State of Hawaii v. Trump
MEMORANDUM re 65 MOTION for Temporary Restraining Order [MUSLIM ADVOCATES, AMERICAN MUSLIM HEALTH PROFESSIONALS, MUPPIES, INC., THE NATIONAL ARAB AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, AND NETWORK OF ARAB-AMERICAN PROFESSIONALS' BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFS' MOTION FOR A TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER], filed by American Muslim Health Professionals, Muppies, Inc., Muslim Advocates, Network of Arab-American Professionals, The National Arab American Medical Association. (Attachments: # 1 Declaration of Anton A. Ware, # 2 Exhibit 1 - Shutdown Press Release, # 3 Exhibit 2 - Anderson Cooper Interview, # 4 Exhibit 3 - State Rudy Guiliani, # 5 Exhibit 4 - Miller on Fox News, # 6 Exhibit 5 - WaPo Kansas Suspect, # 7 Exhibit 6 - Seattle Kent, # 8 Exhibit 7 - Fire store owner, # 9 Exhibit 8 - WaPo pipe attack, # 10 Exhibit 9 - Spate of mosque fires stretches across the country, # 11 Exhibit 10 - Politico absolute no choice but to close down mosques, # 12 Exhibit 11 - Georgetown Bridge Initiative Trump Cites Flowed Poll, # 13 Exhibit 12 - Republican Candidates Debate in North Charleston, South Carolina, # 14 Exhibit 13 - Transcript Donald Trump's national security speech, # 15 Exhibit 14 - 60 Minutes Trranscript, # 16 Exhibit 15 - Meet the Press, # 17 Exhibit 16 - Presidential Candidates Debates, # 18 Exhibit 17 - Christian Broadcasting Network, # 19 Exhibit 18 - Donald Trump on Twitter defends Muslim ban, calls work a 'horrible mess', # 20 Exhibit 19 - Pew Reseach Center 2016 Refugees, # 21 Exhibit 20 - DJT Tweet, # 22 Exhibit 21 - So called judge tweet, # 23 Exhibit 22 - See you in court tweet, # 24 Exhibit 23 - Sean Spicer press conference, # 25 Exhibit 24 - Stephen Miller key engineer, # 26 Exhibit 25 - Stephen Miller Islamofascism, # 27 Exhibit 26 - Pew Forum, # 28 Exhibit 27 - State Dept Country Report, # 29 Exhibit 28 - DHS, # 30 Exhibit 29 - DOJ Iraqi Kentucky, # 31 Exhibit 30 - Cato, # 32 Exhibit 31 - Lawfare, # 33 Exhibit 32 - Brennan Center, # 34 Exhibit 33 - Letter Former Officials on March 6 EO, # 35 Exhibit 34 - Trump delays new travel ban after well-reviewed speech - CNN Politics, # 36 Exhibit 35 - Families hoping to make the U.S., # 37 Exhibit 36 - Trump Muslim ban is tearing apart families, # 38 Exhibit 37 - Children and Refugees Who Planned Medical Care in the US Stuck After Trump Executive Order - Health News - ABC News Radio, # 39 Exhibit 38 - Trump's Travel Ban, Aimed at Terrorists, Has Blocked Doctors - The New York Times, # 40 Certificate of Service)(Kacprowski, Nickolas) Modified on docket title text on 3/14/2017 (ecs, ).
TRACKING ISLAMOPHOBIA IN >
Trump Calls for Ban on Muslims, Cites
Deeply Flawed Poll
Posted on December 7, 2015 at 6:48 am.
Written by Bridge Initiative Team (http://bridge.georgetown.edu/author/admin/)
UPDATE (DECEMBER 7, 2015)
In a press release today, GOP frontrunner Donald Trump
(http://bridge.georgetown.edu/islamophobia-and-the-2016-elections/#DonaldTrump) called for a
“total and complete shutdown of Muslims (https://www.yahoo.com/politics/donald-trump-calls-fortotal-and-complete-214105912.html) entering the United States until our country’s representatives
can figure out what is going on.”
His statement also cites a deeply flawed poll conducted by the Center for Security Policy (CSP), a
group with a history of fear mongering about Islam and Muslims.
In June, when the poll was released and circulated widely on networks like Fox News, we
debunked its findings, writing:
This survey (http://www.centerforsecuritypolicy.org/2015/06/23/nationwide-poll-of-us-muslimsshows-thousands-support-shariah-jihad/) should not be taken seriously. It comes from an
organization with a history of producing dubious claims and “studies” about the threat of
shariah, and was administered using an unreliable methodology. Its proponents seize upon its
shoddy findings, exaggerating and misrepresenting them to American audiences, and falsely
claim that the survey data represents the views of Muslims nationwide.
Donald Trump is only the latest proponent of CSP’s dubious claims. In an interview with MSNBC,
Saba Ahmed recounted how GOP presidential candidate Ben Carson told her that Frank Gaffney,
CSP’s director, advised him on issues related to Islam. Numerous other GOP candidates, like Ted
Cruz (http://bridge.georgetown.edu/islamophobia-and-the-2016-elections/#TedCruz) and George
Pataki (http://bridge.georgetown.edu/islamophobia-and-the-2016-elections/#GeorgePataki), have
attended (http://bridge.georgetown.edu/presidential-candidates-set-to-appear-at-event-hosted-byanti-muslim-conspiracy-theorist/) and spoken at CSP’s national summits.
Trump’s comment about banning Muslims is only the latest in a series of troubling remarks about
Muslims made by Trump and other GOP presidential candidates. These comments are documented
in our “Islamophobia and the 2016 Elections (http://bridge.georgetown.edu/islamophobia-and-the2016-elections/)” resource.
Original article (Published June 26, 2015)
On June 24, 2015, the Center for Security Policy (CSP), a Washington, D.C. think tank run by former
Reagan official Frank Gaffney released a survey
thousands-support-shariah-jihad/) of 600 Muslims living in the United States. Its takeaway, captured
in a headline on the CSP website, is this: “Poll of US Muslims Reveals Ominous Levels of Support
For Islamic Supremacists’ Doctrine of Shariah, Jihad.”
The poll gained quick traction online and in the media. On the evening of its release, Fox News host
Bill O’Reilly (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_bnhi03bWIA) also lent credence to its findings and
cast doubt upon American Muslims’ loyalty to their country.
Among the poll’s findings are:
“A majority (51%) agreed that ‘Muslims in America should have the choice of being governed
according to shariah.’”
“Nearly a quarter of the Muslims polled believed that, ‘It is legitimate to use violence to punish
those who give offense to Islam by, for example, portraying the prophet Mohammed.’”
“Nearly one-fifth of Muslim respondents said that the use of violence in the United States is
justified in order to make shariah the law of the land in this country.”
But this survey (http://www.centerforsecuritypolicy.org/2015/06/23/nationwide-poll-of-us-muslimsshows-thousands-support-shariah-jihad/) should not be taken seriously. It comes from an
organization with a history of producing dubious claims and “studies” about the threat of shariah,
and was administered using an unreliable methodology. Its proponents seize upon its shoddy
findings, exaggerating and misrepresenting them to American audiences, and falsely claim that the
survey data represents the views of Muslims nationwide.
Here are the details.
CSP’S HISTORY OF BASELESS FEARMONGERING
In recent years, many groups have raised questions about the objectivity and intentions of Frank
Gaffney. His tendency to posit conspiracies about Barack Obama and the Muslim Brotherhood is
well documented, and has earned him sharp critique across the political spectrum. The Center for
American Progress labels (https://www.americanprogress.org/wpcontent/uploads/issues/2011/08/pdf/islamophobia_chapter2.pdf) him a “misinformation expert,”
while the Conservative Political Action Committee banned
(http://talkingpointsmemo.com/muckraker/cpac-banned-frank-gaffney-over-baseless-anti-muslimcharges) him from their 2011 conference for peddling false accusations about GOP connections to
Muslim extremists. It was his organization, CSP, that was behind the unfounded rumor
(http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/07/23/bachmann-gaffney-and-the-gop-s-anti-muslimculture-of-conspiracy.html) that Hillary Clinton’s chief of staff, Huma Abedin, was linked to the
Muslim Brotherhood, and once floated the false idea
General David Petraeus had “submitted” to shariah.
Since the early 2000s, CSP has generated dozens of occasional papers, blogs, and reports that
fixate on shariah or other allegedly nefarious topics related to Islam. Often, they are loosely sourced
(http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/16/egyptians-who-jeered-clinton-cite-americanconservatives-to-argue-u-s-secretly-supports-islamists/?_r=0) or entirely unsubstantiated
instead on a furtive web of connections or, in one case, a 24-year-old document written by a lone
Muslim activist that has since been roundly discredited.
FALSE STATISTICS AND FALSE CLAIMS
Both Gaffney and O’Reilly claim that the poll’s findings are representative of nationwide Muslim
public opinion. But this assertion is untrue.
CSP’s survey was a non-probability based, opt-in online survey, administered by the conservative
group, the Polling Company/Woman Trend, a small Washington-based agency that has collaborated
with CSP on other occasions to produce surveys about Islam and Muslims. (We learned this after
reaching out to the Polling Company to get more details about their methodology, which wasn’t
released to the public when Gaffney began promoting the survey’s findings.)
According to the body that sets ethical standards for polling, the American Association for Public
Opinion Research (http://www.aapor.org/AAPORKentico/Communications/PressReleases/Understanding-a-credibility-interval%E2%80%9D-and-how-it-d.aspx) (AAPOR), opt-in
surveys cannot be considered representative of the intended population, in this case Muslims. The
AAPOR says that in these cases (http://www.aapor.org/AAPORKentico/Education-Resources/ForResearchers/Poll-Survey-FAQ/Why-Sampling-Works.aspx), “the pollster has no idea who is
responding to the question” and that these kind
(http://www.aapor.org/AAPORKentico/Communications/Press-Releases/Understanding-a-credibilityinterval%E2%80%9D-and-how-it-d.aspx) of “polls do not have such a ‘grounded statistical tie’ to the
So when O’Reilly and guest Zuhdi Jasser pointed to this survey and made claims about what “25%
of three million, which is hundreds of thousands of Muslims” believe, it’s not only a misleading
statement—it’s outright false.
This survey does not represent the views of American Muslims. It only represents the views of the
600 Muslims that it polled.
LOADED QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Another problem with this poll is the way that questions and answers are phrased. Often, they are
not neutral but are imbued with assumptions, and replicate, in an interrogative form, statements that
Gaffney and CSP have declared as fact for years. In one question, respondents are asked: “Do you
believe the Muslim Brotherhood in America accurately represents your views?” Packed into this
question is the assertion that the Brotherhood indeed exists in the United States — something that
Gaffney has long propagated. Those who answer “yes” confirm his suspicions, while those who
answer “no” acknowledge nonetheless that the group is present here. They’re put into a lose-lose
In several questions that are asked about shariah, the content of what shariah actually is remains
unexamined. Even when Gaffney’s survey appears to be more nuanced by asking Muslims how they
would “characterize shariah,” it only offers options about how broadly sharia—whatever it is—should
be applied. Answers ranging from “guide to the personal practice of Islam” to Gaffney’s
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AqV8syZPPT4) preferred option (“the Muslim God Allah’s law
that Muslims must follow and impose worldwide via jihad”) still don’t allow Muslims to express about
what they believe about shariah.
Respondents’ likely answered questions on shariah based on their understanding of the concept,
but those views were not measured in the survey, nor communicated to the Fox News audience.
Instead viewers are left to believe that Muslim Americans support shariah as Gaffney and O’Reilly
have portrayed it for years: a “brutally repressive” law hostile to non-Muslims
(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNsqjN4vpgk). At the end of the day, Gaffney and O’Reilly make
it look like Muslims support things they actually don’t.
SELECTIVE READING AND EXAGGERATIONS
Sixty-percent of respondents agreed that “shariah as interpreted by Islamic authorities is compatible
with the U.S. Constitution, including freedom of speech and other rights,” and 51% chose this
definition of jihad: “Muslims’ peaceful, personal struggle to be more religious.” These rare but
helpful nuances are not even alluded to in the promotion and coverage of the survey’s findings in
conservative outlets like Fox News.
O’Reilly also makes exaggerations that the already-flawed data doesn’t support. “Fifty-one percent
[of Muslims] say sharia law should be the reigning law,” he said. But that language is nowhere in the
survey data he’s likely referencing, which says that “a majority (51%) agreed that ‘Muslims in America
should have the choice of being governed according to shariah.’”
Despite its unreliability, the survey and its findings have spread quickly, with generalizations
about American Muslims ricocheting (http://www.frontpagemag.com/2015/dgreenfield/1-in-5-usmuslims-support-violence-to-enforce-islamic-law/) across the Internet and social media
(https://twitter.com/ProgsToday/status/613782066354765824), and bleeding into more mainstream
outlets. Unfortunately, the general public is not equipped with the tools or knowledge to dissect
such claims and is left to accept them at face value. This is especially so when they’re touted by a
trusted personality, like Bill O’Reilly, and confirm pre-existing beliefs about Muslims.
Though the public may not see it, the problems with this poll are numerous: CSP has a history of
fabricating fear about Islam and Muslims; the survey’s questions and answers are loaded with bias;
and its creators and proponents falsely claim that its findings represent the views of all American
The American public shouldn’t trust this poll.
TAGS: AMERICAN MUSLIMS (HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/AMERICANMUSLIMS/), BEN CARSON (HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/BEN-CARSON/), BILL
O'REILLY (HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/BILL-OREILLY/), CENTER FOR SECURITY
POLICY (HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/CENTER-FOR-SECURITY-POLICY/), DONALD
TRUMP (HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/DONALD-TRUMP/), FRANK GAFFNEY
(HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/FRANK-GAFFNEY/), GEORGE PATAKI
(HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/SHARIA/), TED CRUZ
(HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/TED-CRUZ/), THE POLLING COMPANY
(HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/TAG/THE-POLLING-COMPANY/), ZUHDI JASSER
THE BRIDGE INITITATIVE
WHAT IS ISLAMOPHOBIA? (HTTP://BRIDGE.GEORGETOWN.EDU/WHAT-IS-ISLAMOPHOBIA/)
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