2005 Hill et al. Initials' Name of Patentee or Applicant of Cited Document Figures Appear FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS Examiner Initials' Cite No.' Faregn Patent Document / NE •-- ------•••• Date CounhyCode'-Number'-MndCode"(TImown) MMOD-YYYY N of Patentee or Pages, Columns, Lines, ame AppilcantofCltedDocument 4. JP-59-214941 12-04-1984 Toshiba Corp 5. JP-60-211529 10-23-1985 AMP Inc. 6. JP-08-016307 01-19-1996 Pentel KK 7. JP-2000-112642 04-21-2000 Digital Electronics Corp 8. JP3002-342033 11-29-2002 Sony Corp 9. JP-2003-029899 01-31-2003 Sony Corp 10. 11. EP-0 156 593 EP-0 250 931 WhueRelemntPassages OrRelevantFigumsAppear f 10-02-1985 AMP Incorporated 01-07-1986 Intemational Business Machines Corp Examiner ; Signature /Kimnhung Nguyen/ with English abstract with English abstract with English abstract Date. Considered with Englitsh abstract with English abstract with English abstract | 12/20/2008 'EXAMINER: Initial if information considered, whether or not citation la In conformance with MPEP 609. Draw line through citation If not in conformance and not considered. Include copy of this form with next corrrnunication to applicant. ' Applicant's unique citation designation number (optional). * See Kinds Codes of USPTO Patent Documents at www.usp1n.aav or MPEP 901.04. * Enler Oflice that issued the docurnoni, by the two-letter code (WlPO Standard ST.3). 'For Japanese patent documents, the indicaUon of the year of the reign of the Emperarmust precede the sedal number of the patent document 'Kind of document by the appropriale symbols as indicated on the documeni under WIPO Standard ST. 16 If possible. "Appilcant is to place a check mark here if En|¢Ish language Translationisattached' ALL REFERENCES CONSIDERED EXCEPT WHERE LINED THROUGH. !K.N./ NON PATENT LITERATURE DOCUMENTS Include name of the author (in CAPITAL LETTERS), title of the article (when appropriate), title of the Item (book, magazine,]ouma1, serlal, symposium, catalog, etc.), date, page(s), volume-issue number{s), publisher, city and/or country where publisheci. f ' Intemational search report for Intemational Application No. PCT/US2005/014364 mailed January 12, 2005 ,l examiner citi Initials No, i 12. Examiner Signature /Kimnhung Nguyen/ Data. Considered / 12/20/2008 'EXAMINER: Initial if reference considered, whether or not citation Is in confonnance with MPEP 000. Draw une through diation if not in conformance and not considered. Include copy of this form with nextcommunleation to appilcant. 'Applicants unique oltation designation number (optional). *Appicant is to place a check mark here If English langinge Translation is atiached. ALL REFERENCES CONSIDERED EXCEPT WHERE LINED THROUGH. !K.N./ la-1009920 APLNDC00026974 (19) Japanese Patent Office (JP) (12) Kokai Unexamined Patent Application Bulletin (A) (11) (43) (51) Laid Open Patent Application No. Publication Date Number of Claims Number of Pages Examination Request Int. CI.' G 06 F 3/033 Identification Code 360 2002-342033 (P2002-342033A) November 29, 2002 8 Total 9 OL Not yet made FI G 06 F 3/033 Theme Code (Ref.) 360 D 5BO87 (21) Application No.: 2001-151499 (p2001-151499) (71) Applicant: 000002185 Sony Corporation 6-7-35 Kita-shinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo-to (22) Application Date May 21, 2001 (72) IRVOnÍOr: REKIMOTO, Junichi Sony Corporation Computer Science Research Center, 3-14-13 Higashi-gotanda, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo-to (74) Agent: 100101801 Patent Attorney, YAMADA, Eiji (and 2 other people) F Term (Ref.) 58087 AA00 CCO2 CC11 CG16 0026 CC32 (57) [Abstract] [Problem to Be Solved] To recognize two or more points of information and the shape of a proximate object. [Means for Solving the Problem] A noncontact.type user input device comprises a plurality of linear transmission electrodes, a transmitter that supplies AC current for transmission to said transmission electrodes, a plurality of linear reception electrodes disposed so as not to touch said transmission electrodes, and a receiver that receives AC current flowing in the reception electrodes. A capacitor is formed at each of the points of intersection between the transmission electrodes and the reception electrodes; furthermore, a parallel capacitor is formed in repose to a user's fingertip having approached, and the capacitance of the capacitor changes in accordance with the degree of proximity of the fingertip. Recognition is performed utilizing the fact that there are changes in the AC current that passes through the capacitor [formed] between the electrodes. Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026975 JP-2002-342033-A Page 2 [CLAIMS] [Claim 1] A noncontact type user input device for performing input in a noncontact manner using a user's fingertip or the like, the noncontact type user input device being characterized by comprising a plurality of linear transmission electrodes, a transmitter that supplies AC current for transmission to said transmission electrodes, a plurality of linear reception electrodes disposed so as not to touch said transmission electrodes, and a receiver that receives AC current flowing in the reception electrodes, a circuit equivalent to a capacitor being formed at each of the intersection points between the transmission electrodes and the reception electrodes. [Claim 2] The noncontact type user input device recited in Claim 1, characterized in that a first capacitor equivalent circuit, which is equivalent to a capacitor, is formed at each intersection point between a transmission electrode and a reception electrode, while a second capacitor equivalent circuit is formed, in parallel with the first capacitor equivalent circuit, in response to an electroconductive object such as a user's fingertip having approached [the] intersection point between [the] transmission electrode and [the] reception electrode, the capacitance of said second capacitor equivalent circuit changing in accordance with the degree of proximity of said electroconductive object, as of consequence of which, the AC current passing through said first capacitor equivalent circuit changes. [Claim 3] The noncontact type user input device recited in Claim 1, characterized in that said transmitter scans the transmission electrodes with the AC current, and a signal processing unit is further provided, which detects the input position of the user's finger or the like by way of the positional relationship between the transmission electrode that transmitted the AC current and the reception electrode that received the AC current. [Claim 4] The noncontact type user input device recited in Claim 3, characterized in that said signal processing unit utilizes the difference between the capacitance of the first virtual capacitor that is formed at the intersection point between the transmission electrode and the reception electrode and the capacitance of the second virtual capacitor that is formed in response to an electroconductive object such as a user's fingertip having approached [the] intersection point between [the] transmission electrode and [the] reception electrode, so as to detect the electroconductive object having approached. [Claim 5] The noncontact type user input device recited in Claim 3, characterized in that said signal processing unit detects the position of said electroconductive object by integrating the capacitances of the capacitors that are virtually formed between the electroconductive object, such as the user's finger, and the electrodes. Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026976 JP-2002-342033-A Page 3 [Claim 6] The noncontact type user input device recited in Claim 1, characterized in that a user input area constituted by at least the intersection of said plurality of transmission electrodes and said plurality of reception electrodes is overlaid on a display screen of a display device. [Claim 7] The noncontact type user input device recited in Claim 1, characterized by being constituted so as to be united with a display device constituted by stacking an anode electrode layer and a cathode electrode layer, with an insulating layer therebetween. [Claim 8] The noncontact type user input device recited in Claim 7, characterized in that the user input area is constituted by the intersection of said plurality of transmission electrodes and said plurality of reception electrodes, by way of applying an AC current for detection to one electrode layer, to which a DC voltage is applied, and detecting the AC current received by way of the other electrode layer. [Detailed Description of the Invention] [0001] [Technical Field of the Invention] The present invention relates to a user input device for inputting object operations, commands and the like to a computer; and in particular relates to a user input device with which object operations, commands and the like are directly input to a computer using a user's fingertip. [0002] More specifically, this relates to a user input device that inputs object operations, commands and the like to a computer in a noncontact manner; and in particular relates to a noncontact user input device that can recognize two or more points of information, the shape of a proximate object, and information on the distance to an object. [0003] [Prior Art] In the wake of recent technological innovations, general-purpose type computer systems have been developed and marketed, which are referred to as workstations (WS) or personal computers (PC), and have better added value and improved functionality with relatively small sizes, at low cost; these have become highly prevalent in universities and other research organizations, in businesses and other offices, as well as in the day-to-day life of ordinary households. [0004] A computer system generally provides an "interactive," which is to say dialogical, processing environment, by way of operating in response to user input commands and displaying the processing results on a display screen. Recent trends include the movement from old character-based user input environments, which is to say, "CUls (Character User Interfaces)" which use a conventional keyboard, the DOS (Disk Operating System) shell screen Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026977 JP-2002-342033-A Page 4 being representative of these, to "GUls (Graphical User Interfaces)" whereby graphics-based user input has been implemented. In GUI environments, the computer system provides a simulated desktop and a large number of icons on a display screen. [0005] All of the resource objects that are handled in the computer system, such as files, are represented as icons on the desktop that is provided by the GUI. The user can perform computer operations intuitively by performing operations (for example, clicking or dragging and dropping) directly on objects that are displayed on the screen, by using a mouse or the like on icons that symbolize programs, data, folders, devices and the like, on the display screen. Furthermore, buttons [sic] are provided on the desktop for instantly calling up various different functions, which is to say, computer processes, such as menu bars and toolboxes, and thus command input methods are becoming increasingly intuitive and easy to understand. [0006] With the introduction of the GUI environment, a computer can be properly operated without the user having to undergo special training in specific command names, command operation methods or the like, and without performing complex key input. [0007] In such GUI environments, coordinate specification devices such as, for example, mice, TrackPoints, joysticks, tablets and touchpads are representative of user input devices that can be used. From among these, the mouse is deeply established in the computer industry, and almost all users have become comfortable with operations based on dragging and dropping. It is not unreasonable to say that there is absolutely no need for special training in mouse operation when computers are newly introduced to various aspects of everyday life, such as in offices and households. GUls based on mouse operations are already established [as the norm] for most users, and provide multiple general usage functions. [0008] In the GUI environment, the user can perform input operations in a manner that is easy to understand, by way of interaction with the computer, while being guided by the content of the display on the computer screen. User input devices using touch panels can be cited as one example of a further advancement in such interactive input. In this case, a touch panel that reads coordinate values specified by a pen or the user's fingertip is overlaid with a screen and therefore, as differs from the case of mouse operations, there is no need for the user remove their line of sight from the screen, and it is possible to directly indicate a desired display object with one's own fingertip, whereby operability is further improved. [0009] However, for user input based on conventional touch panels, it is necessary to actually touch the surface of the touch panel with the fingertip. [0010] Furthermore, if there are two or more contact points on the panel, it is not possible to measure each position independently. For example, if we consider a usage situation Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026978 JP-2002-342033-A Page 5 in which a meeting is conducted, in which several people are positioned so as to surround a touch panel, it is possible that the fingertips of several participants touch the touch panel at the same time, but the system cannot recognize such phenomena. This would result in the first touch being given precedence, or in the multiple touches interfering/being mixed up. [0011] Furthermore, user input with the conventional touch panel system is based on point data input, and it is not possible to recognize the shape of proximate objects or information on distance to a proximate fingertip. [0012] [Problems to Be Solved by the Invention] An object of the present invention is to provide an excellent user input device, with which object operations, commands and the like can be input directly to a computer using a user's fingertip. [0013] A further object of the present invention is to provide an excellent user input device, with which input to a computer such as object operations and commands can be performed in a noncontact manner. [0014] A further object of the present invention is to provide an excellent noncontact type user input device, with which it is possible to recognize two or more points of information, the shape of proximate objects, information on the distance to an object and the like. [0015] [Means for Solving the Problems and Operation] The present invention, which was made in light of the problems described above, is a noncontact type user input device for performing input in a noncontact manner using a user's fingertip or the like, the noncontact type user input device being characterized by comprising a plurality of linear transmission electrodes, a transmitter that supplies AC current for transmission to the transmission electrodes, a plurality of linear reception electrodes disposed so as not to touch the transmission electrodes, and a receiver that receives AC current flowing in the reception electrodes, a circuit equivalent to a capacitor being formed at each of the points of intersection between the transmission electrodes and the reception electrodes. [0016] With a noncontact type user input device of this sort, a first capacitor equivalent circuit, which is equivalent to a capacitor, is virtually formed at each point of intersection between a transmission electrode and a reception electrode. [0017] Furthermore, a second capacitor equivalent circuit is virtually formed, in parallel with the first capacitor equivalent circuit, in response to an electroconductive object such as a user's fingertip having approached. Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026979 JP-2002-342033-A Page 6 [0018] The capacitance of the second capacitor equivalent circuit changes in accordance with the degree of proximity of the electroconductive object such as a fingertip. Accordingly, the AC current passing through the first capacitor equivalent circuit, which is connected in parallel with the second capacitor equivalent circuit, likewise changes in accordance with the degree of proximity of the electroconductive object such as a fingertip. Utilizing such a phenomenon, the noncontact type user input device can measure, not only the fact that the fingertip has approached, but also the distance to the fingertip when this has approached. [0019] Furthermore, the transmitter may scan the transmission electrodes with the AC current, and a signal processing unit may be further provided, which detects the input position by way of the positional relationship between the transmission electrode that transmitted the AC current and the-reception electrode that received the AC current. [0020] In such a case, the noncontact user input device can measure the contour of the proximate object by tracking the points of intersection between the transmission electrodes and the reception electrodes at which input positions have been detected. In other words, the noncontact user input device can recognize not just simply the fact that an object such as a user's fingertip has approached, but also the shape of the object. Furthermore, even if two or more users try to access the noncontact user input device at the same time, it is possible to recognize the fingertips of each person separately. [0021] The transmitter may apply AC current to the transmission electrodes while scanning. Then, the noncontact user input device may be further provided with a signal processing unit, which detects the input position by way of the positional relationship between the transmission electrode that transmitted the AC current and the reception electrode that received the AC current. [0022] The signal processing unit utilizes the difference between the capacitance of the first virtual capacitor that is formed at the point of intersection between the transmission electrode and the reception electrode and the capacitance of the second virtual capacitor that is formed in response to an electroconductive object such as a user's fingertip having approached [the] point of intersection between [the] transmission electrode and [the] reception electrode, so as to detect the electroconductive object having approached. [0023] Furthermore, the signal processing unit detects the position of an electroconductive object by integrating the capacitances of the capacitors that are virtually formed between the electroconductive object such as the user's finger and the electrodes. Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026980 JP-2002-342033-A Page 7 [0024] A display-integrated user input device can be constituted by overlaying a user input area comprising at least the intersection of the plurality of transmission electrodes and the plurality of reception electrodes of the noncontact type user input device of the present invention on a display screen of a display device. For example, the noncontact type user input device of the present invention may be constituted so as to be united with a liquid crystal display or an organic LED. [0025] For example, the noncontact type user input device of the present invention may be constituted so as to be united with a display device constituted by stacking an anode electrode layer and a cathode electrode layer, with an insulating layer therebetween. [0026] In such a case, the user input area can be constituted by the intersection of the plurality of transmission electrodes and the plurality of reception electrodes, by way of combining one electrode layer and another electrode layer. That is to say, an AC current for detection may be applied to one electrode layer, to which a DC voltage is applied, and the AC current received by way of the other electrode layer may be detected. [0027] Further objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following embodiments of the present invention and the detailed description based on the accompanying drawings. [0028] [Modes of Embodiment of the Invention] Hereafter, embodiments of the present invention are described in detail with reference to the drawings. [0029] FIG. 1 schematically illustrates the basic configuration of a noncontact type user input device 1 according to one mode of embodiment of the present invention. [0030] As shown in the drawing, a noncontact type user input device 1 comprises: a plurality of linear transmission electrodes 11-1, 11-2, ..., 11-m; a transmitter 12 that supplies an AC current for transmission at a predetermined frequency (for example, 100 kHz) to the transmission electrodes 11-1...; a plurality of linear reception electrodes 15-1, 15-2, ..., 15-n, which receive the AC current from the transmission electrodes 11-1..., by way of an electrostatic effect; and a receiver 16 that receives the AC current flowing in the reception electrodes 15-1... . The receiver 16 comprises: an AM modulator comprising a band pass filter (BPF) 16A, which allows only AC current at a predetermined frequency range to pass, an amplifier 16B and a detector 16C; and an A/D converter 16 D, that converts the detector output to a digital format signal. [0031] It will be understood from FIG. 1 that the reception electrodes 15-1, 15-2, ..., 15-n have points of intersection with the reception electrodes 11-1, 11-2, ..., 11-m, but these Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026981 JP-2002-342033-A Page 8 electrodes do not contact each other at these points of intersection. In other words, a circuit equivalent to a capacitor that stores electrical charge is substantially formed at each intersection between the electrodes. Accordingly, when the AC current passes through a transmission electrode, an AC current flows in the reception electrodes facing this as a result of electrostatic induction via this point of intersection. The area in which these transmission electrodes 11-1, 11-2, ..., 11-m and the reception electrodes 15-1, 15-2, ..., 15-n cross each other constitutes a user input area for the noncontact type user input device 1. As shown in the drawing, this user input area extends in two dimensions. [0032] The transmitter 12 applies the AC current to the transmission electrodes 11-1, ... while scanning. Accordingly, for a certain brief period of time, an AC current flows in the reception electrodes 15-1... from the capacitor equivalent circuit at the point of intersection with the corresponding transmission electrode, and the input position can be detected from the positional relationship between the transmission electrode that has transmitted the AC current and the reception electrode that has received the AC current. For example, by performing predetermined computational processing of the A/D converted output signals from the reception electrodes 15-1... with a processor 20, two-dimensional user input can be detected via the user input area. [0033] In the illustrated example, the transmission electrodes 11-1, 11-2, ..., 11-m are arrayed substantially parallel, while the reception electrodes 15-1, 15-2, ..., 15-n are arrayed in a direction orthogonal to the transmission electrodes 11-1..., and the user input area is a substantially planar area in which the electrodes are combined with each other, in a uniform manner, at the nodes of a lattice. However, the gist of the present invention is not particularly limited to such a mode, and so long as the transmission electrodes and the reception electrodes cross each other without contact, this may be a non-planar shape, such as a sphere or another curved surface shape. [0034] A certain intersection between a transmission electrode 11 and a reception electrodes 15 is shown enlarged in FIG. 2. Furthermore, an equivalent circuit at the point of intersection between this transmission electrode 11 and this reception electrode 15 is shown in FIG. 3. [0035] At the point of intersection where the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15 cross over, a circuit equivalent to a capacitor is formed, as shown in FIG. 3. [0036] Here, if AC voltage is applied to the transmission electrode 11 side, capacitive coupling occurs, by way of a capacitance Ca between the transmission electrode 11 and the Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026982 JP-2002-342033-A Page 9 reception electrode 15, and an AC current is generated in the reception electrode 15. The strength of the current that passes through this capacitor Ca is picked up as digital data by way of performing signal processing with parts [that include] the band pass filter 16A, which is tuned to the transmission frequency of the AC voltage at the transmitter 12, the amplifier 16B, the detector 16C and the A/D converter 16D. The strength of the AC current received by the reception electrode 11 is dependent only on the capacitance Ca of the capacitor. [0037] The capacitance Ca is maintained at a static fixed value so long as the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15 are not deformed or the like. Accordingly, so long as the same AC voltage is applied on the transmission electrode 11 side, the strength of the AC current that is received on the reception electrode 15 side will be constant. [0038] Next, the mechanism whereby an object such as a user's fingertip is detected in a noncontact manner by the combination of such a transmission electrode 11 and reception electrode 15 is described. [0039] FIG. 4 shows the situation in which a user's fingertip is proximate to a certain point of intersection between a transmission electrode 11 and a reception electrode 15. Furthermore, FIG. 5 shows the equivalent circuit at the point of intersection between the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15, when the user's fingertip is proximate to a certain point of intersection between the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15. [0040] As described above, a circuit is formed which is equivalent to a capacitor Ca at the point of intersection at which the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15 cross over. [0041] Furthermore, a human body [part], such as a fingertip, can be considered a virtual ground point (earth). Accordingly, the equivalent circuit is configured so that the capacitor Ca, which is formed between the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15, and virtual capacitors Cb1 and Cb2, Which are formed in series between the human body [part] and the transmission electrode 11 and the human body [part] and the reception electrode 15, are connected in parallel. [0042] Accordingly, if an AC voltage is applied to the transmission electrode 11 side, the strength of the AC current that is generated by capacitive coupling by way of the capacitance Ca between the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15, which is to say, the current that is detected on the reception electrode 15 side, is weakened by an amount corresponding to the current that flows to ground via the capacitor Cb1· Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026983 JP-2002-342033-A Page 10 [0043] The capacitance Ca is maintained at a static fixed value so long as the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15 are not deformed or the like. Conversely, the capacitances Cbi and Cb2 Of the virtual capacitors that are formed between the human body [part] and the transmission electrode 11 and between the human body [part] and the reception electrode 15, which are formed in senes, increase in accordance with the approach of the human body [part] to the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15. [0044] Consequently, if the same AC voltage is applied to the transmission electrode 11, the strength of the AC current that is detected in the reception electrode 15 decreases in accordance with the approach of the human body [part] to the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15. [0045] Utilizing such a phenomenon, the processor 20 can use the reception signal that has been AM modulated by the AM modulator 16 and then converted to digital format by the A/D converter 16D to determine whether or not a human body [part] is close to the point of intersection between the electrodes, or to measure the degree of proximity (distance) of the human body [part]. [0046] As shown in FIG. 1, in the noncontact user input device according to this mode of embodiment, the points of intersection between such transmission electrodes 11-1... and reception electrodes 15-1... are arrayed in an mxn matrix. For example, the intersections between these electrodes can be disposed on an input panel having a predetermined flat surface (or curved surface). [0047] The AC voltage is applied to each of the transmission electrodes 11-1, 11-2, ..., 11-m in time division. Then, the AC currents generated in each of the reception electrodes 15-1, 15-2, ..., 15-n, which correspond to each of these, are sequentially measured, whereby it is possible to determine which point of intersection in the user input area the human body [part] is close to. [0048] In the noncontact user input device 11 according to this mode of embodiment, an electrostatic effect is utilized, and therefore it is not necessary for the human body [part] to make direct contact with the electrode in order for the human body [part] such as the user's fingertip to be detected. Furthermore, by integrating the detection values obtained at proximate points of intersection, it is possible to measure the distance from the input surface to the fingertip by way of performing common geometrical calculations or the like. [0049] Furthermore, by virtue of the constitution shown in FIG. 1, it is possible to independently drive each point of intersection between the electrodes. In other words, because Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026984 JP-2002-342033-A Page 11 it is possible to pick up detection values independently from each point of intersection, if a plurality of objects (for example, the right-hand and left-hand of the same user, or the hands of a plurality of users) approach the user input area at the same time, if the distance is greater than the pitch distance between the points of intersection, these can be recognized as independent objects. In other words, it is possible to measure the locations of a plurality of objects at the same time. [0050] Furthermore, by tracking the points of intersection at which object proximity has been simultaneously detected, it is possible to capture the shape or contour of the proximate object. [0051] FIG. 6 depicts a variant of the noncontact user input device 1. [0052] When the user's fingertip has approached an area surrounded by the grid points A, B, C, D, virtual capacitors CI, Ca, Cs, Co are formed between the transmission electrodes 11-i, 11-j as well as the reception electrodes 15-p, 15-q and the user's fingertip. [0053] The capacitances of these virtual capacitors Ci, Ca, CP, Co vary with the distance between the electrodes and the user's fingertip. [0054] Accordingly, by integrating the values from a plurality of points of intersection of the human body [part] and the electrodes, it is possible to measure the position of a hand, which is intermediate between the points of intersection. That is to say, the position measurement system [sic] of the noncontact user input device 1 according to this mode of embodiment can be made finer than the gap between the points of intersection of the electrodes. [0055] FIG. 7 depicts another variant of the noncontact user input device 1. [0056] As has already been described with reference to FIG. 1, the noncontact user input device 1 according to this mode of embodiment is such that the points of intersection between the transmission electrodes 11-1... and the reception electrodes 15-1... are arrayed in an mxn matrix in the user input area. Furthermore, by virtue of a constitution such as shown in FIG. 1, it is possible to independently pick up detection values from points of intersection by independently driving the points of intersection between the electrodes. [0057] Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 7, if a plurality of user fingertips are present in the user input area, these can be independently recognized at the points of intersection where the user fingertips are proximate. Consequently, it is possible to receive simultaneous input from a plurality of users using one single user input device. [0058] Furthermore, FIG. 8 depicts another variant of the noncontact user input device 1. Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026985 JP-2002-342033-A Page 12 [0059] As has already been described with reference to FIG. 1, the noncontact user input device 1 according to this mode of embodiment is such that the points of intersection between the transmission electrodes 11-1... and the reception electrodes 15-1... are arrayed in an mxn matrix in the user input area. However, in the example shown in FIG. 8, the gaps between the transmission electrodes 11-1, 11-2,..., 11-m and the reception electrodes 15-1, 15-2,..., 15-n are provided so as to be sufficiently narrow, and the scan speed with which the transmitter 12 applies the AC voltage to the transmission electrodes 11-1 is made sufficiently fast. [0060] In such a case, as shown in FIG. 8, if the user brings their palm close to the user input area, by tracking the points of intersection at which the approach has been detected, the shape of the object, which is to say, the palm, can be recognized. [0061] In other words, by making the pitch distance between the electrodes sufficiently small and making the scan speed for the transmission electrodes sufficiently fast, the noncontact user input device 1 according to this mode of embodiment can recognize the shape of objects. [0062] Applications in which the noncontact user input device 1 according to this mode of embodiment is combined with other devices can be conceived. For example, by overlaying the noncontact user input device 1 on a flat display such as a liquid crystal display (LCD) or an organic EL [sic], it is possible to constitute a user input device having an integrated display. With such a user input device, the user can easily and intuitively perform command input to the computer while being guided by the content of GUI screens that are output on the display. The user can perform input operations without removing their line of sight from the display screen, and therefore the risk of erroneous input is reduced. [0063] FIG. 9 schematically depicts the cross-sectional structure of a noncontact user input device 1 that is constituted so as to be united with a display device comprising an electroconductive polymer-based light emitting element, which is to say, an organic LED. [0064] As shown in this figure, an anode electrode layer and a cathode electrode layer comprising an electroconductive polymer are stacked, with an insulating layer comprising an organic material therebetween. Furthermore, the anode electrodes and the cathode electrodes are disposed running straight with respect to each other'. This is similar to the structure shown in FIG. 1 in which the transmission electrodes 11-1... and the reception electrodes 15-1... are disposed intersecting so as not to touch each other. 1 It is likely that there was a typographical error in the original Japanese at this point, as a homophone would read "orthogonal to each other." -- trans. Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026986 JP-2002-342033-A Page 13 [0065] In the organic display, in order to cause the pixels to emit light, DC voltage is successively applied to the electrodes in one of the electrode layers, in the screen scan direction. [0066] In this mode of embodiment, an AC voltage for detecting a human body [part] is applied superimposed on the DC voltage that flows in one of the electrode layers. Consequently, an AC current is received in the other electrode layer. At the point of intersection that is approached by a human body [part] such as a user's fingertip, the strength of the received AC current decreases, and it is therefore possible to specify the position occupied by the user's finger and to recognize the shape of the proximate object. [0067] With a constitution such as shown in FIG. 9, without changing the constitution of the screen in the organic display, the display device can be used as-is, as a noncontact type user input device. [0068] Furthermore, an organic display is generally flexible and can be bent at will. Accordingly, with application examples such as shown in FIG. 9, it is possible to constitute a spherical or cylindrical user input integrated display device. [0069] [Supplement] Hereabove, the present invention has been discussed with reference to specific embodiments. However, it is self-evident that those skilled in the art can modify and make substitutions in the embodiments, within a scope that does not depart from the gist of the present invention. In other words, the present invention has been disclosed in the modes that have been illustrated by way of example, but these are not intended to be limiting interpretations. The scope of the present invention should be judged by referring to the claims recited at the outset. [0070] [Effects of the Invention] As described in detail above, by virtue of the present invention, it is possible to provide an excellent user input device, with which object operations and commands and the like can be directly input to a computer using a user's fingertip. [0071] Furthermore, by virtue of the present invention, an excellent user input device can be provided with which input to a computer, such as object operations and commands, can be performed in a noncontact manner. [0072] Furthermore, by virtue of the present invention, an excellent noncontact type user input device can be provided, with which it is possible to recognize two or more points of information, the shape.of a proximate object, information on distance to the object and the like. [0073] In the noncontact type user input device according to the present invention, a first capacitor equivalent circuit, which is equivalent to a capacitor, is virtually formed at each of Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026987 JP-2002-342033-A Page 14 the points of intersection between the transmission electrodes and the reception electrodes. Furthermore, in response to the approach of an electroconductive object, such as a user's fingertip, a second capacitor equivalent circuit is virtually formed in parallel with the first capacitor equivalent circuit. The capacitance of this second capacitor equivalent circuit changes in response to the degree of proximity of the electroconductive object, such as a fingertip, and consequently the AC current passing through the first capacitor equivalent circuit changes. Accordingly, utilizing such a phenomenon, it is possible to not only [detect] contact with the fingertip but also measure the distance to the fingertip when this has approached. [0074] Furthermore, by way of scanning the input of an AC current to the transmission electrodes, it is possible to detect the input position on the basis of the positional relationship between the transmission electrode that transmitted the AC current and the reception electrode that received the AC current. By tracking the points of intersection between the transmission electrodes and the reception electrodes at which input positions have been detected, it is possible to measure the contour of a proximate object. In other words, the noncontact user input device can not just simply detect when an object such as a user's fingertip has approached, but also recognize the shape of the object. Furthermore, even if two or more users try to access the noncontact user input device at the same time, it is possible to recognize the fingertips of each person separately. [Brief Description of the Drawings] [FIG. 1] is a view schematically showing the basic constitution of a noncontact type user input device 1 according to one mode of embodiment of the present invention. [FIG. 2] is a view showing, in an enlarged manner, a certain point of intersection between a transmission electrode 11 and a reception electrode 15. [FIG. 3] is a view showing an equivalent circuit at a certain point of intersection between a transmission electrode 11 and a reception electrode 15. [FIG. 4] is a view showing the situation when a user's fingertip is proximate to a certain point of intersection between a transmission electrode 11 and a reception electrode 15. [FIG. 5] is a view showing an equivalent circuit at a point of intersection between a transmission electrode 11 and a reception electrode 15 when a user's fingertip has approached a certain point of intersection between the transmission electrode 11 and the reception electrode 15. [FIG. 6] is a view intended to describe a variant of the noncontact user input device 1. Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026988 JP-2002-342033-A Page 15 [FIG. 7] is a view intended to describe a variant of the noncontact user input device 1. [FIG. 8] is a view intended to describe a variant of the noncontact user input device 1. [FIG. 9] is a view showing the cross-sectional structure of a noncontact user input device 1 constituted so as to be united with a display device comprising an electroconductive polymer-based light emitting element, which is to say, an organic LED. [Explanation of the Reference Numerals] 1... noncontact user input device 11... transmission electrode 12... 15... transmitter reception electrode 16... AM modulator 16A... band pass filter 16B... amplifier 16C... detector 16D... A/D converter 20... processor Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026989 JP-2002-342033-A Page 16 [FIG. 1] tran litter processor 20 --... I , comp ational system AMmodulator16 16A 1 16C 100 user input area concontact user input device i FIG. 2] transmission electrode 11 reception electrode 15 user input area [FIG. 3] AC current (transmission) capacitor g e AAAAAf ITVVVV transmission electrode 11 Translation by Patent Translations Inc. AC current (reception) RAAAAI fVVVVV reception electrode 15 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026990 JP-2002-342033-A Page 17 [FIG. 4] transmission electrode 11 reception electrode 15 user input area [FIG. 5] capacitor AC current (transmission) AC current • (reception) NWW twvw transmission electrode 11 reception electrode 15 -ll-lP capacitor Ob1 capacitor Ûbt human body Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026991 JP-2002-342033-A Page 18 [FIG. 6) B C, C D 11-1 11 ] FIG. 7 IFIG. 81 Illl I \\\\ lles - -ll 1111¯ . --IIII Illlll Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026992 JP-2002-342033-A Page 19 [FIG. 9] protective layer cathode organic insulating layer anode glass substrate organic display Translation by Patent Translations Inc. 1-800-844-0494 mail@PatentTranslations.com APLNDC00026993 JP-2002-342033-A5 2004.8.26 Document Type] Amendment in Accordance with Article 17-2 of the Patent Law Division/Section] Division 6, Section 3 Issue Date] August 26, 2004 (2004/8/26) Laid-Open Publication Number] 2002-342033 (P2002-342033A) [Laid-Open Publication Date] November 29, 2002 (2002/11/29) [Application No.] 2001-151499 (P2001-151499) [International Patent Classification Version 7) GO6F 3/033 [F I ] G 06 F 3/033 360 D [Amendment to Proceedings] Submission Date] August 14, 2003 (2003/8/14) Amendment to Proceedings 1] Title of Document to Be Amended] Specification Item to Be Amended] Title of the Invention [Amendment Method] Modification Content of the Amendment] Title of the Invention] User Input Device Amendment to Proceedings 2 ] [Title of Document to Be Amended] Specification [Item to Be Amended] Claims [Amendment Method] Modification Content of the Amendment] CLAIMS] Claim 1] A user input device that receives data or command input from a user for an information processing device, the user input device being characterized by comprising: user input means with which a user performs input operations using an electroconductive object such as a human body [part]; and detection means for detecting, with respect to said input operation on said user input means, the contact or proximate position of the electroconductive object and other conditions of the contact or proximate state of said electroconductive object, said other conditions including the shape or contour of one or more electroconductive objects that perform an input operation on said user input device. [Claim 2] The user input device recited in Claim 1, characterized in that said user input means have a capacitance that changes due to the proximity of, or contact by, an electroconductive object; and said detection means detect said input operation on the basis of said change in capacitance. [Claim 3] The user input device recited in Claim 2, characterized in that said user input means compnse: a plurality of transmission electrodes; APLNDC00026994 a transmitter that supplies AC current to said transmission electrodes; a plurality of reception electrodes that are disposed so as not to touch said transmission' electrodes; and a receiver that receives an AC current that flows through said reception electrodes, said capacitance being formed at the points of intersection between said transmission electrodes and said reception electrodes. [Claim 4] The user input device recited in Claim 3, characterized in that detection values obtained on the basis of changes in the capacitance at plurality of said points of intersection are integrated in said user input means. [Claim 5] The user input device recited in Claim 3, characterized in that said AC current is supplied from said transmitter to said plurality of transmission electrodes in time division. [Claim 6] The user input device recited in Claim 3, characterized in that changes in said capacitance are detected in said user input means, on the basis of changes in the strength of said AC current that is received by said receiver. [Claim 7] The user input device recited in Claim 1, characterized in that input operations on said user input means relate to data input or command input to an application program that runs on said information processing device. [Claim 8] A user input device that receives inputs such as data or commands from a user for an information processing device, the user input device being characterized by comprising: user input means with which a user performs input operations using an electroconductive object such as a human body [part]; and detection means that detect, with respect to said input operation on said user input means, the contact or proximate position of an electroconductive object and the extent to which said electroconductive object is proximate to or in contact with said user input device [sic]. [Claim 9] A user input device that receives data or command input from a user for an information processing device, the user input device being characterized by comprising: user input means with which a user performs input operations using an electroconductive object such as a human body [part]; and detection means for detecting, with respect to said input operation on said user input means, the contact or proximate position of the electroconductive object and other conditions of the contact or proximate state of said electroconductive object, said detection means independently detecting the contact or proximate position and the other conditions for each of a plurality of electroconductive objects. [Claim 10] The user input device recited in Claim 13 [sic], characterized in that said detection means distinguish a plurality of electroconductive objects by way of integrated processing of contact or proximate positions. [Amendment to Proceedings 3] [Title of Document to Be Amended] Specification APLNDC00026995 [Item to Be Amended] 0054 [Amendment Method] Modification [Content of the Amendment] [0054] Accordingly, by integrating the values from a plurality of points of intersection of the human body [part] and the electrodes, it is possible to measure the position of a hand, which is intermediate between the intersection points. That is to say, the position measurement precision of the noncontact user input device 1 according to this mode of embodiment can be made finer than the gap between the points of intersection of the electrodes. APLNDC00026996 Pagel ofl (19)B*IBWit¥M (1P) 02) gggggg (A) 01)WiWilmkWRG (#l#12002-342033 ( P2(X)2 -""°°A) (daytima ¥&14411Tl29Ei(2002.11.29) (5t)]ntet.' 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[¾2]MŒ¾¾llaggåglSMOthlook akkkutsukWT&&o [¾3]EŒ¾¾llafŒ¾¾l5Mothlookt [ 15---RRRE 16 -AMANE 16A---> F•n'A-9<a9, 168-·½¾¾ 16C·-RRE,16D-A/DiMW 20-10ty? ll um me, mm >ATAN JJJJ.), ,J 35. n-. .m is ,7 / au / Lenas næew usi http://www4.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/tjcontenttrns.ipdl?N0000=21&N0400=image/gif&N0401=/N... 8/28/2009 APLNDC00027003 Page 1 of 1 (8) WW2002-342033 [US] [53] saan um i V -e-m c, MMM M iggli RERMIS [54 EN M11 % 4815 a-VAMM [W6] EU~'] 15-q 11-5 n-i http://www4.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/tjcontenttrns.ipdl?N0000=21&N0400=image/gif&N0401=/N... 8/28/2009 APLNDC00027004 Page 1 of 1 *3U2002-342033 [58] \Illli lllll. i a El \œI -El B - http://www4.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/tjcontenttrns.ipdl?N0000=21&N0400=image/gif&N0401=/N... 8/28/2009 APLNDC00027005 Page 1 of 1 3P 2002-342033 A5 20 4,8,25 kWWFJ]GWNB17me2eMacië¾Eof6& MPmk]¾685PS 3ŒŒ WiB] -TR16g8tj266 (2004.8.26) [ Oggy ] & M 2002--342033(P2002-342033A) (eg a ] -yg 14411pj 29 8 (2002.11.29) [ m yg g] W W2001-151499(P2001-151499) [Ð RORW7K) GO6F 3/033 [FIl GO6F 3/033 360D l?aWE¾l [gg BO ] -TR1548JJ 14 (2003.8.14) [‡¾¾E1] [MERG MalWW NERARB¾l¾W Sä NE22]¾¾ NEohn] RNOSW12-VAh¾¾ [99%E2] [MEkmâ¾¾]WMä [MERRABalWOR$OWS [NE2mlkW [ME WS) l@Watead] [ggg1] †¾ ¾BRERMTax-fè6ef-¥XeavyroAtttgtax-TAñ¾R , Egime ORMXMERR$ro¾eR$k &Ah & LIAB† &¾992 s tSì, 42tokBdAEx-VA RERMLTX¾a †&lalom¾a A ERX dB%2AD, akk@¾k?&s-VAh¾Wo [NSW2] NRa-VA¯h?RM, NEmo womaXMR.gelotWRiaWE R&&L, ggy ad,gggggmotec&dà Exhantam?&, cet RE?&agg1RERos-YADRao [W¢ 31 922-91¾‡¾¤, RK 254¾&, REo EtagekätStiAR?aß¾NE, WEO ARR¾kWRLeukšmŒŒëtkWR95E¾ks ggegggggkån&¾&g&tkW†&¾¾Wkt1Wis gggggma,wgggggkWEdgagho¾aßtBAëta, akkW¾kthmtm2cEmez-VAñ¾ño [58441 REx-VAh9RTM,RROWE¾iñontBERRK¾dà¾6taWERMR http://www4.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/tjcontenttrns.ipdl?N0000=21&N0400=image/gif&N0401=/N... 8/28/2009 APLNDC00027006 Page 1 of 1 3P 2002-342033 A5 2004,8,26 [EMNSJ]RNME17Ao2eREuleME A [-MP159] 9 6 3MS M 3 IER lan el ¥&1648/9 268 (2004.8.26) [ 2 ggy ] & M 2002-342033(P2002-342O33A) (O9 8 ) yg14g11)¯j 298 (2002.1629) [ON.pg] WW2001-151499(P2001-151499) (UPäWi¥ñ¾¾7W1 GO6F 3/033 [FI1 GO6F 3/033 360D [‡MMER) (gmO] TR15-98;jl4 (2003.8.14) [¶¾¾E1] [mine St]UNW [MERRABS1¾Wet [Wita]¾¾ [MEoAnl [¾Ðogala-flhaW [9¾ E21 [NEkaggs]WMä [MERRABal [ME2ml2¾ 1982 ME (NichBl [WERRORU1 [ $51] †ñ¾¾gggentax-Vãs6ef-¥X igggengeggxdagaSTOROR$k &Ah t LTRafaWAVRE, kWA, gydeR$dtEx-VA RERMLTX¾aW†&lm,1eR¾ao A f;&X UR¾tkU, catW¾ktha-VAh¾Wo [NSG2] REx-TA¯h?Re, måtteggengxaggezorgttaWW R&¾L, RERBVRd,SEgggaoggc&dš¾ExhankWATE, CE kW¾ktaagg l eRRos-VADRio laߌ3] NRa-TAh?¾u, RK MBEMax RE ERENCARENkiART&¾EGE, RE GREE¾kWNLeuth WWeatWR *BE¾ks RE GAREMein&RENAki߆&¾ŒUkk¾is RENEG¾a,WRagsgegefamatokanc5täkö, CEkW¾ktaWAM2cER 2-VAh¾ño [28441 gy2-VAtWRTR,ato*ERMAostemmer&dà¾6taWBMMM http://www4.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/tjcontenttrns.ipdl?N0000=21&N0400=image/gif&N0401=/N... 8/28/2009 APLNDC00027007 Page 1 of 1 (2) kett 7 2002-342033 AS 2004.8.26 , att MktaNggsmytox-VAh¾¾o (R$ 51 geoggegggged, RERB¾e6tgingafmk¾rí¾ eaa, EkW¾k? MRW3CEgoa-VADRio [®$56] Eta-VAmygte, aggggefestiammmmanomamec&da, a Egggmogtfasent, akk@¾kfa2AW3CERos-TADRio lA3471 gez-VA 9RCRT&Ahand,¾ERWARRET &†&779¾->*> -1 V9ARMiaf->AñXaawyyAncM?aterka, akkW¾ktaWAMIKER 2-VAh¾Ro [28481 WW½&¾ŒKW†&a-Yk6ey-yxdav>FerokhtfStax-VAh RETAct, -VfAkkeeggaeggggoxx ankn&52-VAh?Rk, 22-VAh?REN†&&Exhancost,WEBo¾¢ NMXRENRWh Rya-VAñ¾geg¾Rtle gffoggannmamLima &AhaLT RATER$‡Rks tþ†&tà Rh? >-TAh¾Ëo [®$¾9] †¾¾½ WW Mtax-VAbef-¥XeavyroAtttgfaa-TAh¾Œ thof, >-YNAktieRRtgeggtgorþ¾ñtWA92-TAh?RE, REx-TAgggggyaggitygcost, R¾tko RORMXURRREE , Regne RomgXangkgromotWh &Ah & LIAB†&RAVEL, kWA, ggy am,ggengme 4th accet,WMXd2W RWkh RS Ekhku&BT CEkW¾kt -VAh¾¾o [¾$4101 gemm?Rd,98Xeggggonkaufmet,wtommmoë¾e Buta LegghtaatW13CER 2-TAnkio [¥¾¾E3] [MERAMM¾lWW [NEN 50810054 [ME2m]¾¾ [ME W¾l [00541 LAfot,A¾kggt NRORMAk6egenkf&ckt,42nd ‡¾E 649 NWittigtar kyrga, †&bt, *¾¾¾ÆRNERNRI-VAh¾ E1022:†ìU©¾iß, &ggmoyageM¾x 0 0Må <tachftBao http://www4.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/tjcontenttrns.ipdl?N0000=21&N0400=image/gif&N0401=/N... 8/28/2009 APLNDC00027008 Searching PAJ Page 1 of 1 PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN (11)Publication number : 2002-342033 (43)Date of publication of application : 29.11.2002 (51)Int.Cl. (21)Application number : 2001-151499 (22)Date of filing : 21.05.2001 006F 3/033 (71)Applicant : SONY CORP (72)Inventor : REKIMOTO JIYUNICHI (54) NON-CONTACT TYPE USER INPUT DEVICE (57)Abstract: PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To recognize the information of two or more points and the shape of an approaching object. SOLUTION: A non-contact type user input device is provided with a plurality of linear transmission electrodes, a transmitter supplying an AC current for transmission to the respective transmission electrodes, a plurality of linear reception electrodes arranged so as not to be in contact with the respective transmission electrodes and a receiver receiving the AC current flowing through the reception electrodes. A capacitor is formed at each intersection of the transmission electrode and the reception electrode, a parallel capacitor is formed corresponding to the approach of the fingertip of a user and the capacitance of the capacitor changes corresponding to the approaching degree of the fingertip. Recognition is performed by utilizing the change of the AC current passing through the capacitor between the electrodes. http://wwwl9.ipdl.inpit.go.jp/PAl/result/detail/main/ws^^¤baaxGDA414342033Pl.htm 8/28/2009 APLNDC00027009 VIA EFS WEB Patent Docket No. 106842009000 Client Reference No. P3266US1 IN THE UNITED STATES PATENT AND TR AnEMARK OFFICE In re Patent Application of: Steve HOTELLING et al. Application No.: 10/840,862 Examiner: Kimnhung T. Nguyen Group Art Unit: 2629 Confirmation No.: 8470 Filing Date: May 6, 2004 For: MULTIPOINT TOUCHSCREEN SUPPLEMENTAL INFO MATION DISCLOSURE STATEMENT UNDER 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 & § 1.98 MS Amendment Commissioner for Patents P.O. Box 1450 Alexandria, VA 22313-1450 Dear Madam: Pursuant to 37 C.F.R. §1.97 and § 1.98, Applicants submit full English professional translations of foreign documents JP-59-214941 and JP-2002-342033. English Abstracts of these foreign documents JP-59-214941 and JP-2002-342033 were previously submitted in an Information Disclosure Statement electronically filed on December 19, 2008, and later considered by the Examiner. A copy of the Examiner's initialed Form PTO/SB/08a/b is attached for the Examiner's convenience. The Examiner is requested to make these documents of further record. Applicants would appreciate the Examiner initialing and returning the Form PTO/SB/08a/b, indicating that the information has been further considered and made of further record herein. la-1043251 APLNDC00027010 Application No. 10/840,862 VIA EFS WEB Patent Docket No. 106842009000 Client Reference No. P3266US1 The information contained in this Supplemental Information Disclosure Statement under 37 C.F.R. § 1.97 and § 1.98 is not to be construed as a representation that: (i) a complete search has been made; (ii) additional information material to the examination of this application does not exist; (iii) the information, protocols, results and the like reported by third parties are accurate or enabling; or (iv) the above information constitutes prior art to the subject invention. A filing fee was submitted with the December 19, 2008, electronic filing of the Information Disclosure Statement, so Applicants do not believe an additional fee is required. However, in the unlikely event that the transmittal form is separated from this document and the Patent and Trademark Office determines that an extension and/or other relief (such as payment of a fee under 37 C.F.R. § 1.17 (p)) is required, Applicants petition for any required relief including extensions of time and authorize the Commissioner to charge the cost of such petition and/or other fees due in connection with the filing of this document to Denosit Account No. 03-1952 referencing 106842009000. Dated: August 28, 2009 Respectfully submitted, By: Glenny Kubota Registration No.: 44,197 MORRISON & FOERSTER LLP 555 West Fifth Street Los Angeles, California 90013-1024 (213) 892-5752 la-1043251 2 APLNDC00027011 Electronic Acknowledgement Receipt EFS ID: 5978920 Application Number: 10840862 International Application Number: Confirmation Number: 8470 Title of Invention: Multipoint touchscreen First Named Inventor/Applicant Name: Steve Hotelling Customer Number: 69753 Filer: Glen Masashi Kubota/Lisa Bronk Filer Authorized By: Glen Masashi Kubota Attorney Docket Number: 106842009000 Receipt Date: 28-AUG-2009 Filing Date: 06-MAY-2004 Time Stamp: 20:43:28 Application Type: Utility under 35 USC 111(a) Payment information: Submitted with Payment no File Listing: Document Number . Document Description 1 Miscellaneous Incoming Letter i File Name File Size(Bytes)/ . Message Digest Multi Pages Part /.zip (if appl.) 40938 200900TRANS.pdf no 1 c73822bfacb53c2851ea0e8a6692f502c374 8043 Warnings: Information: APLNDC00027012 262366 2 200900SIDS.pdf yes 6 e41e7bcblic2293240ace9d9db0a86íf2c43 388d Multipart Description/PDF files in .zip description Document Description Start End Transmittal Letter 1 2 Information Disclosure Statement (IDS) Filed (SB/08) 3 3 Transmittal Letter 4 5 Information Disclosure Statement (IDS) Filed (SB/08) 6 6 Warnings: Information: 633390 3 Foreign Reference 200900JP214941TRANSL.pdf no 14 no 35 6223dea48f1b2263606196682a8c9fd9675 57407 Warnings: Information: 2003339 4 Foreign Reference 200900JP342033TRANSL.pdf 2d150e30585f26be922687dac9ab3663ebb ab386 Warnings: Information: Total Files Size (in bytes) 2940033 This Acknowledgement Receipt evidences receipt on the noted date by the USPTO of the indicated documents, characterized by the applicant, and including page counts, where applicable. It serves as evidence of receipt similar to a Post Card, as described in MPEP 503. New Annlications Under 35 U.S.C. 111 If a new application is being filed and the application includes the necessary components for a filing date (see 37 CFR 1.53(b)-(d) and MPEP 506), a Filing Receipt (37 CFR 1.54) will be issued in due course and the date shown on this Acknowledgement Receipt will establish the filing date of the application. National Staae of an International Annlication under 35 U.S.C. 371 If a timely submission to enter the national stage of an international application is compliant with the conditions of 35 U.S.C. 371 and other applicable requirements a Form PCT/DO/EO/903 indicating acceptance of the application as a national stage submission under 35 U.S.C. 371 will be issued in addition to the Filing Receipt, in due course. New International Annlication I¯iled with the USPTO as a Receivina Office If a new international application is being filed and the international application includes the necessary components for an international filing date (see PCT Article 11 and MPEP 1810), a Notification of the International Application Number and of the International Filing Date (Form PCT/RO/105) will be issued in due course, subject to prescriptions concerning national security, and the date shown on this Acknowledgement Receipt will establish the international filing date of the application. APLNDC00027013 PTOlŠB/21 (07-09) Approved for use through 07/31/2012. OMB 06514)031 U.S. Patent and Trademark Office; U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE I der the Pagrwork Reduction Act of 1995, no gersgs are required to resoond to a collection of infortnation unless it displays a valid OMB control number. Application Number TRANSMITTAL i 10/840,862 Filing Date FORM May 6, 2004 First Named Inventor Art Unit Total Number of Pages in This Submission 56 2629 Examiner Name (to be used for all correspondence after initial filing) Steve HOTELLING Ki mn hung T. Nguyen Attorney Docket Number 106842009000 . Ghent Ref. P32§§U§1 ENCLOSURES (check all that apply) Drawing(s) A eCAllowance Communication Licensing-related Papers Appeal Communication to Board of Appeals and Interferences Petition Appeal Communication to TC After Final Petition to Convert to a Provisional Application Proprietary Information Affidavits/declaration(s) Power of Attorney, Revocation Change of Correspondence Address Status Letter Fee Transmittal Form Fee Attached Amendment/Reply Extension of Time Request Request for Refund Information Disclosure Statement (Supplemental) Other Enclosure(s) (please Terminal Disclaimer Express Abandonment Request (Appeal Notice, Brief, Reply Brief) CD, Number of CD(s) Certified Copy of Priority Document(s) Identify below): (2) English Translations - (49 pages) Landscape Table on CD Reply to Missing Parts/ Incomplete Application | Remarks I I Reply to Missing Parts under 37 CFR 1.52 or 1.53 SIGNATURE OF APPLICANT, ATTORNEY, OR AGENT Firm Name MORRISON & FOERSTER LLP (Customer No. 69753) Signature Printed name f Glenn M. Kubota Date August 28, 2009 Reg. No. 44,197 la-1043303 APLNDC00027014

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