Mayhew v. Cherry Creek Mortgage Co., Inc. et al

Filing 118

RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE recommending that (1)Plaintiff's Verified Motion to Dismiss Action Against Certain Defendants # 98 be GRANTED; (2)Defendant P.C. Wolf's Motion to Dismiss Pursuant [to] Rules 12(b)(2), 12(b)( 5) and 12(b)(6), Fed. R. Civ. P. # 33 be DENIED as moot; (3)Defendant Security Title Guaranty Co.'s Motion to Dismiss and Joinder inVarious Co-Defendants' Pending Motions to Dismiss # 63 be GRANTED; (4) Defendant Brice, Vander Linden & We rnick, P.C. and Joe M. Lozano, Jr.'sMotion to Dismiss Complaint Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), or, in the Alternative, Motion for Summary Judgment as to Claims Against Brice, Vander Linden & Wernick, P.C. and Joe M. Lozano, Jr # 47 be GR ANTED; (5) Defendant Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.; Wells Fargo Asset Securities Corporation; Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems; Joan Mills, and Bradley Davis's Motion toDismiss Pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), Fed. R. Civ. P. # 29 be GRANTED; (6) Mo tion for a More Definite Statement and to Dismiss the Claims Against Ziel,Bradshaw, Rychlec, and Smith in their Individual Capacities # 24 be GRANTED and in light of this Recommendation that all claims and all Defendants be dismissed, recommending t hat this civil action be DISMISSED in its entirety by Magistrate Judge Craig B. Shaffer on 12/21/2009. (Attachments: # 1 Beeler Properties, # 2 DM Johnson, # 3 Fuchs, # 4 Heil, # 5 HSBC Bank, # 6 Jordan-Arapahoe, # 7 McDaniel, # 8 Reese, # 9 Rousseau, # 10 Soesbe)(cbscd) Modified on 1/19/2010 to create linkage (ebs, ).

Download PDF
Page 1 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah)) (Not Selected for publication in the Federal Reporter) (Cite as: 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah))) This case was not selected for publication in the Federal Reporter. Not for Publication in West's Federal Reporter. See Fed. Rule of Appellate Procedure 32.1 generally governing citation of judicial decisions issued on or after Jan. 1, 2007. See also Tenth Circuit Rule 32.1. (Find CTA10 Rule 32.1) United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit. Jeffrey HEIL; Paula Heil, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A., Defendant-Appellee. No. 07-4224. Oct. 9, 2008. Background: Borrowers brought state court action against bank, alleging violations of Truth In Lending Act (TILA) and state law. Bank removed action. The United States District Court for the District of Utah granted bank's summary judgment motion and dismissed as supplemental the state law claims. Borrowers appealed. Holdings: The Court of Appeals, Bobby R. Baldock, Circuit Judge, held that: (1) TILA's one-year statute of limitations began to run upon first reinstatement quotation provided by bank allegedly including improper fees; (2) TILA's statute of limitations was not tolled by bank's alleged refusal to correct errors and continuing to demand allegedly improper fees; and (3) borrowers were not entitled to have district court exercise supplemental jurisdiction over statelaw claims. Affirmed. West Headnotes [1] Limitation of Actions 241 58(1) 241 Limitation of Actions 241II Computation of Period of Limitation 241II(A) Accrual of Right of Action or Defense 241k58 Liabilities Created by Statute 241k58(1) k. In General. Most Cited Cases Borrowers' cause of action against bank for alleged TILA violations accrued, and one-year statute of limitations began to run, upon first reinstatement quotation provided by bank allegedly including improper fees, despite argument that every reinstatement quotation including such improper fees constituted continuing TILA violation; bank repeating error was insufficient to constitute continuing TILA violation. Truth in Lending Act, 102, et seq., 15 U.S.C.A. 1601, et seq. [2] Limitation of Actions 241 104.5 241 Limitation of Actions 241II Computation of Period of Limitation 241II(G) Pendency of Legal Proceedings, Injunction, Stay, or War 241k104.5 k. Suspension or Stay in General; Equitable Tolling. Most Cited Cases TILA's one-year state of limitations was not equitably tolled by bank's alleged refusal to correct errors brought to its attention by borrowers and continuing to demand improper fees; borrowers were aware of bank's alleged failure to credit particular payment, charging of various fees, and improper payment of taxes. Truth in Lending Act, 130(e), 15 U.S.C.A. 1640(e). [3] Federal Courts 170B 15 170B Federal Courts 170BI Jurisdiction and Powers in General 170BI(A) In General 170Bk14 Jurisdiction of Entire Controversy; Pendent Jurisdiction 170Bk15 k. Federal Question Cases in General, Claims Pendent To. Most Cited Cases 2009 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works. Page 2 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah)) (Not Selected for publication in the Federal Reporter) (Cite as: 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah))) Borrowers were not entitled to have district court exercise supplemental jurisdiction over their statelaw claims against bank, despite argument that resolution of claims depended on resolution of federallaw question concerning TILA; borrowers failed to discuss why their state claims were related to the TILA claim, and parties did not expend much time and energy on the state claims before the district court dismissed the TILA claim. Truth in Lending Act, 102, et seq., 15 U.S.C.A. 1601, et seq. *704 Peter W. Clerides, Law Offices of Peter W. Clerides, San Francisco, CA, for Plaintiffs-Appellants. Brad G. Dehaan, Peggy L. Japngie Lizotte, Scott Lundberg, Lundberg Associates, Salt Lake City, UT, for Defendant-Appellee. Before HARTZ, BALDOCK, and GORSUCH, Circuit Judges. state-law claims. The Heils argue that the district court (1) erred in holding that their TILA claim was barred by the statute of limitations and was not equitably tolled and (2) abused the court's discretion in not exercising supplemental jurisdiction over their state-law claims. We affirm. I. On January 13, 1995, the Heils refinanced a loan with Crossland Mortgage, Inc. A deed of trust on a Utah parcel of land owned by the Heils secured the loan. Crossland merged with Wells Fargo, and the Heils began making their payments to Wells Fargo on December 1, 2000. In their complaint and in affidavits, the Heils contended that in 2001, Wells Fargo paid property taxes that were not owed, that were in excess of its secured interest, and that were for property not secured by the deed of trust. Also, they asserted that Wells Fargo did not apply a loan payment they made on January 17, 2001, until July 3, 2003, and began foreclosure proceedings on their land and charged them foreclosure, late, and attorney's fees, all due to failure to apply the payment. The Heils further asserted that Wells Fargo has never credited any of the fees imposed, because every reinstatement quotation included these fees. In addition, the Heils maintained that Wells Fargo has never credited the improperly paid property taxes. They contend that although they notified Wells Fargo about its errors, it refused to cooperate. As a result of these actions by Wells Fargo, the Heils alleged that they were forced to file for bankruptcy on October FN1 30, 2003. FN1. On January 23, 2006, the bankruptcy court issued a plan of reorganization, providing, in part, that the parties would resolve matters concerning Wells Fargo outside of the bankruptcy proceedings. *705 On March 16, 2006, the Heils filed suit in federal district court in California alleging violations ORDER AND JUDGMENT FN* FN* After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of this appeal. See Fed. R.App. P. 34(a)(2); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G). The case is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument. This order and judgment is not binding precedent, except under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel. It may be cited, however, for its persuasive value consistent with Fed. R.App. P. 32.1 and 10th Cir. R. 32.1. BOBBY R. BALDOCK, Circuit Judge. **1 Jeffrey and Paula Heil appeal the district court's grant of summary judgment to Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., on their claim under the Truth in Lending Act (TILA), 15 U.S.C. 1601 et seq., and dismissal without prejudice of their supplemental 2009 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works. Page 3 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah)) (Not Selected for publication in the Federal Reporter) (Cite as: 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah))) of the TILA and state-law claims of breach of contract, fraud, negligence, and breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. After the case was transferred to federal district court in Utah, Wells Fargo moved to dismiss the TILA claim under Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6), alleging that it was barred by the TILA's one-year statute of limitations, 15 U.S.C. 1640(e). Wells Fargo moved to dismiss the state claims, alleging that the district court should not exercise supplemental jurisdiction over them. Because the parties relied on matters outside the pleadings, the court treated the motion to dismiss as a motion for summary judgment. The court found that the TILA claim was barred by the statute of limitations and that the Heils failed to show any material issues of fact tending to show the statute of limitations should be equitably tolled. Accordingly, the court concluded that Wells Fargo was entitled to judgment as a matter of law on the TILA claim and dismissed that claim with prejudice. After concluding that the Heils failed to show that the state claims arose under federal law, the court declined to exercise supplemental jurisdiction and dismissed them without prejudice. II. **2 Before proceeding to the merits, we note that the parties failed to provide us with the record required by Tenth Circuit Rules. Under Rule 10.3(D)(2), [w]hen the appeal is from an order disposing of a motion or other pleading, the motion, relevant portions of affidavits, depositions and other supporting documents (including any supporting briefs, memoranda, and points of authority), filed in connection with that motion or pleading, and any responses and replies filed in connection with that motion or pleading must be included in the record. Neither parties' appendix contains the motion to dismiss or the memorandum supporting it, the FN2 reply, or the supplemental filings. Wells Fargo provides the response, and both parties provide some exhibits. FN2. Although the omitted documents are available electronically, such availability does not negate the Heils' responsibility to provide an adequate record. See 10th Cir. R. 10.3(A). Nor does it require this court to actually view those documents and, in effect, supplement the record. See id. at 10.3(B), 30.1(A)(3). "Th[is] court need not remedy any failure by counsel to designate an adequate record. When the party asserting an issue fails to provide a record sufficient for considering that issue, the court may decline to consider it." Id. at 10.3(B); see also United States S.E.C. v. Maxxon, Inc., 465 F.3d 1174, 1175 n. 1 (10th Cir.2006) (deciding that appellants who fail to provide record sufficient for appellate review risk summary dismissal of their claims), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 127 S.Ct. 2116, 167 L.Ed.2d 815 (2007); Travelers Indem. Co. v. Accurate Autobody, Inc., 340 F.3d 1118, 1121 (10th Cir.2003) ( "[Our] rules are not empty gestures. We have repeatedly enforced them."). Thus, we could summarily affirm the district court. But because the parties do not dispute what arguments were before the district court and we do not need the omitted documents to decide the appeal, we proceed to the merits, relying only on the limited record provided. We remind the parties of their duties to follow the Tenth Circuit Rules. III. A. [1] The Heils first contend that the district court construed their claims too *706 narrowly. They point out that they alleged that improper fees were included in every reinstatement quotation they re- 2009 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works. Page 4 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah)) (Not Selected for publication in the Federal Reporter) (Cite as: 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah))) ceived from Wells Fargo along with its demand for improperly paid property taxes, whereas the district court decided that "the violation here is not the failure to credit what are asserted to be improperly charged fees. Rather, the violation is the asserted improper payment of property taxes, failure to apply a payment and charging related foreclosure and other fees, which happened before 2004." Aplt. App. at 45. Contrary to the Heils' belief, the district court did not narrowly construe their claims. Fully aware that the Heils asserted that every reinstatement quotation included the improper fees, the court decided that repeating an error was not a conFN3 tinuing TILA violation. Id. at 45-46. Instead, the court held that the statute of limitations started running "well over a year before the date on which this action was filed." Id. at 45. As we discuss below, we agree. FN3. The Heils argue in their reply brief that the Utah district court should have considered the fact that the California district court, in granting a preliminary injunction, ruled in favor of them on the TILA claim. In their response to Wells Fargo's motion to dismiss, however, the Heils conceded that the preliminary injunction order was not binding. Aplee. Supp. App. at 13. B. [2] Next, the Heils contend that the district court failed to apply the TILA in the broad manner intended by Congress. See Littlefield v. Walt Flanagan & Co., 498 F.2d 1133, 1136 (10th Cir.1974) (recognizing that TILA is remedial and must be construed liberally). They maintain the TILA's statute of limitations should have been equitably tolled, because Wells Fargo refused to correct errors brought to its attention and those errors continued through the date of the filing of the complaint. Therefore, they contend that Wells Fargo's continued demand for improper fees violated the TILA and the district court erred in granting summary judgment on this claim. **3 We review a district court's decision to grant summary judgment de novo, viewing all facts in the light most favorable to the party opposing summary judgment. We will affirm a grant of summary judgment if there is no genuine issue of material fact and the prevailing party is entitled to judgment under the law. Grynberg v. Total, S.A., 538 F.3d 1336, 1346 (10th Cir.2008) (citation omitted). An action under the TILA "may be brought ... within one year from the date of the occurrence of the violation." 15 U.S.C. 1640(e). Violation of the TILA "occurs at a specific time from which the statute will then run." Stevens v. Rock Springs Nat'l Bank, 497 F.2d 307, 309 (10th Cir.1974). Wells Fargo's alleged actions began in 2001, yet the Heils did not file suit until 2006. Thus, their suit is barred by the one-year limitations period of 1640(e), unless the statute of limitations has been equitably tolled. See Ellis v. Gen. Motors Acceptance Corp., 160 F.3d 703, 706-08 (11th Cir.1998) (citing cases and recognizing all courts to directly consider issue have decided TILA is subject to equitable tolling). " `Equitable tolling' is the doctrine under which plaintiffs may sue after the statutory time period has expired if they have been prevented from doing so due to inequitable circumstances." Id. at 706; see Moor v. Travelers Ins. Co., 784 F.2d 632, 633 (5th Cir.1986) (requiring plaintiff asserting equitable tolling to "show that the defendants concealed the reprobated conduct and despite the exercise of due diligence,*707 he was unable to discover that conduct"); see also Marsh v. Soares, 223 F.3d 1217, 1220 (10th Cir.2000) ( "[E]quitable tolling ... is only available when [litigants] diligently pursue [ their] claims and demonstrate[ ] that the failure to timely file was caused by extraordinary circumstances beyond [their] control.") (habeas corpus action). The Heils bear the burden of proving that the limitations period should be equitably tolled. See Olson v. Fed. Mine Safety & Health Review 2009 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works. Page 5 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah)) (Not Selected for publication in the Federal Reporter) (Cite as: 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah))) Comm'n, 381 F.3d 1007, 1014 (10th Cir.2004). They, however, have failed to meet this burden. There is no dispute that the Heils were aware of Wells Fargo's failure to credit the payment, charging of various fees, and improper payment of taxes in 2001. See Van Pier v. Long Island Sav. Bank, 20 F.Supp.2d 535, 536 (S.D.N.Y.1998) (deciding equitable tolling is not available where plaintiff knew of alleged TILA violations more than year before filing complaint). And we have declined to recognize a continuing violation for purposes of the statute of limitations under similar circumstances. See Stevens, 497 F.2d at 309; cf. Katz v. Bank of Cal., 640 F.2d 1024, 1025 (9th Cir.1981) ("Even if a continuing violation theory is viable, the Bank's actual disclosure of the previously undisclosed term commenced the running of the period of limitations"). The Heils' TILA claim was not equitably tolled and thus was barred by the statute of limitations. The district court therefore correctly decided that Wells Fargo was entitled to judgment as a matter of law on the TILA claim. C. **4 [3] Lastly, the Heils contend that the district court erred in declining to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over their state-law claims. They believe that resolution of these claims depends on resolution of a federal-law question concerning the TILA. The district court, however, found that the Heils failed to explain how their state claims required interpretation of the TILA and that the state claims present legal issues best handled in state court. "We review the district court's decision to decline supplemental jurisdiction for abuse of discretion." Exum v. U.S. Olympic Comm., 389 F.3d 1130, 1139 (10th Cir.2004). Under 28 U.S.C. 1367(c), "district courts may decline to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over [state-law] claim[s] ... if ... the district court has dismissed all claims over which it has original jurisdiction." See also Smith v. City of Enid ex rel. Enid City Comm'n, 149 F.3d 1151, 1156 (10th Cir.1998) ("When all federal claims have been dismissed, the court may, and usually should, decline to exercise jurisdiction over any remaining state claims."). Because the district court dismissed the TILA claim over which it had original jurisdiction, 1367 permitted the court to also dismiss the supplemental state-law claims. None of the factors which might indicate an abuse of discretion, such as "judicial economy, convenience, and fairness" favor a decision to retain jurisdiction. Anglemyer v. Hamilton County Hosp., 58 F.3d 533, 541 (10th Cir.1995) (internal quotation marks omitted). The Heils failed to discuss why their state claims are related to the TILA claim. And the parties did not expend much time and energy on the state claims before the district court dismissed the TILA claim. See id. Accordingly, we conclude the district court did not abuse its discretion in declining to exercise supplemental jurisdiction. IV. The judgment of the district court is *708 AFFN4 FIRMED. FN4. Wells Fargo requests fees and costs. This request is premature, as Wells Fargo must comply with Fed. R.App. P. 39(d). C.A.10 (Utah),2008. Heil v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. 298 Fed.Appx. 703, 2008 WL 4516685 (C.A.10 (Utah)) END OF DOCUMENT 2009 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works.

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.


Why Is My Information Online?