Mayhew v. Cherry Creek Mortgage Co., Inc. et al
RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE recommending that (1)Plaintiff's Verified Motion to Dismiss Action Against Certain Defendants # 98 be GRANTED; (2)Defendant P.C. Wolf's Motion to Dismiss Pursuant [to] Rules 12(b)(2), 12(b)( 5) and 12(b)(6), Fed. R. Civ. P. # 33 be DENIED as moot; (3)Defendant Security Title Guaranty Co.'s Motion to Dismiss and Joinder inVarious Co-Defendants' Pending Motions to Dismiss # 63 be GRANTED; (4) Defendant Brice, Vander Linden & We rnick, P.C. and Joe M. Lozano, Jr.'sMotion to Dismiss Complaint Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), or, in the Alternative, Motion for Summary Judgment as to Claims Against Brice, Vander Linden & Wernick, P.C. and Joe M. Lozano, Jr # 47 be GR ANTED; (5) Defendant Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.; Wells Fargo Asset Securities Corporation; Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems; Joan Mills, and Bradley Davis's Motion toDismiss Pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), Fed. R. Civ. P. # 29 be GRANTED; (6) Mo tion for a More Definite Statement and to Dismiss the Claims Against Ziel,Bradshaw, Rychlec, and Smith in their Individual Capacities # 24 be GRANTED and in light of this Recommendation that all claims and all Defendants be dismissed, recommending t hat this civil action be DISMISSED in its entirety by Magistrate Judge Craig B. Shaffer on 12/21/2009. (Attachments: # 1 Beeler Properties, # 2 DM Johnson, # 3 Fuchs, # 4 Heil, # 5 HSBC Bank, # 6 Jordan-Arapahoe, # 7 McDaniel, # 8 Reese, # 9 Rousseau, # 10 Soesbe)(cbscd) Modified on 1/19/2010 to create linkage (ebs, ).
Page 1 Not Reported in F.Supp.2d, 2007 WL 4557829 (D.Colo.) (Cite as: 2007 WL 4557829 (D.Colo.))
Only the Westlaw citation is currently available. United States District Court, D. Colorado. HSBC BANK USA NATIONAL ASSOCIATION AS TRUSTEE, Plaintiff, v. Vicki R. CROWE, Any and All Occupants Claiming an Interest Under Defendant(s), Defendants. Civil Action No. 07-cv-02506-WDM-CBS. Dec. 20, 2007. Vicki R. Crowe, Centennial, CO, pro se.
The complaint attached to Defendant's Notice of Removal demonstrates that the underlying action is an forcible entry and detainer following a foreclosure. Even if Defendant sought to assert as a defense to the eviction that the underlying foreclosure was invalid, the Federal Fair Debt Collections Practices Act is not applicable. See, e.g., Williams v. Countrywide Home Loans, Inc., 504 F.Supp.2d 176, 190 (S.D.Tex.2007) (mortgage lenders collecting their own debts are not "debt collectors," within the meaning of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA)). Accordingly, this case does not implicate federal law and jurisdiction under section 1331 does not exist. In addition, diversity jurisdiction under section 1332 is also absent. Defendant and Plaintiff are residents of different states. However, the amount in controversy is not the full amount of the previous mortgage, as Defendant asserts in her Notice of Removal, since the underlying debt is not at issue. In a removed case, a defendant's claim that the amount in controversy meets the jurisdictional requirement of section 1332 does not enjoy a presumption of accuracy. Martin v. Franklin Capital Corp., 251 F.3d 1284, 1289 (10th Cir.2001). The amount in controversy is determined by the allegations of the complaint or, if the complaint is not dispositive, by the allegations in the notice of removal. Id. at 1290. When the plaintiff's damages are unspecified, as they are here, the defendant must establish the jurisdictional amount by a preponderance of the evidence; the requisite amount in controversy "must be affirmatively established on the face of either the petition or the removal notice." Id. (citations omitted; emphasis in the original). There is a presumption against removal jurisdiction and, therefore, all doubts are resolved in favor of remand. See, e.g., Martin v. Franklin Capital Corp., 251 F.3d 1284, 1289 (10th Cir.2001); Fajen v. Found. Reserve Ins. Co., 683 F.2d 331, 333 (10th Cir.1982). *2 Nothing in the complaint indicates that Plaintiff seeks damages in excess of $75,000, the jurisdic-
ORDER OF REMAND WALKER D. MILLER, District Judge. *1 This case is before me on the Notice of Removal (doc no 1) filed by Defendant Vicki R. Crowe. Defendant Crowe removed this case to this Court on December 3, 2007 on the basis of diversity jurisdiction (28 U.S.C. § 1332) and federal question jurisdiction (28 U.S.C. § 1331), claiming that this case concerns the Federal Fair Debt Collections Practices Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1692. I have reviewed the state court pleadings in the underlying case and conclude that I do not have jurisdiction over this matter. This is a simple eviction action following a completed foreclosure whereby Plaintiff obtained title to the property formerly owned by Defendant Crowe. As such, it does not concern the Federal Fair Debt Collections Practices Act and does not involve an amount at issue sufficient to meet the requirements of section 1332. This is one of numerous cases filed in or removed to this court by Defendant Crowe (aka Vicki DillardCrowe) in an apparent attempt to delay or challenge state foreclosure and eviction proceedings.
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Page 2 Not Reported in F.Supp.2d, 2007 WL 4557829 (D.Colo.) (Cite as: 2007 WL 4557829 (D.Colo.))
tional minimum. Defendant's answer to the complaint apparently contains counter-claims, by which she seeks punitive damages, declaratory and equitable relief, and costs. As noted by Plaintiff, under Colorado law, Defendant is not entitled to assert a claim for punitive damages in an initial pleading. C.R.S. § 13-21-102(1.5) (2007). These allegations also do not demonstrate an amount at issue sufficient to meet the requirements of diversity jurisdiction, since it is inconceivable that Plaintiff's costs will exceed $75,000. Defendant's mere assertion that the underlying mortgage is the "amount in controversy" will not suffice to demonstrate that this FN1 court has jurisdiction. FN1. Moreover, even if the matter were considered to put the underlying foreclosure at issue, I would again have to find that no jurisdiction exists under the RookerFeldman doctrine or decline to hear the matter under the Younger abstention doctrine, as Defendant is clearly attempting to use the federal court to invalidate the state foreclosure proceedings. Accordingly, it is ordered: 1. This case shall be remanded to the District Court, Arapahoe County, Colorado. DATED at Denver, Colorado, on December 20, 2007. D.Colo.,2007. HSBC Bank USA Nat. Ass'n. As Trustee v. Crowe Not Reported in F.Supp.2d, 2007 WL 4557829 (D.Colo.) END OF DOCUMENT
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